DifferentiatedInstructionincorporating ratio, whole numbers and fractionsCourse Code: MAP114, MAP115 and MAP116Yeap Ban Haryeapbanhar@gmail.comMarshall Cavendish InstituteSlides are available atwww.banhar.blogspot.com
| Hanusek, Jamison, Jamison & Woessmann2008Score 1960-1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s500’s Japan Hong KongJapanKoreaHong KongJapanKoreaSingaporeHong KongJapanKoreaSingapore400’s Thailand PhilippinesSingaporeThailandMalaysiaThailandMalaysiaThailand300’s IndonesiaPhilippinesIndonesiaPhilippines
CountryGDP per capita incurrent USD2012Singapore 60,400Malaysia 16,900Thailand 10,100Philippines 4,400Upon separation from Malaysia in 1965, Singapore wasfaced with … high levels of unemployment andpoverty. 70% of Singapore’s households lived in badlyovercrowded conditions, and a third of its peoplesquatted in slums on the city fringes. Unemploymentaveraged 14%, GDP per capita was less than $2,700,and half of the population was illiterate.
In the 1970’s, Singapore needed a wayto help students, most of whom werenot performing well in mathematics,learn mathematics.CPA Approach based on Bruner’s workand a host of other learning theorieswere applied. Today, many people referto this approach as Singapore Math.
“The idea of differentiatinginstruction is an approach toteaching that advocates activeplanning for and attention tostudent differences inclassrooms, in the context of highquality curriculums.”| www.caroltomlinson.com
Goh’s Report (1978)recommended adifferentiated educationsystem for Singapore.Grade 1 to 4MathematicsFoundationMathematics