STEM 2.0: Transformational Thinking About STEM for School Leaders, January 15, 2014, NSBA Webinar
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

STEM 2.0: Transformational Thinking About STEM for School Leaders, January 15, 2014, NSBA Webinar

on

  • 470 views

National School Boards Association ...

National School Boards Association

Meet the Experts brings the nation’s leading thinkers on cutting-edge innovations and trends in education to the home, desktop and board room of America’s school boards. During live webinar broadcasts, board members can interact with leading speakers and thinkers who are changing the educational landscape in our country today. The online library of Meet the Experts Archived presentations will provide access to insights on education innovation 24/7. This exclusive resource will Includes 8-10 web broadcasts annually which are available to the board, superintendent and staff of subscribing districts.

STEM 2.0: Transformational Thinking About STEM for School Leaders

Join technology forecaster and international consultant Jim Brazell as he offers a conceptual framework designed to help school board members understand STEM as it relates to educational transformation through innovation. Hear about successful districts and model programs that have embraced STEM and get a glimpse of the emerging trends that should inform the nature of any district’s future STEM strategies. Gain a deeper understanding of how these innovative STEM programs are transforming learning, impacting future careers, and contributing to economic development in their communities.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
470
Views on SlideShare
417
Embed Views
53

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0

3 Embeds 53

http://www.ventureramp.com.usrfiles.com 49
http://static.usrfiles.com 2
http://htmlcomponentservice.appspot.com 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/ <br /> LG SPUT IMAGE <br /> « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8 <br /> October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born » <br /> Ads by GoogleSputnik <br /> Huge selection, great deals on <br /> Sputnik items. <br /> Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver <br /> Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth <br /> On Your Desktop. Free Download! <br /> www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth <br /> The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik. <br /> Wikipedia says: <br /> “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.” <br /> Quotes: <br /> “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder. <br /> The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.” <br /> - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138). <br /> ___________________ <br /> www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm <br /> U-2 Product <br /> SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur <br /> TOP of LAUNCH <br /> IMAGE <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration. <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union&apos;s pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000. <br /> _____________ <br /> Apollo 17 <br /> http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html <br /> Apollo 17 _ 1 <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg <br /> Apollo 17 _ 2 <br /> Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972: <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm <br /> Mars <br /> http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif <br /> Moon <br /> http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg <br /> Kennedy <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif <br /> November 21, 1963 <br /> Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of <br /> Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm <br /> SPACE TEAMS <br /> MCD <br /> KANE <br /> Toursit <br /> Russian <br /> http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814 <br /> U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world&apos;s fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10. <br /> The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday. <br /> Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts&apos; Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin&apos;s historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won&apos;t. Suffice to say, she&apos;s famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange. <br /> In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV) <br /> ___________ <br /> Tito <br /> http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E <br /> MIR <br /> http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg <br /> http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg <br /> RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY <br /> HAWKING <br /> http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg <br /> Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews. <br /> KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig&apos;s disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O&apos;Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking&apos;s aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic&apos;s space service. Additional information from source: <br /> No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. <br /> Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA) <br /> Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11 <br /> Zero Gravity&apos;s price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party. <br /> From the Go Zero G Website: <br /> The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable. <br /> Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13. <br /> Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building. <br /> http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/ <br /> LG SPUT IMAGE <br /> « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born »October 4, 1957 - the Russian’s launch Sputnik <br /> Ads by GoogleSputnik <br /> Huge selection, great deals on <br /> Sputnik items. <br /> Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver <br /> Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth <br /> On Your Desktop. Free Download! <br /> www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth <br /> The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik. <br /> Wikipedia says: <br /> “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.” <br /> Quotes: <br /> “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder. <br /> The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.” <br /> - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138). <br /> ___________________ <br /> www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm <br /> U-2 Product <br /> SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur <br /> TOP of LAUNCH <br /> IMAGE <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration. <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union&apos;s pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000. <br /> _____________ <br /> Apollo 17 <br /> http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html <br /> Apollo 17 _ 1 <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg <br /> Apollo 17 _ 2 <br /> Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972: <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm <br /> Mars <br /> http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif <br /> Moon <br /> http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg <br /> Kennedy <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif <br /> November 21, 1963 <br /> Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of <br /> Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm <br /> SPACE TEAMS <br /> MCD <br /> KANE <br /> Toursit <br /> Russian <br /> http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814 <br /> U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world&apos;s fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10. <br /> The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday. <br /> Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts&apos; Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin&apos;s historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won&apos;t. Suffice to say, she&apos;s famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange. <br /> In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV) <br /> ___________ <br /> Tito <br /> http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E <br /> MIR <br /> http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg <br /> http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg <br /> RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY <br /> HAWKING <br /> http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg <br /> Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews. <br /> KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig&apos;s disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O&apos;Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking&apos;s aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic&apos;s space service. Additional information from source: <br /> No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. <br /> Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA) <br /> Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11 <br /> Zero Gravity&apos;s price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party. <br /> From the Go Zero G Website: <br /> The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable. <br /> Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13. <br /> Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building. <br />
  • http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/ <br /> LG SPUT IMAGE <br /> « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8 <br /> October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born » <br /> Ads by GoogleSputnik <br /> Huge selection, great deals on <br /> Sputnik items. <br /> Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver <br /> Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth <br /> On Your Desktop. Free Download! <br /> www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth <br /> The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik. <br /> Wikipedia says: <br /> “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.” <br /> Quotes: <br /> “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder. <br /> The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.” <br /> - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138). <br /> ___________________ <br /> www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm <br /> U-2 Product <br /> SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur <br /> TOP of LAUNCH <br /> IMAGE <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration. <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union&apos;s pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000. <br /> _____________ <br /> Apollo 17 <br /> http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html <br /> Apollo 17 _ 1 <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg <br /> Apollo 17 _ 2 <br /> Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972: <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm <br /> Mars <br /> http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif <br /> Moon <br /> http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg <br /> Kennedy <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif <br /> November 21, 1963 <br /> Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of <br /> Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm <br /> SPACE TEAMS <br /> MCD <br /> KANE <br /> Toursit <br /> Russian <br /> http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814 <br /> U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world&apos;s fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10. <br /> The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday. <br /> Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts&apos; Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin&apos;s historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won&apos;t. Suffice to say, she&apos;s famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange. <br /> In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV) <br /> ___________ <br /> Tito <br /> http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E <br /> MIR <br /> http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg <br /> http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg <br /> RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY <br /> HAWKING <br /> http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg <br /> Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews. <br /> KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig&apos;s disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O&apos;Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking&apos;s aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic&apos;s space service. Additional information from source: <br /> No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. <br /> Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA) <br /> Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11 <br /> Zero Gravity&apos;s price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party. <br /> From the Go Zero G Website: <br /> The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable. <br /> Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13. <br /> Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building. <br /> http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/ <br /> LG SPUT IMAGE <br /> « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born »October 4, 1957 - the Russian’s launch Sputnik <br /> Ads by GoogleSputnik <br /> Huge selection, great deals on <br /> Sputnik items. <br /> Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver <br /> Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth <br /> On Your Desktop. Free Download! <br /> www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth <br /> The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik. <br /> Wikipedia says: <br /> “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.” <br /> Quotes: <br /> “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder. <br /> The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.” <br /> - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138). <br /> ___________________ <br /> www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm <br /> U-2 Product <br /> SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur <br /> TOP of LAUNCH <br /> IMAGE <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration. <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union&apos;s pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000. <br /> _____________ <br /> Apollo 17 <br /> http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html <br /> Apollo 17 _ 1 <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg <br /> Apollo 17 _ 2 <br /> Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972: <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm <br /> Mars <br /> http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif <br /> Moon <br /> http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg <br /> Kennedy <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif <br /> November 21, 1963 <br /> Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of <br /> Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm <br /> SPACE TEAMS <br /> MCD <br /> KANE <br /> Toursit <br /> Russian <br /> http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814 <br /> U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world&apos;s fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10. <br /> The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday. <br /> Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts&apos; Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin&apos;s historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won&apos;t. Suffice to say, she&apos;s famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange. <br /> In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV) <br /> ___________ <br /> Tito <br /> http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E <br /> MIR <br /> http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg <br /> http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg <br /> RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY <br /> HAWKING <br /> http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg <br /> Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews. <br /> KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig&apos;s disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O&apos;Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking&apos;s aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic&apos;s space service. Additional information from source: <br /> No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. <br /> Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA) <br /> Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11 <br /> Zero Gravity&apos;s price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party. <br /> From the Go Zero G Website: <br /> The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable. <br /> Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13. <br /> Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building. <br />
  • http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/ <br /> LG SPUT IMAGE <br /> « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8 <br /> October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born » <br /> Ads by GoogleSputnik <br /> Huge selection, great deals on <br /> Sputnik items. <br /> Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver <br /> Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth <br /> On Your Desktop. Free Download! <br /> www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth <br /> The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik. <br /> Wikipedia says: <br /> “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.” <br /> Quotes: <br /> “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder. <br /> The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.” <br /> - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138). <br /> ___________________ <br /> www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm <br /> U-2 Product <br /> SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur <br /> TOP of LAUNCH <br /> IMAGE <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration. <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union&apos;s pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000. <br /> _____________ <br /> Apollo 17 <br /> http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html <br /> Apollo 17 _ 1 <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg <br /> Apollo 17 _ 2 <br /> Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972: <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm <br /> Mars <br /> http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif <br /> Moon <br /> http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg <br /> Kennedy <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif <br /> November 21, 1963 <br /> Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of <br /> Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm <br /> SPACE TEAMS <br /> MCD <br /> KANE <br /> Toursit <br /> Russian <br /> http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814 <br /> U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world&apos;s fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10. <br /> The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday. <br /> Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts&apos; Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin&apos;s historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won&apos;t. Suffice to say, she&apos;s famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange. <br /> In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV) <br /> ___________ <br /> Tito <br /> http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E <br /> MIR <br /> http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg <br /> http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg <br /> RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY <br /> HAWKING <br /> http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg <br /> Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews. <br /> KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig&apos;s disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O&apos;Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking&apos;s aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic&apos;s space service. Additional information from source: <br /> No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. <br /> Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA) <br /> Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11 <br /> Zero Gravity&apos;s price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party. <br /> From the Go Zero G Website: <br /> The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable. <br /> Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13. <br /> Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building. <br /> http://todayinspacehistory.wordpress.com/2007/10/04/october-4-1957-the-russians-launch-sputnik/ <br /> LG SPUT IMAGE <br /> « October 3, 1962 - Sigma 7 launches into orbit, Mercury-Atlas 8October 5, 1929 - Astronaut Richard Gordon, Jr., is born »October 4, 1957 - the Russian’s launch Sputnik <br /> Ads by GoogleSputnik <br /> Huge selection, great deals on <br /> Sputnik items. <br /> Yahoo.com3D Earth Screensaver <br /> Watch Realistic Animated 3D Earth <br /> On Your Desktop. Free Download! <br /> www.CrawlerTools.com/3DEarth <br /> The modern space age was birthed on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet’s launched the first man-made object to orbit the Earth, Sputnik. <br /> Wikipedia says: <br /> “Sputnik 1 was launched on October 4, 1957. The satellite was 58 cm (about 23 in) in diameter and weighed approximately 83.6 kg (about 183 lb). Each of its elliptical orbits around the Earth took about 96 minutes. Monitoring of the satellite was done by Amateur radio operators. The first long-range flight of the R-7 booster used to launch it had occurred on August 21 and was described in Aviation Week. Sputnik 1 was not visible from Earth but the casing of the R-7 booster, traveling behind it, was.” <br /> Quotes: <br /> “Both countries [Russia and the United States] knew that preeminence in space was a condition of their national security. That conviction gave both countries a powerful incentive to strive and compete. The Soviets accomplished many important firsts, and this gave us a great incentive to try harder. <br /> The space program also accomplished another vital function in that it kept us out of a hot war. It gave us a way to compete technologically, compete as a matter of national will. It may have even prevented World War III, with all the conflict and fighting focused on getting to the moon first, instead of annihilating each other. There’s no evidence of that, but as eyewitness to those events, I think that’s what happened.” <br /> - American astronaut Scott Carpenter quoted in Into that Silent Sea (p. 138). <br /> ___________________ <br /> www.globalsecurity.org/.../imint/u-2_tt.htm <br /> U-2 Product <br /> SS-6 / Sputnik Launch Pad, Baikonur <br /> TOP of LAUNCH <br /> IMAGE <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> However, another event that occurred in the Soviet Union in 1960 is generally recognized as the single greatest disaster in the history of rocketry. The event was not directly related to manned space flight, but to the development of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). In the early days of space flight, both the US and Soviet space programs were very much intertwined with the development of ICBMs. These vehicles were designed to launch nuclear warheads over great distances, leaving no part of the world safe from the threat of nuclear destruction. However, the technologies pioneered for these weapons of war served a secondary purpose of providing the first generation of rockets for space exploration. <br /> Sputnik on the launch pad being prepared for liftoff <br /> In fact, the early flights of Sputnik and Yuri Gagarin in the USSR as well as those of Explorer I and John Glenn in the US were all conducted using modified ballistic missiles. The primary Soviet launch vehicle of the period was the R-7 rocket, modified versions of which are still used even today for most Russian space flights. The R-7 was originally developed as an ICBM under the direction of Sergei Korolev, the Soviet Union&apos;s pre-eminent rocket designer of the day. The R-7 successfully completed a number of test flights between 1957 and 1959, including launching the first two artificial satellites. While only four examples of the R-7 were ever deployed as ballistic missiles from 1960 to 1968, the same basic design has remained in use throughout the Russian space program. Modern variants of the R-7 continue to launch satellites as well as manned Soyuz flights, and the type had achieved a success rate of nearly 98% in over 1,600 launches by the year 2000. <br /> _____________ <br /> Apollo 17 <br /> http://www.phys.ncku.edu.tw/~astrolab/mirrors/apod/ap031109.html <br /> Apollo 17 _ 1 <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/GPN-2000-001876.jpg <br /> Apollo 17 _ 2 <br /> Apollo 17 launch, December 17, 1972: <br /> http://xpda.com/junkmail/junk162/junk162.htm <br /> Mars <br /> http://whyfiles.org/194spa_travel/images/mars.gif <br /> Moon <br /> http://www.rc-astro.com/php/phpthumb/cache/phpThumb_cache_rc-astro.com_srcfadbb9057f0dac8e921d1bffc3590ce0_par0ddf367c5f01d9ba090bf356b6761f52_dat1168633826.jpeg <br /> Kennedy <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.gif <br /> November 21, 1963 <br /> Dedication Ceremony of the New Facilities of the School of <br /> Aerospace Medicine at Brooks Air Force Base, Texas <br /> http://www.historicaldocuments.com/JohnFKennedysLastSpeech.htm <br /> SPACE TEAMS <br /> MCD <br /> KANE <br /> Toursit <br /> Russian <br /> http://science.qj.net/Microsoft-billionaire-joins-ISS-bound-Russian-space-flight/pg/49/aid/88814 <br /> U.S. software mogul Charles Simonyi became the world&apos;s fifth space tourist - "space flight participant," as officials call them - to go into orbit. Simonyi, who helped developed Microsoft Word, paid US$ 25M for the opportunity to join the crew of the Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-10. <br /> The 58-year-old Hungary-born billionaire is making a 12-day round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). Joining him on the trip were Russian cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov of the 15th ISS crew. The spacecraft Simonyi and the Russian cosmonauts lifted off from the Bainokur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 11:31 P.M. local time (1:31 P.M. EDT). They are due to dock with the ISS on Monday. <br /> Simonyi will be treating the current occupants of the ISS to a gourmet meal three days after arriving at the space station. The meal will be held in honor of Cosmonauts&apos; Day, the Russian holiday commemorating Yuri Gagarin&apos;s historic 1961 space flight. Everybody else mentioned who prepared the meal so we won&apos;t. Suffice to say, she&apos;s famous, knows her way around a house, and looked good in orange. <br /> In this Associated Press photo: In this image made from NASA-TV, U.S. billionaire Charles Simonyi, front row right, flips upside down during a news conference after he, Fyodor Yurchikhin, left, and Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kotov, front center, docked at the international space station Monday, April 9, 2007. A Russian-built Soyuz capsule carrying the American billionaire who helped develop Microsoft Word docked at the international space station late Monday, to the earthbound applause of Martha Stewart and others at Mission Control. In the back row, Commander Michael Lopez-Alegria can be seen. (AP Photo/NASA TV) <br /> ___________ <br /> Tito <br /> http://cache.viewimages.com/xc/1310822.jpg?v=1&c=ViewImages&k=2&d=17A4AD9FDB9CF1939057D9939C83F106174681002B4CEC415A5397277B4DC33E <br /> MIR <br /> http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/people/images/inset-LucidS-5-large.jpg <br /> http://csatweb.csatolna.hu/tagok/csa/mars/rover.jpg <br /> RICHS TECHNOLOGY CAMERA - BODY <br /> HAWKING <br /> http://gozerog.com/images/Hawking_001.jpg <br /> Public Domain. Suggested credit: NASA or National Aeronautics and Space Administration via pingnews. <br /> KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- Noted physicist Stephen Hawking (center) enjoys zero gravity during a flight aboard a modified Boeing 727 aircraft owned by Zero Gravity Corp. (Zero G). Hawking, who suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig&apos;s disease) is being rotated in air by (right) Peter Diamandis, founder of the Zero G Corp., and (left) Byron Lichtenberg, former shuttle payload specialist and now president of Zero G. Kneeling below Hawking is Nicola O&apos;Brien, a nurse practitioner who is Hawking&apos;s aide. At the celebration of his 65th birthday on January 8 this year, Hawking announced his plans for a zero-gravity flight to prepare for a sub-orbital space flight in 2009 on Virgin Galactic&apos;s space service. Additional information from source: <br /> No copyright protection is asserted for this photograph. If a recognizable person appears in this photograph, use for commercial purposes may infringe a right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by NASA employees of a commercial product, process or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and copy be submitted to NASA prior to release. <br /> Source Physicist Stephen Hawking in Zero Gravity (NASA) <br /> Date April 27, 2007 at 22:11 <br /> Zero Gravity&apos;s price tag for the daylong tour is $2,950, which includes preflight training and a postflight party. <br /> From the Go Zero G Website: <br /> The once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to fly like Superman can now be yours. Train with an expert coach, board our specially modified aircraft, G-FORCE ONE, and experience the unforgettable. <br /> Experience zero gravity the only way possible without going to space. Parabolic flight is the same method NASA has used to train its astronauts for the last 45 years and the same way Tom Hanks floated in Apollo 13. <br /> Book a seat on one of our regular flights conveniently based in Las Vegas, Nevada and at the Kennedy Space Center, near Orlando, Florida. The aircraft is also available for charter flights anywhere in the United States for groups, incentive trips, parties or team building. <br />
  • McDermott&apos;s Contributions to San Antonio <br /> http://www.anbhf.org/laureates/mcdermott.html <br /> In a tribute to Robert McDermott recently, Mayor Henry Cisneros of San Antonio stated that "when the economic history of San Antonio in the 1980s is written, the most influential individual will be him (McDermott)" [4]. After his arrival in San Antonio, McDermott was selected as President of the Greater San Antonio Chamber of Commerce. In this position he initiated the San Antonio Economic Development Council which began a drive to bring business development into San Antonio. When the Hispanic population felt they were not being included, McDermott founded United San Antonio which pulled all the disparate community groups together. In the 1980s he was responsible for getting an undergraduate engineering program at the University of Texas at San Antonio first and later graduate programs in the sciences. With this groundwork laid, he began moving in a formal sense to make San Antonio a biotechnology center for the future. He founded the Texas Research and Technology Foundation, which was established to develop a Texas Research Park. He also helped arrange for the first major gift of $15,000,000 for the park from H. Ross Perot. Today he is regarded as the key influential business leader in San Antonio. In addition to his personal contributions, McDermott believes that USAA should be a corporate good citizen, and it has been so. USAA&apos;s Volunteer Corps gave over 30m000 volunteer hours to San Antonio just last year and USA is the city&apos;s largest private-sector United Way contributor. Although USAA employees constitute only 2% of San Antonio&apos;s work force, they contributed 10% of the total monies collected by United Way. <br /> Brigadier General Robert F. McDermott and USAA - Service Plus Ethics Equals Success Dreamers and doers rarely come in the same package. The historical record is replete with figures who seem to have extraordinary vision, but who are unable to make their dreams come into reality. On the other hand, there are many who have been able to execute the ideas of others, but who do not seem to be able to think in broad terms bout the future. Recent historical scholarship placed John F. Kennedy in the first category and Lyndon Baines Johnson in the second. Robert F. McDermott, Chairman and CEO of USAA is one of the rare individuals who have brilliant conceptual ideas an who have been able to put them into operation. The First Career Prior to becoming CEO of USAA, McDermott had already demonstrated these traits while serving on active duty in the Air Force as the first permanent Dean of the newly founded USAF Academy. Upon assuming his position, the new Dean wished to make the Academy a premier undergraduate academic institution, as well as developer of professional military officers and leaders. He wished to attract first-rate applicants chosen without regard to political connections and to challenge them to meet their potential. He introduced sweeping innovations by overcoming opposition from the military establishment, particularly at West Point and Annapolis, political insiders in Washington, and those who wanted no change at all. The changes included introducing over 25 academic majors, setting up cooperative Master&apos;s degree programs with outstanding institutions, building a first class library, faculty and staff, and introducing the "whole man" admission program with little regard to political connections. All this resulted in McDermott getting the Air Force Academy accredited by the North Central Association prior to its first class graduating. This was an unheard of accomplishment. When he retired in 1968, the other military academies were already changing curriculum and procedures to match the newest of the academies. At a ceremony at West Point in 1989, the Superintendent of the US Air Force Academy, Lt. General Charles Hamm, referred to McDermott as the Sylvanus Thayer of the twentieth century, crediting McDermott with bringing all US service academies "into the twentieth century" [6]. USAA - The McDermott Infrastructure With his outstanding reputation as an insurance scholar developed through his teaching and two published books, his solid academic preparation including an MBA from Harvard, and his national reputation as a visionary, organizer, leader and manager, he came to USAA as an Executive Vice President in July of 1968. Over the next six months he would observe all facets of USAA&apos;s operation and begin formulating his visions for the future of USAA. When he assumed the role of President and CEO of USAA on January 1, 1969, the company was in good shape overall. Serving the auto property and casualty insurance needs of active duty officers since 1922, it had a solid reputation and had penetrated 70% of its potential market. It also provided homeowners insurance in some states and had just begun offering a basic life insurance policy. The members (USAA is actually a reciprocal insurance exchange - a member-owned cooperative if you will) were basically happy and contented with their company. On the face of it, it would not seem that a new man could do a great deal better than was already being done, but McDermott had observed much during his six-month orientation. While the small company was doing well and had assets of $200,000,000, it was doing well with increasing difficulty. Although basically solid financially, the Board had accorded the departing President "special recognition" by raising the annual dividend to all the members to a new high. This put the previous president in a rosy glow, but placed USAA in a hazardous cash position. One of McDermott&apos;s first acts was to cancel the "extra" dividend which created immediate unrest among the members, but which was necessary if the company were to get through a temporary financial crisis. It did. In the operating levels of USAA, McDermott noted many problems. The approximately 3,000 employees (over 90% women) did not like the work at all, and the annual turnover rate of 43% made this clear. To initiate a new automobile insurance [policy required 55 different steps at 55 different desks. Some of these simple steps were mind deadening, like pulling staples or unsealing envelops. The operation required moving files up and down seven different floors, and claims and underwriting maintained separate records on each member. At each desk were shelves and bins piled high with records requiring some action or awaiting filing. So confusing was the operation and so many records misplaced that a crew of dozens of college students searched for missing records every night in order to return them to where they were needed. Most employees felt that USAA was a good place to start, but few wanted to remain there and a career was unthinkable. The employees had little education and less loyalty to USAA. It was clear to McDermott that if USAA were to be a truly great company, sweeping changes would have to occur. Gathering with him a small number of those he brought on board and a few incumbents, he held a serious long-range planning meeting at the American Management Association&apos;s Conference Center in Hamilton, New York to set the future course for USAA. At this meeting and, to a lesser extent, those of the next two years, he began to reveal his goals for the future. On the operational side he challenged USAA to become a "paperless" insurance company, which seemed unreachable at the time. He committed USAA fully to use the newest technology to improve the operation and to make employees&apos; jobs more meaningful. As a result, he was certain productivity would rise. He challenged the company to work through a myriad of state regulations and laws to enable USAA to provide automobile and property insurance to all members in all states. As far as employees were concerned, McDermott wanted sweeping changes to orient employees to provide better and more ethical service to the members. He proposed to accomplish this by developing a "corporate culture" that would provide an ethical, and service-oriented foundation that would permeate the entire company. He instituted the USAA Creed which charged members and employees to serve "each other with integrity and dependability" [25]. The goal in handling auto claims would be not to pay as little as possible and still satisfy the member, but to exercise "the highest standards of ethical and professional conduct while transacting claims business" [24]. Providing timely and responsive service with integrity and ethical conduct would build member faith and strengthen USAA for future growth. Training on ethical conduct became a staple in new employee orientation and all training courses. He even sought a new logo to give the company a more solid and a more modern look. McDermott recognized that a corporate culture in itself would not work without building pride among the employees. He challenged USAA to build new employment incentives including pay and other benefits. He pushed the Board of Directors in the direction of building a new facility to house all of USAA to increase efficiency and to give the employees more pride. Perhaps most important of all, he insisted programs be developed to encourage each employee to grow to his or her maximum potential. During McDermott&apos;s first few years, dozens of changes swept over USAA and its employees. The pattern for the larger changes was similar - first the vision, followed by long and short-range plans to accomplish the task. Then specialists, often outside consultants, would help in the development of operational ideas and selection of equipment. At the same time, intelligent, hard-working individuals were placed in charge of the projects and were given latitude to build teams and develop the operation programs. At almost the same juncture, plans were made to train affected employees and to prepare them physically and psychologically for the changes. These efforts tended to bring in innovations more quickly than expected with strong acceptance by the employees themselves. The results were more efficiency, productivity, and pride in a job done better than before. A typical example was the introduction of a computer system designed to produce multi-car policies. Today, all companies issue policies that list all the cars owned by a family. In 1969, each car had its own policy. The administrative work required to produce these policies was labor-intensive and expensive. With the introduction of a multi-car computer software system, all vehicles were listed on one policy. Just this change enabled USAA to increase its productivity enormously, deleting hundreds of manpower spaces in one year. A second benefit of this new system was to spread the auto renewal periods throughout the year. This enabled USAA to level out the workload and make more efficient use of available manpower. Over time, the development of USAA&apos;s gigantic information systems continually increased productivity and enabled it to provide better service to the members. At the present time, USAA has the largest IBM facility in the United States in terms of the numbers of transactions completed daily. The statistical growth is shown in Appendix 1, but does not really show what it means to the company today. Whereas issuing a policy in 1969 took 55 steps and an inordinate amount of time, today one Policy Service employee handles the entire transaction using his or her computer screen and the policy is on its way to the member in three days or less. This effort was highlighted recently in the February 13, 1989 issue of Fortune magazine [1]. Today, McDermott&apos;s earliest visions of leading-edge technology continue to unfold. Still working toward a "paperless" environment, USAA had been working on the development of imaging techniques. After a short experiment with 3M in 1984, McDermott convinced John Akers, CEO of IBM, to work with USAA in development and execution of the image-processing system. Working as partners, USA and IBM computer specialists and engineers were successful. In late 1988, John Akers came to USAA to cut the ribbon and see the new system in operation. Very simply, a document, such as a police report is given the USAA number and entered into the computer system by a process resembling a data fax to the casual observer. Only in this case the document is stored on an optical disk and is ready for recall at any of USAA&apos;s image computer screens in a split second. By the spring of 1989 USAA had all policy service documents on optical disks rendering the millions of pieces of paper expendable. After everything is entered on the optical disks, lost documents and misplaced files will become folklore instead of reality. McDermott&apos;s effort in improving his work force and pushing USAA into leading edge technology have combined into what Ed Yourdon called in the February 1989 issue of American Programmer one of the extremely rare "Exemplary Data Processing Organizations" in the country [26]. He pointed out how much "influence an exemplary CEO can have in the creation and motivation of an exemplary data processing organization." Improving the Work Force One of McDermott&apos;s earliest visions had been to improve working conditions by developing a new facility able to house all USAA employees under one roof. In 1969 he personally looked over properties. He rejected sites convenient to the city center where most employees lived and selected a site in the undeveloped northwest part of the city. He talked the Board of Directors into authorizing the purchase of 286 acres. He wanted good access for the employees and to build a campus-like setting. He wanted room for growth and did not want others encroaching upon USAA itself or its view. Today, the USAA property sits in the center of the fastest-growing area of the city and the value of the property has escalated like the population of San Antonio. As far as the building itself was concerned, McDermott wanted it to be a place where the employees would be proud and happy to work. He wanted the principal aesthetic costs concentrated on the interior and not the exterior. When completed in 1975, it turned out to be a state-of-the-art building for 1989 and was, and still is, the second largest horizontal office building in the country. All the flooring is "computer flooring" enabling the thousands of miles of computer and telephone wiring to be out of sight and to make internal moves easy and economical. The building has a center spine and on the main floor, three different courtyards where the employees can relax body and mind. Each courtyard has a different theme providing additional aesthetic beauty. The work areas themselves have cubicles including telephones and a computer terminal and are located adjacent to the courtyards for breaks. The building also contains other amenities to increase the comfort of the employees. Included is a company store to purchase sundry items, a ticket counter to purchase discounted tickets to San Antonio attractions, a contract post office, a health clinic, exercise gymnasium and outstanding cafeterias. Getting good employees to come to USAA was only one step. Retention of good employees was the next. To assist in both these tasks, McDermott introduced programs to improve the physical well being and health of the employees and to help them develop to achieve their individual potential as well. Building and maintaining the physical well being of the USAA employees has been a multi-faceted program. In 1972, McDermott convinced the USAA Board of Directors to incorporate a physical fitness center into the new building. The resultant 9,700 square foot center houses lockers, saunas, steam rooms, cardiovascular treadmills and exercise bicycles, a Nordic skier and rowing machines. Two professional exercise physiologists monitor the individual exercise programs. Almost 2,000 employees participate in the center&apos;s programs. Outside the building are 35 acres devoted to fitness activity areas which include five miles of jogging trails winding through the trees, a multi-purpose soccer field, softball fields, basketball and volleyball courts, and tennis courts. All are equipped with lights for evening use. This year almost 3,000 employees participated in various intramural sports leagues. The fitness and athletic program is balanced by a first-class health service staff and program. Its eight registered nurses provide a complete health-oriented program for employees. Among the programs conducted are brown-bag health seminars, free allergy and flue immunizations, on-site mammograms, free diabetes, hypertension and cholesterol testing and an annual Health Fair. The Health Services staff also provides smoking cessation training which was of significant help when McDermott phased in a "no smoking" policy in all USAA buildings. At the present time, smoking is authorized in only a few lounges and a small section of the cafeterias, with the goal to eliminate all smoking by the end of 1990. Free comprehensive physical examinations are provided to employees over 50 years of age. Confidential employee counseling is also provided. In 1980 alone, the counselors served over 3,000 employees. Part of the counseling service also includes information on area childcare facilities. Other wellness incentives include low-priced "Treat Yourself Right" menus in the cafeteria which encourage good eating habits and a full-time safety director who insures employees have safe working areas and equipment. One result of the employees perceiving that USAA cares for them and that USAA is actually making things healthier and safer for them, is USAA&apos;s absentee rate which is 45% below the national average. Helping individuals meet their potential have been the highly successful USAA education and training programs. Soon after McDermott arrived at USAA, he decided to centralize training and education and brought on board a professional educator to do it. McDermott&apos;s programs had two great impacts. First, there was visible improvem <br /> But there are many ways insurers&apos; costs can be reduced through more efficient operation, and through more effective advocacy of health and safety programs. Some companies, like USAA in San Antonio, operate much more efficiently than the industry average. According to NICO (National Insurance Consumer Organization -a Nader group) auto insurance rates would drop by an average of 17% nationally if all companies were as efficient as USAA. And USAA provides a 14% dividend to its cooperative owners [11]. <br /> In testimony before the same committee, Harvey Rosenfield, the author of California&apos;s Proposition 103 also had positive words for USAA in contrast to other insurers: <br /> Moreover, a huge portion of the premium dollar goes to waste and inefficiency on a massive level. For example, according to Best Aggregates and Averages (1988) 23 cents of every dollar of auto insurance Fireman&apos;s Fund wrote in 1987 went to claims adjustments and defense lawyers&apos; fees and 28.9 cents went to agent&apos;s commissions, executive salaries and other overhead expenses. Contrast that with USAA, a company which itself does exceptionally well in the insurance business and is appreciated by its customers for its excellent service. It paid 12.3 cents per premium dollar to its lawyers, and 6.9 cents per dollar to overhead [15]. <br /> USAA has continued to provide service to its members with integrity and distinction, but also has consistently made profits to protect the members&apos; interests and to keep products at a level as inexpensive as possible. In Appendix 1 is a chart which dramatizes the tremendous growth in USAA under General McDermott from the end of 1968 to 1988. As this article goes into publications, the dramatic growth has continued in all the areas noted. For example, USAA&apos;s owned and managed assets now exceed 16 billion dollars and USAA has almost 13,000 employees. A National Leader for Automobile Safety McDermott has long been a proponent of vehicle safety. For over a decade he has worked with automobile manufacturers, insurance institutes, private sector businesses, local and national politicians, and the media to secure improved automobile safety equipment and better safety legislation for the country. To this end, he has also initiated two separate safety campaigns, one in 1982 and one in 1988. These addressed the problem of deaths, injuries and property damage incurred through unsafe driving and inadequate safety technology. General McDermott held a national press conference on safety in Washington, D.C. on January 5, 1982.. He also made an appearance on the McNeil-Lehrer Report on the next night. During the interview, he further touted the use of passive restraints and called for prompt governmental acceptance of more rigid safety standards for automobiles. During the 1982 safety campaign, McDermott made history by making USAA the first insurance company to publish a comprehensive report on the comparative safety of domestic and foreign automobiles. The report, produced in conjunction with the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (HHS), showed the statistical results of actual automobile crashes involving injuries and deaths. It listed which automobiles were most "crashworthy," and which were more likely to cause injury or death in a crash [10]. Another aspect of the first safety campaign was General McDermott&apos;s testimony at the November 28, 1983, Department of Transportation Hearing in Los Angeles, California. The thrust of his testimony was to point out the indecisiveness and ambivalence with which the government has treated auto safety by not mandating better passive restraint technology - air bangs in particular -- to automobile manufacturers. As not only an insurance company executive, but also a father and grandfather, he implored haste in implementing improved safety legislation and recommended "a pragmatic, action-oriented approach to get passive restraint technology into existing cars and built into the net generation of automobiles" [9]. An even more extensive and far-reaching safety campaign known as DRIVE SMART was sanctioned by General McDermott in 1988. At the campaign kickoff on Wednesday, March 30, 1988 at a press conference in Washington, D.C., General McDermott announced that USAA would imitate the most extensive package of auto insurance discounts and incentives ever offered [3]. These incentives and discounts were recognized by then-Secretary of Transportation Jim Burnley as bellwether actions in corporate leadership. He stated in a message at the press conference, "I am delighted to say that General Robert F. McDermott, Chairman of the United Services Automobile Association, has accepted the challenge and in turn is setting the standard for the insurance industry. This is not only a fine example of private sector initiative, but of the leadership industry can provide and credibility it can lend in developing public support for new safety technology. " Ralph Nader also stated that "USAA was setting the pace for Allstate, State Farm, Travelers and others" [12]. Included in USAA&apos;s program were an Air Bag Safety Bonus and Air Bag Replacement Guarantee, an Air Bag Premium Discount, a Child Safety Seat Discount, an Anti-Lock Brake Discount and other incentives as well. The DRIVE SMART campaign began in San Antonio, Texas, in early April and will continue through 1989 and beyond. In the campaign, USAA spearheads a group of 35 business, community, educational and religious organizations pledging to commit time and resources to reduce traffic injuries and fatalities on American roads. The purpose of the campaign is multi-dimensional, informing people on the four general topics including responsible driving, the use of restraints, proper vehicle maintenance, and buying "smart cars" - cars with the latest safety features. To this end, General McDermott authorized USAA&apos;s development of a variety of materials and services to support the campaign. These included billboards, bench ads, taxi and bus ad boards, safety-related videotapes, dozens of public service announcements (PSAs) for radio and television, posters, brochures, bumper stickers, decals and safety displays. Many of the materials were produced in English and Spanish to widen their audience appeal. These materials were also made available without USAA logos so that organizations could use their own logos or message. USAA made these available at no cost to any organization willing to promote the idea of automobile safety. Soon the campaign took on a statewide and nationwide focus. The Texas Highway Department adopted the theme and expanded it to DRIVE SMART TEXAS, placing DRIVE SMART TEXAS signs near entrances and exits of high-traffic areas in the state. Through the cooperation of some business sector participants (e.g. Taco Bell and 7-Eleven), the campaign entered regional and national markets through television advertising and distribution of USAA-produced DRIVE SMART materials at their locations. Public service ads in magazines were then focused toward both military and civilian communities throughout the country. McDermott carried the safety message personally to a national audience in September 1988 when he keynoted the second National Injury Control Conference. The conference was sponsored by the U.S. Center for Disease Control, and about 500 physicians, researchers and educators attended. Additionally, a USAA-sponsored DRIVE SMART AMERICA display appeared at both the National Conference of State Legislatures in Reno, Nevada, and the U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce 1988 National Convention in Washington, D.C. for the purpose of enhancing political interest on safety issues. In all, a total of over 6.5 billion nationwide media impressions for DRIVE SMART were made in 1988. In January of 1989, Diane Stead, Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration wrote a letter to McDermott. In it she said she wished "to personally commend you on the actions taken by USAA throughout the year to increase the safety of our nation&apos;s motoring public" [22]. McDermott&apos;s Contributions to San Antonio In a tribute to Robert McDermott recently, Mayor Henry Cisneros of San Antonio stated that "when the economic history of San Antonio in the 1980s is written, the most influential individual will be him (McDermott)" [4]. After his arrival in San Antonio, McDermott was selected as President of the Greater San Antonio Chamber of Commerce. In this position he initiated the San Antonio Economic Development Council which began a drive to bring business development into San Antonio. When the Hispanic population felt they were not being included, McDermott founded United San Antonio which pulled all the disparate community groups together. In the 1980s he was responsible for getting an undergraduate engineering program at the University of Texas at San Antonio first and later graduate programs in the sciences. With this groundwork laid, he began moving in a formal sense to make San Antonio a biotechnology center for the future. He founded the Texas Research and Technology Foundation, which was established to develop a Texas Research Park. He also helped arrange for the first major gift of $15,000,000 for the park from H. Ross Perot. Today he is regarded as the key influential business leader in San Antonio. In addition to his personal contributions, McDermott believes that USAA should be a corporate good citizen, and it has been so. USAA&apos;s Volunteer Corps gave over 30m000 volunteer hours to San Antonio just last year and USA is the city&apos;s largest private-sector United Way contributor. Although USAA employees constitute only 2% of San Antonio&apos;s work force, they contributed 10% of the total monies collected by United Way. Promulgating Ethical Ideals In addition to what McDermott has done to instill a system of corporate ethics and to integrate it into normal business activity, he has made two other major contributions as well. He is the Chairman of the International Leadership Center Foundation in Dallas. This Foundation supports Leadership America, recognized as the premier off-campus leadership training program for college students in the country. The mission of the Foundation has four principal parts: -Providing ideas, advice and personal involvement to aid the Center in broadening the vision of current and emerging leaders by improving their leadership capabilities; -Formulating policies that insure excellence in all Center activities; -Promulgating high traditional American moral and ethical values that underlie successful leadership through all Foundation and Center activities; -Designing, developing and implementing plans that insure the financial stability and growth of the International Leadership Center. Participating students have all agreed that the Leadership America Program ahs had a major impact upon them because it shows the importance of ethics and values as a foundation for leadership. As a second major action, USAA is underwriting a series of four nationally-televised programs under the title "Raising Good Kids in Bad Times." Produced by Emmy Award-winning producer Arnold Shapiro, the first program, "See Dick and Jane Lie, Cheat and Steal: Teaching Morality to Kids," will air on U.S. Commercial stations in April. Tom Selleck will host the program. Other films will include "The Truth About Teaching," hosted by Whoopi Goldberg, "The American Dream Contest," hosted by Michael Landon, "New & Improved Kids," with Loni Anderson, and James Garner holding the reins on "Take Me to your Leaders." The series has already been contracted by over 98% of the national television market. Robert F. McDermott&apos;s achievements in his chosen careers and his efforts on behalf of the insurance and financial services industry, his community and our society and nation resulted in his selection to the American National Business Hall of Fame in 1989. His achievements underline that personal ethical conduct, integrity and respect for God and country provide a foundation for success when carried into the world of business. *This article by Paul T. Ringenbach was originally published in The Journal of Business Leadership, Volume 3, Number 2, Summer 1990. *Copyright 1990. The American National Business Hall of Fame. All rights reserved. No portion of ANBHF may be duplicated, redistributed or manipulated without the expressed permission of the ANBHF. REFERENCES 1. Alster, Norm. (1989, February 13). What flexible workers can do. Fortune, p. 64.2. Best&apos;s Insurance Reports. (1989). USAA received an A+ (Superior) rating in Best&apos;s Property-Casualty (p. 2625) and Life-Health (p. 2264). Oldwich, NJ: AM Best Company.3. Burnley, James. (Secretary of Transportation). (1988, March 30). [Remarks at a press conference to announce the beginning of the DRIVE SMART safety campaign.] Washington, D.C.4. Cisneros, Henry. (Mayor of San Antonio). (1988, October 6). [Remarks given at the dedication of USAA Towers]. San Antonio, Texas.5. Elkind, Peter. (1987, Spring). McDermott&apos;s mission. Best of Business, p. 8-15.6. Hamm, Lt. General Charles R. (Superintendent of the U.S> Air Force Academy). (1988, November 4). {Remarks at the dedication of Arnold Auditorium, United States Military Academy]. West Point, New York.7. IDC Financial Publications, Inc. (1989, February). S&L - Savings Bank Financial Quarterly, p. 82.8. Mack, Toni. (1988, July 25). They have faith in us. Forbes, p. 82.9. McDermott, Robert F. (Chairman USAA). (1983, November 28). [Testimony before the California Department of Transportation]. Los Angeles, California.10. McDermott, Robert F. (1982, January 19). Americans are dying for better gas mileage. Wall Street Journal, p. 13.11. Nader, Ralph. (Founder of Public Interest Research Group). (1988, December 6). [Testimony before the Commerce, Consumer Protection and Competitiveness Sub-Committee, U.S. House of Representatives]. Washington, D.C.12. Nader, Ralph. (Founder of the Center for Auto Safety). (1988, March 20). [Response to the announcement of USAA safety incentives]. Washington, D.C.13. Nussbaum, Bruce, et. Al. (1985, January 21). The new corporate elite. Business Week, p. 63.14. Reich, Kenneth (1988, June 7). USAA again ranks first in satisfaction on auto insurance. Los Angeles Times, p. 3.15. Rosenfield Harvey. (Architect of California&apos;s Proposition 103). (1988, December 6). [Testimony before the Commerce, Consumer Protection and Competitiveness Sub-Committee, U.S. House of Representatives]. Washington, D.C.16. Staff. (1970, June). Consumer Reports, p. 433.17. Staff. (1977, June). Consumer Reports, p. 377.18. Staff. (1980, September). Consumer Reports, p. 543.19. Staff. (1984, September). Consumer Reports, p. 508.20. Staff. (1988, October). Which companies offer better service? Consumer Reports, p. 628.21. Staff. (1989, February/March). Twenty-first century mail communications system on-line at insurance concern. Mail: The Journal of Mail Distribution, p. 16-17.15.22. Stead, Diane. (Administrator of the National Highway Safety Administration). (1989, January). [Letter to Robert F. McDermott, USAA]. San Antonio, Texas.23. Turco, Frank. (1988, March 24). Ratio of complaints against 19 insurers stirs state scrutiny. Arizona Republic, p. c7.24. USAA Public Affairs Department. (1985). A mission of trust: USAA Corporate culture. (San Antonio, Texas: USAA Publishing Services.25. USAA Strategic Planning and Analysis. (1988). Strategic planning guidance document. (San Antonio, Texas: USAA Publishing Services.26. Yourdon, Ed. (1989, February 2). Exemplary data processing organizations. American Programmer, p. 26.27. Zemke, Ron, Shaaf, Dick (1989). The service edge. (Foreword by Tom Peters). New York: New American Library. <br /> nt in the service USAA could provide to its members because of the improved education and training the employees received. Second, was the great morale factor it proved to be. McDermott began off-duty educational programs offered in USAA facilities and paid 100% tuition reimbursement for employees attending colleges and university courses. It did not stop there. He also paid for professional development courses leading to professional designations such as CLU (Chartered Life Underwriter) and CPCU (Chartered Property and Casualty Underwriter). McDermott&apos;s centralized training concept has provided USAA with a broad diversity of training from entry-level training for claims and policy service personnel to management development courses to make technical personnel ready to assume supervisory positions. The Management Information Seminar provides senior managers a forum to learn about other divisions of the company and to mingle with other senior USAA executives and senior managers. The result is a free flow of ideas across divisions to help all the diverse elements be of maximum benefit to each other. USAA Growth and Diversification In the first long-range planning meeting at Hamilton, New York, McDermott had set out his vision of growth for USAA. The first order of business was to strengthen and expand the Property and Casualty business which was the heart of the company. Developing the ethical and service policy and strengthening the employees were critical parts of the foundation for growth as was development of computer systems to support the growth and improved service. USAA expansion in the Property and Casualty area had two parts - expanding the geographical area in which USAA could sell insurance and capturing a larger portion of the targeted market. When McDermott arrived, USAA could sell auto insurance in 48 of 50 states, but was able to sell homeowner policies in only 31 of 50 states. As a reciprocal insurance exchange that sold only to military officers this was a problem. When officers were ordered to states where USAA could not sell, membership suffered. McDermott established a corporate legal staff and charged it with getting USAA licensed for both lines in all states. With this underway, he initiated USAA&apos;s first corporate marketing staff and charged it with bringing in more members. The combination of the two initiatives resulted in USAA being licensed for auto and homeowner policies in all states, and as of the end of 1988, the penetration of the active duty officer market had reached 97%. When one eliminates those who can not be insured, such as those stationed in Warsaw Pact countries, and those without cars, USAA has close to 100% of those active-duty officers it is willing to insure. Today USAA is the 6th largest private automobile and homeowners insurer in the United States. From the beginning, McDermott combined his own sixth sense with those of members&apos; desires to diversify USAA and add lines he believed could be supported. One of the key innovations was his decision to offer automobile and homeowners insurance to children of members through a new USAA subsidiary. With USAA Board of Directors&apos; support, the program went into full swing and is now the fastest growing portion of the Property and Casualty business at USAA. At the end of 1968, USAA had only a small life insurance program in addition to the property and casualty insurance. As result of formal and informal surveys of members, McDermott wished to expand USAA offerings. Under the original bylaws, this was prohibited and so he had to convince the USAA Board of directors to change them to permit diversification. By virtue of his own persuasion and the desires of the membership, the Board reluctantly agreed. Its reluctance stemmed from the tradition-bound mind-set of those wishing to sell property and casualty insurance only. In 1968, USAA stood 504th among American life insurance companies in terms of life insurance in force, but that was soon to change. At that time, USAA offered only whole life insurance policies. Over the years other products were added to the line, and the life insurance ranking climbed slowly at first and then with increasing intensity. Now the USAA Life Insurance Company offers a full range of life insurance products an has added a number of health insurance products as well. In 1976, a line of annuities was also added. Today USAA stands 55th in national raking based on the dollars of ordinary life insurance in force. Success in life insurance led to further entries into the financial services area. Under the USAA Investment Management Company (IMCO), begun in 1983, 12 no-load mutual funds were added over time, each tailored to different member desires and needs. Some of them include money market, growth, tax-exempt, international and precious metals funds. Today, USAA stands 34th in national mutual fund group ranking. In addition to the mutual funds, a real estate division has offered Real Estate Limited Partnerships. Among the youngest of the financial services offerings, the Real Estate Division turned a profit in 1988 and has great future promise. USAA also added a Discount Brokerage, which now numbers 38,000 active accounts and handles stock transfers for IMCO, cutting USAA costs. Almost from his arrival at USAA, McDermott had wanted to open a bank, but various rules and regulations prohibited insurance companies from doing so. In the early 1980s, deregulation of financial institutions and other legal and regulatory provisions made it seem possible for USAA to open a savings and loan institution. In October of 1983, a window of opportunity opened and McDermott moved quickly. On December 30, 1983, USAA capitalized its new savings and loan with $20,000,000 and opened in a renovated trailer building on the USAA property. USAA members joined at a rapid rate. One pundit at the time pointed out that USAA members felt very strongly about the integrity of USAA and its backing of the savings and loan since they sent money to a trailer pointed at the Mexican border. Today, only six years later, the USAA Federal Savings Bank has over $1 billion in assets and has received top marks from independent raters [7]. Another sign of USAA members&apos; strong faith in USAA and what it backs is the USAA Federal Savings Bank&apos;s experience with the MasterCard. USAA sent 240,000 pre-approved credit card applications to members. Industry experts predicted that 10-12% might be a reasonable return based on USAA reputation. In the first couple of months, USAA members returned applications to establish a return rate of over 50%. Today over 1 million USAA MasterCards are in use, and USAA&apos;s national standing is fifth in sales volume for all institutions issuing a MasterCard. USAA purchased another financial institution in Utah in 1988 and opened the FDIC-insured USAA Federal Savings Association with a gold MasterCard following shortly thereafter. In 1988, in another McDermott innovation, USAA opened the USAA Towers, a luxury retirement center in San Antonio. The 23-story, $75,000,000 building has won high ratings from the retired community and the retirement industry. Many of the strides McDermott has made in the financial services area have produced accolades from members and have received praise from a variety of respected financial institutions. In 1987, the Nilson Report and NBC&apos;s Today Show proclaimed the USAA MasterCard as the number one buy in the country. Many of the mutual funds have been praised as excellent investments in national publications such as Fortune and Money. The USAA Federal Savings Bank was given ICD Financial Publishing&apos;s first-ever "perfect" rating for an institution with assets of over $50,000,000[7]. USAA Life Insurance Company has received A.M. Best A+ rating since 1975 and the Property and Casualty Division for much longer [2]. The success of all of these USAA programs has been due to the excellent relationship of mutual trust and confidence built up between USAA and its members based on the ethical conduct and integrity of the customers and the company itself. "Service to the Member" is the watchword continually espoused in USAA and is the clearest expression of USAA&apos;s positive relationship with its members. That "Service to the Member" philosophy implanted by McDermott has continued during USAA&apos;s rapid growth, and a key element of that service is member contact. As a direct-writer, USAA relies primarily on telephone and postal communication with its members. Over the years, McDermott has guided the staff to a communications status - technologically and from the standpoint of efficiency - that ensures members have fast and direct contact with USAA. In 1969, about 99% of USAA&apos;s member contact was by mail. Today USAA relies more on the immediacy of telephone contact. Its employees receive about 17.8 million calls a year, and average daily phone volume is about 65,000 calls. With over 1,000 lines, USAA is the largest single point of termination for WATS lines in the country. Still, USAA continues to rely heavily on use of the mail. It is the nation&apos;s largest direct mailer in terms of sales volume and fifth largest internationally. A staff of more than 450, full- and part-time, handle approximately 27 million incoming and 73 million outgoing pieces of mail annually. Technology, combined with employee morale and esprit de corps, ensures USAA members receive the best possible communications service [21]. How well USAA is doing in providing service to its members can be measured in a number of ways. The steady growth of USAA and success of its diversification efforts are surely one measure. Another are surveys USAA administers to members which show great member satisfaction. It would be easy to write off USAA&apos;s surveys of its own members, but the findings have been confirmed in a number of other places by different institutions. For example, the October 1988 issue of Consumer Reports picked USAA as one of the best three companies in the nation in terms of service. The other two were much smaller firms [20]. This was the 4th such judgment by Consumer Reports over the past 20 years [16, 17, 18, 19]. USAA had the best record in the state for both homeowners and private auto insurance in terms of the fewest number of complaints per one thousand policyholders [14]. The Arizona Insurance Department had the same findings for USAA personal lines insurance [23]. In an industry categorized as a "service Industry", USAA is clearly one of the national leaders due to the leadership of Robert McDermott. In its January 21, 1985 issue, Business Week selected 50 leaders who were representative of the new corporate elite. Of the 9 selected in the "service Gurus" category, McDermott was the only CEO of an insurance firm selected [13]. In the July 25, 1988, Forbes, McDermott said in an interview with Toni Mack that , "if you put service number one, everything else will follow," and so it has [8]. Most recently USAA was among 101 companies singled out in the 1989 book The Service Edge by Ron Zemke with Dick Schaaf [27]. In his foreword to the book, Tom Peters said that the 101 companies described will hopefully have "good management at the top, and throughout any firm, to appreciate just what an unstinting dedication to service can amount to - and to challenge each and every one of us about making such a commitment in our own outfits" [27]. It is clear that providing great service to its own members, USAA has caught national attention as well. McDermott&apos;s leadership qualities, within and outside the insurance industry, and his concern for community and country were also reflected in a Best of Business Quarterly interview that appeared in the journal&apos;s Spring 1987 issue [5]. Fiscal Management Providing great service has not been done without consideration of the bottom line. USAA has consistently maintained the lowest cost/expense ratio in the insurance industry and has paid dividends to members every year. In the aftermath of the insurance revolt in California in the November 1988 election, consumer advocate Ralph Nader testified before the House Commerce, Consumer Protection, and Competitiveness Subcommittee on December 6, 1988.Although Nader excoriated the insurance industry, he had positive testimony for USAA. He stated: <br />
  • http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/history_knowledge/bell.html <br /> By information I mean data processing in the broadest sense; the storage, retrieval, and processing of data becomes the essential resource for all economic and social exchanges... By knowledge, I mean an organized set of statements of facts or ideas, presenting a reasoned judgment or an experimental result, which is transmitted to others through some communication medium in some systematic form. - Daniel Bell (1979) <br /> Daniel Bell is perhaps the most famous sociologist of our time. He put forth the concept of a post-industrial society or information age in his book The Coming of Post-Industrial Society (1973). Later, he re-named this concept the information society, for which he is generally considered as the creator of the term (1979). <br /> By an information society, Bell means that we move from a producer of goods (manufacturing) to service economy and that theoretical knowledge, technology, and information become the major mode of commodity. Information, and those who know how to create, assemble, and disperse, are more valued than labor. Information is normally costly to produce, but cheap to reproduce. That is, the cost of producing the first copy of an information good (such as writing a book or recording a CD) is normally quite costly, but reproducing those goods is often negligible. <br /> In The Coming of Post Industrial Society, he wrote that we need to learn how to predict the future, rather than to forecast it in order to raise the number of possibilities so as to the directions in which society should be changing. <br /> In the coming century, the emergence of a new social framework of telecommunications may be decisive for the way in which economic and social exchanges are conducted, the way knowledge is created and retrieved, and the character of the occupations and work in which men engage. - Daniel Bell in The Social Framework of the Information Society 1980. <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • 200 studenst involved <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • 1 in 18 workers. <br /> STEM occupations are projected to grow by 17.0 percent from 2008 to 2018, compared to 9.8 percent growth for non-STEM occupa- tions. <br /> STEM workers command higher wages, earning 26 percent more than their non- STEM counterparts. <br /> More than two-thirds of STEM workers have at least a college degree, compared to less than one-third of non-STEM workers. <br /> STEM degree holders enjoy higher earnings, regardless of whether they work in STEM or non-STEM occupations. <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • We have a lot of competition <br /> DCI is not unique in this mission. There are many strong competitors out there. Descriptions of some of the strengths of these regions available in DCI report available on line. <br />
  • Vitruvian Man <br />
  • Effectively collapsing the distinction between andragogy (adult learning strategies in the US) and pedagogy (strategies for teaching children), the goal is to open learning, rationality, creativity, and knowledge to a broader intellectual base of students. <br />
  • http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/history_knowledge/bell.html <br /> By information I mean data processing in the broadest sense; the storage, retrieval, and processing of data becomes the essential resource for all economic and social exchanges... By knowledge, I mean an organized set of statements of facts or ideas, presenting a reasoned judgment or an experimental result, which is transmitted to others through some communication medium in some systematic form. - Daniel Bell (1979) <br /> Daniel Bell is perhaps the most famous sociologist of our time. He put forth the concept of a post-industrial society or information age in his book The Coming of Post-Industrial Society (1973). Later, he re-named this concept the information society, for which he is generally considered as the creator of the term (1979). <br /> By an information society, Bell means that we move from a producer of goods (manufacturing) to service economy and that theoretical knowledge, technology, and information become the major mode of commodity. Information, and those who know how to create, assemble, and disperse, are more valued than labor. Information is normally costly to produce, but cheap to reproduce. That is, the cost of producing the first copy of an information good (such as writing a book or recording a CD) is normally quite costly, but reproducing those goods is often negligible. <br /> In The Coming of Post Industrial Society, he wrote that we need to learn how to predict the future, rather than to forecast it in order to raise the number of possibilities so as to the directions in which society should be changing. <br /> In the coming century, the emergence of a new social framework of telecommunications may be decisive for the way in which economic and social exchanges are conducted, the way knowledge is created and retrieved, and the character of the occupations and work in which men engage. - Daniel Bell in The Social Framework of the Information Society 1980. <br />

STEM 2.0: Transformational Thinking About STEM for School Leaders, January 15, 2014, NSBA Webinar Presentation Transcript

  • 1. STEM 2.0: Transformational Thinking about STEM for School Board Leaders National School Boards Association, Technology & Learning Leadership Webinar, January 15, 2014 JIM BRAZELL jimbrazell@ventureramp.com
  • 2. • STEM is as fundamental to education in the 21st Century as the humanities and the arts in the 20th Century.
  • 3. • STEM does not; however decrease our need to cultivate the humanities, arts, and health education. In fact, it makes these subjects more important than ever…
  • 4. • STEM is for everyone—even school leaders.
  • 5. When our predecessors stood at the edge of the world and gazed up at Sputnik in 1957, they did not respond with a narrow focus on technology education or training. General Robert F. McDermott, Academic Dean, of the U.S. Air Force Academy, founded the new academy on the idea that in a world of increasing technological complexity, education needs to increase emphasis in both classical and contemporary studies. Brigadier General Robert F. McDermott
  • 6. The Fundamental Question of the 21st Century is: How do we cultivate innovation and innovators in our schools? Dr. Francis X. Kane Military Father of GPS (Col. USAF, 19182013)
  • 7. How do we cultivate innovation and innovators? Academics CTE Leadership Character Citizenship Health Arts
  • 8. What is STEM? Whole School STEM Reform Implications for your School Community, Pedagogy, and Leadership
  • 9. What is STEM? 9
  • 10. Measure Education TIMS, PISA, Common Core 10
  • 11. Measure Workforce Productivity, Job Changes, & Skill 11
  • 12. Measure Economy R&D, Innovation, & Efficiency 12
  • 13. Society Force acting on society resulting in change to the structure, flow, and composition of social institutions and personal identity: family, education, work, economy, law, government, and war. 13
  • 14. 21st Century Economic Shift New Way STEM is facilitating transformation of: We are here Old Way Knowledge Organizations Industries Markets Technical Systems Human Capital Curricula Natural World
  • 15. S&T Policy Begins with founding of National Academies of Science by President Abraham Lincoln. 15
  • 16. What is STEM in education practice? 16
  • 17. What is STEM in K-12 Education Practice? STEM is an acronym for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. STEM has many meanings in theory and practice. STEM practice in schools is widely varied across levels of education. In K-12 education, STEM practice is typically designed to improve math and science education outcomes and to improve the flow of students into STEM career fields and higher education.
  • 18. STEM practice is culturally and geographically bound,
  • 19. Denton ISD, Texas http://www.dentonrc.com/sharedcontent/utilities/clickedimage/index.html
  • 20. RAM STEM Academy, San Antonio, TX
  • 21. Fredericksburg High School & ISD – SystemsGO, Texas Hill Country
  • 22. . Environmental impact study during the reconstruction of Koie’ie Fishpond located in north Kihei– Kihei Charter School
  • 23. Waipulani Longitudinal Algae Research Project – Kihei Charter School
  • 24. Makena Hawaiian Green Sea Turtle Fibropapiloma Virus Study– Kihei Charter School
  • 25. STEM practice is culturally and geographically bound; however, communities and schools should transcend provincial notions of STEM in favor of global perspective and practice.
  • 26. What is STEM in K-12 Education Practice? Alief ISD hosted a workshop with key stakeholders to provide conceptual input to the design of a network of STEM middle schools. In order to set up a definition and concept for STEM at Alief, the following STEM purpose and goal were articulated at the outset of the workshop by the chair of the STEM Committee. The stated purpose of the STEM initiative is to improve student and teacher performance outcomes using STEM as a “thematic integrator” with embedded academic standards. The goal of the initiative is to systematically transform the teaching process, the learning experience, and the performance outcomes of students and teachers by integrating academic- and skill-based learning strategies.
  • 27. In Harvard Pathways to Prosperity, Bill Symonds, et al
  • 28. In general, the goal of STEM is to get everyone ready for postsecondary education, entrylevel work, and the rigors of 21st Century Society. Today, the entry-level requirement for middle skill jobs and some high skill jobs is at least 2 years of education beyond high school.
  • 29. What is STEM in K-12 Education Practice? STEM is an acronym for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. STEM has many meanings in theory and practice. STEM practice in schools is widely varied across levels of education. In K-12 education, STEM practice is typically designed to improve math and science education outcomes and to improve the flow of students into STEM career fields and higher education. To the academic community, STEM usually means more people meeting minimum standards without remediation and also it means higher levels of academic course completions in AP enhancing placement to universities.
  • 30. What is STEM in K-12 Education Practice? To the K-12 Career and Technical Education Community (CTE), STEM can mean using applied learning to teach rigorous academic content within the context of “practical arts” courses such as engineering, information technology, or technical arts (3-D digital art, technical stagecraft from theatre, and/or videography). Pedagogically, CTE generally sees STEM as the integration of knowledge (science and math) and skill (engineering and technology). For CTE, STEM also means systematic planning including course sequences, college and career pathways, rigorous programs of study (academic and CTE plan). The RPOS includes inter-institutional agreements for college course credit and/or industry licenses and certifications.
  • 31. What is STEM in K-12 Education Practice? To the K-12 arts community STEM can mean transformational technologies in the arts—new materials, new tools, new processes. For arts, STEM is also seen as an opportunity for arts integration—traditionally teaching math and science through art as a value add. Some State Arts Associations practice STEM integration with arts as a way to advance copyright industry arts jobs, which contrary to public perception pay high wages similar to STEM jobs. Copyright industry jobs include: architecture, movies, TV, sound engineering, digital games, motion, music, web, etc. (“Arts A/V Tech” in CTE parlance).
  • 32. What is STEM in K-12 Education Practice? In practice, STEM has many different representations including a general trend toward interdisciplinary faculty and classroom teaming designed to increase student retention, interest, and performance. Various types of interdisciplinary STEM teaching include: STEM and arts, STEM and Career and Technical Education, STEM and liberal arts, STEM and entrepreneurship, STEM and research, and STEM and medicine initiatives have appeared in the literature and in practice since 2005.
  • 33. What is new in 21st century education is the mainstreaming of engineering, arts, computer science, and Career and Technical Education processes within the academic context— integration of liberal arts and practical arts. (New subjects and courses (Eng/CS), POS, interdisciplinary teaching and projects, content integration)
  • 34. Reconciling Opposites Skill Knowledge Academics Career & Technical Education, Arts, Engineering, and Computer Science Liberal Arts Practical Arts
  • 35. Tell me, and I forget Show me, and I remember Let me do, and I understand —After Confucius, China, 5th century BC
  • 36. Engineering Arts Computer Science CTE
  • 37. http://www.olin.edu/
  • 38. http://www.olin.edu/
  • 39. http://www.olin.edu/
  • 40. http://www.olin.edu/
  • 41. “What are we going to do to change the world today?” Dr. Francis X. Kane Military Father of GPS (Col. USAF, 1918-2013)
  • 42. Computer Science
  • 43. Cyber Patriot uscyberpatriot.org http://www.mysanantonio.com/default/article/Students-hoping-to-ridethe-cybersecurity-wave-1043235.php#ixzz1IBe4Gqls
  • 44. The meaning of STEM is culturally bound.
  • 45. code.org ‘Hour of Code’ event aims to demystify computer science (Seattle Times) Students and teachers in classrooms around the globe will join in a worldwide initiative called Hour of Code next week. Presented by Seattle-based nonprofit Code.org, The event aims to demystify computer science for educators and students alike. Thus far, some 28,000 groups plan to host tutorials next week across 166 countries. Code.org created the free tutorial in collaboration with engineers from Microsoft, Google, Twitter and Facebook. It uses puzzles featuring characters from popular online games like “Angry Birds” to introduce students to coding concepts.
  • 46. CODE.org
  • 47. Arts Florida’s 8th Grade to PhD TEAMS Pipeline
  • 48. Arts, Crafts, and Literary Avocations Correlate with Scientific Success •   Compared with typical  scientist, Nobel  laureates are at least: • 2X photographers • 4X musicians • 17X artists • 15X craftsmen • 25X writers • 22X performers Source: Innovations in the Formal Education of Future STEM Innovators , Robert Root-Bernstein, Michigan State University
  • 49. Ocoee Demonstration Middle School
  • 50. Orlando Tech – High School Program
  • 51. Orlando Tech – High School Program
  • 52. Orlando FIEA University Program
  • 53. Of the two million U.S. arts jobs requiring significant technology proficiency: 10% architects 11% artists, art directors and animators 7% producers and directors and 7% photographers The products of copyright industries represent 6.4% of the U.S. economy and over $126 billion annually in revenue from foreign trade. Read more at Arts in the Workforce. http://www.nea.gov/research/ArtistsInWorkforce.pdf http://www.thefoundry.co.uk/case-studies/package-design-made-easy-inmodo/
  • 54. For our clients, the 3D illustrations I produce have cut costs by reducing or completely replacing the need for physical comps and final art photography. Gene Dupont, genedupont.com http://www.thefoundry.co.uk/case-studies/package-design-made-easy-inmodo/
  • 55. STEM, IT, Arts Integration Leaders US Digital Convergence Centers Global Digital Convergence Centers • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • New York City Washington DC MSA Central Florida San Francisco/Silicon Valley Los Angeles San Diego MSA Phoenix Denver Las Vegas Austin-San Antonio-Waco South Korea Finland China Taiwan Sweden Denmark Germany UK Israel Malaysia Japan Evans, Eliza, Michael Sekora, Alexander Cavalli, Kinman Chan, Jeeyoung Heo Kenneth Kan, Yue Kuang, Prakash Mohandas, Xiaoxiang Zhang, and Jim Brazell. Digital Convergence Initiative: Creating Sustainable Competitive Advantage in Texas. San Marcos, Texas: Greater AustinSan Antonio Corridor Council, 2005. Full Report: http://www.dcitexas.org/DCI_report.pdf
  • 56. CTE
  • 57. 1,000 MPG eq. Fuel Cell Car
  • 58. “...all too often, the focus on “college readiness” and “career readiness” remains in two distinct silos...” Common Core State Standards & Career and Technical Education: Bridging the Divide between College and Career Readiness was prepared for Achieve by Hans Meeder and Thom Suddreth of the Meeder Consulting Group, with the Association for Career and Technical Education and the National Association of State Directors of Career Technical Education Consortium.
  • 59. Emerging K-12 STEM practice in U.S. schools underscores a fundamental process-level change in educational pedagogy. This pedagogical shift is one that embraces applied practice in addition to traditional academic concepts of learning, teaching, and knowledge in an effort to open learning through the connection of knowledge- and skill-based learning strategies. (POS, interdisciplinary teaching and projects, and content integration)
  • 60. What is STEM? Whole School STEM Reform Implications for your School Community, Pedagogy, and Leadership
  • 61. Classical Contemporary Education Academics CTE Leadership Character Citizenship Health Arts
  • 62. Defining Characteristic of Classical Contemporary Education In the classical contemporary education model, schools preserve the important classical notions of teaching, learning, and knowledge, while bridging to the future through integration of contemporary themes, technologies, and projects. Classical contemporary education is focused on connecting students and school staff to contemporary opportunities and challenges effectively moving the center of learning motivation into the world outside of the school doors. The key ingredient of classical contemporary education is the intersection of classical knowledge and contemporary skill with the goal of enabling student- driven transformation of society and the natural world through innovation: the creation of new discourse, knowledge, processes, systems, tools, and/or languages. At the heart of TEAMS schools is the belief that students and teachers can and will make contributions to advancing society through creativity and innovation if we simply facilitate, teach, support, and enable students to integrate school learning with transformational initiatives in the world at large. Rather than closing the door and saying: The real world is out there but the classroom is the only world that matters now; this approach to human development throws the doors of education open and asks students to make a difference in the world by making a unique and compelling contribution to the world.
  • 63. Classical Contemporary Education WEALTH JOBS MARKETS QUALITY OF CIVIL LIFE Innovation SURVIVAL OF SPECIES GOVERNANCE SECURITY & SAFETY
  • 64. Pedagogy - The key to Project-based Learning is learner engagement in the public sphere. The learning theory flows from Piaget’s constructivism (V word) and is extended by Papert’s Constructionism (N word): "Constructionism-the N word as opposed to the V word- shares contructivism's view of learning as "building knowledge structures "through progressive internalization of actions... It then adds the idea that this happens especially felicitously in a context where the learner is consciously engaged in constructing a public entity, whether it's a sand castle on the beach or a theory of the universe ( Papert, 1991, p.1 in Ackermann, n.d.)
  • 65. Model classical contemporary schools that integrate academic and applied arts with success in terms of improving learning outcomes for students include: 1. Philadelphia Performing Arts Charter School (K-8), ppacs.net, PA. 2. Clark Magnet School, clarkmagnet.net, La Crescenta, CA. 3. Indian River State College, irsc.edu, Fort Pierce, FL. 4. University of Maryland Baltimore County, umbc.edu, Baltimore, MD. 5. Olin College, olin.edu, Needham, MA.
  • 66. On the way to 103,126 feet.
  • 67. 103,126 feet
  • 68. Marine Science Research Clark Magnet STEAM School, La Crescentia, CA
  • 69. Engineering and Robotics Clark Magnet STEAM School, La Crescentia, CA
  • 70. Environmental Sciences Clark Magnet STEAM School, La Crescentia, CA
  • 71. Denton ISD, Texas Programs of study connecting pathways to both 2 year and 4 year post secondary degrees.
  • 72. Well Rounded Student in 21st Century 2 Year College Prep 4 Year Workforce entry readiness requires at least 2 years of education beyond high school.
  • 73. For Dr. Francis X. “Duke” Kane liberal education and the arts are part and parcel to STEM education and the cultivation of the “creativeforce” we need for the missions ahead. For Duke, “creativity and collaboration” were the two necessary qualities to engender in the education of what he affectionately called the “Speed of Light Generation.”
  • 74. Classical Contemporary Education - Systems Innovation ADAPTIVE LEADERSHIP - Adaptive leadership is specifically about change that is led by a broad spectrum of community stakeholders who are empowered to innovate. In short, adaptive leadership is about leaders who empower their people to innovate from within. Adaptive leadership is also change led from the bottom up and the top down simultaneously. (See “Native Innovation” section below) INNOVATION LABORATORIES – Positioning challenges and opportunities from the community (local and/or global) in the center of learning and education goals through student- and teacher-driven innovation projects. CULTURE of INNOVATION – In the TEAMS School, the context and frame for learning is real world and purpose driven, incorporating failure as feedback to the learning process. A culture of innovation is conducive to learning, improving, and adapting while fostering risk taking. In this view, learning cannot be achieved without a culture accepting and encouraging risk taking while incorporating feedback into the learning loop. PRE-K to PhD NETWORKS, SYSTEMS, & PATHWAYS – TEAMS Schools work on creating meaningful and evolving programs of study. Programs of study include integrated academic, arts, and CTE courses. Programs of study are also sequenced programs designed by students to achieve life, learning, and career goals. Programs of study also connect K-12, Community College, University and the Adult Continuing Education pathways into a coherent system. A primary concern in creating modern human capital systems is the transferability of credit among institutions and the creation of non-linear networks of learning rather than linear “pipelines.”
  • 75. Classical Contemporary Education – Pedagogical Innovation INTEGRATED ACADEMICS & CTE PRACTICE - Delivering integrated arts, CTE, and academic courses and programs of study (coherent course sequences and linkages); MAINSTREAM ARTS INTEGRATION - Integrating fine arts, performing arts, cultural arts, commercial arts, and creativity as foundational to school culture and outcomes (not an add on); ENGINEERING DESIGN FOCUS - APPLIED LEARNING PRACTICE - Applying knowledge and skill-based learning through experimentation, the practice of engineering design, and project work. Important to the idea of applied practice is cultural apprenticeship, expert modeling, and developing mentor networks; INTERDISCIPLINARY LEARNING - Integrating disciplinary knowledge across subjects using themes, projects, competitions, and areas of mutual reinforcement--common areas of focus to boost student performance in identified areas of learning difficulty (often common road blocks and hurdles to students); and, INTERDISCIPLINARY DESIGN & TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT Integrating professional development within and across faculty professional development subjects/disciplines and empowering teachers to lead, co-design, and create communities of learning practice. In general, fostering teams of faculty and students working on projects and initiatives to connect knowledge, processes, and people across the disciplines.
  • 76. What is STEM? Whole School STEM Reform Implications for your School Community, Pedagogy, and Leadership
  • 77. Key Change to Enable Innovation We are here TEAMS STEM
  • 78. TEAMS Organization of people and technology across institutions and disciplines to innovate.
  • 79. TEAMS Workforce Implications for Leadership Industry Community Innovation Laboratories Education Economic Development
  • 80. TEAMS Academics Implications for Pedagogy CTE Classical Contemporary Education Health Arts
  • 81. The 2 Most Important Words in STEM 103
  • 82. WEALTH JOBS MARKETS Innovation QUALITY OF CIVIL LIFE STEM is the creation of new knowledge, processes, systems, and tools to meet human need. The result is transformation of the human and natural world by design. SURVIVAL OF SPECIES GOVERNANCE SECURITY & SAFETY
  • 83. What is STEM? WEALTH JOBS MARKETS QUALITY OF CIVIL LIFE TEAMS Innovation SURVIVAL OF SPECIES GOVERNANCE SECURITY & SAFETY
  • 84. How do we cultivate innovation and “There are kids on Maui innovators in our schools? who have never been to Indigenous Invention -the mountain or the top of “We must move beyond school reform through the implementation of outsideto Hana much less have ideas to a new approach, one that embraces inside innovation, imagination,off invention…” they traveled and of the island.” Source: School Reform: The Flatworm in a Flat World: From Entropy to Renewal through Indigenous Invention, PAUL E. HECKMAN, University of California, Davis and VIKI L. MONTERA, Sonoma State University.
  • 85. Adaptive Leadership Ronald Heifetz Harvard University http://www.npr.org/2013/11/11/230841224/lessons-in-leadership-its-not-about-you-its-aboutthem When we face a challenge where people have to change, leadership’s role is to engage the people with the problem to solve it for themselves—rather than prescribing a solution from the top down.
  • 86. Successful adaptive changes build on the past rather than jettison it. Organizational adaptation occurs through experimentation. Adaptation relies on diversity. http://hbr.org/product/the-theory-behind-the-practice-a-brief-introductio/an/3241BC-PDFENG
  • 87. A Message from Kansas
  • 88. “We can’t be in our silos like we have been in the past.” --D Smith, Visioneering Wichita
  • 89. National Institute for Aviation Research “If we don’t have a trained workforce, we’ll create technology and export jobs.” -- John Tomblin, Executive Director Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
  • 90. “Workforce development and economic development are the same thing…” --Linda Sorrell, Workforce Center, Wichita
  • 91. Butler County Economic Development “In the world of economic development, people talk about the importance of location, location, location… but without the labor force location means nothing.” --David Alfaro, Director Butler County Economic Develoipment Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008
  • 92. What is STEM? Whole School STEM Reform Implications for your School Community, Pedagogy, and Leadership
  • 93. The Fundamental Question of the 21st Century is: How do we cultivate innovation and innovators in our schools? Dr. Francis X. Kane Military Father of GPS (Col. USAF, 19182013)
  • 94. TEAMS Academics CTE YOU Health Arts
  • 95. TEAMS Workforce Industry YOU Education Economic Development
  • 96. TEAMS WEALTH JOBS MARKETS QUALITY OF CIVIL LIFE YOU SURVIVAL OF SPECIES GOVERNANCE SECURITY & SAFETY
  • 97. “What are we going to do to change the world today?” Dr. Francis X. Kane Military Father of GPS (Col. USAF, 1918-2013)
  • 98. STEM 2.0: Transformational Thinking about STEM for School Board Leaders National School Boards Association, Technology & Learning Leadership Webinar, January 15, 2014 JIM BRAZELL jimbrazell@ventureramp.com