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# Keynote Lecture at USA National Conference on Singapore Math Strategies 13-16 July 2009 at Las Vegas, USA

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Keynote Lecture at USA National Conference on Singapore Math Strategies 13-16 July 2009 at Las Vegas, USA

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### Keynote Lecture at USA National Conference on Singapore Math Strategies 13-16 July 2009 at Las Vegas, USA

1. 1. singapore math where east meets west Yeap Ban Har & Char Forsten Keynote Session 13 July 2009 www.banhar.blogspot.com
2. 2. singapore math where east meets west the contexts in which the strategies are used are significant in producing high- achievement
3. 3. singapore math where east meets west seven things about singapore stuff you already know math plus further insights into these
4. 4. singapore math where east meets west emphasis on problem solving Reference: Singapore Ministry of Education 2006
5. 5. singapore math where east meets west emphasis on problem solving is not a rhetoric
6. 6. singapore math where east meets west emphasis on problem solving in the national test
7. 7. singapore math where east meets west Example of 1-point Items Example of 2-point Items Which of the following Adrian and Bala shared the total cost of a present. Adrian numbers is the largest? paid \$15 more than 3/8 of the cost of the present. Bala (2)6.59 paid \$25. How much did the present cost? (3)6.95 (2)\$160 (2) \$64 (3) \$40 (4) \$16 (4)6.509 (5)6.905 A movie started at 11.45 Prawns are sold at \$1.35 per In the figure below, ABCD is a.m. The movie was 2 hours 100 g at a market. What is a square, AED is an 25 minutes long. What time the price of 1.5 kg of equilateral triangle and BFD did the movie end? prawns? is a straight line. Find <AFD A B F E D C Reference: Singapore Examinations & Assessment Board 2004-2008
8. 8. singapore math where east meets west Item Type Point Per Item Total Points Multiple-Choice 1 20% 15 items 2 Short- Answer 1 30% 20 items 2 Long-Answer 3 50% 13 items 4 5 Reference: Singapore Examinations & Assessment Board
9. 9. singapore math where east meets west school programs include enrichment for all students Photos: Wellington Primary School. Singapore
10. 10. A shop sells bicycles for adults and children. The adult bicycles come in 2 colour choices: black and white. The children bicycles come in 3 colour choices: red, blue and green. Mr Tan wants to buy a bicycle for himself and another one for his son. How many different colour choices does he have to buy both bicycles? A shop sells bicycles for adults and children. The adult bicycles come in 2 colour choices: black and white. The children bicycles come in 4 colour choices: red, blue, green and purples. Mr Tan wants to buy a bicycle for himself and another one for his son. How many different colour choices does he have to buy both bicycles? A shop sells bicycles for adults and children. The adult and children choose from any of these colours: red, blue, green, yellow and purple. bicycles come in 2 colour choices: black and white. The children bicycles come in 3 colour choices: red, blue and green. Mr Tan wants to buy a bicycle for himself and another one for his son. How many different colour choices does he have to buy both bicycles? Materials that delve deeper into a basic topic are used as part of the regular singapore math program. For example, this school uses a textbook plus teacher-produced worksheets such as this to enrich students’ ideas about multiplication. where east meets west
11. 11. Source: Maris Stella High (Primary) School, Singapore
12. 12. Source: Maris Stella High (Primary) School, Singapore
13. 13. complex problem solving is expected of every student In twice-a-year tests designed by the schools, problems such as this one are given to challenge students. However, there is an expectation that every student makes significant effort to acquire the ability to solve such problems. Source: Raffles Girls’ Primary School, Singapore
14. 14. singapore math where east meets west parental expectations Photos: Seminar for Parents on Problem Solving
15. 15. singapore math where east meets west emphasis on concrete to pictorial to abstract representations Photo: Catholic High School (Primary) Singapore
16. 16. singapore math where east meets west especially on the model method Photo: mathz4kidz Learning Center, Malaysia
17. 17. A lion weighs 135 kg. A cow weigh 87 kg more than the lion. An elephant weighs 139 more than the cow. How heavy is the elephant? (Primary 2) Photo: Telok Kurau Primary School, Singapore
18. 18. singapore math where east meets west presence of ‘safety nets’
19. 19. singapore math where east meets west learning support program at entry point Photo: Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore
20. 20. Variation in kindergartens Kindergarten is not part of formal schooling. Pre-school education varies in types and quality. Teachers’ qualification ranges from O-Levels to masters degrees in early childhood. Monthly fees range from \$65 to more than \$1000. Photo: PCF Kindergarten Telok Blangah, Singapore
21. 21. Variation in kindergartens Kindergartens that the majority of Singapore children attend are run by grass-root organizations and they struggle to provide a high-quality program due to lack of resources and qualified teachers. One such provider of kindergarten education is the PCF Kindergartens which has 255 kindergartens out of 485 Also, 50% of first-graders in Singapore come kindergartens in from non-English speaking environment. Singapore. Photo: PCF Kindergarten Tanjong Pagar, Singapore
22. 22. singapore math where east meets west foundation mathematics at halfway point Photo: Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore
23. 23. singapore math where east meets west teacher-initiated intervention Photo: Telok Kurau Primary School, Singapore
24. 24. singapore math where east meets west teacher training pre-service Photo: Princess National Institute of Education, Singapore
25. 25. singapore math where east meets west Photo: Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore professional development in-service Photo: Hougang Primary School, Singapore
26. 26. singapore math where east meets west teacher learning from textbooks
27. 27. singapore math where east meets west
28. 28. singapore math where east meets west
29. 29. TIMSS 1995 to 2007 Grade 4 Advanced 38 38 41 High 70 73 74 Intermediate 89 91 92 Low 96 97 98 Catholic High School (Primary), Singapore
30. 30. TIMSS 2007 Grade 4 Advanced 24 40 41 High 66 81 74 Intermediate 92 97 92 Low 99 100 98 Catholic High School (Primary), Singapore
31. 31. TIMSS 2007 Grade 8 Advanced 2 2 40 High 15 18 70 Intermediate 46 50 88 Low 75 82 97 Northlight School, Singapore
32. 32. singapore math where east meets west • emphasis on problem solving • high-stakes tests include problem solving • enrichment opportunities for all • high expectations of children by parents • pedagogies that facilitate learning • multi-pronged intervention strategies • professional development strategies
33. 33. singapore math where east meets west banhar.yeap@nie.edu.sg www.banhar.blogspot.com for addresses of websites and blogs of various aspects of singapore math thank you