LSP101 Lesson Study

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  • 1. LSP101 An Introduction to Lesson Study www.singaporelessonstudy.blogspot.comFacilitators: Yeap Ban Har & Peggy Foo
  • 2. OverviewAssumption English SchoolFairfield Methodist Primary SchoolWestview Primary School Mathematics Open Lesson Photo: Junyuan Secondary SchoolThis introductory seminar helps participants, who are new to lessonstudy, understand the process of lesson study and its role in the professionaldevelopment of teachers. Participants will gain insight into the stages oflesson study and how they fulfill the „3 Big Ideas‟ of the Professional LearningCommunity (PLC). This seminar will also touch on other benefits, challengesand factors needed to support the effective implementation of lesson study ina PLC.
  • 3. Part I IntroductionResearch Lesson in an In-service Course on Problem-Solving Heuristics.Photo: Princess Elizabeth Primary School
  • 4. First Big Idea in PLC Focus on Learning Rather…nothing matters more Than Teachingthan finding people withthe potential to begreat teachers. Malcom Gladwell 2009 What The Dog Saw
  • 5. Source: How the Worlds Best-Performing School Systems Come Out on Top The McKinsey Report Getting the right people to become teachers and to develop them into effective teachers.
  • 6. Source: BBC News 23 Nov 2004 “The country has made a conscious effort to havehighly-qualified teachers throughout the system.” Minister of Education (Finland) 2004
  • 7. Source: Straits Times 23 Nov 2010 “The first is improving teaching, developing teachers professionally ….” Secretary of State for Education (Britain) 2010
  • 8. A good education systemdepends on high quality Photo: Northlight Schoolteachers whoconstantly seek toimprove theirpractice, supported byschool leaders andadministrators, andresources fromdepartments andagencies within MOE. Minister of Education (Singapore) 2009
  • 9. Photo: Fuchun Primary School build capacity for We need to teachers themselves to take the lead in professional upgrading.Second Big Idea in PLCWorkCollaborativelyMinister of Education Singapore 2009
  • 10. This is what PLC is all about ….Third Big Idea in PLCFocus onResults
  • 11. Keys Grade School, Manila lesson studyaround the world Middle School Attached to Tsukuba University, Japan
  • 12. Edgewood Elementary School, New York, USA lesson study around the world Scarsdale Teachers Institute, New York, USA
  • 13. lesson studyaround the worldBina Bangsa School, Jakarta, Indonesia Public School in Santiago, Chile
  • 14. lesson studyaround the worldJunior High School Attached to Tsukuba University, Japan
  • 15. Junior High School Attached to Tsukuba University, Japan
  • 16.  Forum – What I Want to Know About Lesson Study What Do PLCs Do? Deciding on Professional Learning Goal Carrying out Lesson Planning Meeting What Data to Collect During Lesson Study?
  • 17. Part II Stages in Lesson StudyLesson Study adapted for Micro-Teaching in Pre-service Course Photo: National Institute of Education
  • 18. Identify Professional Learning Goal Plan LessonLesson Plan Research Lesson Revision Post-Lesson Discussion
  • 19. Lesson 0: Research Theme is Central in Lesson Study• Vision & Mission• Curriculum Focus• Students‟ Current Performance
  • 20. Lesson 1: More Thinking, Less Doing During Lesson-Planning Stage• Curriculum Documents• Textbooks• Curriculum Materials• Other Literature• Other Lesson Study Documents• Always Guided by Research Theme
  • 21. Change the square into an equilateral triangleof the same area.
  • 22. Problem: Find the distance between points A (2, 3) andB (10, 9).Students working collaboratively on a problem to learn thecoordinate geometry topic on distance between points.Traditionally, students were given a formulae to do this.Bina Bangsa School, Jakarta: Lesson Study
  • 23. Every group was able to use their previous learning(Pythagoras Theorem) to solve the main problem.Bina Bangsa School, Jakarta: Lesson Study
  • 24. Later they were asked to find the distance between thepoints (5, 1) and (9, 4). They were also asked to findtwo points where the distance apart is a whole number.Bina Bangsa School, Jakarta: Lesson Study
  • 25. Bina Bangsa School, Jakarta: Lesson Study 10 5 6 3 4 8 15 12 13
  • 26. Post-Lesson Discussion• Find the distance between points A (2, 3) and B (10, 9).• Find the distance between points C (-2, -2) and D (2, 1).• Find the distance between points E (2, 5) and F (x, 2).• Find two points where the distance is a whole number. Bina Bangsa School, Jakarta: Lesson Study
  • 27. Photo: Pathlight School What does it look like when students are engaged productively in learning? What are the catalysts to such productive engagement?Professional Learning Goal: To engage students in learning
  • 28. Lesson 2: Sharpening Our Eyes to See Students
  • 29. PLC membersparticipated in an open lesson at a primary school as part of the lesson planning process to get more ideas and insights on student engagement. Photo: Daqiao Primary School
  • 30. Main TaskPhoto: Pathlight School in Research Lesson
  • 31. Refine work system . In the lesson planning process, the PLCmembers came upwith a refined worksystem to develop and encourage independent engagement. Photo: Pathlight School
  • 32. Use coloured paper strips Photo: Pathlight School In the lesson planning process, the PLC membersalso decided to use coloured paper strips. During the lesson, two types ofengagement were observed.
  • 33. Type 1 Engagement Such engagement is not directly related to content of the lesson. However, students were more involved and were more responsive. Photo: Pathlight School Type 2 Engagement Such engagement is directlyrelated to content of the lesson. In this photo a student used the strips to make sense of the problem situation.
  • 34. Lesson 3: Rich Observation, Rich Discussion
  • 35. Lesson 4: Synthesizing Discussion
  • 36. The team was also hopeful that the paper strips would help students connect the diagrams they draw and the problem situation. Hopefully, students are more engaged when theyPhoto: Pathlight School are doing things that make sense to them.
  • 37. Would the colour help students distinguish the unknown variable from the constant? The purpose ofPhoto: Pathlight School the research lesson is for teachers to observe students to answer questions such as this one. The lesson planning meetings raised such questions. The research lesson provides a platform to „see‟ the answers to such questions. The post-lesson discussion is a platform to discuss these answers.
  • 38. Photo: Pathlight School
  • 39. Part III Brief Notes & SummaryLesson Study adapted for Micro-Teaching in Pre-service Course Photo: National Institute of Education
  • 40. Some of us know a bit about lesson study.Some have heard the term but not muchelse. Some have extensive experience withit. The purpose of the forum is for you toask any questions you have about lessonstudy.There is an article on the first things aboutlesson study at this website.www.academyofsingaporeteachers.moe.gov.sg
  • 41. • School‟s Goals • Subject‟s Goals • Ideal Students‟ Outcomes • Actual Students‟ OutcomesWhat Do PLCs Do? • Identify the Gaps • Identify Professional Learning Goal to Close the Gaps
  • 42. School‟s VisionSubject‟s GoalsIdeal Students‟ Actual Students‟ GapCharacteristics CharacteristicsProfessional Learning Goal
  • 43. Professional Learning Goal Example: To engage pupils in the learning of mathematics broad but specific
  • 44. Lesson Planning Meeting • Select a unit • Select a lesson or more within the unit • Study textbooks • Study other resources • Discuss how the lesson(s) is to be taught
  • 45. Learning Outcome(s) Task & Anticipated Teacher‟s Notes Key Questions Students‟ Action Responses
  • 46. • Maintain a Group File • Take turns to write meeting notes • Lesson Plan Drafts • Individual ReflectionsLesson Study Data • Individual Observation Notes: Summary • Student Data related to Professional Learning Goal
  • 47. • Maintain a Group File • Take turns to write meeting notes • Lesson Plan Drafts • Individual ReflectionsLesson Study Data • Individual Observation Notes Summary • Student Data related to Professional Learning Goal One Thing I Learnt Today and What Was The Source
  • 48. • Maintain a Group File • Take turns to write meeting notes • Lesson Plan Drafts • Individual ReflectionsLesson Study Data • Individual Observation Notes: Summary • Student Data related to One Interesting Thing I My Interpretation of Learning Professional One Question I Have Saw During the Lesson What I Saw Goal Related to This Observation
  • 49. • Maintain a Group File • Take turns to write meeting notes • Lesson Plan Drafts • Individual ReflectionsLesson Study Data • Individual Observation Notes: Summary • Student Data related to Professional Learning Goal
  • 50. Type of Student Engagement Stimulus • Maintain a Group File • Take turns to write meeting notes • Lesson Plan Drafts • Individual ReflectionsLesson Study Data • Individual Observation Notes: Summary • Student Data related to Average Average Professional Learning Score of Score of Goal Section C in Section C in SA2 P5 SA2 P6