How does indonesia define urban

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How does indonesia define urban

  1. 1. Human Settlement PlanningAssignment 3How does INDONESIA define“Urban”? By: Jimly Al Faraby M. Sc Student in Spatial Planning for Regions in Growing Economies (SPRING), TU Dortmund, Germany
  2. 2. ContentDefinition and criteria of “urban” in IndonesiaChanges in definition of “urban” in IndonesiaUrban population in Indonesia
  3. 3. Definition and Criteria (1)UU No. 26 tahun 2007 (Indonesia Spatial Planning Act 2007) ◦ Urban (perkotaan): the areas that have a major non- agricultural activity, and function as the urban settlements, concentration and distribution of government services, social services, and economic activities. ◦ Rural (perdesaan): the areas that have a major agricultural activity, including the management of natural resources in the region, and function as rural settlements, government services, social services, and economic activities.
  4. 4. Definition and Criteria (2)Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistic (BPS) ◦ Urban: as the status of a village/kelurahan (urban neighborhood) which satisfies the criteria for classification of urban areas.  population density,  percentage of agricultural households,  number of urban facilities
  5. 5. Table 1. Scoring Analysis for Urban Indicators Percentage ofPopulation density Score Agricultural Score Urban Facilties Criteria Score (person/km2) Household <500 1 >70 1 Kindergarten 500-1249 2 50-69.99 2 Junior High School Available, or ≤ 2.5 Km 1 >2.5 Km 0 1250-2499 3 30-49.99 3 Senior High School 2500-3999 4 20-29.99 4 Market Available, or ≤ 2 Km 1 4000-5999 5 15-19.99 5 Shops >2 Km 0 6000-7499 6 10-14.99 6 Cinema Available, or ≤ 5 Km 1 7500-8499 7 5-9.99 7 Hospital >5 Km 0 >8500 8 <5 8 Hotel/billiard pool/disco/beauty Available 1 shop Not available 0  Percentage of household with ≥ 8,00 1 telephone < 8.00 0 Percentage of households with ≥ 90.00 1 electricity < 90.00 0Source: Head of Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistic’s Regulation, for Urban-Rural Classification in Indonesia, 2010
  6. 6. The Changes in the Definition of“urban” in INDONESIA
  7. 7. How many people live in Urban Area in INDONESIA? 2010: 49.9% of the 237.6 million2012: estimated 54% of more than 240 million,21.2% of the urban population is concentrated only in Jakarta urban area, (Jabodetabek).
  8. 8. Urban population in Indonesia Source: United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects The number of urban population in Indonesia is projected up to 72.1% of total population in 2050
  9. 9. Bibliography Indonesia Local Government Act, 1999 Indonesia Spatial Planning Act, 2007 Head of Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistic’s Regulation for Urban-Rural Classification in Indonesia, 2010 Indonesia Public Works Minister Regulation for Detailed Spatial Plan, 2011 Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations), 8 th Annual Edition: Version 2, July 2012 Setiawan, Nugraha, “Perubahan Konsep Perkotaan di Indonesia”. Downloaded from pustaka.unpad.ac.id Online Indonesia Dictionary: http://pusatbahasa.kemdiknas.go.id/kbbi/ UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs: http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/unup/index_panel1.html Online Kompas Newspaper: http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2012/08/23/21232065/Hampir.54.Persen.Penduduk. Indonesia.Tinggal.di.Kota
  10. 10. Bibliography Indonesia Local Government Act, 1999 Indonesia Spatial Planning Act, 2007 Head of Indonesia Central Bureau of Statistic’s Regulation for Urban-Rural Classification in Indonesia, 2010 Indonesia Public Works Minister Regulation for Detailed Spatial Plan, 2011 Demographia World Urban Areas (World Agglomerations), 8 th Annual Edition: Version 2, July 2012 Setiawan, Nugraha, “Perubahan Konsep Perkotaan di Indonesia”. Downloaded from pustaka.unpad.ac.id Online Indonesia Dictionary: http://pusatbahasa.kemdiknas.go.id/kbbi/ UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs: http://esa.un.org/unpd/wup/unup/index_panel1.html Online Kompas Newspaper: http://nasional.kompas.com/read/2012/08/23/21232065/Hampir.54.Persen.Penduduk. Indonesia.Tinggal.di.Kota

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