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Ch 8; p. 160 164 Introduction Types

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  • From Ch. 6, p. 114-115
  • From Ch. 6, p. 114-115
  • From Ch. 6, p. 114-115
  • From Ch. 6, p. 114-115
  • From Ch. 6, p. 114-115
  • From Ch. 6, p. 114-115
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Ch. 6; p. 115-116
    Indisputable evidence - eg: The fact of prolonged sun exposure can cause skin cancer support claim for children to use sunscreen daily during summer. Some facts are sometimes presented as theory (Theory of evolution).
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.
  • Biased statistical sources: Tobacco Growers may not be the best statistical source for proving harm in smoking.



























  • Page 162: Refer to Humorous Story

  • Page 162: Refer to Humorous Story

  • Page 162: Refer to Humorous Story

  • Page 162: Refer to Humorous Story

  • Page 162: Refer to Humorous Story



  • Read “Visual Aid Section” p. 164.







  • Transcript

    • 1. Introduction Types p. 160-164
    • 2. Determine your Intros
    • 3. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce
    • 4. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids
    • 5. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed)
    • 6. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed) • Persuasive speeches - use several stats, expert testimony, & illustrations
    • 7. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed) • Persuasive speeches - use several stats, expert testimony, & illustrations • Far off topics need concrete examples, definitions, & visuals for clearer understanding
    • 8. Determine your Intros • Support you thesis with info to reinforce • Complex process/unfamiliar ideas may need several examples, comparisons, & visual aids • Distracted audiences need more stories/illustrations (Have extra stories ready to deliver as needed) • Persuasive speeches - use several stats, expert testimony, & illustrations • Far off topics need concrete examples, definitions, & visuals for clearer understanding
    • 9. Types of Support
    • 10. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education
    • 11. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact
    • 12. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts
    • 13. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true
    • 14. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true • Indisputable evidence
    • 15. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true • Indisputable evidence
    • 16. Types of Support • Testimonies: Statement from a considered expert through experience or education • Beliefs or Quotes leading to impact • Facts • Statement can be proven true • Indisputable evidence
    • 17. More Types of Support
    • 18. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats)
    • 19. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship
    • 20. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell.
    • 21. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources
    • 22. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources • Avoid over-saturation of statistics - Brain overload
    • 23. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources • Avoid over-saturation of statistics - Brain overload • Round off statistics (eg: 95.3954% students fail to understand statistical information)
    • 24. More Types of Support • Statistics (Stats) • Numerical data compiled to show relationship In 2007-08, 68.3% of public school students graduated from high school according to California Dept. of Ed, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, Jack O’Connell. • Check out your sources - watch for biased sources • Avoid over-saturation of statistics - Brain overload • Round off statistics (eg: 95.3954% students fail to understand statistical information)
    • 25. Reference to Topic/Occasion
    • 26. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation
    • 27. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience
    • 28. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude
    • 29. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude
    • 30. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience
    • 31. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption
    • 32. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption • Offend listeners
    • 33. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption • Offend listeners • Reference to occasion brings all to common ground
    • 34. Reference to Topic/Occasion • Ready-to-Listen audience based on situation • Interested audience • Friendly attitude • Contrast to hostile audience • Poor assumption • Offend listeners • Reference to occasion brings all to common ground
    • 35. Relevant Quotation
    • 36. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech.
    • 37. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech. • Helps to vividly illustrate speaker’s point
    • 38. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech. • Helps to vividly illustrate speaker’s point
    • 39. Relevant Quotation • Apropos quotation draws audience to an important point in speech. • Helps to vividly illustrate speaker’s point Wedding dress quotation, p. 160
    • 40. Illustration
    • 41. Illustration • Detailed verbal example
    • 42. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes
    • 43. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
    • 44. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
    • 45. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
    • 46. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go
    • 47. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go • Descriptions are recognized & agreeable
    • 48. Illustration • Detailed verbal example • Color affects emotions & attitudes • Explain “hot pink wall,” “canary yellow entryway,” or “lime green door” will wake you up or be ready-to-go • Descriptions are recognized & agreeable • The pictures illustrate visual examples to audience
    • 49. Personal Reference
    • 50. Personal Reference
    • 51. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament.
    • 52. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication.
    • 53. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication.
    • 54. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication. Irish Parliament
    • 55. Personal Reference Tony Blair, former British Prime Minister, used his fond childhood memories spent in Ireland to establish goodwill with the Irish Parliament. • Using common ground connections with audience breaks down prejudices and opens doors to communication. Irish Parliament
    • 56. Humorous Story
    • 57. Humorous Story
    • 58. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001.
    • 59. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001. • When Americans turn 50 years old, AARP sends invitations to join this organization.
    • 60. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001. • When Americans turn 50 years old, AARP sends invitations to join this organization. • Incorporating humor about growing old relaxed his audience but humor related to his message.
    • 61. Humorous Story Horace Deets, Executive Director of AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) 1988-2001. • When Americans turn 50 years old, AARP sends invitations to join this organization. • Incorporating humor about growing old relaxed his audience but humor related to his message. • No offensive jokes, mocking others, or sarcastic that could turn audience against the speaker.
    • 62. Startling Statement Capture the attention of your audience. Astounding statistics arouse curiosity and establish topic importance. • 9 out of 10 tobacco users start before theyʼre 18 years old. • Teens want to look good no matter what: nearly three- quarters are spending the same or more this year on either cosmetics (70%), clothing (72%), hair products (71%) or skin care (74%).
    • 63. Rhetorical Question • When your someone tells you some obvious info, ever respond, “Do you think I’m stupid?” • No answer is expected or warranted • Purpose: Gets a person to THINK!
    • 64. Visual Aid • A picture says a thousand words • Needs to be large enough for the audience to easily view Recycling can be a beautiful thing Mississippi Flood Black Rat Snake Damage
    • 65. Visual Aids & Tips
    • 66. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say
    • 67. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position
    • 68. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best
    • 69. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see
    • 70. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see • Colorful: Draw attention & give info
    • 71. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see • Colorful: Draw attention & give info • Make your point - nice visuals without purpose = useless
    • 72. Visual Aids & Tips • Chart, map, graph, diagram, outline, picture, or model supporting what you say • An image used to support your position • Keep simple: Few words & 1 image is best • Make visible - audience needs to see • Colorful: Draw attention & give info • Make your point - nice visuals without purpose = useless Don’t pass around during your talk