Using Graphic Organizers to Improve Student Learning Greg Scoggins Jim Ellis
Agenda1. SOS2. Why Use GO’s3. Problems4. Hit the Targets5. Effective Implementation6. Design a Lesson7. Helpful Links
• Statement – Consistently using Graphic Organizers can have a significant impact on Student Achievement.• Opinion – Agree – Disagree• Support – Support your opinion with any kind of evidence you may have.
Student Achievement Robert Marzano shows that the use of Graphic Organizers can increase student achievement by up to 40%
So What’s the Problem? • How does this phrase play into what we do in education? • How does it relate to Graphic Organizers?
Hit the Targets!!! 1. Why is it important to use some type of GO? 2. How do teachers use GOs? 3. How do students use GOs? 4. How do you use GOs in an Acquisition Lesson? 5. How do you use GOs in an Extending Thinking Lesson? 6. What kind of GO should I use?
Effective Implementation• Choose the best GO for the purpose intended. – Is the purpose to compare and contrast, look at causes and effects, or solve problems.• Make sure students know how to use the GO. Don’t assume they do. – Teach the how and why of GOs.• Make sure there is a purpose to the GO. – Must not just be an “extra.”
Final Thoughts• Construct GOs • If You Tend to Use the – Whiteboards Same GO… – Transparencies – Laminate and use – Flannel Boards erasable markers. – PowerPoint – Provide templates for students but not – Chart Paper personal copies. – Student Notebook Paper – Copies (If Needed)• Remember goal is to get students to use GOs on their own at important times (PSSAs)
Design a Lesson• Choose a Graphic Organizer• Design a lesson plan to teach students how to use the GO.• Remember – What is the purpose of the GO? – Is it to organize, set up a writing assignment, etc. – Why is it important for me, as a student, to learn how to use this GO?
Links for Graphic OrganizersWiki.Ed (Graphic Organizers)• http://wik.ed.uiuc.edu/index.php/Graphic_organizerEd Helper• http://www.edhelper.com/teachers/graphic_organizers.htmFresno United School District• http://www.fresno.k12.ca.us/divdept/sscience/graphicorgan.htmClass Tools• http://classtools.net/
Why is it important to use some type of Graphic Organizer? • GO’s show students how to think about the information they’re learning by organizing it in a meaningful way. • GO’s make new information more manageable by enabling students to chunk it. • GO’s help students to build connections and explore relationships. • GO’s help students recallHow do I want my students information.to think about the content?
How do Teachers Use GO’s? •To illustrate and explain text material. •To link thinking strategies to content learning. •To organize themselves to most effectively teach new information. •To assist in students organizing ideas.
How do students use GO’s• To structure their note-taking• To generate ideas• To record key text information• To guide reading• To organize ideas as a pre- writing tool• To select, sequence, restructure, and store information• To create a visual model to understand and/or explain• To connect ideas or concepts• To summarize learning
How do you use a GO in an Acquisition Lesson? • Linking new information to prior learning • Important to thoroughly explain structure and meaning of chosen GO • Scaffold the GO – “Think Aloud” as you model the use – Partially completed GO • Connect the GO to a purpose (e.g. PSSAs) • Practice, Practice, Practice
How do you use a GO in an Extending Thinking Lesson? • With Extending Thinking students are deepening their understanding. • Teachers use to – Connect thinking skills to specific content – Assist students in organizing ideas before writing – Analyze and synthesize key informationLearning effect comes from studentsUSING the organizer for a purpose.
How do I know which GO to use?• How do you want students to think about the content? – Find this in the LEQ. – GO is used to lift out the key ideas of the Lesson which will then provide an answer to the LEQ.• Assist student in understanding text structures. – Sequence or Time Order – Description or Listing – Compare/Contrast – Cause/Effect – Problem Solution• GOs help students identify the text structure and organize key points from the reading.