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Why children play for upload

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  • 1. toy as verb
  • 2. Why children play
  • 3. topics• Why play • What is toy• What is play • Why do they make• What they play • How do they make• How do they play• What do they play +Value + Beauty +knowledge
  • 4. word of CautionPlay and Toy are categories of adult mind.We have divided everything in to various categories- work, play, learn. Art, science, language etc etc etc
  • 5. warning Reasoning short circuits comprehension.So hold your firmly held opinion at bay and be open to reading with out judgments.Allow understanding to take place rather than forcing it.
  • 6. What is a toy?
  • 7. Exploring beauty? Arrangement Order Colour Do not conclude, let insights happen
  • 8. Every object the child encounters are toys
  • 9. Nature as toy
  • 10. Children responded with theses video cameras just theyday after we started documentation. What they imitatedwas the digital video camera rather than the usual stillcameras which most of us were using to document. Justone video camera captured their attention.
  • 11. It looks likeChildren explore the way things look (form)
  • 12. Body as toy
  • 13. There is no word for toy in indigenous communities. Children in the process of makingsense of the world explores what ever it comes across. In this sense even the body is turned in to a toy.
  • 14. Exploring the materials -properties, possibilities
  • 15. Children explore the external form, the internal structure (quality or what is possible) and the process
  • 16. Child observes what the world is about, the way it looks, the way it sounds, feels, tastes….The way things are connected, related. Child wants to understand how the world functions what possibilities exists the real world in which the adults inhabits
  • 17. HOUSe
  • 18. innovation
  • 19. Children as sociologists- to learn to live in societyChildren as lawers. Exploring the inherent value systemin the childChildren as artist. How children are exploring orderChildren as scientist. How children explore the world.Children as designersChildren as architectsChildren and theatre - how children enact what theyexperienceWhat children draw naturally. Connection betweentheir context, experience and drawing.
  • 20. Play is a biologically rooted process to helpchildren to make sense of the place they live inand to develop qualities to live. childrendevelop their physical, intellectual, emotional,social, and moral capacities through play. Theypractice physical and manual skills, intellectualskills, and social skills.
  • 21. Fear, resilience, enduranceIn such play, children dose themselves with just thelevel of fear that they can tolerate, a level just belowthe threshold of what might cause them to freezeup. In this way, they learn how to manage fear, how toprevent it from incapacitating them. They learn thatfear is normal and healthy, something they can controland overcome through their own efforts.
  • 22. What is not play?When a child feels coerced, the play spiritvanishes and all of the advantages of that spiritgo with it.Math games in school and adult-led sports arenot play for those who feel that they have toparticipate and are not ready to accept, as theirown, the rules that the adults have established.(peter Gray)
  • 23. sensitivityIt is through social play that children learn, ontheir own, with no lectures, how to meet theirown needs while, at the same time, satisfyingthe needs of others. This is perhaps the mostimportant lesson that people in any society canlearn.
  • 24. adults who have a great deal of freedom as tohow and when to do their work oftenexperience that work as play, even (in fact,especially) when the work is difficult. Incontrast, people who must do just what otherstell them to do at work rarely experience theirwork as play.
  • 25. What is play?
  • 26. types of playThere are two types1.Internally motivated play2. Externally motivated playInternally motivated play is for the developmentand growth of the physical body, the cognitiveapparatus and …….(the internal development)Externally motivated play is to make sense ofthe world but this also helps in internaldevelopment
  • 27. Internally motivated playSome play emanate from bodies need todevelop and this do not need play mate.Children would spontaneously swirl around,children would close their eyes and walk etcThese are not externally motivated plays.This happens more in younger age. In this sensemost actions of the new born till they arearound 3 is largly internally motivated.
  • 28. Play can only happen when there is total freedom.Autonomy of each participant is respected.play always involves rules of some sort, but all playersmust freely accept the rules, and if rules are changedthen all players must agree to the changes. That iswhy play is the most democratic of all activities. Insocial play (play involving more than one player), oneplayer may emerge for a period as the leader, but onlyat the will of all the others. Every rule a leaderproposes must be approved, at least tacitly, by all ofthe other players.The freedom to quit provides the foundation for all ofthe democratic processes that occur in social play.
  • 29. What children play
  • 30. What ever phenomenon the child encounters ismade in to a play.Every phenomenon has components, processand relationship.All this becomes aspects for children to exploreand play
  • 31. What ever the child experiences are recreated, reenacted and this becomes their play
  • 32. Stages of play
  • 33. Children play to enable phisical growth to awaken intellegence to awaken senses to learn to manipulate things to develop qualities for living-observation, patience, attention, curiosity, creativity,
  • 34. No gender divisionWe are born with the qualities of male and female principleand children till about 7 years have very integrated body.In cultures where there is patriarchy as the gender division iscultivated the bodies begin to look distinct.But people in oral, sense literate cultures tend to have similarbodies as they retain both the qualities.The internal quality gets exhibited in external form.
  • 35. Children imitates, invents, pretends, repeats what ever they see around. Constantly revisiting the happenings aroundthem. Each time innovating and discovering new things
  • 36. Cooking/ kitchen
  • 37. The world outside is an integrated, holisticsystem and not fragmented and linear.The childs attempt is to know the whole and itsinter relationship and the patterns with in.The child lives a here and now situationestablishing a sot of completeness at everymoment.Their way of knowing is by being. They live thelaws of science and imbibe it just the way theylearn to speak gramatically correct language.
  • 38. Toy is an idea totally misunderstood by the modern adult. Children, in the process of making sense of the terrain in which they find themselves, observe, touch, smell, twist, break, taste, make.Their actions are spontaneous but at the same time planing and abstracting is inherent.
  • 39. • recilience • Sensitivity• Creativity • Care• imagination • Attention• Self relience • Patience• Observation • Responsibility• Exploration • Self discipline• Manipulation • Risk taking• Planning • Fearlessness• Co operation • Autonomy• Abstraction • Body intelligence• Codification • endurance
  • 40. work as play
  • 41. Why Children playMay beTo awaken their abilities to make sense of the worldTo awaken the qualities to be in the worldTo awaken the sensibilities to live in harmony
  • 42. Children are usually very busy doing something or theotherThey don’t like to sit stillIf they are alone either they are exploring whateverthey can put their hand onAny objects becomes the toy to play withWhat ever the child experiences is recreated, reenacted and this becomes their playSome times the object of their experience is recreatedSome times the objects are recreated as propes totheir play
  • 43. After a bus ride or several bus ridesBus or vehicle as an object is explored, this explorationitself is playSome times they are exploring only the formal aspectSome times they are exploring the process or mechanismsSome times the experience of riding in the bus is reenacedThis could be both dynamic as well as staticThey could just use a chair, bench or any such object andenact the sound of the bus orChildren just use their own body as bus/ car/ bike etc andrun around, go from city to city, stop for passengers to getin and get out.The bus is often very specific. They will tell you which busthey are riding.
  • 44. Observe a child sitting on a soft sofa.Sitting?No they don’t sit, they keep jumping on it as ifthe to experience the softness and the springlike quality.But if the surface is hard they don’t jump.Children are constantly responding aptly towhat ever situations they find themselves in.A round pillar would make them run around buta square may not
  • 45. The way the world isThe form, the process and the connection or therelationChildren are exploring what the world is about/how does it look, how does it feel, how does itfunction
  • 46. Cultural diversity will be a thing of the pastsoon.Modernity with its mass schooling, adultcontrolled play and mass manufactured toyswould homogenize and control people .

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