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Incorporating quotes

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  • 1. Incorporating Quotations Effectively
  • 2. First of all, do not quote some lame site like quotationspage.com.
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  • 9. To avoid confusing your readers, punctuate quotations correctly, and work them smoothly into your writing.
    • Punctuation shows your readers:
    • which words are yours
    • which words you have quoted
    Punctuation Is Important
  • 10. : and , and things like THAT
  • 11. Punctuating Brief Quotations
    • Quoting a Sentence or Sentences:
    Gene begins to reveal his internal war with Finny when he says , “ What was I doing up here anyway? Why did I let Finny talk me into stupid things like this? ” (5) . Notice how the words lead into the quote the author has chosen to use. Use PRESENT TENSE.
  • 12. Punctuating Brief Quotations
    • Quoting a Fragment:
    Jack is not able to kill the piglet during their first attempt at hunting for food “ because of the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into the living flesh; because of the unbearable blood ” (31) . Again, notice how the words lead into the quotation.
  • 13. Quoting A Quotation Ron said , “ Dad yelled , ‘ No way ! ’ ” Golding writes , “ Jack seized the conch. ‘ Ralph’s right of course. There isn’t a snake-thing. But if there was a snake we’d hunt it and kill it .’ ” (36) . Just like Leper in A Separate Peace , my brother Shaun said , “ ‘ You always were a savage underneath . ’ ”
  • 14. Quotations with Omissions According to Gene, the faculty at Devon treated the boys differently during the summer session because “ we reminded them of what peace was like … of lives which were not bound up with destruction ” (10) . You don’t need an ellipsis to show your that the beginning or ending of the sentence is missing. (Using ellipses)
  • 15. Quotations with Brief Insertions It is evident that Finny believes in the war before his fall from the tree because he tells Gene, “ I’m wearing this [ his pink shirt ] as an emblem. ” (11) . (Using brackets) Use brackets when you are inserting your own words into a quote in order to make the meaning of the quote more clear.
  • 16. The style of your writing will be better if you incorporate the heart of the quote as a quoted phrase into your own sentence structure rather than writing a sentence and then quoting a sentence or poetic line. Ineffective:  Richard Cory was very polite.  "He was a gentleman from sole to crown."  Also, he was good-looking, even regal-looking-- "clean favored and imperially slim. " Effective:  Richard Cory was polite, "a gentleman from sole to crown."  Like a handsome king, he was "clean favored, and imperially slim." (Carnie) Do Not Overuse Quotations
  • 17. Your own commentary should bridge the two or respond to the quotation. Ineffective:  Richard Cory had everything going for him.  "He was a gentleman from sole to crown."  "And he was rich-- yes, richer than a king." Effective:  Richard Cory had everything going for him.  Not only was he a "gentleman from sole to crown," but also he was "richer than a king.“ Avoid Two Quotations in a Row Or Ending with a Quotation .
  • 18. Quoting Poetry: A Single Line Caesar is obviously crushed by Brutus’ disloyalty when he states : “ Et tu, Brutè? Then fall Caesar ” (III.i.78). For a single line of poetry, use quotation marks. Include the line number of the verse followed by a period. If from a play, include the Act, scene, and line number.
  • 19. Quoting Poetry: Two or Three Lines We know the conspirators feel that they have acted in the best interest of Rome when Cinna cries , “ Liberty! Freedom! Tyranny is dead! / Run hence, proclaim, cry it about the streets ” (III.i.78-79) . Separate the lines of the quoted verse with a slash / and a space on each side. Include the line numbers of the verses followed by a period. If from a play, include Act, scene, and line number. Use quotation marks.
  • 20. More Than Three Lines Antony uses the rhetorical devices of repetition and irony in his speech to the plebeians : Come I to speak in Caesar’s funeral. He was my friend, faithful and just to me; But Brutus says he was ambitious, And Brutus is an honorable man. He hath brought many captives home to Rome, Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill; Did this in Caesar seem ambitious? (86-92) Include the line numbers of the verses preceded by the ending punctuation. Block indent 10 spaces (tab twice) and do not use quotation marks or slashes.
  • 21. How To Integrate Quotations
    • When you are using brief quotations, you must integrate them--
    work them smoothly into your sentences show their relevance to your ideas. and
  • 22. Not Integrated
    • Brinker becomes disillusioned with the war, and Ralph becomes disillusioned with the glory of being chief. “ He found himself understanding the wearisomness of this life, where every path was an improvisation and a considerable part of one’s walking life was spent watching one’s feet ” (76) .
  • 23. Integrated
    • In the same way that Brinker becomes disillusioned with the war, Ralph begins to feel a sense of disillusionment toward the glory of being chief. Golding’s narrator begins to allude to Ralph’s waning enjoyment of being the leader on the island when he states, “ He found himself understanding the wearisomness of this life, where every path was an improvisation and a considerable part of one’s walking life was spent watching one’s feet ” (76) .
  • 24. Methods For Inserting Brief Quotations For several reasons , “ all of them, all except Phineas, constructed at infinite cost to themselves these Maginot Lines against an enemy they thought they saw across the frontier ” (123) . Final Position Beginning Position “ Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy ” (202), declares Golding’s narrator at the end of his novel.
  • 25. Methods For Inserting Brief Quotations In the same way William Golding’s novel has been considered a “ body of work that speaks to the tragedy of the human condition , ” John Knowles’ A Separate Peace can be considered a work of literature that shines a light into the dark recesses of the human heart. Middle Position
  • 26. Interrupted
    • “ As flies to wanton boys, are we to the gods , ” proclaims King Lear, “ – They kill us for their sport " (IV.i.40-44) .
  • 27. Types of words to introduce a quotation?