VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA<br />
WHY SHOULD WE LEGALISE EUTHANASIA?<br />
1<br />PERSONAL AUTONOMY<br />
2<br />SUICIDE IS NOT ILLEGAL<br />SUICIDE IS NOT ILLEGAL<br />
3<br />‘DOUBLE <br />EFFECT’<br />
‘DOUBLE EFFECT’<br />THE PHYSICIAN LACKS CRIMINAL INTENT<br />DEATH IS CAUSED BY THE UNDERLYING ILLNESS<br />OVER-SEDATION...
4<br />IT HAPPENS ANYWAY<br />IT HAPPENS ANYWAY<br />
In 1995-1996, <br />30%<br />of all Australian deaths involved a medical end-of-life decision.<br />
In 1995-1996, <br />30%<br />of all Australian deaths involved a medical end-of-life decision.<br />ONLY 4% OF THESE WERE ...
“<br />Illegal euthanasia illustrates dramatically what might be called ‘medical anti-professionalism’, that is, an absenc...
5<br />PROSECUTIONS RARELY HAPPEN<br />PROSECUTIONS RARELY HAPPEN<br />
6<br />PUBLIC <br />SUPPORT<br />
In a newspoll survey in South Australia in 2007,<br />81%<br />of respondents were in<br />favour of legalising euthanasia...
PERSONAL AUTONOMY<br />LEGALITY OF SUICIDE<br />‘DOUBLE EFFECT’<br />EUTHANASIA REFORM<br />IT HAPPENS ANYWAY<br />PROSECU...
WHY ARE PEOPLE AGAINST EUTHANASIA REFORM?<br />
1<br />SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE<br />SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE<br />
2<br />‘SLIPPERY<br /> SLOPE’<br />http://slurmed.com/wall/162/162_suicide-booth_1152.png<br />
THE NETHERLANDS LEGALISED EUTHANASIA IN 2002<br />In 2003, deaths attributable to euthanasia comprised  less than<br />1.5...
DEATHS ATTRIBUTABLE TO EUTHANASIA OR ASSITED SUICIDE IN THE NETHERLANDS<br />
3<br />REDUCING COST OF HEALTHCARE<br />REDUCING COST OF HEALTHCARE<br />
IN AUSTRALIA, PALLIATIVE CARE IS COVERED BY THE PBS AND MEDICARE<br />
Before a request for euthanasia is made, two medical practitioners acting independently must fully inform the person of - ...
4<br />PRESSURE FROM FAMILY<br />PRESSURE FROM FAMILY<br />
5<br />COMPETENCE OF PATIENT<br />COMPETENCE OF PATIENT<br />
6<br />MAINTAIN THE STATUS QUO<br />MAINTAIN THE STATUS QUO<br />
SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE<br />SLIPPERY SLOPE<br />COST OF HEALTHCARE<br />AGAINST REFORM<br />FAMILY PRESSURE<br />COMPETENC...
WHAT WOULD BE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR OTHER STATES IF THE VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA BILL (2010) PASSES?<br />
AUSTRALIAN CONSTITUTION, s 117<br />States are prohibited from enacting laws that discriminate against residents of other ...
The Bill does not require a person seeking euthanasia to be a South Australian resident, nor could it by virtue of s 117.<...
UK DPP PUBLIC INTEREST FACTORS AGAINST PROSECUTION<br />The victim had reached a voluntary, clear, settled and informed de...
“<br />Nothing in this policy could be taken to amount to an assurance that a person will not be prosecuted if he assists ...
THANK YOU<br />
CREDITS:<br />ALL IMAGES LICENSED UNDER CREATIVE COMMONS<br />PHOTOS:<br />FLICKR / dad loves potato chips / Susan NYC<br ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Euthanasia

7,497

Published on

Slides for my research proposal for Medical Law 2011. Discusses euthanasia in the context of the Voluntary Euthanasia Bill 2010 (SA).

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,497
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
156
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Euthanasia

  1. 1. VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA<br />
  2. 2. WHY SHOULD WE LEGALISE EUTHANASIA?<br />
  3. 3. 1<br />PERSONAL AUTONOMY<br />
  4. 4. 2<br />SUICIDE IS NOT ILLEGAL<br />SUICIDE IS NOT ILLEGAL<br />
  5. 5. 3<br />‘DOUBLE <br />EFFECT’<br />
  6. 6. ‘DOUBLE EFFECT’<br />THE PHYSICIAN LACKS CRIMINAL INTENT<br />DEATH IS CAUSED BY THE UNDERLYING ILLNESS<br />OVER-SEDATION IS IN THE PATIENT’S BEST INTERESTS(BUT NO LETHAL INJECTIONS)<br />
  7. 7. 4<br />IT HAPPENS ANYWAY<br />IT HAPPENS ANYWAY<br />
  8. 8. In 1995-1996, <br />30%<br />of all Australian deaths involved a medical end-of-life decision.<br />
  9. 9. In 1995-1996, <br />30%<br />of all Australian deaths involved a medical end-of-life decision.<br />ONLY 4% OF THESE WERE MADE IN RESPONSE TO A DIRECT REQUEST FROM THE PATIENT<br />
  10. 10. “<br />Illegal euthanasia illustrates dramatically what might be called ‘medical anti-professionalism’, that is, an absence of appropriate training, an absence of oversight, an absence of accountability, and an absence of principles guiding oversight<br />.”<br />Professor Roger Magnusson, Angels of Death: Exploring the Euthanasia Underground<br />
  11. 11. 5<br />PROSECUTIONS RARELY HAPPEN<br />PROSECUTIONS RARELY HAPPEN<br />
  12. 12. 6<br />PUBLIC <br />SUPPORT<br />
  13. 13. In a newspoll survey in South Australia in 2007,<br />81%<br />of respondents were in<br />favour of legalising euthanasia<br />
  14. 14. PERSONAL AUTONOMY<br />LEGALITY OF SUICIDE<br />‘DOUBLE EFFECT’<br />EUTHANASIA REFORM<br />IT HAPPENS ANYWAY<br />PROSECUTIONS<br />PUBLIC SUPPORT<br />
  15. 15. WHY ARE PEOPLE AGAINST EUTHANASIA REFORM?<br />
  16. 16. 1<br />SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE<br />SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE<br />
  17. 17. 2<br />‘SLIPPERY<br /> SLOPE’<br />http://slurmed.com/wall/162/162_suicide-booth_1152.png<br />
  18. 18. THE NETHERLANDS LEGALISED EUTHANASIA IN 2002<br />In 2003, deaths attributable to euthanasia comprised less than<br />1.5%<br />of the total deaths that year.<br />In 1995, deaths attributable to euthanasia or assisted suicide comprised 2.4% of the total deaths<br />In 2001, they comprised 2.5%<br />
  19. 19. DEATHS ATTRIBUTABLE TO EUTHANASIA OR ASSITED SUICIDE IN THE NETHERLANDS<br />
  20. 20. 3<br />REDUCING COST OF HEALTHCARE<br />REDUCING COST OF HEALTHCARE<br />
  21. 21. IN AUSTRALIA, PALLIATIVE CARE IS COVERED BY THE PBS AND MEDICARE<br />
  22. 22. Before a request for euthanasia is made, two medical practitioners acting independently must fully inform the person of - <br />the forms of treatment that may be available to the patient and the respective risks, side effects and likely outcomes of such treatments; and<br />the extent to which the effects of the illness could be mitigated by appropriate palliative care; <br />Voluntary Euthanasia Bill 2010 (SA), section 5(2)<br />
  23. 23. 4<br />PRESSURE FROM FAMILY<br />PRESSURE FROM FAMILY<br />
  24. 24. 5<br />COMPETENCE OF PATIENT<br />COMPETENCE OF PATIENT<br />
  25. 25. 6<br />MAINTAIN THE STATUS QUO<br />MAINTAIN THE STATUS QUO<br />
  26. 26. SANCTITY OF HUMAN LIFE<br />SLIPPERY SLOPE<br />COST OF HEALTHCARE<br />AGAINST REFORM<br />FAMILY PRESSURE<br />COMPETENCE<br />STATUS QUO<br />
  27. 27. WHAT WOULD BE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR OTHER STATES IF THE VOLUNTARY EUTHANASIA BILL (2010) PASSES?<br />
  28. 28. AUSTRALIAN CONSTITUTION, s 117<br />States are prohibited from enacting laws that discriminate against residents of other states<br />
  29. 29. The Bill does not require a person seeking euthanasia to be a South Australian resident, nor could it by virtue of s 117.<br />ASSISTED SUICIDE IS A CRIME IN EVERY STATE AND TERRITORY IN AUSTRALIA.<br />
  30. 30. UK DPP PUBLIC INTEREST FACTORS AGAINST PROSECUTION<br />The victim had reached a voluntary, clear, settled and informed decision to commit suicide.<br />The suspect was wholly motivated by compassion.<br />The actions of the suspect, although sufficient to come within the definition of the crime, were of only minor encouragement or assistance.<br />The suspect had sought to dissuade the victim from taking the course of action which resulted in his or her suicide.<br />The actions of the suspect may be characterised as reluctant encouragement or assistance in the face of a determined wish on the part of the victim to commit suicide.<br />The suspect reported the victim's suicide to the police and fully assisted them in their enquiries into the circumstances of the suicide or the attempt and his or her part in providing encouragement or assistance.<br />
  31. 31. “<br />Nothing in this policy could be taken to amount to an assurance that a person will not be prosecuted if he assists the suicide or attempted suicide of another person<br />.”<br />Kier Starmer, QC, UK Director of Public Prosecutions<br />
  32. 32. THANK YOU<br />
  33. 33. CREDITS:<br />ALL IMAGES LICENSED UNDER CREATIVE COMMONS<br />PHOTOS:<br />FLICKR / dad loves potato chips / Susan NYC<br />FLICKR / Jayney after... / Irregular Shed<br />http://jmason.org/albums/2004-04-Road-Trip/arizona-territorial-jail.jpg<br />FLICKR / Injections / amasc<br />http://www.freefoto.com/preview/9905-04-3/Crime-Scene-Do-Not-Enter<br />FLICKR / ReSurge International<br />FLICKR / The Law / smip.co.uk<br />FLICKR / Election Night Crowd, Wellington 1931 / National Library NZ<br />FLICKR / Religion Plays an Important Part in the Lives of Residents / US National Archives<br />FLICKR / CascadeAndSTAN<br />FLICKR / Golden Wedding Celebrations at the Orthopaedic Hospital, Gobowen/ LIGC ~ NLW<br />FLICKR / Older Citizens, Retired Persons and Those Unable to Care for Themselves Physically Are Cared for in Two Community Centers / US National Archives<br />FLICKR / freedryk<br />http://jmason.org/albums/2004-04-Road-Trip/arizona-territorial-jail.jpg<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×