Experiment PSY General Knowledge
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Experiment PSY General Knowledge

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AUC students were required to present test on general knowledge issues. Researchers tried calculating varying degrees of mood change among participants.

AUC students were required to present test on general knowledge issues. Researchers tried calculating varying degrees of mood change among participants.

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Compliance and Performance By Sarah Gouda Shady Eskander Jaime Sotomayor
  • 3. Introduction and General Design
    • Underlying concepts :
      • Foot in the door technique = compliance with a larger request increases if preceded by a smaller request
      • Overall mood is impacted by changes in self-esteem, which in turn are related to task performance
  • 4. Introduction cont’d
    • General idea : participants received general knowledge quiz of which the sections varied in difficulty
    • Half of the participants received the easiest section first, the other half commenced with the most difficult one
  • 5. Introduction cont’d
    • Hypotheses :
      • Participants were likelier to comply with study if presented with easier sections first
      • Participants will report higher mood after completing the easier sections and their mood will decline after taking difficult sections
  • 6. Methodology Material
    • Quiz was self-designed
    • Comprised 4 sections that progress in difficult
    • Addressed general knowledge in different fields
    • Questions should be manageable at college level
  • 7. Methodology Material
    • Section 1 “Sexual Communication”
  • 8. Which of the following represents a true exchange of information between two people
        • Selflessness
        • Monologue
        • Dialogue
        • Information giving
  • 9. Methodology Material
    • Section 2 “Yourself and the Universe”
  • 10. What are the functions of the brain?
        • Cognition
        • Language
        • Memory
        • All of the above
  • 11. Methodology Material
    • Section 3 “History and Geography”
  • 12. In the first speech as prime Minister, which of the following phrases did Churchill say
        • This is the beginning and the fight will be long
        • I shall do my duty, to god, to the government and to every living soul in this fair land
        • I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat
        • The Third Reich will never set foot on our land
  • 13.  
  • 14. Methodology / Material
    • “ Cultural and Artistic Movements” Section 4
  • 15. Who sculpted “The Thinker”
  • 16.
        • Pablo Picasso
        • Miguel Angelo
        • Auguste Rodin
        • Gustave Eiffel
  • 17. Methodology Participants
    • 20 AUC students
    • Location: Greek Campus
    • 10 students received easiest section first,
    • 10 students received quiz in reversed order
  • 18. Methodology Procedures
    • Participants were briefly informed about the experiment
    • Sections were presented in two different orders
    • Students wrote down their Answers on flashcards
    • Participants were reminded on several occasions that they could discontinue after any given section
    • Participants were required to rate their respective mood, on a scale from 1 to 5, after completing each section
    • Data was then processed to draw conclusions
  • 19. Results
      • Easier sections first:
      • 8 of 10 participants finished the exam
      • 2 withdrew after completing the 2 nd and 3 rd sections
      • 7 other participants reported a mood swing,
      • 5 students felt better after taking the quiz
      • 2 students actually felt worse
      • More difficult section first
      • 5 of 10 participants continued until the end
      • 3 withdrew after taking the 1 st section, 2 quit after 2 nd
      • Overall, 4 of 10 participants reported higher mood,
      • 3 lower mood and 3 no change in mood
  • 20. Discussion
    • Compliance hypothesis largely confirmed: ◘ Participants were likelier to continue when presented with easier sections first
    • Mood hypothesis refuted:
    • ◘ the majority of participants who received easy sections first reported improved mood towards the end. Participants who received difficult sections first reported ambivalent results .
  • 21. Discussion cont’d
    • Factors influencing results and extraneous factors
      • Challenge may be stimulating
      • Quiz was informal,
      • scores were inconsequential
      •  participants felt more comfortable with failure
      • Participants may have varied in occupation and time availability
      • Group dynamics: participants shared answers, discussed questions, etc
  • 22. Discussion cont’d
      • Personal preferences and attitudes
      • (e.g. enjoyment of questions, particular interests, etc )
      • Previous mood and emotional states
  • 23. Discussion cont’d
    • Generalizability
      • Limited due to sample size
    • Internal Validity
      • corroborated, since quiz was pre-tested to determine relative difficulty
  • 24. Conclusion
    • Future research into this subject seems feasible
    • Insight into compliance and its relation to mood may be useful to education and work environments
    • Findings were partially ambivalent and require further investigations