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METRO FACTS• A rapid transit train system. also referred to as subways or undergrounds.• The first metro system, the London Underground, was opened in 1863.• Shanghai Metro is the longest metro in the world• Newyork City Subway has the maximum number of stations• Russian Metro is the busiest metro in the world• Kolkata Metro is Indias first and Asias fifth Metro Rail Transportation, started on October 24, 1984
WHY METRO RAIL..• Unprecedented growth rate personal vehicles.• Growing traffic congestion.• Air pollution and traffic accidents has become a major concern.• To avoid congestion at peak hours.• Time savings.• Reduced fuel consumption.
METRO RAILS IN INDIAEXISTING METRO RAIL IN INDIALocation NameKolkata Metro Rail Kolkata MetroDelhi Metro Rail Delhi MetroBanglore Metro Rail Namma MetroChennai Metro Rail Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System(MRTS)PROPOSED AND FUTURE METRO RAIL IN INDIALocation NameKochi Metro Rail KOMETMumbai Metro Rail Mumbai MetroHyderabad Metro Rail Hyderabad Metro
HISTORY AND BACKGROUND•22 Dec 2004 : DPR (Detailed Project Report) for KochiMetro, assigned it to DMRC(Delhi Metro Rail Corporation)•Expected to start by 2006, but delayed Reasons for Delay 1)Refusal by Central Government 2)Refusal by Ministry of Urban Development and Planning Commission 3)Political rivalry between LDF Government in Kerala andthe UPA Government at the centre
COST, CONSTRUCTION AND CHARACTERISTICS• A joint venture by the central and state governments• Follows the Chennai and Delhi Metro Model• The total cost of Rs. 5,181.79 crores• To be completed in three stages• To start operation from 2016
3 PHASES• Phase 1 : The Kochi Metro Rail Corporation has proposed an elevated route spanning 25.253 km from Thripunithura to Aluva .There will be 22 stations• Phase 2 : The feasibility study for Phase II of the Kochi Metro Rail project will mainly focus on extending services to Ernakulam Boat Jetty via High Court Junction. It will also analyse the possibility of adding new lines to connect the proposed Metro Rail with Nedumbassery. The study will begin after the project gets the Centre‟s nod.• Phase 3 (Future expansion) : Many possible extensions of the metro to Menaka, Kakkanad, Tripunithura, Cochin International Airport and West Kochi have been proposed. There is a proposal for the metro rail project to be extended from Aluva to the Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery, a distance of about 8 km.KMRL also has plans to extend the Kochi metro rail up to Kakkanad from Palarivattom. However, KMRL MD,Tom Jose have said that any extensions would be taken up only in Phase II after the construction of the Aluva - Pettah route
JAPANESE AGENCY TO FUND FOR KOCHI METRO• The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), which partially funded Delhi Metro Rail Corporations‟s Phase-I and II projects will be the main source of funding for the Kochi Metro.• The Japanese agency will provide 51 per cent of the total estimated cost of Rs 4,427 crore at an interest of 1.5 per cent.• The loan is for a period of 30 years. It will also have a moratorium period of 10 years. This means Kochi Metro will have to start repaying the loan only after a period of 10 years.
Other fund contributions…As per sanction of Public Investment Rs.1002.23crore (US $181.4 million)Board (PBI),the Central govt willcontributeKerala Govt Rs.1772.23.23crore (US $320.77million)Taxes on project will be borne by the Rs.237.33crore (US $42.96 million)Kerala Govt alongwith any escalationsSr KM Mani ,Finance minister of Kerala Rs.119crore (US $21.54 million)has been allocated as per 2012 statebudget.
VISION & MISSION• Vision A world-class metro rail system that enhances the quality of life for the citizens of Kochi.• Mission To provide a reliable, safe, efficient, viable and customer friendly rapid transit system for the Greater Kochi area that is environmentally sustainable.
STRATEGIC GOALS• To enhance the quality of life for the Greater Kochi metro area by improving regional connections and reducing overcrowding, traffic congestion, transit time, air and noise pollution.• To adopt a stakeholder approach to improve connectivity and quality of life by coordinating and consulting with important stakeholder groups, such as community groups, business groups, environmental groups, state and central governments, architects and planners, and various regulatory agencies.• To plan to extend the metro to Fort Cochin.
• To connect metro with the Cochin International Airport to create seamless transition, transit, and interconnectivity.• To create transport hubs with metro, bus and rail links.• To increase the economic vitality of the region by improving infrastructure resulting in the further development of the greater Kochi area as an economic, transportation, and tourism hub.• To be accountable for our actions.
VALUES• Safety and Service: We commit to provide a safe, reliable and customer-friendly transportation experience.• Community Involvement: We value being a part of the greater Kochi community and strive to contribute to the economic growth and development of the area.• Stakeholder Engagement: We pledge to work with all the stakeholders, including customers, employees, local businesses, local community, civic societies and appropriate state and federal governmental authorities, in our operations.
• Cultural and Environmental Sustainability : We believe in sustainable economic development where infrastructural, economic and ecological concerns are integrated into smart growth.• Employee Empowerment: We commit to a work environment where employees are treated with respect, they take responsibility for results and their teamwork is rewarded.• Fiscal Responsibility & Accountability: We pledge to being fiscally responsible as well as being accountable for our actions.
OPERATIONAL GOALS• Ensure that the planners reflect the socio-cultural, economic, and environmental impact of the proposed system.• Link investments in public transportation systems with land use planning.• Minimize property acquisition and other displacements in the implementation of the project .• Support existing and planned economic activities.
• Encourage an environmentally sustainable approach to planned development.• Build the metro system with rider security and comfort as the most important considerations.• Achieve economic feasibility and cost- effectiveness in the implementation of the strategic objectives.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS• Sri. Oommen Chandy, Chief Minister, Kerala – Chairman• Sri. Aryadan Mohammed, Minister for Power and Transport - Vice Chairman• Sri. P.K.Kunjalikutty,Minister for Industiries and Information Technology• Sri. K.M. Mani, Minister for Finance,Law and Housing• Sri. K. Babu, Minister for Fisheries,Ports and Excise• Sri. V.K. Ibrahim Kunju, Minister for Public Works• Sri. V.S. Sivakumar, Minister for Health,Family Welfare of Minorities• Sri. V.P. Joy, IAS, Principal Secretary, Finance• Sri. Manoj Joshi, IAS• Sri. Tony Chammany, Mayor of Cochin• Sri. P.I. Sheik Pareeth, IAS, District Collector, Ernakulam• Sri. Tom Jose, IAS, Principal Secretary, Transport – Managing Director. The Managing Director will also be Ex-Officio Principal Secretary to Government for the purpose of implementing the project.
DMRC For implementation and subsequent operation of Delhi MRTS, a company under the name DELHI METRO RAIL CORPORATION was registered on 03-05-95 under the Companies Act, 1956.The Kochi Metro goes in partnership with DMRC, with formermanaging director E Sreedharan as its principal advisor. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation will be in charge of all tenders, contracts and disbursement of money associated with the project.
Dr. E.Sreedharan “ MetroMan of India “ Railway Ministers Award (1963)In 1970, as the deputy chief engineer, he was put in charge for implementation, planning and design of Calcutta metro, the first ever metro in India. He was the managing director of Delhi Metro during 1995-2012 .Padma Shri by the Government of India (2001)…
Dr Sreedharan has done for the country• He restored India‟s longest sea bridge which was completely destroyed, in 46 days. ( PAMBAN BRIDGE )• He designed India‟s first Metro.(CALCUTTA METRO)• Supervised the building of India‟s first indigenous Merchant vessel. ( RANI PADMINI )• Executed India‟s most difficult project since Independence. ( KONKAN RAILWAY )• Gave Delhi wallahs, something called the Metro.(DELHI METRO)• Predicted India‟s biggest corporate fraud, three months before it happened.
Tom Jose, IAS Managing Director Kochi Metro Rail Ltd.The present officer Tom Jose IAS in charge of KMRC is an able person and he has the all the potentials to perform the job efficiently.
SALIENT FEATURES OF THE PROJECTFeaturesEstimated Completion Cost Rs 5146 CrFare Rs 12/- to Rs 30/-Fare Collection Automatic fare collection system with combination of smart card & computerized paper ticketsCapacity/train 600 passengers (initial)
TECHNICAL FEATURESTechnical FeaturesConstruction methodology Elevated viaduct carried over pre-stressed concrete „U‟ shaped girders with pile / open foundationsRolling stock 2.7 m wide modern rolling stock with stainless steel body, standard gauge axle load of 3 tonnesVoltage 750 V DCPower supply source 66 KV ACPower collection Third Rail Bottom CollectionSystem Light Metro SystemType of signalling Automatic signalling with protection & warning systemTelecommunication Integrated system with Fibre Optic cables, SCADA, Train radio, PA system etc
Why Kochi Metro???...• Ministry of Urban Development predicts an average city speed of 6 to 8 kmph by 2030, which is the speed of a morning walker, if urban transport is not properly planned and developed now.• The present transport facilities are inadequate to handle every day demands.• Gridlocks and congestion are routine now; they result in wastage of manpower, fossil fuels, increase pollution and act as dampeners to economic development.
• The traffic snarls force people to spend time on the road which they would otherwise spend with their friends and families.• Further road development is very limited owing to geographical and demographical limitations forcing to think over the most convenient mode of transportation.• The Kochi Metro Rail Project is the first move in such a direction in Kerala with an aim to convert Kochi city to Kochi metro city.
ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES• Use of low green house gas emitting engine technology• Use of regenerative breaking system.• Management of air and dust .• Management of noise and vibration.• Soil and land management.• Landscape and aesthetics.• Traffic management.
ADVANTAGES OF METRO SYSTEM• Requires 1/5th energy per passenger km.compared to road- based system.• Cause no air pollution in the city and lesser noise levels.• Reduces journey time by anything between 50% and 75% depending on road conditions.• Occupies no road space if underground and only about 2 metre width of the road,along central median, if elevated.• Is more reliable, comfortable and safer than road based system.
• Accessing jobs, education, livelihoods and other social needs from the outskirts into the business centre of the city would become much easier and less time consuming and quality of life will increase for the urban population.• The average citizen of Kochi would get punctual mode of transport at affordable rates.
SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES• Resurfaced 21 roads.• Recruited traffic wardens.• Decided to shift vyttila station to vyttila mobility hub.• The hub authorities are planning to build a new boat jetty. Thus Kochi metro project became the first metro in the country which connects rail, road and water transportation facilities.• Clean the major canal of kochi, thevara– perandoor canal.
“ IS A METRO RAIL SYSTEM THE SOLUTION TO OUR CITIESTRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS???... ”
North Overbrigde contruction• New lanes of North overbridge to be opened for traffic by September• The project to widen and rebuild the side bays of the Ernakulam North overbridge is nearing completion. The two new lanes are expected to be thrown open to traffic by the first week of September.• As part of this, 12 pre-cast RCC girders – the last of the total 40 girders, were put in place on Monday midnight and Tuesday. The two new lanes would form lanes one and four of the proposed four-lane bridge, for which a nine-month deadline had been set. The existing bridge will be pulled down and rebuilt once traffic is diverted through the new lanes. The metro-rail pillars will pass through the centre of the four-lane bridge, at a height of seven metres above the bridge surface.• Easing traffic• “The two-lanes could have been opened to traffic before August, but for the delay of about two months in relocating power and water lines. Lanes two and three at the centre will be completed in another nine months, beginning September,” said an official of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. The decision to widen the bridge was taken since it was a major bottleneck in the city and would have further choked traffic when work on the Kochi metro rail begins.• Advanced techniques are being adopted for speedy completion of the bridge and to lessen the disturbance to local residents and motorists. “Silent generators are being used and a specialist agency was roped in to dismantle the bridge‟s two-wheeler bays. Grievances of nearby shop owners and others are attended to immediately and remedial action taken,” said an engineer associated with the project.• Modern machinery• The girders were pre-cast at the Manappattiparambu ground and taken to the work site in trailer lorries. The use of modern machinery ensures that work can go on even when traffic is moving through the bridge‟s central portion.• “Boom-placer pumps that can be extended upto 30 m are being used for concreting. They are remote-controlled. As for piling, crawler-mounted hydraulic rigs whose height can be adjusted were used. A telescopic fully-automatic crane with 100 MT capacity is being used and it can stretch from lane one to lane four over vehicular traffic,” he said.• With the project‟s deadline approaching, more workers and engineers are being posted on night shift. The retaining walls on the approach spans are being built. Though the structural portion will be over in another 15 days, the mud that would be filled within has to consolidate.
Kochi Metro gets new managing director• The Kerala govt on Tuesday appointed Elias George, a senior IAS officer, as managing director of Kochi Metro Rail Corporation Limited in place of Tom Jose.• Jose has been appointed as secretary, Public Works Department.• The government‟s decision comes in the wake of a number of allegations levelled against Jose as managing director of Komet, including a letter he wrote to DMRC stating global tender would be invited for the Rs 5,000 crore project.• However, neither the state government nor the director board of the company had taken this decision. DMRC had prepared the detailed project report and started construction of the two overbridges as a preparatory work. This created a row over its implementation and later chief minister Oommen Chandy clarified that DMRC would be entrusted with the project and its mentor E Sreedharan would associate with it as adviser.