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Second Marshall Cavendish Singapore Mathematics Global Forum 2011

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This was the opening plenary lecture at the Forum. It was attended by reoresentatives of various Ministries of Education and Departments of Education.

This was the opening plenary lecture at the Forum. It was attended by reoresentatives of various Ministries of Education and Departments of Education.

Published in: Education, Technology

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  • 1. Plenary Session
    Average Learners, High Achievement: The Case of Mathematics Learning
     
    Dr Yeap Ban Har
    Principal, Marshall Cavendish Institute
     
    St Edward School, Florida
    Da Qiao Primary School, Singapore
  • 2. Average Learners
    High Achievement
    International Studies
  • 3. Students in Singapore have demonstrated high achievement and positive attitude towards mathematics.
    In Trends in Mathematics and Science Study, about 40% of Singapore’s 4th and 8th graders are in the Advanced International Benchmark (the international average is 5% and 2% respectively).
    1995
    2003
    2007
    International
    5
    Advanced
    38
    41
    38
    Grade 4
    26
    High
    70
    74
    73
    67
    Intermediate
    89
    92
    91
    90
    Low
    96
    98
    97
  • 4. Average
    Hong Kong
    Singapore
    S. Korea
    Taiwan
    TIMSS
    Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies
    Grade 8
    Advanced
    2
    40
    31
    45
    40
    High
    15
    70
    64
    71
    71
    Intermediate
    46
    88
    85
    86
    90
    Low
    75
    97
    94
    95
    98
    Junyuan Secondary School, Singapore
  • 5. TIMSS
    Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies
    Grade 4 1995
    Grade 8 1999
    Advanced
    38
    42
    High
    70
    77
    Intermediate
    89
    94
    Low
    96
    99
    Fuchun Primary School, Singapore
  • 6. TIMSS
    Trends in International Mathematics and Science Studies
    Grade 4 2003
    Grade 8 2007
    Grade 4 1995
    Grade 8 1999
    38
    40
    Advanced
    38
    42
    73
    70
    High
    70
    77
    91
    88
    Intermediate
    89
    94
    97
    97
    Low
    96
    99
    Fuchun Primary School, Singapore
  • 7. The attitude index for Singapore students in TIMSS is also relatively high compared to other high-performing countries.
    Also, the majority of students in Singapore opt to study mathematics in Grades 11 and 12 when they are no longer required to.
    Marsiling Secondary School, Singapore
  • 8. Attitude
    Achievement
    Singapore
    71
    41
    Grade 4
    Hong Kong
    67
    40
    Taiwan
    50
    24
    Japan
    62
    23
    Kazakhstan
    89
    19
    England
    62
    16
    Russia
    80
    16
    International
    72
    5
  • 9. Attitude
    Achievement
    Taiwan
    37
    45
    Grade 8
    S Korea
    33
    40
    Singapore
    60
    40
    Hong Kong
    47
    31
    Japan
    30
    26
    Hungary
    30
    10
    England
    40
    8
    International
    54
    2
  • 10. High achievement was not a given. In 1960, among 30 615 candidates who sat for the first Primary School Leaving Examination, 45% of the candidates passed.
    Keon Ming Public School, Singapore
  • 11. Average Learners
    High Achievement
    Focus of School Mathematics
  • 12. Wellington Primary School
    rationale
    The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence”.
  • 13. Thinking Schools Learning Nations
    This initiative was introduced in 1997. Since then Ministry of Education in Singapore has been injecting various initiatives into the system. These initiatives are intended to give schools the impetus to refine their programs to include the development of generic competencies.
  • 14. National Examination
    Singapore has six years of compulsory primary education. The Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) is conducted at the end of this.
  • 15. Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 16. Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 17. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first
    After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.
    Number of Apples
    Number of Oranges
    Number of
    Pears
    Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 18. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first
    After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.
    There were twice as many apples as oranges left
    Number of Apples
    Number of Oranges
    Number of
    Pears
    38
    Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 19. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first
    After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.
    There were twice as many apples as oranges left.
    The number of pears left was 15 fewer than the number of apples left.
    Number of Apples
    Number of Oranges
    Number of
    Pears
    90
    38
    15
    Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 20. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first
    After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.
    There were twice as many apples as oranges left.
    The number of pears left was 15 fewer than the number of apples left.
    Number of Apples
    Number of Oranges
    Number of
    Pears
    90
    38
    15
    Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 21. A restaurant had the same number of apples, oranges and pears at first
    After 38 pears, some apples and oranges were used, there were 90 fruits left.
    There were twice as many apples as oranges left.
    The number of pears left was 15 fewer than the number of apples left.
    5 units = 90 + 15 = 105
    105 : 5
    = 21
    Number of Apples
    Number of Oranges
    Number of
    Pears
    90
    38
    15
    Number of pears = 21 + 21 + 23 =65
    Number of oranges used = 65 – 21 = 44
    Singapore Examination & Assessment Board
  • 22. Archipelschool
    De Tweemaster – Kameleon
    The Netherlands
  • 23. Average Learners
    High Achievement
    Pedagogy
  • 24. Math in Focus
  • 25. Pensar sin Limites (Spanish Edition)
  • 26. Pensar sin Limites (Spanish Edition)
  • 27. Maths Champion (Indonesian Edition)
  • 28. Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)
  • 29. Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)
  • 30. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)
    Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore
  • 31. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)
  • 32. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)
  • 33. St Edward School, Florida
    Initial Concrete Experience
    Subsequent Pictorial Representation
    My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)
  • 34. Eventual Symbolic Representation
  • 35. My Pals Are Here! Mathematics (Second Edition)
  • 36. Average Learners
    High Achievement
    Critical Factors
  • 37. Direction
    Curriculum That Focuses on 21st Century Skills
    Archipelschool De Tweemaster – Kameleon,
    The Netherlands
    King Solomon Academy,
    London
    High School Attached to Tsukuba University.
    Japan
  • 38. Push
    National Examination
    Bukit View Primary School, Singapore
    Pathlight School, Singapore
  • 39. Support
    Textbooks & Professional Development
    Primary Mathematics (Standards Edition)
    Keys Grade School, The Philippines
    Lesson Study at Da Qiao Primary School, Singapore
  • 40. In-service Professional Development in The Philippines
    In-service Professional Development in Chile
    Pre-service Teacher Education in Singapore
  • 41. Synopsis
    Singapore's mathematics education has attracted international attention because of the high performance of its average learners. This plenary lectures explains what school mathematics should focus on, how the subject can be taught to make it accessible and useful to all learners, and what the critical factors are in supporting an education system where its average learners have high achievement. The speaker show how Singapore has used international research literature to benefit its students. 
    PCF Kindergarten PasirRis West, Singapore