A Part 15 Machinery Safety


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Health and Safety Course, Machinery Safety

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A Part 15 Machinery Safety

  1. 1. on Manufacturers & Suppliers Duties European Standards relating to machinery
  2. 2. Intended to ensure that all machinery  throughout the EC was constructed to the same standards of h&s Contained in Annex 1 to the Machinery  Directive and as an appendix to BSEN 292-2
  3. 3. Requirements:  Hierarchy of control defined (PoP)  Construction of machine  Lighting  Safe handling  Controls  Protection against mechanical hazards  Characteristics of guards/protective devices  Protection against other hazards  Maintenance  Indicators  Marking  Instructions 
  4. 4. Annex IV of Machinery Directive lists certain types  of high-risk machine, including: Circular saws  Woodworking machines  Presses  Injection moulding machines  Locomotives  Passenger carrying vehicles used underground  This specified machinery is required to be subject  to a type examination prior to approval being given
  5. 5. Application is made which contains:  Name and address of manufacturer   Technical file (see later)  Example of machine or details of where one may be examined Notified body verifies information and issues  EC-type examination certificate. CE mark can then be fixed and machine can be  sold openly throughout EC
  6. 6. For machinery not covered in Annex IV,  approval process is one of self-certification on the basis that technical file is produced and reviewed and machinery meets the requirements of the Directive. The manufacturer must just draw up a technical  file, upon which he bases his approval
  7. 7. Consists of all relevant material upon which  manufacturer bases decision as to whether to sign the CE declaration of conformity Signature completes declaration, allowing CE  marking to be affixed Not all info has to be kept together, but it must  be made available within reasonable time when requested
  8. 8. Consists of:  Drawings of machine  Drawings of control circuitry  Details of tests carried out against essential h&s  requirements Description of methods adopted to eliminate hazards  Any technical reports obtained to support declaration  Any test results against harmonised standards carried  out Measures taken to ensure production machinery is to  same standard
  9. 9. Drawing up the declaration procedure  whereby responsible person declares machinery which he supplies into EC complies with all the essential h&s requirements applying to it
  10. 10. It includes:  Name and address of responsible person and  manufacturer Description of machinery including:   Make  Type  Serial no. Indication of all provisions with which machinery  complies State the name and address of approved body which  issued type approval (if applicable) Signature of responsible person 
  11. 11. Can only be applied when a declaration of conformity is  supplied, or for the high risk machinery, the approvals process confirms compliance Marking must include the following information  (indelible): Name and address of manufacturer  CE mark (to include year of construction)  Designation of series or type  Serial no., if any  If designed for such, info regarding use in an explosive  atmosphere Any safety related info regarding the machinery in use e.g. max  speed of rotating parts
  12. 12. Type A: Basic Safety - Applicable to all machines  Type B: Group Safety - Dealing in a single safety aspect  that can be applied to a wide range of machines Type B1: Specific safety aspect e.g. noise, lighting  Type B2: Safety devices, guards, interlocks etc.  Type C: Detailed standards that apply to specific groups  of machine or a single type of machine e.g. chainsaws The standard for Type A is BSEN 292 “Safety of  Machinery” and is in 2 part Annex 1 of the Machinery Directive “Essential H&S  Requirements” is included as appendix to BSEN 292-2
  13. 13. 2 Parts:  Part 1 - Safety of Machinery: Covers basic concepts,  general principles for design Part 2 - Safety of Machinery: Covers basic concepts,  general principles for design and technical principles and specification Intended to assist designers, manufacturers  and other interested bodies to interpret the essential H&S requirements in order to achieve conformity with European Legislation
  14. 14. Describes principals for machinery RA  Procedures described for identifying hazards  and estimating and evaluating risk Appendix table includes examples of hazards  grouped under headings: Mechanical   Electrical  Noise  Vibrations  Materials and Substances  Ergonomics
  15. 15. Manufacturers responsibilities:  RA to identify and assess hazards that could be present when  machine is used Design out significant hazards and ensure design satisfies EHSRs  and is designed in accordance with applicable standards Incorporate measures such as physical barriers to prevent access to  dangerous parts; or safeguard against other hazards that cannot be designed out Provide warning signs for hazards that cannot be designed out or  safeguarded (e.g. noisy machine signs) Fix CE marking to show that it complies with EHSRs  Issue “Declaration of Conformity” for machine  Provide user with instructions on how to install use and maintain  safely Keep information, explaining what has been done and why, in a  technical file