A Part 4 Accident Causes

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Health and Safety Accident Causes

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A Part 4 Accident Causes

  1. 1. Accidents /Hazardous Incidents. By Jim McCann Unforeseen occurrence or event ????
  2. 2. There is a consensus amongst many safety specialists that there are four distinct phases to what is referred to as an accident. Contributing factors  The Principle cause(s)  The accident or incident  The consequences of the accident 
  3. 3. The Four Main Areas Contributing Principle factors Cause Main Distinctions Consequences The Accident of the Accident
  4. 4. Poor training, supervision or instruction  Safety rules not enforced  Poor planning  Poor maintenance systems  Safety devices not provided  The Environment  Ergonomics 
  5. 5. Lack of safety awareness  Aptitude and ability  Poor attitude towards safety  Tiredness, slow mental reaction  Inattention  Emotional state  Physical make up  Illness  Alcohol / drugs 
  6. 6. Hearing impaired  Poor eyesight  Physical disabilities  Medical condition(s) 
  7. 7. Protective equipment or guard not used  Manual handling (failure to allow for sharp or  slippery objects and pinch points, Poor lifting techniques, loose grip, etc.) Wrong equipment being used.  Poorly maintained tools and equipment  Poor housekeeping (slips, trips & falls)  Horseplay 
  8. 8. Broken safety devices  No safety devices  Inappropriate use of Hazardous substances  Improper dress or apparel for the job  Poor illumination /environment 
  9. 9. Fall  Slip  Trip  Strike against  Caught in or between  Erupt or explode  Burn  Ejection 
  10. 10. CENTIPEDE: Contact, Entanglement, Nips &  Traps, Impact & Projections, Ejections, Discharge & Environmental. NECTRE: Noise & Vibration, Electricity,  Chemical, Temperature, Radiation, Explosion
  11. 11. Annoyance  Machinery, down time  Reduced moral  Man hours lost  Minor injuries  Disabling injuries  Fatality  Costs – Legal, Productivity, Medical aid,  Insurance premiums, Compensation, Investigation times, Defence times……..Hassel Prison, Fines & loss of reputation 
  12. 12. Fatalities  Loss of Hand, Foot, Thumb or Eye  Broken Arm or Leg, Hip  Fractured Skull  Electrocution  Poisoning  Reportable / Proscribed diseases  Collapse of Scaffolding  Overturning of a crane/tower, failure of load  bearing parts Collapse of a trench 
  13. 13. A hazard is anything that can cause harm, A Risk is the likelihood high or low of that harm being realised. It is all too easy to identify the principal and contributing causes of an accident after it has occurred. The difficult part comes when you have to predict when an accident is likely to happen and what would be the probable outcome. When an accident does occur, it is an indication that someone or something along the line has gone wrong and unsafe conditions have been created. Managers, supervisor, Union Reps and Employees will need to have a working knowledge of the fundamental steps that need to be taken to ensure effective control of the contributing causes of accidents in order to reduce the risks to as low as is reasonably practicable.

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