Masterful Go7

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7 best ways to unlock GOs for student learning

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Masterful Go7

  1. 1. James Lerman Coordinator, NJ Consortium for Middle Schools, Kean University [email_address] Masterful Use of Graphic Organizers: 7 Secrets to Unlock the Power of Student Thinking
  2. 2. “ Nice day isn’t it? And how are their test scores?”
  3. 3. TOOL CRUTCH
  4. 4. <ul><li>Double Bubble Map </li></ul><ul><li>For comparing and contrasting </li></ul>Similarities Differences Differences Tool Crutch
  5. 5. <ul><li>Secret #1 ^ </li></ul><ul><li>A tool </li></ul><ul><li>Not a crutch </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Purpose of GOs </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of using graphic </li></ul><ul><li>organizers is to develop </li></ul><ul><li>independent use by students. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless mastery of independent use </li></ul><ul><li>is achieved, graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>can become a crutch for the </li></ul><ul><li>student, rather than a tool. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Secret #2 </li></ul><ul><li>A Critical Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>of GOs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Graphic Organizers
  9. 9. Functions of GOs
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Top 10 GOs </li></ul><ul><li>(On next page, * is not one of David Hyerle’s 8 Thinking Maps © ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Brace Map </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge Map </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble Map </li></ul><ul><li>Circle Map </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison Matrix* </li></ul><ul><li>Double-Bubble Map </li></ul><ul><li>Flow Map </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Flow Map </li></ul><ul><li>Tree Map </li></ul><ul><li>3-Circle Venn Diagram* </li></ul><ul><li>Click on a name to go to an example </li></ul>TOP 10 GOs
  12. 12. <ul><li>GOs Enable Students to: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Plan approaches to a task </li></ul><ul><li>2. Organize a sequence of actions or data series </li></ul><ul><li>3. Hold action sequences in mind until executed </li></ul><ul><li>4. Inhibit actions irrelevant to the task at hand </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>GOs Enable Students to: </li></ul><ul><li>Decide what to attend to and what to do </li></ul><ul><li>6. Make shifts when needed </li></ul><ul><li>7. Monitor and evaluate own actions </li></ul><ul><li>8. Adjust emotions in response to perceived success or failure </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Secret #3 </li></ul><ul><li>Matching Graphic Organizers to Tasks Using Bloom’s Taxonomy </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Secret #4 </li></ul><ul><li>Optimal Sequence of Instruction for GOs </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Sequence of Instruction for GOs </li></ul>D evelop D escribe M odel S upport U se A ssess R eflect Teacher provides instruction in the background or prerequisite content knowledge needed to use the graphic organizer strategy successfully Teacher describes and discusses the graphic organizer strategy, its purpose, and benefits Teacher demonstrates how to use the strategy correctly Teacher supports, or scaffolds, student mastery of the strategy, with guided practice Student implements the strategy, independently or in groups, with few or no supports Teacher provides clear, prompt feedback on mastery of content and use of the graphic organizer Student articulates what s/he has learned in terms of both content and use of the graphic organizer
  17. 18. <ul><li>Secret #5 </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Connections between the Marzano Strategies and GOs </li></ul>
  18. 19. The 9 Marzano Strategies <ul><li>Identifying similarities and differences </li></ul><ul><li>Summarizing and taking notes </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforcing effort and giving recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Homework and practice </li></ul>
  19. 20. The 9 Marzano Strategies <ul><li>^ </li></ul><ul><li>5. Nonlinguistic representations </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>7. Setting objectives and providing feedback </li></ul><ul><li>8. Generating and testing hypotheses </li></ul><ul><li>9. Cues, questions, and advance organizers </li></ul>
  20. 21. Matching GOs to the Marzano Strategies
  21. 22. <ul><li>Secret #6 </li></ul><ul><li>The Special Case of Venn Diagrams </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>The Special Case of Venn Diagrams </li></ul>For 2 Items - Not Good 2-Circle Venn Diagram
  23. 24. The Special Case of Venn Diagrams For 2 Items – Much Better DOUBLE BUBBLE DIAGRAM 1 2 Similarities Differences Differences
  24. 25. <ul><li>The Special Case of Venn Diagrams </li></ul>3-Circle Venn Diagram – Beautiful!
  25. 26. The Special Case of Venn Diagrams
  26. 27. The Special Case of Venn Diagrams 1
  27. 28. The Special Case of Venn Diagrams
  28. 29. <ul><li>9 Ways to Use </li></ul><ul><li>3-Circle Venns </li></ul><ul><li>Discover oneself </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the cause or source of something </li></ul><ul><li>Convey a message or vision </li></ul><ul><li>Design a process </li></ul><ul><li>Solve a problem </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>9 Ways to Use </li></ul><ul><li>3-Circle Venns </li></ul><ul><li>Support change or focus with a visual reminder </li></ul><ul><li>7. Develop a plan </li></ul><ul><li>8. Set priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Create a strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Modified from “10 Ways to Use Venn Diagrams” by Thomas J. Leonard </li></ul>
  30. 31. <ul><li>Secret #7 </li></ul><ul><li>Top 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Online Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Related to GOs </li></ul>
  31. 32. Online Resources for GOs <ul><li>Education Oasis </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.educationoasis.com/curriculum/graphic_organizers.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Gliffy </li></ul><ul><li>http://gliffy.com </li></ul><ul><li>Region 15 Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.region15.org/curriculum/graphicorg.html </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking Maps </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thinkingmaps.com/htthinkmapx.php3 </li></ul><ul><li>Tools for Reading, Writing, and Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.greece.k12.ny.us/instruction/ELA/6-12/Tools/Index.htm </li></ul>
  32. 33. Online Resources about GOs <ul><li>Aiming High Resource: Thinking Maps </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.scoe.org/images/usrupload/RES_52p7831_390_20061107145940.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cast. org/system/galleries/download/ncac/NCACgo . pdf </li></ul><ul><li>GraphicOrganizers.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.graphicorganizers.com/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Resources: Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic73.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Special Connections: Graphic Organizers </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.specialconnections.ku.edu/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/specconn/main.php?cat=instruction&section=main&subsection=udl/graphic </li></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>and in conclusion… </li></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Purpose of GOs </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of using graphic </li></ul><ul><li>organizers is to develop </li></ul><ul><li>independent use by students. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless mastery of independent use </li></ul><ul><li>is achieved, graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>can become a crutch for the </li></ul><ul><li>student, rather than a tool. </li></ul>
  35. 36. “ Not On The Test” by Tom Chapin
  36. 37. Brace Map For identifying part/whole relationships Back to slideshow
  37. 38. Bridge Map For seeing analogies Remember to identify (name) the Relating Factor Back to slideshow
  38. 39. <ul><li>Bubble Map </li></ul><ul><li>For describing and analyzing </li></ul>Back to slideshow
  39. 40. <ul><li>Circle Map </li></ul><ul><li>For defining in context </li></ul>1. Your topic…in the center 2. What you know…in the doughnut 3. How you came to know it…in the box Back to slideshow
  40. 41. <ul><li>Comparison Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>For comparing multiple items across multiple criteria </li></ul>Back to slideshow
  41. 42. Double-Bubble Map 1 2 Back to slideshow Similarities Differences Differences
  42. 43. <ul><li>Fishbone Map </li></ul><ul><li>For causes of a complex event </li></ul>Back to slideshow
  43. 44. Flow Map For sequencing and ordering Back to slideshow
  44. 45. <ul><li>Multi-Flow Map </li></ul><ul><li>For analyzing cause & effect </li></ul>Back to slideshow
  45. 46. Tree Map For classifying and grouping Back to slideshow
  46. 47. 3-Circle Venn Diagram Back to slideshow

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