TDF Professional Conf 2010 - Rapid Windows 7 Deployments


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Introduction to using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010 (MDT, formerly Business Desktop Deployment) for imaging of desktops and rapid upgrades and deployments of Windows 7.

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TDF Professional Conf 2010 - Rapid Windows 7 Deployments

  1. 1. Using the Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010RAPID WINDOWS 7 DEPLOYMENTS
  2. 2. Objective Leave with detailed knowledge of Microsoft Deployment Toolkit. Ability to setup Deployment server 1 day. Ability to create customized images. Ability to rapidly deploy Windows 7 to desktops. Scalability from 2 to 500+ desktops.
  3. 3. Types of Deployments High Touch Installation. Lite Touch Installation (LTI). Zero Touch Installation (ZTI).
  4. 4. High Touch Installation Traditional method booting off vendor supplied media or Microsoft media. Requires manual input at staggered phases of install (depending on vendor). Does not scale well past just a few workstations.
  5. 5. Zero Touch Installation (ZTI) Entirely automated workstation installs. Requires System Center Configuration Manger 2007.  Licensed product - $$$.
  6. 6. Lite Touch Installation (LTI) Intermediate between High Touch and ZTI. Requires Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010.  Freely available download! Some input required at workstation at boot, then proceeds silently. Once custom image is created it can be made to proceed with minimal intervention.
  7. 7. Caveats No direct migration from XP to Win 7. Account migration requires USMT.  Plug-in component of MDT 2010. Volume Licensing recommended.
  8. 8. Requirements Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010 (MDT)• WAIK, Windows Automated Installation Kit• Deployment Machine (Server or Workstation) or Server 2008 Windows Deployment Service Add-on Components (optional)  ACT: Application Compatibility Toolkit  USMT: User State Migration Tool
  9. 9. How Lite Touch Works Create new deployment and network share.  Will be admin share i.e.: ServerDeployments$ Add OS/application sources. Create installation Task Sequence. Create PE boot media. Boot new machine off PE media. Create/Capture boot images of new installation to Deployment Server as .wim image file.
  10. 10. What is a Task Sequence? Master install script (XML). Has Answers File which perform automation.  Unattended.xml Can have conditionals to perform different actions on different workstations.  Upgrade/Refresh vs. New Install. Can perform validation checks.  Memory.  Disk Space.
  11. 11. Step by Step
  12. 12. Step 1: Install MDT 2010 Download/Install MDT 2010. Mandatory Add-ons:  MSXML  WAIK GREAT documentation available.
  13. 13. Step 2: New Deployment Share Create new deployment share. High-light “Deployment Shares” tree. Actions Pane: New Deployment Share. Wizard:  Specify file system location.  Specify share name.
  14. 14. Step 3: Add OS Sources Expand Windows .ISO image to disk or have disc in drive. Expand newly created Deployment Share. Highlight Operating Systems. Actions Pane: Import Operating System. NOTE! Can be used for XP and Vista too!
  15. 15. Step 4: Add Task Sequence Expand newly created Deployment Share. Highlight Task Sequences. Actions Pane: New Task Sequence. Wizard:  Specify Task Sequence ID (must be unique).  Specify Task Sequence name (will be selectable choice when imaging).  Select Template: Standard Client Task Sequence.  Chose OS form imported sources.  Specify MAK/product key if available.  Specify Windows User and Org entries.  Specify IE default home page.  Specify Administrator password.
  16. 16. Step 5: Create boot images Highlight newly created Deployment Share. Actions Pane: Update Deployment Share. Open deployment share in file browser. Open “boot” directory. .ISO can be burned to disc for booting. .WIM can be used with Windows Deployment Server (if installed/available on network).
  17. 17. Step 5.1: USB boot image Expand newly created deployment share. Expand Advanced Configuration. Highlight Media. Actions Pane: New Media. This will create a file system that can be copied to a USB/Flash drive. !! Special formatting of Flash drive required!
  18. 18. Step 6: Boot with .iso At workstation to be imaged… Make CD/DVD/USB first boot device in BIOS. Boot off .ISO disk or USB Flash drive. Will be asked for credentials to access network share with Deployment Share. Choose Task Sequence/Applications.
  19. 19. DONE! This process can be repeated to install same Task Sequence at more workstations.
  20. 20. Step 8 (opt): Capture Image After successful (no errors) Task Sequence… Capture image of machine back to Deployment Share (to Captures folder) as .WIM file. .WIM can be imported back into Deployment Share as available deployment. .WIM can be used with Windows Deployment Service (WDS).
  21. 21. In Action…
  22. 22. Extra Credit: Applications Expand Deployment Share. Highlight Applications. Actions Pane: New Application. Wizard:  Specify: Publisher, Name, Verions, Language.  Specify source files. NB: Keep in mind access perspective of PE boot when network resources must opened.
  23. 23. Extra Credit: MS Apps Microsoft applications can install silently too. MS Office: 2 Automated install types.  1. MDT app properties permit specifying install parameters such as license key.  2. Use “Office Customization Tool” to create .MSP file and put in Updates folder of install sources.  Create .MSP via “setup.exe /admin”
  24. 24. Extra Credit: Branding Use custom wallpaper for PE boot media.
  25. 25. Debugging The MININT filesystem of the Preboot Env. Unattended.xml
  26. 26. Advanced Utilities USMT, User State Migration Toolkit ACT, Application Compatibility Toolkit
  27. 27. USMT No direct XP to Win 7 path. Account profiles must be converted. Capture profile to network share. After Windows 7 installation completes, profile is put back on workstation.
  28. 28. ACT Test Line of Business (LOB) apps Run application in encapsulated environment Collect data on errors relevant to registry, environment, UAC, etc. Compare to collective database of other Microsoft ACT users Build patched version of app to run error free in Windows 7
  29. 29. If we had more time… Mastering the Task Sequence:  Verify system resource requirements.  Customize Answers File (MSXML). WDS, Windows Deployment Service on 2008.  PXE booting at clients and .WIM imaging. Zero Touch Install.  For high-volume deployments.  Requires licensing of XXX.
  30. 30. Alternatives Clonezilla  Macrium Reflect Acronis True Image Norton Ghost PING (partimage Is Not Ghost)NOTE! Not all are necessarily deployment servers.Reference:
  31. 31. Resources Download MDT 2010: MS Blog: Win 7 Upgrade Advisor: Win 7 Upgrade and Migration Guide: Step-by-Step: Basic Windows Migration using USMT for IT Professionals Deployment TechCenter Microsoft TechNet
  32. 32. Questions
  33. 33. Q:Will the slides be posted? The inevitable question…
  34. 34. Thank You GO DEPLOY!!