Chapter 4-Elements of NarrativeA narrative film is a movie devoted toconveying fictional or fictionalized stories,usually organized in a traditional structureincluding exposition, rising action, climax,falling action and denoument
What’s a Screenwriter?A screenwriter is responsible for creating amovies story—called a screenplay—eitherfrom scratch or adapting it from anotherformat such as short story, novel televisionshow or play.
Evolution of a Screenplay• Treatment– outlines the action and structure• Rough draft—exactly what it sounds like• Storyboard—shot by shot breakdown• Shooting script—includes details followed by the actors and director
Elements of narrative• Expostion –everything preceding and including the inciting incident• Rising action—the development of the action towards a climax• Climax—the narrative’s turning point• Falling action—the events that follow the climax and bring narrative from climax to conclusion• Denoument—the conclusion of the narrative
Story and Plot• Story is all the narrative events that are explicitly presented on the screen plus all the implicit events we infer but never see.• A plot is a structure for presenting efverything we see and hear in a film: that is the diegetic events and nondiegetic material
• Diegesis– made up of the total world of the story e.g. objects, setting, characters, sound, called diegetic elements• Non diegetic elements are outside the world of the story and include background music, titles and credits or voice-over from an omniscient narrator.
Durations• Story duration is the time a story takes to occur• Plot duration – the time elapsed in the story• Screen duration– the actual time on screen.
Characters• Round characters are complex and three- dimensional• Flat characters are one-dimensional posessing one or very few discernable traits and are generally predictable.• Major characters—make things happen• Minor characters just help move the plot along.• Marginal characters come and go quickly.
Types of narration• Omnicient—third-person view of all aspects of the story• Restricted—only knows what a specific character knows