California part 1


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California part 1

  1. 1. California By: Jimmy Wolpert
  2. 2. Striking it Rich <ul><li>In 1848 James Marshall found gold at Sutter’s Fort starting the famous California Gold Rush </li></ul><ul><li>The Gold Rush caused rapid growth in California, within a few years the population grew from under ten thousand to almost a hundred thousand </li></ul><ul><li>Many Historian call The Gold Rush a defining moment in American History </li></ul><ul><li>Young men came from all over the world for the opportunity to get rich but one in ten died </li></ul>
  3. 3. Striking it Rich <ul><li>At the time the gold rush was viewed as a man’s experience full of fun and adventure </li></ul><ul><li>This was in contrast to the facts </li></ul><ul><li>The murder rate among the mines was very high (In 1850-1851 the murder rate was fifty times that of the national numbers for 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>There was also lots of racism in the mines leading to the beatings of many Hispanic and Native American individuals </li></ul>
  4. 4. O Brave New World! <ul><li>California has a long history of scientific discovery and technological advancement </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1800’s California was studied extensively for geological purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists from both Harvard and Yale researched many things in California </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the most famous researchers of this era are George Davidson, Josiah Whitney and John Muir </li></ul><ul><li>Lester Pelton developed The Pelton turbine which allowed for the production of much more energy than ever before </li></ul>
  5. 5. O Brave New World! <ul><li>California may not have been the birth place of aviation but it was where aviation was perfected </li></ul><ul><li>The Mongomery brothers were able to fly a heavier than air aircraft at an altitude of fifteen feet for sis hundred feet </li></ul><ul><li>By the 1920’s a third of the nations air traffic was coming out of California </li></ul><ul><li>In 1927 Charles Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>California also produced many transport aircrafts for the war </li></ul>
  6. 6. O Brave New World <ul><li>Ted Hoff created the microchip in 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>This new processor had as much power as the ENIAC computer of 1945 and almost microscopic in comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Wozinak and Steve Jobs created apple computers and the Apple 1 was on sale by 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>This ushered in the era of the PC </li></ul>
  7. 7. An Imagined Place <ul><li>The film industry moved to California because the weather makes it more convenient to shoot outside </li></ul><ul><li>Mack Sennet, a comedy director, filmed his movies in LA where it was always sunny and there was never snow on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Sennet captured LA on film as it grew as a city </li></ul><ul><li>In the 1920’s and 30’s many of the major studios were founded including MGM, Paramount, Twentieth Century Fox and Warner Bros </li></ul>
  8. 8. An Imagined Place <ul><li>During this time some of the first film stars started gaining popularity among them were names like Charlie Chaplin </li></ul><ul><li>Many call this early era the golden age of Hollywood </li></ul><ul><li>Events in Europe caused many to European actors, writers and directors to move to Southern California in search of work </li></ul><ul><li>In the years leading up to WWII films with highly political themes were made that seemed to have influenced public opinion leading us to fight along side England </li></ul><ul><li>Hollywood would continue to grow in the following decades in both size and profitability </li></ul>
  9. 9. An Imagined Place <ul><li>During WWII many of the people involved in the film industry took part in the war effort, the list included; Jimmy Stewart, Tyrone Powers and Clark Gable </li></ul><ul><li>During The Cold War and the red scare Hollywood experienced trouble because of black listing (making it difficult for those accused of communism to find work) </li></ul><ul><li>This involvement by the Department of Justice broke apart the Monopolies in Hollywood that connected studios with distribution </li></ul>
  10. 10. An Imagined Place <ul><li>California was also home to many influential authors </li></ul><ul><li>Many of john Steinbeck’s novels showed the importance of nature in Californian culture </li></ul><ul><li>Many detective stories were also written about California, most of which took place in LA </li></ul><ul><li>The detective stories had a big effect on the film industry that was booming at the time </li></ul><ul><li>California fiction captures both the natural beauty of the state as well as the materialistic vanity rampant in Hollywood </li></ul>