MeetingSTEMNationalSecurity
WorkforceChallengesforMaterials
ScienceandtheCurrentOperating
Environment
October26-28,2010–De...
General Bernard
Schriever,
Father of the U.S. Air Force
space and missile program
Feb. 19, 1957
Inaugural Air Force Office...
“The path of technological innovation
is knowable at least several decades in
advance of the future. It is simply not true...
STEM Knowledge Mergers
Skill Mergers
?
May 25, 2008
Phoenix Mars Probe
ROBOTS
Globalization
STEM
Demography
STEM
SURVIVAL
QUALITY
LIFE
WEALTHJOBS
Knowledge
Innovation
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize a...
Applied
Problem
Solving
Real
World
Knowledge
The key missing literacy of the
21st century is transdisciplinarity.
1,000 MPG eq. Fuel Cell Car
Electronics Machines
SoftwareComputer
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize and produce innov...
Character
Leadership
Health
Physical
ED
AcademicsCTE
ARTS
Design
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we...
STEMThe Bellwether Sounds - The Role of CTE in S.T.E.M. Education,
by Jim Brazell, Consulting Analyst, The Schriever Insti...
Current Operating
Environment
Strategy of
Technology
Emerging CYBER-
STEM Regions
http://geeklit.blogspot.com/2007_03_01_archive.html
Nokia Research Center,
Helsinki Finland in MIT
Technology Review
How m...
http://www.nasa.gov/
Mixed Reality
Air-Land-Sea-
Space
CELL PHONE BOMB
http://www.weblogsinc.com/common/images/2522954530774841.JPG?0.7474910150383662
LAND
AIR
SEA – OCEAN IT
Skill Mergers
?
Space
Sea Land
SpaceAir
Cyberspace
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize and produce innovation?
5th World
Electronics Machines
SoftwareComputer
4th
Generation
Computing
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we o...
MIT Tech Review, 2005
Sensors
Physical
Chemical
Biological
http://www.rieti.go.jp/en/events/bbl/03102801.pdf , page 16
Act...
http://www.heartonline.org/images/defibrillator1.jpg
http://www.scribd.com/doc/20950196/PaceMaker-HAcking#
STUXNET
Source: Harbor
Research, 2003
Industries
The first time in
history our toys
are also our
weapons.
5th World
Land 320 BC (Alexander the Great)
Sea 1492 (Columbus) ~1800
Air 1903 (Wright Brothers) ~400
Space 1957 (Russia’s...
Current Operating
Environment
Strategy of
Technology
Emerging CYBER-
STEM Regions
Structure of Technology (C-STEM)
Michael Sekora, Ph.D., Eliza Evans, Ph.D., Jim Brazell, et al., 2005,
Digital Convergence...
Structure of
Technology
(C-STEM)
A living, breathing lung-on-a-chip has been
developed. As well as mimicking the cellular
structure of the lung, the chip c...
Electronics Machines
SoftwareComputer
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize and produce innov...
FIRST LEGO®
LEAGUE
Over 80,000 middle-
school students in
34 countries
participate in the
Nano Quest
Challenge.
2006 NANO ...
Electronics Machines
SoftwareComputer
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize and produce innov...
Design
Scale
Systems
Thinking
Materials STEM Systems are the Key Missing Literacy of
the 21st Century-- Transdisciplinarit...
The appropriate mathematics to
During 1995 Dr. George Kozmetsky in
collaboration with Dr. Murat M. Tanik (was at
Dr. Jim Bower
UTHSC, UTSA, Bower Labs
MST&G
–James Bower, Ph.D.,
Computational Neuro Biologist,
University of Texas San An...
Physics – CASPER
Science and
Technology R&D
Technician 4.16.2007, Baylor Waco
Chemistry
Science and
Technology R&D
Technician 2007, TSTC Harlingen
National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL
Agricultural Genomics
Greener Pathways, White and Walsh,
The Apollo Alliance, 2008
Nanotechnology Fuel Cells Homeland Security
ADM, Hybrid, MEMS,
Computer Forensics
Wireless: M2M Mechatronics
Home Technolo...
Butler Community College
April 7 to 11, 2008
D-J Engineering
Engineering Design
$50K - $180K
Machinists & Sheet Metal
$22K...
EpistemeTechne Art/Craft
&
Knowledge
Mind Body Unification
Knowledge
Jobs
Skill
Jobs
Jobs Today
Post Industrial Workforce
Transformation
www.af.mil/news/airman/0104/
launch1b.html
“Production
Engineers [from
TSTC] start at $43K-
$57K per year at
United Launch...
Electronics Machines
SoftwareComputer
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize and produce innov...
ITSA
Elementary
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Robot competition
plus career and
academic
exploration and
history of science
and tec...
spaceTEAMS
San Antonio,TX
Middle School
US First-EISD
Andrew
Schuetze
San Antonio,TX
High School
Source, DIAC, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR),
Pattern Languages for the 21st Century, Brazell and...
Texas Engineering
Mathematics
Target Texas 4x4 – 4th Year of Math
Unify General Academics and CTE
Connect rigor and releva...
Holmes High
School and San
Antonio Cyber
Initiative
How CyberPatriot works
• Multi-round competition
– Qualifying rounds are virtual and teams
compete simultaneously
– Teams ...
CyberPatriot III
• Virtual competitions start Nov 2010
• Service Championship in Orlando Feb, 2011
• National Championship...
nationalccdc.org
Current Operating
Environment
Strategy of
Technology
Emerging CYBER-
STEM Regions
Economic
Developme
nt
Arts-
Culture
EducationWorkforce
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we organize ...
STEM, IT, Arts Integration Leaders
US Digital Convergence
Centers
• New York City
• Washington DC MSA
• Central Florida
• ...
Source: Brazell, Jim, Nicholaus Kim, Honoria Starbuck, Eliza Evans, and Michael Bettersworth.
Gaming: A Technology Forecas...
Citizens’ initiative pavilion in Expo 2010
daVinci
The West
Imagination
Creativity
transitioning from a manufacturing to
an innovation economy http://mit.edu/cre/research/ncc/
proceedings/ncc-casestudies.p...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/rosrusspix/3537368960/sizes/o/in/photostream/
Today, Finland’s progressive strategy includes: multi-
disciplinary and multi-industry collaboration to integrate
nano sci...
Aerospace,
Defense &
Security
Electronics
&
Telecom
Medical
Tech-Life
Science
Optics/
Photonics
Edtech &
MS&T
Film/
New Me...
RD&C
Art CHEM BIO INFO NEURO
Calit2
First Flight 3 of 6
Dave Kenny
“…newer programs like Pre-
engineering, Biomedical Sciences,
Manufacturing Engineering
Technologies, and Homeland
Security...
Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s
Workforce Today, April 2008
Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating
Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s
Workforce Today, April 2008
Character
Leadership
Health
Physical
ED
AcademicsCTE
ARTS
Design
The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do
we...
TEAMS
CTE-ARTS-Academic
Mergers
INFO UP
BIO
NANO
COGNO
SCIENCE
ARTS
“Roughly 100
million jobs…
cross-disciplinary fields.”
NII, Business Week, 10.11.2004
...
5th World
“San
Antonio
is a city
of the
future.”
Fujio Cho, President and CEO
of Toyota Motor Corporation
1910
Lt. Benjamin
D. Foulois
1948, Col. Harry
Armstrong,
“Aeromedical Problems
of Space Travel”
John F.
Kennedy,
Nov 21,
1963
Man-In-
Space
Program
Richard V. Butler, Ph.D.
Mary E. Stefl, Ph.D.
Trinity University
SFBR is home to the world's
largest computer cluster devo...
.
The United
States Air
Force Security
Service
1948
http://www.thenewnewinternet.com/wp-content/uploads/24th-air-force.jpg
BrigadierGeneralRobertF.McDermott
FoundingDean,USAirForceAcademy
1954
Lt.
Colonel
Edward
White
1965
General Bernard
Schriever,
Father of the U.S. Air Force
space and missile program
Feb. 19, 1957
Inaugural Air Force Office...
San Antonio: Heart of
US Nano-Bio-Info-
Neuro Innovation
Cyber Innovation
Current Operating
Environment
Strategy of Techno...
Globalization
STEM
Demography
The Bellwether Sounds - The Role
of CTE in S.T.E.M. Education, by
Jim Brazell, Consulting Analyst, The
Schriever Institute...
MeetingSTEMNationalSecurity
WorkforceChallengesforMaterials
ScienceandtheCurrentOperating
Environment
October26-28,2010–De...
Persh 10.24 2010_v4
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Persh 10.24 2010_v4

  1. 1. MeetingSTEMNationalSecurity WorkforceChallengesforMaterials ScienceandtheCurrentOperating Environment October26-28,2010–DefenseScienceandTechnology Reliance21,3rdPershConference,WorkforceDevelopment MeetingMaterialScienceandEngineeringNeedsforthe 21stCentury
  2. 2. General Bernard Schriever, Father of the U.S. Air Force space and missile program Feb. 19, 1957 Inaugural Air Force Office of Scientific Research Astronautics Symposium in San Diego. Commander of Western Development Division Headquarters
  3. 3. “The path of technological innovation is knowable at least several decades in advance of the future. It is simply not true that we can not determine the structure, path and strategy of technology for planning and operations. All we have to do is lift our eyes up from the ground to look over the horizon.” October 23, 2010
  4. 4. STEM Knowledge Mergers Skill Mergers ?
  5. 5. May 25, 2008 Phoenix Mars Probe
  6. 6. ROBOTS
  7. 7. Globalization STEM Demography
  8. 8. STEM
  9. 9. SURVIVAL QUALITY LIFE WEALTHJOBS Knowledge Innovation The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation?
  10. 10. Applied Problem Solving Real World Knowledge The key missing literacy of the 21st century is transdisciplinarity.
  11. 11. 1,000 MPG eq. Fuel Cell Car
  12. 12. Electronics Machines SoftwareComputer The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation? Computational Design & Thinking
  13. 13. Character Leadership Health Physical ED AcademicsCTE ARTS Design The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation?
  14. 14. STEMThe Bellwether Sounds - The Role of CTE in S.T.E.M. Education, by Jim Brazell, Consulting Analyst, The Schriever Institute, August 2008, Volume 1, Issue 2 “The conversation we are not having about S.T.E.M. reform in K-12 education today relates to the fact that science and mathematics have a place in the American K-12 education system; however, engineering, technology, and the arts are largely relegated to the nonessential (elective course curricula, few requirements for these subjects in the core curriculum, and little connectivity between these subjects and core academic subjects). The fundamental difference between technology, engineering, and arts courses is that these courses are applied in practice and not purely academic (theoretical). The placement of technology, engineering, and arts courses in a second tier track to academic learning represents a bias which inhibits American goals related to innovation and our leadership in the emerging globally integrated economy.“http://www.nsba.org/SecondaryMenu/TLN/UsefulInformation/STEMInformationandResources/JimBrazell.aspx
  15. 15. Current Operating Environment Strategy of Technology Emerging CYBER- STEM Regions
  16. 16. http://geeklit.blogspot.com/2007_03_01_archive.html Nokia Research Center, Helsinki Finland in MIT Technology Review How many of you have a cell phone in your pocket?
  17. 17. http://www.nasa.gov/
  18. 18. Mixed Reality
  19. 19. Air-Land-Sea- Space
  20. 20. CELL PHONE BOMB http://www.weblogsinc.com/common/images/2522954530774841.JPG?0.7474910150383662 LAND
  21. 21. AIR
  22. 22. SEA – OCEAN IT
  23. 23. Skill Mergers ? Space
  24. 24. Sea Land SpaceAir Cyberspace The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation?
  25. 25. 5th World
  26. 26. Electronics Machines SoftwareComputer 4th Generation Computing The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation?
  27. 27. MIT Tech Review, 2005 Sensors Physical Chemical Biological http://www.rieti.go.jp/en/events/bbl/03102801.pdf , page 16 Actuators Physical Chemical Biological PhiloMetron™
  28. 28. http://www.heartonline.org/images/defibrillator1.jpg
  29. 29. http://www.scribd.com/doc/20950196/PaceMaker-HAcking#
  30. 30. STUXNET
  31. 31. Source: Harbor Research, 2003 Industries
  32. 32. The first time in history our toys are also our weapons.
  33. 33. 5th World Land 320 BC (Alexander the Great) Sea 1492 (Columbus) ~1800 Air 1903 (Wright Brothers) ~400 Space 1957 (Russia’s Sputnik) ~53 Cyber 1973 (Vinton Cerf and Bob Kahn) ~38
  34. 34. Current Operating Environment Strategy of Technology Emerging CYBER- STEM Regions
  35. 35. Structure of Technology (C-STEM) Michael Sekora, Ph.D., Eliza Evans, Ph.D., Jim Brazell, et al., 2005, Digital Convergence Initiative
  36. 36. Structure of Technology (C-STEM)
  37. 37. A living, breathing lung-on-a-chip has been developed. As well as mimicking the cellular structure of the lung, the chip copies its behavior too: it can "breathe.“About the size of a rubber eraser, the device was developed by a team from the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University, Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital Boston. http://www.newscientist.com/ article/dn19085-lungonachip-points-to-alternative-to-animal-tests.html
  38. 38. Electronics Machines SoftwareComputer The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation? Security Competitiveness Innovation Coordination
  39. 39. FIRST LEGO® LEAGUE Over 80,000 middle- school students in 34 countries participate in the Nano Quest Challenge. 2006 NANO QUEST CHALLENGE Elementary
  40. 40. Electronics Machines SoftwareComputer The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation? Security Competitiveness Innovation Coordination
  41. 41. Design Scale Systems Thinking Materials STEM Systems are the Key Missing Literacy of the 21st Century-- Transdisciplinarity. Security Competitiveness Innovation Cooperation TEAMS Processes Systems
  42. 42. The appropriate mathematics to
  43. 43. During 1995 Dr. George Kozmetsky in collaboration with Dr. Murat M. Tanik (was at
  44. 44. Dr. Jim Bower UTHSC, UTSA, Bower Labs MST&G –James Bower, Ph.D., Computational Neuro Biologist, University of Texas San Antonio
  45. 45. Physics – CASPER Science and Technology R&D Technician 4.16.2007, Baylor Waco
  46. 46. Chemistry Science and Technology R&D Technician 2007, TSTC Harlingen
  47. 47. National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Peoria, IL Agricultural Genomics
  48. 48. Greener Pathways, White and Walsh, The Apollo Alliance, 2008
  49. 49. Nanotechnology Fuel Cells Homeland Security ADM, Hybrid, MEMS, Computer Forensics Wireless: M2M Mechatronics Home Technology Integration Biotechnology Digital Games TSTC Emerging Technologies
  50. 50. Butler Community College April 7 to 11, 2008 D-J Engineering Engineering Design $50K - $180K Machinists & Sheet Metal $22K - $42K --Razaul A. Chowdhury, President
  51. 51. EpistemeTechne Art/Craft & Knowledge Mind Body Unification
  52. 52. Knowledge Jobs Skill Jobs Jobs Today Post Industrial Workforce Transformation
  53. 53. www.af.mil/news/airman/0104/ launch1b.html “Production Engineers [from TSTC] start at $43K- $57K per year at United Launch Alliance.” – Edward Rodriguez, Sr. Manufacturing Engineering Manager, ULA
  54. 54. Electronics Machines SoftwareComputer The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation? Security Competitiveness Innovation Coordination
  55. 55. ITSA
  56. 56. Elementary spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Robot competition plus career and academic exploration and history of science and technology.
  57. 57. spaceTEAMS San Antonio,TX Middle School
  58. 58. US First-EISD Andrew Schuetze San Antonio,TX High School
  59. 59. Source, DIAC, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility (CPSR), Pattern Languages for the 21st Century, Brazell and Monroe, 2003
  60. 60. Texas Engineering Mathematics Target Texas 4x4 – 4th Year of Math Unify General Academics and CTE Connect rigor and relevance High motivation-TEAMS-Competition Base for industry support in schools Moving robotics from 10% penetration to 80% in 5 years
  61. 61. Holmes High School and San Antonio Cyber Initiative
  62. 62. How CyberPatriot works • Multi-round competition – Qualifying rounds are virtual and teams compete simultaneously – Teams download VMware images and attempt to secure them over a given period of time – Teams connected to centralized scoring platform – Teams graded against known solution sets • Finals held in Orlando and Washington DC Cyber Patriot highschoolcdc.com
  63. 63. CyberPatriot III • Virtual competitions start Nov 2010 • Service Championship in Orlando Feb, 2011 • National Championship in DC April, 2011 • Competitors must be at least 13 years old and in grades 9-12 (or equivalent if home schooled/in a school that does not make this distinction) as of September 2011 • Teams must have between 2 and 5 members • Only 1 team per school per division • Registration deadline Oct 8, 2010 (or 500 teams) • $350 team fee for Open division • 2009 participation: 170+ schools, over 1,000 www.highschoolcdc.com
  64. 64. nationalccdc.org
  65. 65. Current Operating Environment Strategy of Technology Emerging CYBER- STEM Regions
  66. 66. Economic Developme nt Arts- Culture EducationWorkforce The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation? Security Competitiveness Innovation Coordination
  67. 67. STEM, IT, Arts Integration Leaders US Digital Convergence Centers • New York City • Washington DC MSA • Central Florida • San Francisco/Silicon Valley • Los Angeles • San Diego MSA • Phoenix • Denver • Las Vegas • Austin-San Antonio- Waco Global Digital Convergence Centers • South Korea • Finland • China • Taiwan • Sweden • Denmark • Germany • UK • Israel • Malaysia • Japan Evans, Eliza, Michael Sekora, Alexander Cavalli, Kinman Chan, Jeeyoung Heo Kenneth Kan, Yue Kuang, Prakash Mohandas, Xiaoxiang Zhang, and Jim Brazell. Digital Convergence Initiative: Creating Sustainable Competitive Advantage in Texas. San Marcos, Texas: Greater Austin- San Antonio Corridor Council, 2005. Full Report: http://www.dcitexas.org/DCI_report.pdf
  68. 68. Source: Brazell, Jim, Nicholaus Kim, Honoria Starbuck, Eliza Evans, and Michael Bettersworth. Gaming: A Technology Forecast, Implications for Texas Community and Technical Colleges Austin, Texas: Texas State Technical College System and IC2 Institute, University of Texas Austin, 2004. ISBN 0978677358 Table of Contents: http://www.system.tstc.edu/forecasting/reports/dgames.asp
  69. 69. Citizens’ initiative pavilion in Expo 2010
  70. 70. daVinci The West Imagination Creativity
  71. 71. transitioning from a manufacturing to an innovation economy http://mit.edu/cre/research/ncc/ proceedings/ncc-casestudies.pdf
  72. 72. http://www.flickr.com/photos/rosrusspix/3537368960/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  73. 73. Today, Finland’s progressive strategy includes: multi- disciplinary and multi-industry collaboration to integrate nano science-, bio science-, information science- and cognitive science-based research and development (Tieke, 2005, p.9); converging design, art and science in the contexts of education and human development (Tahkokallio and Koivusilta, 2004, p.1); national R&D policy and urban-rural development establishing connected regional centers of innovation; partnering with global high tech markets and industries (Embassy of Switzerland, Beijing, 2005, p.12); and leading the world in “Public- Private Partnership” (with efforts dating back to the year of their independence, 1917) (Tieke, 2005, p.12-15).
  74. 74. Aerospace, Defense & Security Electronics & Telecom Medical Tech-Life Science Optics/ Photonics Edtech & MS&T Film/ New Media San Diego County DCI MST&G
  75. 75. RD&C Art CHEM BIO INFO NEURO Calit2
  76. 76. First Flight 3 of 6 Dave Kenny
  77. 77. “…newer programs like Pre- engineering, Biomedical Sciences, Manufacturing Engineering Technologies, and Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness are attracting more and more students.” Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
  78. 78. Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
  79. 79. Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
  80. 80. Maryland Classroom: CTE: Educating Tomorrow’s Workforce Today, April 2008
  81. 81. Character Leadership Health Physical ED AcademicsCTE ARTS Design The fundamental question of the 21st century is how do we organize and produce innovation?
  82. 82. TEAMS CTE-ARTS-Academic Mergers
  83. 83. INFO UP BIO NANO COGNO SCIENCE ARTS “Roughly 100 million jobs… cross-disciplinary fields.” NII, Business Week, 10.11.2004 UTSA & UTHSC “Latin Rennisance” George Cisneros “$83M Integrated Sciences and Engineering Facility”
  84. 84. 5th World
  85. 85. “San Antonio is a city of the future.” Fujio Cho, President and CEO of Toyota Motor Corporation
  86. 86. 1910 Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois
  87. 87. 1948, Col. Harry Armstrong, “Aeromedical Problems of Space Travel”
  88. 88. John F. Kennedy, Nov 21, 1963 Man-In- Space Program
  89. 89. Richard V. Butler, Ph.D. Mary E. Stefl, Ph.D. Trinity University SFBR is home to the world's largest computer cluster devoted to statistical genetic analysis. Home of military medicine. 2005
  90. 90. . The United States Air Force Security Service 1948
  91. 91. http://www.thenewnewinternet.com/wp-content/uploads/24th-air-force.jpg
  92. 92. BrigadierGeneralRobertF.McDermott FoundingDean,USAirForceAcademy 1954
  93. 93. Lt. Colonel Edward White 1965
  94. 94. General Bernard Schriever, Father of the U.S. Air Force space and missile program Feb. 19, 1957 Inaugural Air Force Office of Scientific Research Astronautics Symposium in San Diego. Commander of Western Development Division Headquarters
  95. 95. San Antonio: Heart of US Nano-Bio-Info- Neuro Innovation Cyber Innovation Current Operating Environment Strategy of Technology Cyber Regions
  96. 96. Globalization STEM Demography
  97. 97. The Bellwether Sounds - The Role of CTE in S.T.E.M. Education, by Jim Brazell, Consulting Analyst, The Schriever Institute, August 2008, Volume 1, Issue 2 When our predecessors stood at the edge of the world and gazed at Sputnik orbiting, they did not respond with a narrow focus on science and mathematics. The vanguard of military strategy-education, strategic weapons and technology forecasting-responded by advocating the expansion of military training, education, and learning to include unified classical and technical education. Brigadier Gen. Robert F. McDermott, the founding dean of the U.S. Air Force Academy was the first teacher to use a computer to teach astronauts space physics. A student of classical education from the K-12 Latin School in Boston-to-Harvard, McDermott built the U.S. Air Force Academy programs on the integration of technical, scientific and mathematical education with classical studies such as philosophy, history, economics, and the arts. Gen. Bernard A. Schriever, who gave the famous “space speech” prior to the launch of the Sputnik, and Francis X. Kane of the U.S. Air Force supported McDermott’s pursuits. The last survivor, Kane, who is president of the Schriever Institute, continues to advocate the importance of both technical and academic learning in his speeches about Mars and the imperative for an American educational renaissance to support human development necessary for the mission. This renaissance, according to Kane, focuses on the integration of academic disciplines, the integration of thinking and doing in real world contexts, the integration of vocational and academic practice, and the integration of a global perspectives and languages into US curricula. Kane points out that competition is important; however, if there is to be hope for peace and prosperity-not to mention colonization of Mars-global collaboration will work hand-in-hand with technological innovation.
  98. 98. MeetingSTEMNationalSecurity WorkforceChallengesforMaterials ScienceandtheCurrentOperating Environment October26-28,2010–DefenseScienceandTechnology Reliance21,3rdPershConference,WorkforceDevelopment MeetingMaterialScienceandEngineeringNeedsforthe 21stCentury
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