Experiment PSY General Knowledge


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AUC students were required to present test on general knowledge issues. Researchers tried calculating varying degrees of mood change among participants.

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Experiment PSY General Knowledge

  1. 2. Compliance and Performance By Sarah Gouda Shady Eskander Jaime Sotomayor
  2. 3. Introduction and General Design <ul><li>Underlying concepts : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot in the door technique = compliance with a larger request increases if preceded by a smaller request </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall mood is impacted by changes in self-esteem, which in turn are related to task performance </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Introduction cont’d <ul><li>General idea : participants received general knowledge quiz of which the sections varied in difficulty </li></ul><ul><li>Half of the participants received the easiest section first, the other half commenced with the most difficult one </li></ul>
  4. 5. Introduction cont’d <ul><li>Hypotheses : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants were likelier to comply with study if presented with easier sections first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants will report higher mood after completing the easier sections and their mood will decline after taking difficult sections </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Methodology Material <ul><li>Quiz was self-designed </li></ul><ul><li>Comprised 4 sections that progress in difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Addressed general knowledge in different fields </li></ul><ul><li>Questions should be manageable at college level </li></ul>
  6. 7. Methodology Material <ul><li>Section 1 “Sexual Communication” </li></ul>
  7. 8. Which of the following represents a true exchange of information between two people <ul><ul><ul><li>Selflessness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monologue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information giving </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Methodology Material <ul><li>Section 2 “Yourself and the Universe” </li></ul>
  9. 10. What are the functions of the brain? <ul><ul><ul><li>Cognition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All of the above </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Methodology Material <ul><li>Section 3 “History and Geography” </li></ul>
  11. 12. In the first speech as prime Minister, which of the following phrases did Churchill say <ul><ul><ul><li>This is the beginning and the fight will be long </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I shall do my duty, to god, to the government and to every living soul in this fair land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Third Reich will never set foot on our land </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Methodology / Material <ul><li>“ Cultural and Artistic Movements” Section 4 </li></ul>
  13. 15. Who sculpted “The Thinker”
  14. 16. <ul><ul><ul><li>Pablo Picasso </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Miguel Angelo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auguste Rodin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gustave Eiffel </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Methodology Participants <ul><li>20 AUC students </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Greek Campus </li></ul><ul><li>10 students received easiest section first, </li></ul><ul><li>10 students received quiz in reversed order </li></ul>
  16. 18. Methodology Procedures <ul><li>Participants were briefly informed about the experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Sections were presented in two different orders </li></ul><ul><li>Students wrote down their Answers on flashcards </li></ul><ul><li>Participants were reminded on several occasions that they could discontinue after any given section </li></ul><ul><li>Participants were required to rate their respective mood, on a scale from 1 to 5, after completing each section </li></ul><ul><li>Data was then processed to draw conclusions </li></ul>
  17. 19. Results <ul><ul><li>Easier sections first: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 of 10 participants finished the exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 withdrew after completing the 2 nd and 3 rd sections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 other participants reported a mood swing, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 students felt better after taking the quiz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 students actually felt worse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More difficult section first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 of 10 participants continued until the end </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 withdrew after taking the 1 st section, 2 quit after 2 nd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall, 4 of 10 participants reported higher mood, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 lower mood and 3 no change in mood </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Discussion <ul><li>Compliance hypothesis largely confirmed: ◘ Participants were likelier to continue when presented with easier sections first </li></ul><ul><li>Mood hypothesis refuted: </li></ul><ul><li> ◘ the majority of participants who received easy sections first reported improved mood towards the end. Participants who received difficult sections first reported ambivalent results . </li></ul>
  19. 21. Discussion cont’d <ul><li>Factors influencing results and extraneous factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge may be stimulating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quiz was informal, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>scores were inconsequential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> participants felt more comfortable with failure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participants may have varied in occupation and time availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group dynamics: participants shared answers, discussed questions, etc </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. Discussion cont’d <ul><ul><li>Personal preferences and attitudes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. enjoyment of questions, particular interests, etc ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Previous mood and emotional states </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. Discussion cont’d <ul><li>Generalizability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited due to sample size </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal Validity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>corroborated, since quiz was pre-tested to determine relative difficulty </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Conclusion <ul><li>Future research into this subject seems feasible </li></ul><ul><li>Insight into compliance and its relation to mood may be useful to education and work environments </li></ul><ul><li>Findings were partially ambivalent and require further investigations </li></ul>