0
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational
innovation strategy which unifies the houses
of academia, vocational learning and the ...
October
4, 1957
S&T
Demography
Our Sputnik
Diversity
Innovation
Globalization
Integration
www.kurzweilai.net/.../ SIN_headshot_highres.html
“We're
doubling the
rate of
progress every
decade, we'll
see a century
o...
May 25, 2008
Phoenix Mars Probe
ROBOTS
“If the U.S. is to maintain its economic
leadership and compete in the new global
economy, the nation must prepare today’s...
Percentage of the population scoring at IALS literacy level 3 or
higher on the document scale, 1994-95
53
56
62
66666767
7...
What changes do
CTE & Tech Prep
practitioners have to
make in order
preserve and
perpetuate CTE?
You must step up and take
responsibility…
For misperceptions of
legislators, universities,
colleges, superintendents,
prin...
CTE is for students who cannot cut it in
the academic classroom…
CTE is for remedial students
CTE’s application--learning ...
Steps: (1) Understand STEM,
(2) demonstrable and proven
solutions backed by evidence
based research, (3) learning
theory t...
STEM
CTE Evidence
CTE Learning
The issue/opportunity is:
STEM is now horizontal in
terms of careers and
academics and it is also
fundamental to economic
...
Wesley Medical Center,
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
“…critical decision making skills are what we are look...
“Tolerances
are getting
tighter and
tighter…”
–Patrick
Peronnet
“Manufacturing
is increasingly
more
automated—
electronics,
motors,
controls,
robots and
scheduling.”
--ATS,
PeoriaTSTC We...
“We will lose 30%
of the locals in the
next 5-7 years due
to retirement. In
2001, the average
age of locals was
49.” –Dan ...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Spirit AeroSystems
Machine Operator
Starting - $26,000
2 years -- $32,000
8 y...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008Spirit AeroSystems
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Frontier El Dorado
Refining Company
Operator
$40K - $60K
Instrumentation
$40K...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
D-J Engineering
Engineering Design
$50K - $180K
Machinists & Sheet Metal
$22K...
“In most industries
you have electricians,
mechanics and IT, in
wind, you are
expected to do
everything.”
-- Bryan Gregory...
4.16.2007, TSTC Waco
“….we had to
upgrade our basic
mechanic skills to
include
programmable
logic controllers
and electric...
“….we had to upgrade our basic
mechanic skills to include
programmable logic controllers and
electrical systems.”
--Dr. Ro...
Employ
Econ Dev
E3 Strategies
ED
“We can’t be in our
silos like we have
been in the past.”
--President Hargis,
Oklahoma State University
Butler County
Economic
Development
“In the world of economic
development, people talk
about the importance of
location, lo...
“I do not think Maui is any
different than the
mainland…post
industrialization has
placed greater demands
on math and educ...
Understand the opportunity
and the pain.
University
Large Employer
Workforce
Economic Development
Mayor-Governor
What changes do
CTE & Tech Prep
practitioners have to
make in order
preserve and
perpetuate CTE?
You must confront
CTE issues
systemically.
New York
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
New York Next Generation CTE
• The challenges for CTE in New York City
schools include:
• Tradition and negative perceptio...
New York Next Generation CTE
• Inadequate integration in classroom
instruction;
• Seat time versus competency-based
pathwa...
STEM
CTE Evidence
CTE Learning
What is a knowledge
worker (KW) and what
level of education do
KW’s have?
42
US Workforce by Education Level
Source: Career Pathways: Education with a
Purpose, p. 35
Source: Achieve Texas: Lifelon...
Define rigor
Denton ISD, Texas: High School
Advanced Technology Hub Serving 5
high Schools
Outcomes* - CTE is defined as Texas CTE 2 and 3. Non-CTE is defined as CTE 0 and 1.
Outcomes* - CTE is defined as Texas CTE 2 and 3. Non-CTE is defined as CTE 0 and 1.
Outcomes* - CTE is defined as Texas CTE 2 and 3. Non-CTE is defined as CTE 0 and 1.
Texas
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
Lower Rio Grande Valley
o College transition rates, all
students: 56.7%
o College transition rates,
Tech Prep (2005 cohort...
Texas 1996-2005
Maryland
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s
Workforce Today, April 2008
Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s
Workforce Today, April 2008
Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating
Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
National
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
“Growing evidence shows that [career]
pathways hold promise for reducing high
school dropout rates, increasing academic
ac...
“Those who complete both a
strong academic curriculum and a
vocational program of study (dual
concentrators) may have bett...
What changes do
CTE & Tech Prep
practitioners have to
make in order
preserve and
perpetuate CTE?
Collect the data on dual
concentrators vs all
students for comparison.
Leverage this data into the
broader E3 stakeholder
...
STEM
CTE Evidence
CTE Learning
“If you were present when the
Oklahoma land grant colleges were
formed in the 1800s and you
visited the university campuse...
http://www.uwsp.edu/news/photos/Classroom.jpghttp://www.eva-eu.org/images/classroom.jpg
NECC
2004
U.S. education market is...
“If you give a child quiet
time at home, it’s a
punishment, yet we expect
children to go to school
and sit and be quiet an...
Why is the classroom
structured this way? Or
perhaps as important,
why is learning
structured this way?
In 1956, Benjamin Bloom
headed a group of
educational psychologists
who developed a
classification of levels of
intellectu...
72
Where Are The Jobs?
Source: Career Pathways: Education with a
Purpose, p. 35
1950
http://www.uwsp.edu/news/photos/Classroom.jpghttp://www.eva-eu.org/images/classroom.jpg
NECC
2004
U.S. education market is...
74
Where Are The Jobs?
Source: Career Pathways: Education with a
Purpose, p. 35
Source: Achieve Texas: Lifelong Success fo...
White
Collar
Blue
Collar
Jobs
Today
Post Industrial Workforce
Transformation
How is the structure of
the CTE classroom
different than
traditional academics?
Ocoee Demonstration Middle School
Opihi Population Health Assessment Research Study– Kihei Charter
School
Orlando Tech – High School Program
“In 2006, demand was off the charts.
Every graduate had a job 6 months
before graduation. Chemical
Technology Graduates ty...
Indian River State
College Current and
Emerging Pattern
Languages
Entrepreneurship, Innovation & Leadership
Humanities-Law...
How is the structure of
learning different in
CTE than in traditional
academics?
Applied
Problem
Solving
Real
World
Knowledge
CTE is Transdisciplinary
Beyond the Disciplines
Applied
Problem
Solving
Real
World
Knowledge
CTE is Transdisciplinary
Beyond the Disciplines
DO
Verbs
Nouns
Education shift
Understanding
Knowing
Synthesizing
Evaluating
Analyzing
Applying
Academic
Nouns
CTE Verbs
Define pedagogy
Andragogy consists of
learning strategies focused
on adults.
Pedagogy consists of
learning strategies focused
on children.
Define how we
structure learning
for students vs
how we teach
adults…
Knowles' theory can be stated with six
assumptions of adult learning:
1. Adults need to know the reason for learning
somet...
Knowles' theory can be stated with six
assumptions of adult learning:
1. CTE students need to know the reason for
learning...
Knowles' theory can be stated with six
assumptions of adult learning:
4. CTE students are most interested in learning
subj...
Andragogy
Pedagogy
Education shift
What is the difference
in education and
learning?
Define vocation
Learning is
vocation.
ANDRAGOGY: CTE/ADULTS respond better to
internal versus external motivators (Motivation).
Andragogy has been used by some ...
What changes do
CTE & Tech Prep
practitioners have to
make in order
preserve and
perpetuate CTE?
You must embrace
the words vocation &
vocational learning as
your core
differentiator in the
marketplace of ideas.
CTE—your life calling!
TECH PREP—align to your
future now!
Vocational learning—the art
of living.
Next Step: (1) Teach your CTE
teachers the theory of learning they
already perform. (2) Engage the
academic community in t...
STEM
CTE Evidence
CTE Learning
www.kurzweilai.net/.../ SIN_headshot_highres.html
“We're
doubling the
rate of
progress every
decade, we'll
see a century
o...
Video
http://www.calcars.org/photos.html
PRIUS+ team: we built the first PRIUS+ conversion Sept 11-22, 2004, starting with a low-cost
lead-acid battery pack. Pictu...
1,000 MPG eq. Fuel Cell Car
http://www.philisoft.com/personal/misc/davinci/davinci-1600x1200.jpg
CTE = Da Vinci Minds
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational
innovation strategy which unifies the houses
of academia, vocational learning and the ...
TEAMS
“There are kids on Maui
who have never been to
the top of the mountain or
to Hana much less have
they traveled off of the
...
“There are kids on Maui
who have never been to
the top of the mountain or
to Hana much less have
they traveled off of the
...
“There are kids on Maui
who have never been to
the top of the mountain or
to Hana much less have
they traveled off of the
...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/
Opto-
Mechatronics
Technician
Our product line is inventions.”
–Dan O’Connel, CEO
“I am looking at the intersection of
these technologies—where they
overlap.” --Mark Hoffman, ECET Program
Coordinator, MCC
Hawiian
Translation
“Ahupua’a”
http://www.3dnworld.com/users/1/images/UltimateEarth.jpg
“Ahupua’a”
Integrated, wholistic
system
“I do not think Maui is any
different than the
mainland…post
industrialization has
placed greater demands
on math and educ...
“Ho’ohanalima”
“Ho’ohanalima”
Learning by doing
.
Environmental impact study during the reconstruction of Koie’ie
Fishpond located in north Kihei– Kihei Charter School
Makena Hawaiian Green Sea Turtle Fibropapiloma Virus Study– Kihei
Charter School
Opihi Population Health Assessment Research Study– Kihei Charter
School
Waipulani
Longitudinal Algae
Research Project –
Kihei Charter School
Applied
Problem
Solving
Real
World
Knowledge
Transdisciplinarity
Beyond the Disciplines
DO
Technology
Work
A Theory of STEM
My daughter’s first computer at age
—30 minutes.
Berkeley’s Golem Dust
11.7 mm3 total circumscribed volume
~4.8 mm3 total displaced volume
Berkeley’s Deputy Dust
6.6 mm3 t...
Source: Harbor
Research, 2003
M2M
MARKETS
4th
Gen
Computing
3rd
Gen
Computing
Birth of a new class
of computing
Kansas Air National Guard,
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
http://www.skidmore.edu/~dvella/fantvoy.jpg
Wesley Medical Center, Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
http://www.rsc.org/ej/LC/2006/b507312j/b507312j-f2.gif
http://www.rsc.org/ejga/LC/2006/b507312j-ga.gif
Lab-in-a-Pill
Intelligent
Machines
Dumb
Machines
Birth of a new class
of machines
http://www.terremoto.ca/images/exoskeleton.jpg
Hal 3 may
some day
replace the
wheel chair
for many
people..
http://www.startrekdesktopwallpaper.com/new_wallpaper/Star_Trek_Voyager_SevenOfNine_JerryRyan_desktopwallpaper_800.jpg
https://www.carle.com/Hospital/about/images/Ear%20Diagram3.jpg
Cochlear Ear Implant
Integrated
systems –
physical,
chemical,
biological &
neurological
Solid boundaries
between humans &
machines
Integration ...
An artificial red cell – the respirocyte [41]. Designer
Robert A. Freitas Jr. ©1999 Forrest Bishop.
http://www.imminst.org...
Implications
Adapted from Charles Ostman
Senior Fellow
Institute for Global Futures
NEURO CHEM
BIOINFO
21st
Century Architecture
Adapted from Charles Ostman
Senior Fellow
Institute for Global Futures
NEURO CHEM
BIOINFO
Consilience
Adapted from Charles Ostman
Senior Fellow
Institute for Global Futures
Arts &
Humanities
Science,
Eng.
& Tech
LawBusiness
...
Technology
Work
A Theory of STEM
“We live in academic silos. The
world does not work that way.
If we work on GREEN,
sustainability, we have to
engage educa...
Our product line is inventions.”
–Dan O’Connel, CEO
“Turbine Techs earn
$28-$40K a year… Many
techs earning $40K -
$80K a year with OT.”
– Bryan Gregory, Jr.
11.1.2006, TSTC ...
“In most industries
you have electricians,
mechanics and IT, in
wind, you are
expected to do
everything.”
-- Bryan Gregory...
Mechatronics
The synergistic
combination of
mechanical
engineering,
electronics,
control systems
and computers.
Mechanical...
“Multi-Skill”
“Multi-Craft”
“Multi-Disciplinary”
White
Collar
Blue
Collar
Jobs
Today
Post Industrial Workforce
Transformation
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
D-J Engineering
Engineering Design
$50K - $180K
Machinists & Sheet Metal
$22K...
Samuel Palmisano (CEO, IBM): Business Week: 10.11.2004
100 million jobs are going to
be created in a lot of these
cross-di...
Nanotechnology Fuel Cells Homeland Security
ADM, Hybrid, MEMS,
Computer Forensics Wireless: M2M Mechatronics
Home Technolo...
Samuel Palmisano (CEO, IBM): Business Week: 10.11.2004
100 million jobs are going to
be created in a lot of these
cross-di...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Wesley Medical
Center
RN - $38K - $60K
-- Don Morris, HR
Wesley Medical Center, Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008Spirit AeroSystems
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Spirit AeroSystems
Machine Operator
Starting - $26,000
2 years -- $32,000
8 y...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Spirit
AeroSystems
“1,000 workers a
year needed for
the aerospace
cluster… 2,...
Mechatronics
The synergistic
combination of
mechanical
engineering,
electronics,
control systems
and computers.
Mechanical...
4.16.2007, TSTC Waco
“….we had to
upgrade our basic
mechanic skills to
include
programmable
logic controllers
and electric...
“In 2006, demand was off the charts.
Every graduate had a job 6 months
before graduation. Chemical
Technology Graduates ty...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
Frontier El Dorado
Refining Company
Operator
$40K - $60K
Instrumentation
$40K...
National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research
Specialized
Knowledge &
Skills
Systems
Knowledge &
Skills
Next Gen Jobs
Technology
Work
A Theory of STEM
STEM
Academic & CTE Mergers
Dr. David Thornburg, Center for Professional
Development and Jim Brazell, VentureRAMP, Inc.
Texas
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
Elementary
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Robot competition
plus career and
academic exploration
and history of
science and
tec...
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Middle School
spaceTEAMS
& TIER, ACCD
Verbs
Nouns
Education shift
Space Teams, ACCD
Space Teams, ACCD
Space Teams, ACCD
Space Teams, ACCD
Applied
Problem
Solving
Real
World
Knowledge
Transdisciplinarity
Beyond the Disciplines
DO
Analytical Integrated
Mathematics (AIM)
Target Texas 4x4 – 4th
Year of Math
Unify General Academics and CTE
Connect rigor ...
Denton ISD, Texas: High School
Advanced Technology Hub Serving 5
high Schools
TEAMS
STEM
Education shift
TEAMS
Integrate all three houses of
US Education –
Collaboration is the key to
US competitiveness and
Innovation
CNC Machinist
Welding Tech
CISCO Network Tech
CSI & Crime Scene Tech
911 and Emergency Operations
Arts, A/V Tech &
Communications
Pre Architecture
Pre Med
Pre Law
Arts, A/V Tech &
Communications
TEAMS Model Schools
Systems of Systems
• High degree of faculty interaction across disciplines and
grades (systems)
• Inte...
TEAMS
Integrate all three houses of
US Education –
Collaboration is the key to
US competitiveness and
Innovation
Florida
http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
Dr. David Thornburg, Center for
Professional Development and
Jim Brazell, VentureRAMP, Inc.
ARTS
Creativity-
Innovation
-D...
Orlando Tech – High School Program
Orlando FIEA University Program
Orlando Media Industry – DMAF – J. French
Dentonxt
Generation
Learning
Dentonxt
Generation
Learning
Technology
Work
A Theory of STEM
http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/
“Ahupua’a”
Integrated, wholistic
system
“Ho’ohanalima”
Learning by doing
.
Environmental impact study during the reconstruction of Koie’ie
Fishpond located in north Kihei– Kihei Charter School
http://www.3dnworld.com/users/1/images/UltimateEarth.jpg
TEAMS
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the ...
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From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the arts , OSTP, PCAST, STEM Comments, Jim Brazell.

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PETITION TO RE-ESTABLISH CTE-TECH-PREP-RPOS FUNDING OF $100M to $380M, IN THE PROPOSED 2015 STEM BUDGET CAPTURED BY OSTP

Sign Petition at White House -
https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/re-establish-discreet-tech-prep-budget-amount-100m-380m-ostp-stem-budget-38b/y6MQQFLz

MARCH 29, 2014, SAN ANTONIO, TX: A SPUTNIK MOMENT FOR U.S. STEM. EDUCATION AND WHITE HOUSE OFFICE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY - Robin hood movement seeks equity and adequacy in funding from White house for CTE-TECH PREP Rigorous Programs of Study (R-POS) for the Nation’s P-20 education students & adults from White House.

At issue, contrary to OSTP’s Open Government Plan, public comments and specifically supporting enclosures related to the role of Career and Technical Education (formally, vocational education) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) were ignored and not appropriately incorporated into the public record by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). Although delivered as parcel to the OSTP call for public comments, RE: PCAST STEM Meeting 10.22-23, 2009, Two Minute Public Comment Letter, the following items submitted by Brazell, et. al., were not included by OSTP-PCAST in the public record:

1) Co-author’s were redacted from the letter sent to PCAST;
2) The white paper delivered in the same document as the three minute testimony letter was redacted, while other’s giving testimony reflect their white papers and related research references in the PCAST public record;
3) 570 pages of powerpoint slides including research on select TECH PREP model CTE programs were not appropriately submitted to the public record including a) From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the arts and b) US TEAMS Economic Development, S&T R&D, Workforce and Education Strategy for STEM, IT and Arts, A/V Technology and Communications Clusters; and,
4) Jim white paper is not reflected in the record, What is next long term growth strategy to face the financial crisis? Transdisciplinary places, industries, technologies, work and education.

The public record includes letters submitted to PCAST including Jim’s redacted response. By comparison, Jim’s original letter includes a list of supporters and editors, a draft white paper written for the committee in one (1) week with academic references, and the items above referenced within the Public Comments submitted to PCAST.

Full document:

https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/32034593/Sputnik_Moment_OSTP_STEM_TECHPREP.docx

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  • http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/
    LG SPUT IMAGE
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    The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik.
    Wikipedia says:
    “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.”
    Quotes:
    “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder.
    The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.”
    - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138).
    ___________________
    www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm
    U-2 Product
    SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur
    TOP of LAUNCH
    IMAGE
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration.
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union's pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000.
    _____________
    Apollo 17
    http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html
    Apollo 17 _ 1
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg
    Apollo 17 _ 2
    Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972:
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm
    Mars
    http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif
    Moon
    http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg
    Kennedy
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif
    November 21, 1963
    Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of
    Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm
    SPACE TEAMS
    MCD
    KANE
    Toursit
    Russian
    http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814
    U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world's fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10.
    The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday.
    Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts' Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin's historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won't. Suffice to say, she's famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange.
    In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV)
    ___________
    Tito
    http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E
    MIR
    http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg
    http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg
    RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY
    HAWKING
    http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg
    Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews.
    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O'Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking's aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic's space service. Additional information from source:
    No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release.
    Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA)
    Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11
    Zero Gravity's price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party.
    From the Go Zero G Website:
    The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable.
    Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13.
    Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building.
    http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/
    LG SPUT IMAGE
    « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born »October 4, 1957 - the Russian’s launch Sputnik
    Ads by GoogleSputnik
    Huge selection, great deals on
    Sputnik items.
    Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver
    Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth
    On Your Desktop. Free Download!
    www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth
    The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik.
    Wikipedia says:
    “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.”
    Quotes:
    “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder.
    The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.”
    - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138).
    ___________________
    www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm
    U-2 Product
    SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur
    TOP of LAUNCH
    IMAGE
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration.
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union's pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000.
    _____________
    Apollo 17
    http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html
    Apollo 17 _ 1
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg
    Apollo 17 _ 2
    Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972:
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm
    Mars
    http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif
    Moon
    http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg
    Kennedy
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif
    November 21, 1963
    Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of
    Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm
    SPACE TEAMS
    MCD
    KANE
    Toursit
    Russian
    http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814
    U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world's fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10.
    The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday.
    Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts' Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin's historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won't. Suffice to say, she's famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange.
    In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV)
    ___________
    Tito
    http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E
    MIR
    http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg
    http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg
    RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY
    HAWKING
    http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg
    Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews.
    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O'Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking's aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic's space service. Additional information from source:
    No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release.
    Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA)
    Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11
    Zero Gravity's price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party.
    From the Go Zero G Website:
    The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable.
    Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13.
    Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building.
  • http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/
    LG SPUT IMAGE
    « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born »October 4, 1957 - the Russian’s launch Sputnik
    Ads by GoogleSputnik
    Huge selection, great deals on
    Sputnik items.
    Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver
    Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth
    On Your Desktop. Free Download!
    www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth
    The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik.
    Wikipedia says:
    “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.”
    Quotes:
    “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder.
    The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.”
    - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138).
    ___________________
    www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm
    U-2 Product
    SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur
    TOP of LAUNCH
    IMAGE
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration.
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union's pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000.
    _____________
    Apollo 17
    http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html
    Apollo 17 _ 1
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg
    Apollo 17 _ 2
    Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972:
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm
    Mars
    http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif
    Moon
    http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg
    Kennedy
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif
    November 21, 1963
    Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of
    Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm
    SPACE TEAMS
    MCD
    KANE
    Toursit
    Russian
    http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814
    U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world's fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10.
    The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday.
    Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts' Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin's historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won't. Suffice to say, she's famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange.
    In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV)
    ___________
    Tito
    http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E
    MIR
    http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg
    http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg
    RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY
    HAWKING
    http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg
    Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews.
    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O'Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking's aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic's space service. Additional information from source:
    No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release.
    Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA)
    Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11
    Zero Gravity's price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party.
    From the Go Zero G Website:
    The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable.
    Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13.
    Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building.
    http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/
    LG SPUT IMAGE
    « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born »October 4, 1957 - the Russian’s launch Sputnik
    Ads by GoogleSputnik
    Huge selection, great deals on
    Sputnik items.
    Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver
    Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth
    On Your Desktop. Free Download!
    www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth
    The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik.
    Wikipedia says:
    “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.”
    Quotes:
    “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder.
    The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.”
    - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138).
    ___________________
    www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm
    U-2 Product
    SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur
    TOP of LAUNCH
    IMAGE
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration.
    Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff
    In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union's pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000.
    _____________
    Apollo 17
    http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html
    Apollo 17 _ 1
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg
    Apollo 17 _ 2
    Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972:
    http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm
    Mars
    http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif
    Moon
    http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg
    Kennedy
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif
    November 21, 1963
    Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of
    Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas
    http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm
    SPACE TEAMS
    MCD
    KANE
    Toursit
    Russian
    http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814
    U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world's fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10.
    The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday.
    Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts' Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin's historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won't. Suffice to say, she's famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange.
    In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV)
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    Tito
    http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E
    MIR
    http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg
    http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg
    RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY
    HAWKING
    http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg
    Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews.
    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O'Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking's aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic's space service. Additional information from source:
    No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release.
    Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA)
    Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11
    Zero Gravity's price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party.
    From the Go Zero G Website:
    The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable.
    Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13.
    Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building.
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • Vitruvian Man
  • The goal of the Smart Dust project is to build a self-contained, millimeter-scale sensing and communication platform for a massively distributed sensor network.  This device will be around the size of a grain of sand and will contain sensors, computational ability, bi-directional wireless communications, and a power supply, while being inexpensive enough to deploy by the hundreds.  The science and engineering goal of the project is to build a complete, complex system in a tiny volume using state-of-the art technologies (as opposed to futuristic technologies), which will require evolutionary and revolutionary advances in integration, miniaturization, and energy management.  We forsee many applications for this technology:
    Weather/seismological monitoring on Mars
    Internal spacecraft monitoring
    Land/space comm. networks
    Chemical/biological sensors
    Weapons stockpile monitoring
    Defense-related sensor networks
    Inventory Control
    Product quality monitoring
    Smart office spaces
    Sports - sailing, balls
    For more information, see the main Smart Dust page at http://robotics.eecs.berkeley.edu/~pister/SmartDust and read our publications (see navigation button above).
    Brief description of the operation of the mote:
    The Smart Dust mote is run by a microcontroller that not only determines the tasks performed by the mote, but controls power to the various components of the system to conserve energy. Periodically the microcontroller gets a reading from one of the sensors, which measure one of a number of physical or chemical stimuli such as temperature, ambient light, vibration, acceleration, or air pressure, processes the data, and stores it in memory. It also occasionally turns on the optical receiver to see if anyone is trying to communicate with it. This communication may include new programs or messages from other motes. In response to a message or upon its own initiative the microcontroller will use the corner cube retroreflector or laser to transmit sensor data or a message to a base station or another mote.
    Longer description of the operation of the mote:
    The primary constraint in the design of the Smart Dust motes is volume, which in turn puts a severe constraint on energy since we do not have much room for batteries or large solar cells. Thus, the motes must operate efficiently and conserve energy whenever possible. Most of the time, the majority of the mote is powered off with only a clock and a few timers running. When a timer expires, it powers up a part of the mote to carry out a job, then powers off. A few of the timers control the sensors that measure one of a number of physical or chemical stimuli such as temperature, ambient light, vibration, acceleration, or air pressure. When one of these timers expires, it powers up the corresponding sensor, takes a sample, and converts it to a digital word. If the data is interesting, it may either be stored directly in the SRAM or the microcontroller is powered up to perform more complex operations with it. When this task is complete, everything is again powered down and the timer begins counting again.
    Another timer controls the receiver. When that timer expires, the receiver powers up and looks for an incoming packet. If it doesn't see one after a certain length of time, it is powered down again. The mote can receive several types of packets, including ones that are new program code that is stored in the program memory. This allows the user to change the behavior of the mote remotely. Packets may also include messages from the base station or other motes. When one of these is received, the microcontroller is powered up and used to interpret the contents of the message. The message may tell the mote to do something in particular, or it may be a message that is just being passed from one mote to another on its way to a particular destination. In response to a message or to another timer expiring, the microcontroller will assemble a packet containing sensor data or a message and transmit it using either the corner cube retroreflector or the laser diode, depending on which it has. The corner cube retroreflector transmits information just by moving a mirror and thus changing the reflection of a laser beam from the base station. This technique is substantially more energy efficient than actually generating some radiation. With the laser diode and a set of beam scanning mirrors, we can transmit data in any direction desired, allowing the mote to communicate with other Smart Dust motes.
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • Lab-in-a-Pill – Revolutionising Bowel Cancer Screening
    Sector: Medical Devices
    Technology
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    In the western world, colorectal cancer is now the third most frequent cancer and the second most common cause of cancer deaths. In the US nearly 150,000 new cases are being diagnosed each year and more than 56,000 people died from the disease in 2002. In the UK, where a national screening campaign will be implemented across the 20m population over 50, around 15,000 people die from the disease each year.
    Current screening techniques are notoriously inaccurate, leading to many false positives which saturate resources available for follow-up diagnosis. But scientists at Glasgow University have pioneered a new sensor technology, Lab-in-a-Pill, that could have major impact on the cost and effectiveness of bowel cancer treatment.
    At the core of Lab-in-a-Pill is a miniaturised sensor, processing and communications module all enclosed in a chemical-resistant capsule which currently measures around 3cm x 1cm in prototype form.
    The Lab-in-a-Pill module, which would be sent to all individuals being screened, incorporates a multi-sensor array which includes a blood test. The pill is able to detect blood as it travels through the bowel, transmitting the real time measurements to a small external module worn under a patch attached to the body.
    After one, or more pills have been swallowed over the required screening period, the patch is returned for the measured data to be assessed at the screening centre. So the pills themselves do not have to be recovered making the screening process much more acceptable. And because it measures the location of bleeding Lab-in-a-Pill can identify, more effectively, those individuals who are most at risk.
    The Lab-in-a-Pill concept, currently undergoing in-vitro trials, overcomes the critical difficulties with the current screening scheme which is based on individuals collecting stool samples. Major benefits include:
    • improved compliance and screening response rate with elimination of sample collection
    • reduced false positives and improved sensitivity through measurement at the source of bleeding
    So Lab-in-a-Pill reduces the pressure on valuable national resources by eliminating the need for central screening laboratories and ensuring only at-risk patients are referred for colonoscopy.
    IP Status
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    The intellectual property associated with this technology belongs to the University of Glasgow.
    The University of Glasgow is always keen to hear from potential collaborative partners and welcomes interest from genuine parties. If you would like further information about this technology or this area of research please complete the following form and we will get back to you via telephone or email within two working days.
    Enquiry Form
    http://www.innovativelicences.com/index.cfm/page/licensesandtechnologies/technologyid/48
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/coch.htm
    What is a cochlear implant?
    Credit: NIH Medical ArtsEar with Cochlear implant. View larger image.A cochlear implant is a small, complex electronic device that can help to provide a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard-of-hearing. The implant consists of an external portion that sits behind the ear and a second portion that is surgically placed under the skin (see figure). An implant has the following parts:
    A microphone, which picks up sound from the environment.
    A speech processor, which selects and arranges sounds picked up by the microphone.
    A transmitter and receiver/stimulator, which receive signals from the speech processor and convert them into electric impulses.
    An electrode array, which is a group of electrodes that collects the impulses from the stimulator and sends them to different regions of the auditory nerve.
    An implant does not restore normal hearing. Instead, it can give a deaf person a useful representation of sounds in the environment and help him or her to understand speech.
    Top
    How does a cochlear implant work?
    A cochlear implant is very different from a hearing aid. Hearing aids amplify sounds so they may be detected by damaged ears. Cochlear implants bypass damaged portions of the ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve. Signals generated by the implant are sent by way of the auditory nerve to the brain, which recognizes the signals as sound. Hearing through a cochlear implant is different from normal hearing and takes time to learn or relearn. However, it allows many people to recognize warning signals, understand other sounds in the environment, and enjoy a conversation in person or by telephone.
    Top
    Who gets cochlear implants?
    Credit: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    Children and adults who are deaf or severely hard-of-hearing can be fitted for cochlear implants. According to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) 2005 data, nearly 100,000 people worldwide have received implants. In the United States, roughly 22,000 adults and nearly 15,000 children have received them.
    Adults who have lost all or most of their hearing later in life often can benefit from cochlear implants. They often can associate the sounds made through an implant with sounds they remember. This may help them to understand speech without visual cues or systems such as lipreading or sign language.
    Cochlear implants, coupled with intensive postimplantation therapy, can help young children to acquire speech, language, developmental, and social skills. Most children who receive implants are between two and six years old. Early implantation provides exposure to sounds that can be helpful during the critical period when children learn speech and language skills. In 2000, the FDA lowered the age of eligibility to 12 months for one type of cochlear implant.
    Top
    How does someone receive a cochlear implant?
    Use of a cochlear implant requires both a surgical procedure and significant therapy to learn or relearn the sense of hearing. Not everyone performs at the same level with this device. The decision to receive an implant should involve discussions with medical specialists, including an experienced cochlear-implant surgeon. The process can be expensive. For example, a person’s health insurance may cover the expense, but not always. Some individuals may choose not to have a cochlear implant for a variety of personal reasons. Surgical implantations are almost always safe, although complications are a risk factor, just as with any kind of surgery. An additional consideration is learning to interpret the sounds created by an implant. This process takes time and practice. Speech-language pathologists and audiologists are frequently involved in this learning process. Prior to implantation, all of these factors need to be considered.
    Top
    What does the future hold for cochlear implants?
    With advancements in technology and continued follow-up studies with people who already have received implants, researchers are evaluating how cochlear implants might be used for other types of hearing loss.
    NIDCD is supporting research to improve upon the benefits provided by cochlear implants. It may be possible to use a shortened electrode array, inserted into a portion of the cochlea, for individuals whose hearing loss is limited to the higher frequencies. Other studies are exploring ways to make a cochlear implant convey the sounds of speech more clearly. Researchers also are looking at the potential benefits of pairing a cochlear implant in one ear with either another cochlear implant or a hearing aid in the other ear.
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • ., all integrated through the design process. The key to success in mechatronics is: modeling, analysis, experimentation & hardware-implementation skills.
  • ., all integrated through the design process. The key to success in mechatronics is: modeling, analysis, experimentation & hardware-implementation skills.
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. The term cybernetics stems from the Greek kybernetes (meaning steersman, governor, pilot, or rudder). Cybernetics is the discipline that studies communication and control in living beings and in the machines built by humans.
    A more philosophical definition, suggested in 1958 by Louis Couffignal, one of the pioneers of cybernetics in the 1930s, considers cybernetics as "the art of assuring efficiency of action" (see external links for reference).
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Vitruvian Man
  • Transcript of "From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the arts , OSTP, PCAST, STEM Comments, Jim Brazell."

    1. 1. From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the arts JIM BRAZELL jim.brazell@ventureramp.com
    2. 2. October 4, 1957
    3. 3. S&T Demography Our Sputnik Diversity Innovation Globalization Integration
    4. 4. www.kurzweilai.net/.../ SIN_headshot_highres.html “We're doubling the rate of progress every decade, we'll see a century of progress--at today's rate--in only 25 calendar years.” Kurzweil, KurzweilAI.net, March 7, 2001
    5. 5. May 25, 2008 Phoenix Mars Probe
    6. 6. ROBOTS
    7. 7. “If the U.S. is to maintain its economic leadership and compete in the new global economy, the nation must prepare today’s K- 12 students better to be tomorrow’s productive workers and citizens. Changing workforce requirements mean that new workers will need ever more sophisticated skills in science, mathematics, engineering and technology ... http://www.nsf.gov/nsb/documents/2006/0502/testimony.pdf
    8. 8. Percentage of the population scoring at IALS literacy level 3 or higher on the document scale, 1994-95 53 56 62 66666767 7677 80 45 35 50 4547 49 58 52 4546 52 73 51 17 34 52 0 90 Sweden Netherlands Belgium Canada Switzerland (g) Switzerland (Fr) Germany Australia United Kingdom NewZealand Ireland United States Poland % 16-25 yrs of age 46-55 yrs of age Source: Centre for Educational Research and Innovation, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Education at a Glance OECD Indicators 1998 U.S. Older Adults Have Stronger Skills Than Young AdultsU.S. Older Adults Have Stronger Skills Than Young Adults
    9. 9. What changes do CTE & Tech Prep practitioners have to make in order preserve and perpetuate CTE?
    10. 10. You must step up and take responsibility… For misperceptions of legislators, universities, colleges, superintendents, principals, academics, counselors, parents and students…
    11. 11. CTE is for students who cannot cut it in the academic classroom… CTE is for remedial students CTE’s application--learning by doing approach—is less rigorous than academic learning. CTE is for those children—not my child.
    12. 12. Steps: (1) Understand STEM, (2) demonstrable and proven solutions backed by evidence based research, (3) learning theory to support your approach, (4) alignment to the future today (TEAMS & CTE- Academic Integration).
    13. 13. STEM CTE Evidence CTE Learning
    14. 14. The issue/opportunity is: STEM is now horizontal in terms of careers and academics and it is also fundamental to economic prosperity, democracy, freedom, civil society and the American way of life.
    15. 15. Wesley Medical Center, Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 “…critical decision making skills are what we are looking for… and every position in the hospital needs basic computer skills.” Krista Thacker, Manager Staffing Resources, Via Christi, Wichita Health Network
    16. 16. “Tolerances are getting tighter and tighter…” –Patrick Peronnet
    17. 17. “Manufacturing is increasingly more automated— electronics, motors, controls, robots and scheduling.” --ATS, PeoriaTSTC West TX
    18. 18. “We will lose 30% of the locals in the next 5-7 years due to retirement. In 2001, the average age of locals was 49.” –Dan Silverthorn, West Central Building Trades
    19. 19. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
    20. 20. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 Spirit AeroSystems Machine Operator Starting - $26,000 2 years -- $32,000 8 years -- $60,000 --Robert Condreay, Staffing Manager
    21. 21. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008Spirit AeroSystems
    22. 22. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 Frontier El Dorado Refining Company Operator $40K - $60K Instrumentation $40K - $60K Machinist $40K - $60K --Bill Kloeblen, Manager Human Resources
    23. 23. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 D-J Engineering Engineering Design $50K - $180K Machinists & Sheet Metal $22K - $42K --Razaul A. Chowdhury, President
    24. 24. “In most industries you have electricians, mechanics and IT, in wind, you are expected to do everything.” -- Bryan Gregory, Jr. 11.1.2006, TSTC West TX, Sweetwater
    25. 25. 4.16.2007, TSTC Waco “….we had to upgrade our basic mechanic skills to include programmable logic controllers and electrical systems.”--Dr. Ron Lentsch, Allergan
    26. 26. “….we had to upgrade our basic mechanic skills to include programmable logic controllers and electrical systems.” --Dr. Ron Lentsch, Allergan 4/2007, TSTC Waco
    27. 27. Employ Econ Dev E3 Strategies ED
    28. 28. “We can’t be in our silos like we have been in the past.” --President Hargis, Oklahoma State University
    29. 29. Butler County Economic Development “In the world of economic development, people talk about the importance of location, location, location… but without the labor force location means nothing.” --David Alfaro, Director Butler County Economic Develoipment Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
    30. 30. “I do not think Maui is any different than the mainland…post industrialization has placed greater demands on math and education.” –Rose Yamada, elder
    31. 31. Understand the opportunity and the pain. University Large Employer Workforce Economic Development Mayor-Governor
    32. 32. What changes do CTE & Tech Prep practitioners have to make in order preserve and perpetuate CTE?
    33. 33. You must confront CTE issues systemically.
    34. 34. New York http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
    35. 35. New York Next Generation CTE • The challenges for CTE in New York City schools include: • Tradition and negative perception in the City; • Uneven performance across the City’s CTE schools; • Limited access & opportunity to enroll in innovative programs; • Insufficient preparation for postsecondary success;
    36. 36. New York Next Generation CTE • Inadequate integration in classroom instruction; • Seat time versus competency-based pathways to graduation; • Definitions of student success; • Disjointed management of industry engagement; • Disproportionate distribution of resources; and • Limited opportunity for CTE innovation.
    37. 37. STEM CTE Evidence CTE Learning
    38. 38. What is a knowledge worker (KW) and what level of education do KW’s have?
    39. 39. 42 US Workforce by Education Level Source: Career Pathways: Education with a Purpose, p. 35 Source: Achieve Texas: Lifelong Success for All Students, p. 3 1950 2004
    40. 40. Define rigor
    41. 41. Denton ISD, Texas: High School Advanced Technology Hub Serving 5 high Schools
    42. 42. Outcomes* - CTE is defined as Texas CTE 2 and 3. Non-CTE is defined as CTE 0 and 1.
    43. 43. Outcomes* - CTE is defined as Texas CTE 2 and 3. Non-CTE is defined as CTE 0 and 1.
    44. 44. Outcomes* - CTE is defined as Texas CTE 2 and 3. Non-CTE is defined as CTE 0 and 1.
    45. 45. Texas http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
    46. 46. Lower Rio Grande Valley o College transition rates, all students: 56.7% o College transition rates, Tech Prep (2005 cohort): 65.7% State of Texas o College transition rates, all students: 55.3% o College transition rates (2005 cohort): Tech Prep: 55.6% Source: High School College Linkages, THECB Fall 2006 Preliminary Enrollment, (2005-2006 Data), in Patricia G. (Pat) Bubb 18% Increase in College Attendance
    47. 47. Texas 1996-2005
    48. 48. Maryland http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
    49. 49. Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
    50. 50. Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
    51. 51. Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
    52. 52. National http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
    53. 53. “Growing evidence shows that [career] pathways hold promise for reducing high school dropout rates, increasing academic achievement and learning, and increasing students’ earning power when they graduate. Equally compelling, studies show that students enrolled in [career] pathways perform as well as their traditionally educated counterparts on key measures.” http://www.connectedcalifornia.org/advance_copy/policy_paper.pdf
    54. 54. “Those who complete both a strong academic curriculum and a vocational program of study (dual concentrators) may have better outcomes than those who pursue one or the other (Silverberg, Warner, Fong, & Goodwin, 2004; Plank, 2001; Stone & Aliaga, 2003)” (National Alliance for Secondary Education and Transition, 2005, Career Preparatory Experiences, ¶ 3).
    55. 55. What changes do CTE & Tech Prep practitioners have to make in order preserve and perpetuate CTE?
    56. 56. Collect the data on dual concentrators vs all students for comparison. Leverage this data into the broader E3 stakeholder group for $$$ to scale up and adapt.
    57. 57. STEM CTE Evidence CTE Learning
    58. 58. “If you were present when the Oklahoma land grant colleges were formed in the 1800s and you visited the university campuses today, you would not see much change in the structure of learning and the classroom.” --President Hargis, Oklahoma State University
    59. 59. http://www.uwsp.edu/news/photos/Classroom.jpghttp://www.eva-eu.org/images/classroom.jpg NECC 2004 U.S. education market is $750 billion (Credit Suisse First Boston, 2003). More money is spent in the United States on education than in any other industry with the exception of health care. Annual expenditures are more than Social Security and defense combined. (Glakas, National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs, 2003)
    60. 60. “If you give a child quiet time at home, it’s a punishment, yet we expect children to go to school and sit and be quiet and it’s called education.” Jack Taub
    61. 61. Why is the classroom structured this way? Or perhaps as important, why is learning structured this way?
    62. 62. In 1956, Benjamin Bloom headed a group of educational psychologists who developed a classification of levels of intellectual behavior important in learning. Bloom found that over 95% of the test questions students encounter require them to think only at the lowest possible level...the recall of information. Blooms Taxonomy Verb
    63. 63. 72 Where Are The Jobs? Source: Career Pathways: Education with a Purpose, p. 35 1950
    64. 64. http://www.uwsp.edu/news/photos/Classroom.jpghttp://www.eva-eu.org/images/classroom.jpg NECC 2004 U.S. education market is $750 billion (Credit Suisse First Boston, 2003). More money is spent in the United States on education than in any other industry with the exception of health care. Annual expenditures are more than Social Security and defense combined. (Glakas, National Council of Higher Education Loan Programs, 2003)
    65. 65. 74 Where Are The Jobs? Source: Career Pathways: Education with a Purpose, p. 35 Source: Achieve Texas: Lifelong Success for All Students, p. 3 1950 2004
    66. 66. White Collar Blue Collar Jobs Today Post Industrial Workforce Transformation
    67. 67. How is the structure of the CTE classroom different than traditional academics?
    68. 68. Ocoee Demonstration Middle School
    69. 69. Opihi Population Health Assessment Research Study– Kihei Charter School
    70. 70. Orlando Tech – High School Program
    71. 71. “In 2006, demand was off the charts. Every graduate had a job 6 months before graduation. Chemical Technology Graduates typically start at $35K and it is not uncommon for them to make $60K-to-$70K per year.” –Robert Hernandez, TSTC
    72. 72. Indian River State College Current and Emerging Pattern Languages Entrepreneurship, Innovation & Leadership Humanities-Law-Human Development Engineering-Design-*C.S. Medical-Bio-Life Sciences Architecture, Media & Arts Entrepreneurship, Innovation & Leadership FLOW: A Pattern for Play, Learning, Cooperation and Invention *C.S. - Computer science Faculty Students World Community
    73. 73. How is the structure of learning different in CTE than in traditional academics?
    74. 74. Applied Problem Solving Real World Knowledge CTE is Transdisciplinary Beyond the Disciplines
    75. 75. Applied Problem Solving Real World Knowledge CTE is Transdisciplinary Beyond the Disciplines DO
    76. 76. Verbs Nouns Education shift
    77. 77. Understanding Knowing Synthesizing Evaluating Analyzing Applying Academic Nouns CTE Verbs
    78. 78. Define pedagogy
    79. 79. Andragogy consists of learning strategies focused on adults. Pedagogy consists of learning strategies focused on children.
    80. 80. Define how we structure learning for students vs how we teach adults…
    81. 81. Knowles' theory can be stated with six assumptions of adult learning: 1. Adults need to know the reason for learning something (Need to Know) 2. Experience (including error) provides the basis for learning activities (Foundation). 3. Adults need to be responsible for their decisions on education; involvement in the planning and evaluation of their instruction (Self-concept). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andragogy
    82. 82. Knowles' theory can be stated with six assumptions of adult learning: 1. CTE students need to know the reason for learning something (Need to Know) 2. For CTE Students experience (including error) provides the basis for learning activities (Foundation). 3. CTE students are responsible for their decisions on education and involved in the planning and evaluation of their instruction (Self-concept). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andragogy
    83. 83. Knowles' theory can be stated with six assumptions of adult learning: 4. CTE students are most interested in learning subjects having immediate relevance to their work and/or personal lives (Readiness). 5. CTE learning is problem-centered rather than content-oriented (Orientation). 6. CTE students respond better to internal versus external motivators (Motivation). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andragogy
    84. 84. Andragogy Pedagogy Education shift
    85. 85. What is the difference in education and learning?
    86. 86. Define vocation
    87. 87. Learning is vocation.
    88. 88. ANDRAGOGY: CTE/ADULTS respond better to internal versus external motivators (Motivation). Andragogy has been used by some to allow discussion of contrast between self-directed and 'taught' education. The andragogy approach to learning is the key to getting students to take responsibility for their learning…. CTE dual concentration delivers this learning innovation today… http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andragogy
    89. 89. What changes do CTE & Tech Prep practitioners have to make in order preserve and perpetuate CTE?
    90. 90. You must embrace the words vocation & vocational learning as your core differentiator in the marketplace of ideas.
    91. 91. CTE—your life calling! TECH PREP—align to your future now! Vocational learning—the art of living.
    92. 92. Next Step: (1) Teach your CTE teachers the theory of learning they already perform. (2) Engage the academic community in the theory of education argument and performing research to determine efficacy. Re-embrace vocation as answering a calling, alignment to abilities, interests and the world.
    93. 93. STEM CTE Evidence CTE Learning
    94. 94. www.kurzweilai.net/.../ SIN_headshot_highres.html “We're doubling the rate of progress every decade, we'll see a century of progress--at today's rate--in only 25 calendar years.” Kurzweil, KurzweilAI.net, March 7, 2001
    95. 95. Video
    96. 96. http://www.calcars.org/photos.html
    97. 97. PRIUS+ team: we built the first PRIUS+ conversion Sept 11-22, 2004, starting with a low-cost lead-acid battery pack. Pictured are (L-R) Ron Gremban, Felix Kramer, Marc Geller, Kevin Lyons, Andrew Lawton. See About CalCars for names of those who helped but are not pictured.
    98. 98. 1,000 MPG eq. Fuel Cell Car
    99. 99. http://www.philisoft.com/personal/misc/davinci/davinci-1600x1200.jpg CTE = Da Vinci Minds
    100. 100. From STEM to TEAMS a US educational innovation strategy which unifies the houses of academia, vocational learning and the arts JIM BRAZELL jim.brazell@ventureramp.com
    101. 101. TEAMS
    102. 102. “There are kids on Maui who have never been to the top of the mountain or to Hana much less have they traveled off of the island.” http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/ What is my location?
    103. 103. “There are kids on Maui who have never been to the top of the mountain or to Hana much less have they traveled off of the island.” http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/ Where is Haealaka?
    104. 104. “There are kids on Maui who have never been to the top of the mountain or to Hana much less have they traveled off of the island.” http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/ When I say Maui, do you think science and technology or innovation?
    105. 105. http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/
    106. 106. Opto- Mechatronics Technician
    107. 107. Our product line is inventions.” –Dan O’Connel, CEO
    108. 108. “I am looking at the intersection of these technologies—where they overlap.” --Mark Hoffman, ECET Program Coordinator, MCC
    109. 109. Hawiian Translation
    110. 110. “Ahupua’a”
    111. 111. http://www.3dnworld.com/users/1/images/UltimateEarth.jpg
    112. 112. “Ahupua’a” Integrated, wholistic system
    113. 113. “I do not think Maui is any different than the mainland…post industrialization has placed greater demands on math and education.” –Rose Yamada, elder
    114. 114. “Ho’ohanalima”
    115. 115. “Ho’ohanalima” Learning by doing
    116. 116. . Environmental impact study during the reconstruction of Koie’ie Fishpond located in north Kihei– Kihei Charter School
    117. 117. Makena Hawaiian Green Sea Turtle Fibropapiloma Virus Study– Kihei Charter School
    118. 118. Opihi Population Health Assessment Research Study– Kihei Charter School
    119. 119. Waipulani Longitudinal Algae Research Project – Kihei Charter School
    120. 120. Applied Problem Solving Real World Knowledge Transdisciplinarity Beyond the Disciplines DO
    121. 121. Technology Work A Theory of STEM
    122. 122. My daughter’s first computer at age —30 minutes.
    123. 123. Berkeley’s Golem Dust 11.7 mm3 total circumscribed volume ~4.8 mm3 total displaced volume Berkeley’s Deputy Dust 6.6 mm3 total circumscribed volume 4th Gen 11.7 mm3 6.6 mm3
    124. 124. Source: Harbor Research, 2003 M2M MARKETS
    125. 125. 4th Gen Computing 3rd Gen Computing Birth of a new class of computing
    126. 126. Kansas Air National Guard, Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
    127. 127. http://www.skidmore.edu/~dvella/fantvoy.jpg
    128. 128. Wesley Medical Center, Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
    129. 129. http://www.rsc.org/ej/LC/2006/b507312j/b507312j-f2.gif http://www.rsc.org/ejga/LC/2006/b507312j-ga.gif Lab-in-a-Pill
    130. 130. Intelligent Machines Dumb Machines Birth of a new class of machines
    131. 131. http://www.terremoto.ca/images/exoskeleton.jpg Hal 3 may some day replace the wheel chair for many people..
    132. 132. http://www.startrekdesktopwallpaper.com/new_wallpaper/Star_Trek_Voyager_SevenOfNine_JerryRyan_desktopwallpaper_800.jpg
    133. 133. https://www.carle.com/Hospital/about/images/Ear%20Diagram3.jpg Cochlear Ear Implant
    134. 134. Integrated systems – physical, chemical, biological & neurological Solid boundaries between humans & machines Integration of Humans, Machines and Computers
    135. 135. An artificial red cell – the respirocyte [41]. Designer Robert A. Freitas Jr. ©1999 Forrest Bishop. http://www.imminst.org/freitas.html Nano- Mechatronics
    136. 136. Implications
    137. 137. Adapted from Charles Ostman Senior Fellow Institute for Global Futures NEURO CHEM BIOINFO 21st Century Architecture
    138. 138. Adapted from Charles Ostman Senior Fellow Institute for Global Futures NEURO CHEM BIOINFO Consilience
    139. 139. Adapted from Charles Ostman Senior Fellow Institute for Global Futures Arts & Humanities Science, Eng. & Tech LawBusiness Learning Systems Education
    140. 140. Technology Work A Theory of STEM
    141. 141. “We live in academic silos. The world does not work that way. If we work on GREEN, sustainability, we have to engage educational practitioners from across disciplines.” President Hargis, Oklahoma State University
    142. 142. Our product line is inventions.” –Dan O’Connel, CEO
    143. 143. “Turbine Techs earn $28-$40K a year… Many techs earning $40K - $80K a year with OT.” – Bryan Gregory, Jr. 11.1.2006, TSTC West TX, Sweetwater
    144. 144. “In most industries you have electricians, mechanics and IT, in wind, you are expected to do everything.” -- Bryan Gregory, Jr. 11.1.2006, TSTC West TX, Sweetwater
    145. 145. Mechatronics The synergistic combination of mechanical engineering, electronics, control systems and computers. Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering Departments at RPI All Contents Copyright(C) 2001 Mechatronics Lab at RPI
    146. 146. “Multi-Skill” “Multi-Craft” “Multi-Disciplinary”
    147. 147. White Collar Blue Collar Jobs Today Post Industrial Workforce Transformation
    148. 148. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 D-J Engineering Engineering Design $50K - $180K Machinists & Sheet Metal $22K - $42K --Razaul A. Chowdhury, President
    149. 149. Samuel Palmisano (CEO, IBM): Business Week: 10.11.2004 100 million jobs are going to be created in a lot of these cross-disciplinary fields Council on Competitiveness: National Innovation Initiative
    150. 150. Nanotechnology Fuel Cells Homeland Security ADM, Hybrid, MEMS, Computer Forensics Wireless: M2M Mechatronics Home Technology IntegrationBiotechnology Digital Games Forecasting.tstc.edu
    151. 151. Samuel Palmisano (CEO, IBM): Business Week: 10.11.2004 100 million jobs are going to be created in a lot of these cross-disciplinary fields Council on Competitiveness: National Innovation Initiative This is today’s workforce.
    152. 152. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 Wesley Medical Center RN - $38K - $60K -- Don Morris, HR
    153. 153. Wesley Medical Center, Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
    154. 154. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008Spirit AeroSystems
    155. 155. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 Spirit AeroSystems Machine Operator Starting - $26,000 2 years -- $32,000 8 years -- $60,000 --Robert Condreay, Staffing Manager
    156. 156. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 Spirit AeroSystems “1,000 workers a year needed for the aerospace cluster… 2,000 plus when we are on the up side.” --Jeff Turner, CEO
    157. 157. Mechatronics The synergistic combination of mechanical engineering, electronics, control systems and computers. Mechanical, Aerospace, and Nuclear Engineering Departments at RPI All Contents Copyright(C) 2001 Mechatronics Lab at RPI BIO- CHEM
    158. 158. 4.16.2007, TSTC Waco “….we had to upgrade our basic mechanic skills to include programmable logic controllers and electrical systems.”--Dr. Ron Lentsch, Allergan
    159. 159. “In 2006, demand was off the charts. Every graduate had a job 6 months before graduation. Chemical Technology Graduates typically start at $35K and it is not uncommon for them to make $60K-to-$70K per year.” –Robert Hernandez, TSTC
    160. 160. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 Frontier El Dorado Refining Company Operator $40K - $60K Instrumentation $40K - $60K Machinist $40K - $60K --Bill Kloeblen, Manager Human Resources
    161. 161. National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research
    162. 162. Specialized Knowledge & Skills Systems Knowledge & Skills Next Gen Jobs
    163. 163. Technology Work A Theory of STEM
    164. 164. STEM Academic & CTE Mergers
    165. 165. Dr. David Thornburg, Center for Professional Development and Jim Brazell, VentureRAMP, Inc.
    166. 166. Texas http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
    167. 167. Elementary spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Robot competition plus career and academic exploration and history of science and technology.
    168. 168. spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Middle School
    169. 169. spaceTEAMS & TIER, ACCD
    170. 170. Verbs Nouns Education shift
    171. 171. Space Teams, ACCD
    172. 172. Space Teams, ACCD
    173. 173. Space Teams, ACCD
    174. 174. Space Teams, ACCD
    175. 175. Applied Problem Solving Real World Knowledge Transdisciplinarity Beyond the Disciplines DO
    176. 176. Analytical Integrated Mathematics (AIM) Target Texas 4x4 – 4th Year of Math Unify General Academics and CTE Connect rigor and relevance High motivation-TEAMS-Competition Base for industry support in schools Moving robotics from 10% penetration to 80% in 5 years
    177. 177. Denton ISD, Texas: High School Advanced Technology Hub Serving 5 high Schools
    178. 178. TEAMS STEM Education shift
    179. 179. TEAMS Integrate all three houses of US Education – Collaboration is the key to US competitiveness and Innovation
    180. 180. CNC Machinist
    181. 181. Welding Tech
    182. 182. CISCO Network Tech
    183. 183. CSI & Crime Scene Tech
    184. 184. 911 and Emergency Operations
    185. 185. Arts, A/V Tech & Communications
    186. 186. Pre Architecture
    187. 187. Pre Med
    188. 188. Pre Law
    189. 189. Arts, A/V Tech & Communications
    190. 190. TEAMS Model Schools Systems of Systems • High degree of faculty interaction across disciplines and grades (systems) • Integrating CTE, Arts and Academics (systems) • Learning laboratories and worldly experience with industry- standard tools, processes and problems (systems) • Emerging P-20 systems (P-20) -- Sequenced, integrated and transferable courses HS to CTC to University (systems) • Transdisciplinary culture (systems) Context and frame for learning is real world, purpose driven and action oriented.
    191. 191. TEAMS Integrate all three houses of US Education – Collaboration is the key to US competitiveness and Innovation
    192. 192. Florida http://www.eschoolnews.com/news/top-news/news-by-subject/international/index.cfm?i=41342
    193. 193. Dr. David Thornburg, Center for Professional Development and Jim Brazell, VentureRAMP, Inc. ARTS Creativity- Innovation -Design
    194. 194. Orlando Tech – High School Program
    195. 195. Orlando FIEA University Program
    196. 196. Orlando Media Industry – DMAF – J. French
    197. 197. Dentonxt Generation Learning
    198. 198. Dentonxt Generation Learning
    199. 199. Technology Work A Theory of STEM
    200. 200. http://www.flickr.com/photos/fotographis/528878003/sizes/o/
    201. 201. “Ahupua’a” Integrated, wholistic system
    202. 202. “Ho’ohanalima” Learning by doing
    203. 203. . Environmental impact study during the reconstruction of Koie’ie Fishpond located in north Kihei– Kihei Charter School
    204. 204. http://www.3dnworld.com/users/1/images/UltimateEarth.jpg
    205. 205. TEAMS
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