EARCOME 5 Plenary Panel Discussion

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The plenary panel discussion includes discussants from Korea, Hong Kong, the Philippines and Singapore. It is moderated by Japan. In my segment, I spoke about what is considered to be excellent classroom practice in mathematics teaching by examining various policies related to mathematics education in the system.

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EARCOME 5 Plenary Panel Discussion

  1. 1. Plenary Panel Discussion<br />Excellence in Classroom Practice<br />Yeap Ban Har<br />Marshall Cavendish Institute<br />Singapore<br />Pathlight School<br />Singapore<br />banhar.yeap@pathlight.org.sg<br />Photo: Princess Elizabeth School, Singapore<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>What does it mean by "excellence" in classroom practice in Singapore?
  3. 3. What are examples of "excellent" classroom practices?</li></ul>Focus<br />Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore<br />
  4. 4. Mathematics is an excellent vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence in logical reasoning, spatial visualisation, analysis and abstract thought. ... When ideas are discovered and insights gained, students are spurred to pursue mathematics beyond the classroom walls. <br />Ministry of Education 2006<br />Primary Mathematics (Third Edition)<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Curriculum </li></ul>Focus on Thinking<br />Thinking Schools, Learning Nation (1997)<br />
  5. 5. Engaging Pedagogies<br /><ul><li>Learning by Doing
  6. 6. Learning through Inquiry
  7. 7. Learning by Collaborating
  8. 8. Learning by Reflecting
  9. 9. Learning in and about the Real World</li></ul>Ministry of Education 2009<br />Photo: Fuchun Primary School, Singapore<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Pedagogy </li></ul>Engaging Pedagogies<br />PERI Report (2009)<br />
  10. 10. Photo: Princess Elizabeth School, Singapore<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Teacher Education</li></ul>Methods courses that emphasize both content and learning theories<br /><ul><li>Courses are organized around content, for example teaching of whole numbers, teaching of algebra, teaching of trigonometry and so on.
  11. 11. Learning theories such as Bruner, Skemp and Dienes are given emphasis.</li></ul>12 ÷ 4 = 3<br />
  12. 12. A poultry farmer raised chickens, ducks and geese in his farm. Taking into account various conditions such as sale of poultry, deaths caused by infection, etc. that affect the population of geese on his farm, the number of geese of geese at the end of n months is modelled by un where<br /> <br />un+1 = 0.75 uo + 80<br /> <br />where uois the initial number of geese.<br /> <br />Calculate the values of u1, u2, u3 and u4 in the cases when (i) uo = 576 and (ii) uo = 320. Comment briefly on your results.<br /> <br />Show that un = 0.75n (uo– 320) + 320 and deduce that when n becomes very large un  320.<br /> <br />Justify the comments you have made earlier with the aid of the expression of un you have just proven.<br /> <br />Draw the graphs of y = k 0.75x + 320 for 3 different values of k. With the aid of your graphs, provide an advice to the farmer.<br />Ministry of Education 2005<br />Photo: Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore <br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Technology
  13. 13. Calculator in Upper Primary Levels (MOE 2007)
  14. 14. Graphing Calculators in Junior Colleges (MOE 2005)
  15. 15. Integration of ICT with curriculum, pedagogy and assessment (MOE 2008)</li></li></ul><li>Photo: PCF Kindergarten PasirRis West, Singapore <br />It emphasises the important role of assessment to support our children’s holistic development. “Transformative assessment” reflects MOE’s commitment to enabling our primary schools to harness the potential of assessment to improve learning and teaching.<br />Grace Fu 2010<br />Senior Minister of State<br />Ministry of Education<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Assessment </li></ul>Holistic Assessment especially in early grades.<br />PERI Report (2009)<br />
  16. 16. Jim bought some chocolates and gave half of them to Ken. Ken bought some sweets and gave half of them to Jim. <br />Jim ate 12 sweets and Ken ate 18 chocolates. After that, the number of sweets and chocolates Jim had were in the ratio 1 : 7 and the number of sweets and chocolates Ken had were in the ratio 1 : 4. <br />How many sweets did Ken buy?<br />Singapore Examinations and Assessment Board 2009<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Assessment </li></ul>Assessment includes challenging problem-solving tasks especially at the upper grades.<br />Ministry of Education 1992<br />
  17. 17. Photo: Princess Elizabeth School, Singapore<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Individual Differences </li></ul>Programmes Catering to Students with Different Level of Readiness<br /><ul><li>Learning Support Programme (LSM) for Primary 1 and 2
  18. 18. Foundation Mathematics for Primary 5 and 6
  19. 19. Gifted Education Programme from Primary 4
  20. 20. Express, Normal (Academic) and Normal (Technical) Courses in secondary levels</li></ul>Ministry of Education 2005<br />
  21. 21. Photo: Northlight School, Singapore<br />This year, the School of Science and Technology, with its niche in applied learning and rich ICT learning environment, took in its first batch of 198 students, and is well positioned to be a new peak of excellence in the landscape.<br />For those students who benefit from a different more hands-on learning style, we have Northlight School and Assumption Pathway School, which gives them a practical education. You will be visibly moved by the dedication and patience of teachers in these schools. <br />Ministry of Education 2009<br />What is <br />Excellence in Classroom Practice?<br /><ul><li>From the Perspectives of Individual Differences </li></ul>Schools Catering to Different Needs at Upper Levels<br /><ul><li>NUS High School for Science and Mathematics
  22. 22. Integrated Programmes
  23. 23. Northlight School and Pathway Assumption Schools
  24. 24. Pathlight School</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>What are some issues involved in bringing “excellent” practices to classrooms?</li></ul>Focus<br />Balestier Hill Primary School, Singapore<br />
  25. 25. The Singapore Case<br /><ul><li>Towards a more educated teaching force
  26. 26. Common pre-service courses
  27. 27. Emphasis on the use of manipulatives
  28. 28. Limited opportunities for practice</li></ul>Photo: National Institute of Education<br />
  29. 29. Photo: National Institute of Education<br />What are key factors associated with pre-service teacher education?<br />
  30. 30. What are key factors associated with in-service professional development?<br />Fuchun Primary School, Singapore<br />A good education system depends on high quality teachers who constantly seek to improve their practice, supported by school leaders and administrators, and resources from departments and agencies within MOE. <br />Minister of Education 2009<br />Princess Elizabeth Primary School, Singapore<br />
  31. 31. North Vista Primary School, Singapore<br />collaboration<br />authentic<br />Fuchun Primary School, Singapore<br />We need to build capacity for teachers themselves to take the lead in professional upgrading.<br />Minister of Education 2009 <br />

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