Land 270 sq miles 700 sq km introduction People 5.3 million GDP per capita 1965 USD500 2011 USD50 000Junyuan Secondary School, Singapore in current USD
General Overview of Singapore and its Education System
General Overview of Singapore and its Education System Students 500 000 Teachers 30 000 Principals & Vice-Principals 900 Schools 173 Primary Schools (Primary 1 – 6) 155 Secondary Schools (Secondary 1 – 4) 13 Junior Colleges (JC 1 – 2) Canossa Convent Primary School, Singapore 15 Mixed-Level Schools The data refers to 1-12 school system. Pre-school is not part of the formal education system. The data excludes post-secondary education system which includes institutes of technical education, polytechnics and universities.
High achievement was not a given. In 1960,among 30 615 candidates who sat for thefirst Primary School Leaving Examination,45% of the candidates passed. Today, about the same proportion achieve the highest grade in each of the four subjects tested. Keon Ming Public School, Singapore
All major international tests (literacy, science and mathematics) between 1964and 2003 were placed on a common scale. Selected countries shown in the table. Score 1960-1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 500 Japan Japan Japan Japan Korea Korea Korea Hong Kong Singapore Hong Kong Hong Kong Singapore 400 Thailand Singapore Malaysia Malaysia Thailand Thailand Thailand The Philippines 300 Indonesia Indonesia The Philippines The PhilippinesReference: E. Hanusek, D. Jamison, E. Jamison & L. Woessmann (2008)
Mathematics is “an excellent vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence”. 1982 Ministry of Education Singapore 2006Introduction of Singapore mathematics textbooks as they are known today. 2001 Introduction of textbooks published by 1992 private publishers and approved by Introduction of Problem- Ministry of Education. Solving Curriculum 2007 New editions of textbooks are 1997 published with the introduction of the Thinking Schools revised curriculum. Learning Nation 2013 New editions of textbooks are published with the revision of the curriculum. Page 1
Fundamentals of Singapore MathInitial Concrete Experiences & Building Conceptual Understanding Yeap Ban Har Marshall Cavendish Institute Singapore firstname.lastname@example.org Slides are available at www.banhar.blogspot.com
Relational Understanding R Skemp what & how Concrete Introduction J BrunerJunyuan Secondary School, Singapore Page 08 Page 13
Teaching Multiplication Facts Allfarthing Primary School, London
Primary Mathematics (Third Edition)See Ho, S. Y. & Yeap, B. H. (2011). Development of Visualization Skills in Singapore PrimarySchool Mathematics Textbooks. Paper presented at PME-35 Angkara, Turkey.See also Yeap, B. H. (2011). The Emphasis of Primary-Level Textbooks in Singapore onHigher-Order Thinking Skills. Paper presented at International Conference on SchoolMathematics Textbooks Shanghai, China.
Visuals are used to teachconcepts – distributiveproperty of multiplication– without using formalterms. Primary Mathematics (Third Edition)
3 units = 181 units = 18 3 = 66 x 8 = 48There were 48 coins at first. Page 15
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