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Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health
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Principles and practice of searching the literature updated detail_2012_for_health

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  • 1. Principles and practice ofsearching the literatureJames Little.
  • 2. Session Overview• Your knowledge• The purposes of literature searching• Sources of information• Evaluating sources• Performing searches• Referencing• Your own search• Feedback and advice06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 3. Your knowledge• Has anyone performed a literature search before?• What do you think is involved?• Do you have any concerns/worries about literature searching?06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 4. The purpose of literaturesearching• To find relevant published material to your area of interest• To find a basis for a research question or area of study06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 5. Overview• Question / subject area• Identify keywords• Identify appropriate sources• Perform searches• Narrow search results / follow links• Evaluate sources06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 6. In context• Much easier now than ever before• Access to search facilities online• Access to publications online• Guides provided by the University Library:• http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/libdocs/lit.html06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 7. General sources of information• Where do you think you would look?• Wikipedia? Google? Library?• Google Scholar• Journals and other publications06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 8. Specific sources• Subject-specific for nursing:• CINAHL• MedLine• Cochrane Database• www.nice.org.uk• Colleagues!06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 9. Evaluating sources• What is trustworthy?• Wikipedia• Bias, fact / opinion• Journal of radical midwives• Sources displaying bias or opinion are useful but should be used in context as a discussion / starting point.06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 10. Sample search• Question / subject area • “ Fingernail health in patients with disease”06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 11. Sample search• Keywords/related areas: • Fingernail, health, hand washing, disease, calcium06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 12. Sample search• Sources • CINAHL Database • Google Scholar• VS • Wikipedia • Google06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 13. Sample search• Results• Narrowing down / more specific keywords• Evaluate sources06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 14. Referencing• Acknowledges source• Shows you have not plagiarized work• Provides an accurate list of resources06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 15. Referencing: your experience?• Has everyone referenced work?• How recently?• What system(s) did you use06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 16. Referencing: Overview• Harvard referencing system• Harvard method of quoting in the text• Reference list• Compile a reference list as you work• Library Guide: http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/libdocs/hsl-dvc1.pdf06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 17. Your own search06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 18. Activity Section B• Develop and carry out a literature search. For this you should: specify a clear research question; identify key terms; define inclusion and exclusion criteria; undertake a search using ONE database; record your search strategy; discuss how you would identify relevant literature from your results06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 19. Feedback and advice06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 20. Useful links• Database searching: a basic guide• Literature searching for your essay, dissertation or project• http://www.shef.ac.uk/library/libdocs/lit.html• Harvard referencing guide06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  • 21. Specific Approaches• Grid of results/key papers• Use a critiquing framework • (CASP) • http://www.casp-uk.net/find-appraise- act/appraising-the-evidence/06/07/2012 © The University of Sheffield

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