A Seminar for Parents <br />Helping Students with<br />PSLE Mathematics<br />February 2010<br />www.askyeapbanhar.blogspot...
What is PSLE Mathematics?<br />
PSLE Mathematics<br />Paper 1 (50 min)<br />Paper 2 (1 hr 40 min)<br />
PSLE Foundation Mathematics<br />Paper 1 (1 hr)<br />Paper 2 (1 hr 15 min)<br />
Challenging MCQsfor problems that are difficult for students to communicate solution methods <br />
Ann, Beng and Siti each had some money at first. Ann gave Beng $0.50. Beng then gave Siti $0.75. Siti spent $0.25 on a rul...
What kind of curriculum is it based on?<br />
rationale of the curriculum<br />The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the development a...
Visualization – an intellectual competence -  is one of the most important ability in solving problems<br />
Basic Skillsemphasis on visualization in the learning process<br />
<br /><br /><br />
<br /><br /><br /><br />
<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><b...
Basic Skillsmental strategies strengthen visualization ability<br />
Find the value of 12.2 ÷ 4 .<br />It is not expected that P6 students need to perform written working to do it.<br />P4 st...
3.05<br />3<br />12.20<br />12.20<br />4<br />12<br />20 hundredths<br />12<br />0.20<br />0.20<br />Number Bond Method<br...
	A show started at 10.55 a.m. and ended at 1.30 p.m.How long was the show in hours and minutes?<br />It is not expected th...
1100<br />1330<br />
	Prawns are sold at $1.35 per 100 g at a market.<br />	What is the price of 1.5 kg of prawns? <br />Basic Skills Items<br ...
Find <y in the figure below.<br />It is not expected that P6 students need to perform written working to do it.<br />P5 st...
Basic Skillscomputation and procedures is not everything<br />
The height of the classroom door is about __.<br /> 1 m<br /> 2 m<br />10 m<br />20 m<br />Some tasks simply do not requir...
	Cup cakes are sold at 40 cents each. <br />	What is the greatest number of cup cakes that can be bought with $95? <br />...
Basic Application Item<br />
Basic Skillsmental computation is an important part of the curriculum<br />
Find the value of<br />99 + 97<br />56 ÷ 8<br />Find the value of<br />200 – 53 <br />9 x 9<br />Find the value of<br />73...
Challenging Problemswhat makes them challenging<br />
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the tota...
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the tota...
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the tota...
1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the tota...
Challenging Problem: Connection<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />6<br />7<br />8<br />9<br />10<br />11<br />12<br ...
Table 1 consists of numbers from 1 to 56. Kay and Lin are given a plastic frame that covers exactly 9 squares of Table 1 w...
Table 1 consists of numbers from 1 to 56. Kay and Lin are given a plastic frame that covers exactly 9 squares of Table 1 w...
(b) Lin puts the frame on some other 9 squares. <br />     The sum of the 8 numbers that can be seen in the frame is 272.<...
New Emphasis on Looking for Pattern (Item from 2006)<br />	Rena used stickers of four different shapes to make a pattern. ...
New Emphasis on Looking for Pattern (Item from 2006)<br />	Rena used stickers of four different shapes to make a pattern. ...
New Emphasis on Looking for Pattern (Item from 2006)<br />	Rena used stickers of four different shapes to make a pattern. ...
rationale of the curriculum<br />The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the development a...
9 cm2<br />6 cm2<br />With visualization, one does not need to know a formula to calculate the area of a trapezium.<br />
Parents Up In Arms Over PSLE Mathematics Paper <br />TODAY’S 10 OCT 2009<br />SINGAPORE: The first thing her son did when ...
chocolates<br />sweets<br />12<br />Jim<br />12<br />12<br />12<br />12<br />12<br />18<br />Ken<br />3 parts  12 + 12 + ...
180o – 2 x 21o – 2 x 28o = …<br />
The tickets for a show are priced at $10 and $5. The number of ten-dollar tickets available is 1.5 times the number of fiv...
The tickets for a show are priced at $10 and $5. The number of ten-dollar tickets available is 1.5 times the number of fiv...
Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some m...
Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some m...
Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some m...
Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some m...
Some stamps were placed in Album A and Album B. If 30 stamps were removed from Album A, the ratio of the number of stamps ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2010 PSLE Mathematics Seminar for Parents

3,591 views
3,460 views

Published on

Seminar for Parents

Fairfield Methodist Primary School & Griffiths Primary School

26 & 27 February 2010

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,591
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
301
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
152
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2010 PSLE Mathematics Seminar for Parents

  1. 1. A Seminar for Parents <br />Helping Students with<br />PSLE Mathematics<br />February 2010<br />www.askyeapbanhar.blogspot.com<br />Yeap Ban Har<br />National Institute of Education<br />Nanyang Technological University <br />Singapore<br />banhar.yeap@nie.edu.sg<br />
  2. 2. What is PSLE Mathematics?<br />
  3. 3. PSLE Mathematics<br />Paper 1 (50 min)<br />Paper 2 (1 hr 40 min)<br />
  4. 4. PSLE Foundation Mathematics<br />Paper 1 (1 hr)<br />Paper 2 (1 hr 15 min)<br />
  5. 5. Challenging MCQsfor problems that are difficult for students to communicate solution methods <br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. Ann, Beng and Siti each had some money at first. Ann gave Beng $0.50. Beng then gave Siti $0.75. Siti spent $0.25 on a ruler. At the end, they had $3 each. What is the difference between the amount of money that Ann and Siti had at first?<br />$1.00<br />$0.50<br />$0.75<br />$1.25<br />Ann $3<br />$3.50<br />Beng $3<br />$3.75<br />$3.25<br />Siti $3<br />$3.25<br />$2.50<br />
  8. 8. What kind of curriculum is it based on?<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. rationale of the curriculum<br />The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence”.<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Visualization – an intellectual competence - is one of the most important ability in solving problems<br />
  13. 13. Basic Skillsemphasis on visualization in the learning process<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. <br /><br /><br />
  17. 17. <br /><br /><br /><br />
  18. 18. <br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  19. 19. Basic Skillsmental strategies strengthen visualization ability<br />
  20. 20. Find the value of 12.2 ÷ 4 .<br />It is not expected that P6 students need to perform written working to do it.<br />P4 students may need to perform written working as their ability in mental strategies is not as developed as that of P6 students.<br />Basic Skills Items<br />
  21. 21. 3.05<br />3<br />12.20<br />12.20<br />4<br />12<br />20 hundredths<br />12<br />0.20<br />0.20<br />Number Bond Method<br />0<br />Long Division Method<br />
  22. 22. A show started at 10.55 a.m. and ended at 1.30 p.m.How long was the show in hours and minutes?<br />It is not expected that P6 students need to perform written working to do it.<br />P3 students may need to draw a time line as their ability in using mental strategies is not as developed as that of P6 students.<br />Basic Skills Items<br />
  23. 23. 1100<br />1330<br />
  24. 24. Prawns are sold at $1.35 per 100 g at a market.<br /> What is the price of 1.5 kg of prawns? <br />Basic Skills Items<br /> $13.50 + $6.75 = $ …<br />Answer: $_________<br />
  25. 25. Find <y in the figure below.<br />It is not expected that P6 students need to perform written working to do it.<br />P5 students may need to perform written working 360o – 210oas the content is new to them.<br />Basic Skills Items<br />70 o<br />70 o<br />y<br />70 o<br />
  26. 26. Basic Skillscomputation and procedures is not everything<br />
  27. 27. The height of the classroom door is about __.<br /> 1 m<br /> 2 m<br />10 m<br />20 m<br />Some tasks simply do not require written working.<br />Basic Skills Items<br />
  28. 28. Cup cakes are sold at 40 cents each. <br /> What is the greatest number of cup cakes that can be bought with $95? <br />$95 ÷ 40 cents = 237.5<br />Answer: 237 cupcakes<br />Basic Skill Item<br />
  29. 29. Basic Application Item<br />
  30. 30. Basic Skillsmental computation is an important part of the curriculum<br />
  31. 31. Find the value of<br />99 + 97<br />56 ÷ 8<br />Find the value of<br />200 – 53 <br />9 x 9<br />Find the value of<br />73 – 15 <br />42 ÷ 7<br />Find the value of<br />169 + 34<br />8 x 7<br />
  32. 32. Challenging Problemswhat makes them challenging<br />
  33. 33. 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the total?<br />Challenging Items: Novel<br />
  34. 34. 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the total?<br />Challenging Items: Novel<br />
  35. 35. 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the total?<br />Challenging Items: Novel<br />
  36. 36. 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + … + 95 + 96 + 97<br />The first 97 whole numbers are added up.<br />What is the ones digit in the total?<br /> The method is difficult to communicate in written form. Hence, the problem is presented in the MCQ format where credit is not given for written method.<br />Challenging Items: Novel<br />
  37. 37. Challenging Problem: Connection<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />6<br />7<br />8<br />9<br />10<br />11<br />12<br />13<br />14<br />15<br />16<br />17<br />18<br />19<br />20<br />21<br />22<br />23<br />24<br />25<br />26<br />27<br />28<br />29<br />30<br />31<br />32<br />33<br />34<br />35<br />36<br />37<br />38<br />39<br />40<br />41<br />42<br />43<br />44<br />45<br />46<br />47<br />48<br />49<br />50<br />51<br />52<br />53<br />54<br />55<br />56<br />
  38. 38. Table 1 consists of numbers from 1 to 56. Kay and Lin are given a plastic frame that covers exactly 9 squares of Table 1 with the centre square darkened.<br />(a) Kay puts the frame on 9 squares as shown in the figure below.<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />11<br />13<br />19<br />20<br />21<br />What is the average of the 8 numbers that can be seen in the frame?<br />
  39. 39. Table 1 consists of numbers from 1 to 56. Kay and Lin are given a plastic frame that covers exactly 9 squares of Table 1 with the centre square darkened.<br />(a) Kay puts the frame on 9 squares as shown in the figure below.<br />3+4+5+11+13+19+20 = 96<br />96 ÷ 8 = 12<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />Alternate Method<br />4 x 24 = 96<br />96 ÷ 8 = 12<br />11<br />13<br />19<br />20<br />21<br />What is the average of the 8 numbers that can be seen in the frame?<br />
  40. 40. (b) Lin puts the frame on some other 9 squares. <br /> The sum of the 8 numbers that can be seen in the frame is 272.<br /> What is the largest number that can be seen in the frame?<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />4<br />5<br />6<br />7<br />8<br />9<br />10<br />11<br />12<br />13<br />14<br />15<br />16<br />17<br />18<br />19<br />20<br />21<br />22<br />23<br />24<br />25<br />26<br />27<br />28<br />29<br />30<br />31<br />32<br />33<br />34<br />35<br />36<br />37<br />38<br />39<br />40<br />34<br />41<br />42<br />43<br />44<br />45<br />46<br />47<br />48<br />49<br />50<br />51<br />52<br />53<br />54<br />55<br />56<br />
  41. 41. New Emphasis on Looking for Pattern (Item from 2006)<br /> Rena used stickers of four different shapes to make a pattern. The first 12 stickers are shown below. What was the shape of the 47th sticker?<br />  ………?<br /> 1st 12th 47th<br />
  42. 42. New Emphasis on Looking for Pattern (Item from 2006)<br /> Rena used stickers of four different shapes to make a pattern. The first 12 stickers are shown below. What was the shape of the 47th sticker?<br />  ………?<br /> 1 5 9 <br />
  43. 43. New Emphasis on Looking for Pattern (Item from 2006)<br /> Rena used stickers of four different shapes to make a pattern. The first 12 stickers are shown below. What was the shape of the 47th sticker?<br />  ………?<br /> 4 8 12<br />
  44. 44. rationale of the curriculum<br />The rationale of teaching mathematics is that it is “a good vehicle for the development and improvement of a person’s intellectual competence”.<br />
  45. 45. 9 cm2<br />6 cm2<br />With visualization, one does not need to know a formula to calculate the area of a trapezium.<br />
  46. 46. Parents Up In Arms Over PSLE Mathematics Paper <br />TODAY’S 10 OCT 2009<br />SINGAPORE: The first thing her son did when he came out from the Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE) maths paper on Thursday this week was to gesture as if he was "slitting his throat". <br />"One look at his face and I thought 'oh no'. I could see that he felt he was condemned," said Mrs Karen Sng. "When he was telling me about how he couldn't answer some of the questions, he got very emotional and started crying. He said his hopes of getting (an) A* are dashed." <br />Not for the first time, parents are up in arms over the PSLE Mathematics paper, which some have described as "unbelievably tough" this year. As recently as two years ago, the PSLE Mathematics paper had also caused a similar uproar. <br />The reason for Thursday's tough paper, opined the seven parents whom MediaCorp spoke to, was because Primary 6 students were allowed to use calculators while solving Paper 2 for the first time. <br />…<br />Said Mrs Vivian Weng: "I think the setters feel it'll be faster for them to compute with a calculator. So the problems they set are much more complex; there are more values, more steps. But it's unfair because this is the first time they can do so and they do not know what to expect!" <br />…<br />"The introduction of the use of calculators does not have any bearing on the difficulty of paper. The use of calculators has been introduced into the primary maths curriculum so as to enhance the teaching and learning of maths by expanding the repertoire of learning activities, to achieve a better balance between the time and effort spent developing problem solving skills and computation skills. Calculators can also help to reduce computational errors." <br />…<br />Another common gripe: There was not enough time for them to complete the paper. <br />A private tutor, who declined to be named, told MediaCorp she concurred with parents' opinions. "This year's paper demanded more from students. It required them to read and understand more complex questions, and go through more steps, so time constraints would have been a concern," the 28-year-old said. <br />
  47. 47.
  48. 48. chocolates<br />sweets<br />12<br />Jim<br />12<br />12<br />12<br />12<br />12<br />18<br />Ken<br />3 parts  12 + 12 + 12 + 12 + 18 = 66<br />1 part  22<br />Half of the sweets Jim bought = 22 + 12 = 34<br />So Jim bought 68 sweets.`<br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50. 180o – 2 x 21o – 2 x 28o = …<br />
  51. 51. The tickets for a show are priced at $10 and $5. The number of ten-dollar tickets available is 1.5 times the number of five-dollar tickets. 5 out of 6 ten-dollar tickets and all the five-dollar tickets were sold. The ticket sales amounted to $5 600. How much more would have been collected if all the tickets were sold?<br />FMPS<br />
  52. 52. The tickets for a show are priced at $10 and $5. The number of ten-dollar tickets available is 1.5 times the number of five-dollar tickets. 5 out of 6 ten-dollar tickets and all the five-dollar tickets were sold. The ticket sales amounted to $5 600. How much more would have been collected if all the tickets were sold?<br />FMPS<br />7 units  $5600<br />$5<br />1 units  $800<br />$10<br />This amount would have been collected: $5600 + $800 = $6400<br />
  53. 53. Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some marbles to Chongfu in the ratio 3 : 1. In the end, Azman and Bala had 780 and 480 marbles left respectively. How many marbles did Azman have at first?<br />FMPS<br />
  54. 54. Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some marbles to Chongfu in the ratio 3 : 1. In the end, Azman and Bala had 780 and 480 marbles left respectively. How many marbles did Azman have at first?<br />FMPS<br />Chongfu<br />Azman<br />Bala<br />
  55. 55. Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some marbles to Chongfu in the ratio 3 : 1. In the end, Azman and Bala had 780 and 480 marbles left respectively. How many marbles did Azman have at first?<br />FMPS<br />60<br />Chongfu<br />100<br />60<br />40<br />Azman<br />100<br />Bala<br />100<br />
  56. 56. Azman had 25% more marbles than Chongfu. Chongfu had 60% more marbles than Bala. During a game, Azman and Bala lost some marbles to Chongfu in the ratio 3 : 1. In the end, Azman and Bala had 780 and 480 marbles left respectively. How many marbles did Azman have at first?<br />FMPS<br />60<br />Chongfu<br />100<br />780 – 380 = 300<br />60<br />40<br />Azman<br />100<br />Bala<br />100<br />
  57. 57. Some stamps were placed in Album A and Album B. If 30 stamps were removed from Album A, the ratio of the number of stamps in Album A to the number of stamps in Album B would be 1 : 4. If 60 stamps were removed from Album B, the ratio would be 5 : 2. How many stamps were there in Album B?<br />FMPS<br />

×