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  • Unranked lists are included where participation did not reach the necessary threshold. They have been offered for consideration with the hope that they can be expanded upon for next year’s report. Best Independent Think Tanks was abandoned entirely due to lack of nominations.
  • The rearrangement of the America’s had to be readjusted due to low participation in the Central America and Caribbean ranking. This region was folded into the South America category in the final report. This section represents the categories we began the research process with. During this process, changes were necessitated by the responses received during the voting process.
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Copy of analytical research ctr go to pres Copy of analytical research ctr go to pres Presentation Transcript

  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Analytical Center of the Government of the Russian Federation August 2, 2013 GOVERNMENTSTHINK TANKS AND
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program “'Measuring the Performance of Think Tanks” James G. McGann, Ph.D. Assistant Director International Relations Pogram Director Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program University of Pennsylvania Phone: 001 (215) 898 0452 jmcgann@sas.upenn.edu
  • Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) “Think Tanks’ Think Tank” Research and data on think tanks Global Database 6603 Think Tanks Global Go-To Think Tank Index Global and Regional Networking Think Tank Capacity Building Program (TTCBP) Knowledge exchange and capacity-building for governmental and NGO think tanks Current Studies Think Tanks in the BRICS and G20 Think Tanks in India & China Trends and Transitions Security and International Affairs Think Tanks Global Think Tanks and Policy Advice & Governance Fifth Estate: Think Tanks and US Domestic and Foreign Policy International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program PENN’S TTCSP AND THE TTCBP
  • I. Global Overview of Think Tanks II. Overview of Global Go To Think Tank Rankings Report International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program PRESENTATION STRUCTURE
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Knowledge-based, policy-oriented institutions Serve governments, intergovernmental organizations, and civil society A public policy research, analysis and engagement organization THINK TANK:
  • WHAT ROLE DO THINK TANKS PLAY? International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program “Within universities, research is frequently driven by arcane theoretical and methodological debates only distantly related to real policy dilemmas. Within government, officials immersed in the concrete demands of day-to-day policy-making are often too busy to take a step back and reconsider the broader trajectory of U.S. policy. Think tanks help bridge this gap between the worlds of ideas and action.” - Richard Haass President, Council on Foreign Relations “Think Tanks and U.S. Foreign Policy: A Policy-Maker's Perspective”
  • Generate policy-oriented research, analysis, and advice Engage and educate policymakers, media and public on policy issues Identify, train, and develop talent Provide a home for public figures who are out of office Convene experts to float policy proposals and build consensus Serve as bridge between knowledge and policy communities Help bridge the gap between policymakers and the public Be in the vanguard of political and economic development, and of policy innovation The canary in the mine: key civil society indicator International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program ROLE OF THINK TANKS
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program GLOBAL OVERVIEW OF THINK TANKS
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program 554 1194 1836721 339 1919 40 Africa Asia Europe Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa North America Oceania GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF THINK TANKS BY REGION (2012)
  • 2012 GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF THINK TANKS BY REGION International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Region Number of Think Tanks % of Total Africa 554 8.4 Asia 1194 18 Europe 1836 27.8 Latin America and Caribbean 721 11 Middle East and North Africa 339 5.1 North America 1919 29.1 Oceania 40 .6 Total 6603 100
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • TYPES OF THINK TANKS International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Type Examples Party-Affiliated • Konrad Adenauer Foundation (Germany) • Jaures Foundation (France) • Progressive Policy Institute (U.S.) Governmental • China Development Institute (China) • Institute for Political & International Studies (Iran) • Congressional Research Service (U.S.) Quasi- governmental • Institute for Strategic & International Studies (Malaysia) • Korean Development Institute (Korea) • Woodrow International Center For Scholars (U.S.) Autonomous and Independent • Pakistan Institute of International Affairs (Pakistan) • Institute for Security Studies (South Africa) • Institute for International Economics (U.S.) Quasi- independent • European Trade Union Institute (Belgium) • NLI Research Institute (Japan) • Center for Defense Information (U.S.) University- affiliated • Foreign Policy Institute, Hacettepe University (Turkey) • Institute For International Relations (Brazil) • The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University (U.S.)
  • 1960s and 1970s • TTs start to appear in large numbers, especially in OECD countries 1980s • Global expansion of TTs begin as TTs start to specialize • First studies of TTs in literature appear 1990s • Explosive increase in number of TTs worldwide 2000s • Global networks of TTs form the most comprehensive source of information internationally available for policy makers HISTORICAL THINK TANK TRENDS International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • 1st wave 1917-1929 World War I; Great Depression 2nd wave 1937-1945 World War II 3rd wave 1950-1989 Cold War 4th wave 1960-1979 War on Poverty, Social Movements, International Development 5th wave 1980-1992 War of Ideas & the End of Cold War Consensus 6th wave 1989-2001 End of the Cold War; Impact of Globalization 7th wave 2001-2008 War on Terror 8th wave 2009-Present Global Economic Crisis & Rise of the G20 International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program THINK TANKS AND PARADIGMS SHIFTS
  • Demands for independent information and analysis Technology & communication advances Globalization of NGO funding More complex and high pressure issues Information revolution Democratization End of government monopoly on information International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program REASONS FOR THE GROWTH OF THINK TANKS
  • Complexity and technical nature of policy problems Size of government and crisis in confidence in government officials Globalization and the growth of state and non state actors Need for timely and concise information and analysis “in the right form at the right time” Emergence of Global Think Tanks REASONS FOR THE GROWTH OF THINK TANKS International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Individual donations Corporate donations Foundation grants Government grants and contracts Endowment Other Revenue (rental income, sale of publications) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Diversified Funding = Ideal Funding Model FUNDING SOURCES
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program • Timely and accessible research & analysis that is in “the right form, at the right time”Relevance • Scholars and analysts who consistently produce high quality, independent research & analysisRigor • Data, research & analysis that is evidence based, subjected to a careful review process and quality controls Reliability • A range of high quality, accessible products that meet the needs of policy-makers, journalist & policy elites that are carefully marketed to key stake holders Reach The four Rs of High Impact Think Tanks
  • • Based on the quality of a Think Tank’s ideas, independence and influence • Think Tank is only as good as its last good idea, so keep the ideas coming • Go-to place (GTP) for research and analysis on an issue or for a leading expert on a topic • “Critical mass of positive buzz” • In US, the GTP for the 2000 plus policy-makers, journalists and policy elites who shape public policy Reputation Tangible and Intangible Dimensions The Fifth R International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • HYBRIDIZATION OF THINK TANKS International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Increasing blend of organizational types Changing nature of staffing patterns Academic Center Consulting Firm Advocacy Group Policy Enterprise Media Tank Techie Tank Academic Scholar Analysts/Technocratic Activist/Ideologue Marketing/Sales Exec. Journalist Techie or Social Networker
  • THINK, DO AND TWEET TANKS International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program Think Tank Research & Analysis Think & Do Tank Turns Ideas in to Action Talk Tank Convenes Policy Elites Do Tank Pushes Other People’s Ideas Techie Tank Let Technology Do the Talking
  • Think tanks clearly face unique challenges depending on nature and state of political and economic system in which they operate All think tanks, however, face a common set of challenges that can be summarized by 4 Ms: International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program CHALLENGES – THE “4 MS”
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program • What are think tanks and how do they establish their research priorities in a fast changing world?Mission • How and where do think tanks recruit and retain top talents?Manpower • Who funds think tanks and how independent are they?Money • How do think tanks convince policy-makers of their worth?Market It is for this reason that we propose a regional think tank summit that will provide for a peer-to-peer exchange of best practices in think tank management and policy development
  • GLOBAL GO TO THINK TANK RANKINGS REPORT OVERVIEW International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • WHAT IS THE GLOBAL “GO-TO”? Comprehensive, global ranking of the world’s top think tanks that are selected from a universe of 6,545 policy organizations from every region of the world (182 countries) Highlights the important contribution think tanks make to government and civil society globally Based on a worldwide survey of 1,500 scholars, journalists, policymakers and peers from 120 countries. “An insider’s guide to the global marketplace of ideas” International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • SNAPSHOT OF GGTTT INDEX’S GLOBAL REACH • Germany (84) • India (52) • Belgium (47) • UK (45) • France (40) • Brazil (34) • China (25) • Russia (24) • Israel (23) • Argentina (20) • Australia (17) • Japan (17) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program • Poland (15) • Singapore (14) • South Africa (14) • Sweden (14) • Malaysia (14) • Ukraine (13) • Mexico (12) • Turkey (12) • Denmark (10) • Egypt (8) • Ghana (8) • Hungary (8) • Ecuador (7) • Bangladesh (5) • Peru (5) • Bulgaria (4) • Bolivia (4) • Chile (4) • Ethiopia (4) • Nepal (4) • Belarus (3) • Yemen (2) • Iran (1) • Cambodia (1)
  • BACKGROUND Global “Go-To” initiated in 2006; first report 2007 2009 – featured at a UN briefing, published in Foreign Policy magazine and The Economist Expert and Peer-based ranking system that attempts to identify “centers of excellence” Creates a global list of top think tanks by region and functional policy areas Provides think tanks, donors, and constituents with a another metric to evaluate performance International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program AUTHORITATIVE SOURCE ON GLOBAL THINK TANK RANKINGS
  • Global Reach of the Rankings • 6,603 think tanks invited to participate • 1,947 individuals from 120 countries participated in the process • Think tanks were nominated and then ranked in 38 categories • Total number of think tanks nominated 1,647 • Total number of nominations well over 57,000 • 171 think tanks nominated for the top think in the world International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Snapshot of Participants • 793 nominated expert panelists • 150 journalists and scholars • 55 current and former directors of think tank programs and networks • 40 public and private donors • 100s of think tanks • 25-30 intergovernmental organizations • 120 academic institutions International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • What’s New 2012 and 2013 • New Categories 2012 – Top Energy and Resource Policy Think Tanks – Top Education Policy Think Tanks (Unranked) – Best For-Profit Think Tanks (Unranked) – Best Advocacy Campaign – Best Policy Study/Report Produced 2011-2012 – Best Independent Think Tanks • New Categories 2013 – Best Think Tank By Country International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • What’s New This Year • Modified Categories – Asia is now divided into two categories. • Top Think Tanks in Asia (Excluding China, India, Japan, and the Republic of Korea) • Top think Tanks in China, India, Japan, and the Republic of Korea – Best New Think Tanks now examines organizations founded over the past 24 months instead of 18. – The Americas have been rearranged into: • Top Think Tanks in Central American and the Caribbean • Top Think Tanks in Mexico and Canada • Top Think Tanks in South America International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Meeting, Listening Responding – Some contend that that Go To Report has a strong OECD bias. Changes have been implemented to enable underrepresented regions and countries to be represented in the rankings: • Dramatically increasing the number of listings in each category • Splitting Asia into two categories • Creating a separate category for Mexico and Canada • Creating two global rankings both with and without the U.S. • Creating a category recognizing organizations with a budget of less that $5 million International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Feedback, Evaluation Redesign • There have been methodological changes in addition to the structural fixes. – In 2010 over 100 Expert Panelists participated in an evaluation of the ranking criteria and nominations and indexing process. This resulted in a number of major changes designed to limit bias, improve inclusivity and the quality and integrity of the process.: • The nomination process was opened to every think tank in the world as identified by the TTCSP. This replaced a system where the initial slate of institutions was developed by the Expert Panels. • Process is now a mix of peer and expert nomination, and ranking. Final ranking now reviewed and evaluated by Expert Panels • An outreach effort was launched in Asia, Latin America, Africa, and MENA to improve response from these regions and further expand the Report. International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings – Global* • Top Think Tanks – Worldwide (Non-US) – Chatham House (United Kingdom); Bruegel (Belgium); Stockholm, International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (Sweden); Amnesty International (United Kingdom); Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) • Top Think Tanks – Worldwide (US and Non-US) – Brookings Institution (United States); Chatham House (United Kingdom); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States); Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)(Sweden); Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) *For the sake of brevity only the top 5 think tanks are listed in each category. International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Regional • Top Think Tanks In the United States – Brookings Institution; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Council on Foreign Relations (CFR); Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS); RAND Corporation • Top Think Tanks in Western Europe – Bruegel (Belgium); Chatham House (United Kingdom); Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (Sweden); International Crisis Group (ICG) (Belgium); Amnesty International (United Kingdom) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Regional • Top Think Tanks in Central and Eastern Europe – Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE) (Poland); Carnegie Moscow Center (Russia); Institute of World Economic and International Relations (IMEMO, RAS) (Russia); Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM) (Poland); Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) (Russia) • Top Think Tanks in Asia (Excluding China, India, Japan, and the Republic of Korea) – Lowy Institute (Australia); Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA) (Singapore); Centre for Strategic Studies (CSS) (New Zealand); Australian Institute for International Affairs (AIIA) (Australia); East Asia Institute (Singapore) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Regional • Top Think Tanks in China, India Japan, and the Republic of Korea – Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) (China); Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) (Japan); Korea Development Institute (KDI) (Republic of Korea); China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) (China); Asan Institute for Policy Studies (Republic of Korea) • Top Think Tanks in Sub-Saharan Africa – South African Institute of International Affairs (South Africa); Centre for Conflict Resolution (South Africa); Institute for Security Studies (South Africa); African Center for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) (South Africa); Africa Institute of South Africa (South Africa) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Regional • Top Think Tanks in Mexico and Canada – Fraser Institute (Canada); Consejo Mexicano de Asuntos Internacionales (COMEXI) (Mexico); Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) (Canada); North-South Institute (Canada); Centro de Investigacion y Docencia Econmoica (CIDE) (Mexico) • Top Think Tanks in South and Central America – Fundação Getulio Vargas (Brazil); Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) (Chile); Centro do Estudios Públicos (CEP) (Chile); Centro de Divulgacion del Conocimineto Economomico para la Libertad (CEDICE Libertad) (Venezuela); Centro de Estudios de la Realidad Economicica y Social (CERES) (Uruguay) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Regional • Top Think Tanks in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) – Carnegie Middle East Center (Lebanon); Gulf Research Center (GRC) (Saudi Arabia); Begin Sadat Center for Strategic Studies (Israel); Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) (Turkey); Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (Egypt) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings – Research Area • Top Security and International Affairs – Center for Strategic and International Studies (United States); Chatham House (United Kingdom); Brookings Institution (United States); Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States) • Top International Development – Brookings Institution (United States); Overseas Development Institute (ODI) (United Kingdom); Center for Global Development (CGD) (United States); Center for International Development (CID) (United States); Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (United States) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings – Research Area • Top Environment – World Resources Institute (United States); Brookings Institution (United States); Center for Climate and Energy Solutions (C2ES) (United States); Worldwatch Institute (United States); Earthwatch Institute (United States) • Top Health Policy – Bloomberg School of Public Health Research Centers (JHSPH) (United States); Cambridge Centre for Health Services Research (United Kingdom); Brookings Institution (United States); RAND Corporation (United States) ; Fraser Institute (Canada) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings – Research Area • Top Domestic Economic Policy – Brookings Institution (United States); Cato Institute (United States); American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) (United States); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (United States); Peterson Institute for International Economics (United States) • Top International Economic Policy – Bruegel (Belgium); Brookings Institution (United States); Peterson Institute for International Economics (United States); Kiel Institute for the World Economy (Germany); Chatham House (United Kingdom) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings – Research Area • Top Social Policy – Brookings Institution (United States); RAND Corporation (United States); American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) (United States); Urban Institute (United States): Amnesty International (United Kingdom) • Top Science and Technology – MIT Science, Technology, and Society Program (STS) (United States); Max Planck Institute (Germany); RAND Corporation (United States); Center for Development Research (ZEF) Germany); Information and Technology and Innovation Foundation (ITIF) (United States) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings – Research Area • Top Transparency and Good Governance – Transparency International (TI) (United Kingdom); Amnesty International (United Kingdom); Freedom House (United States); Open Society Institute (OSI) (United Kingdom); Mo Ibrahim Foundation (United Kingdom) • Top Energy and Resource Policy – World Resource Institute (United States); Oxford Institute for Energy Studies (OIES) (United Kingdom); RAND Corporation (United States); American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) (United States); Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR) (United States) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Most Innovative Policy Ideas/Proposals – Brookings Institution (United States); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States); Peterson Institute for International Economics (United States); Cato Institute (United States); International Crisis Group (ICG) (Belgium • Best New Think Tank – Google Ideas (United States); Economic Strategies for the 2st Century (e21) (United States); Macdonald-Laurier Institute (MLI) (Canada); Econwatch Society of Political Analysis (Germany); Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (IDEAS) (Malaysia) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Outstanding Policy-Oriented Research Program – Brookings Institution (United States); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States); RAND Corporation (United States); Bruegel (Belgium); Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States) • Best Use of the Internet or Social Media – Heritage Foundation (United States); Center for American Progress (CAP) (United States); Brookings Institution (United States); Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States); Amnesty International (United Kingdom) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Best Use of the Media (Print or Electronic) – Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States); Brookings Institution (United States); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States); Amnesty International (United Kingdom); Human Rights Watch (United States) • Best External Relations/Public Engagement Program – Brookings Institution (United States); Amnesty International (United Kingdom); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States); Chatham House (United Kingdom); Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (United States) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Most Significant Impact on Public Policy – Amnesty International (United Kingdom); Brookings Institution (United States); Bruegel (Belgium); Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States) • Best University Affiliated Think Tanks – Hoover Institution, Stanford University (United States); Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University (United States); Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex (United Kingdom); Center for International Development (CID), Harvard University (United States); Center for International Studies and Research (CERI), Sciences Po (France) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Best Government Affiliated Think Tanks – World Bank Institute (WBI), World Bank (United States); United States Institute for Peace (USIP) (United States); Chinese Academy of Social Science (CASS) (China); Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI) (United Kingdom); United Nations University (UNU) (Japan) • Best Party Affiliated Think Tanks – Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS) (Germany); Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES) (Germany); Heinrich Boll Stiftung (HBS) (Germany); Demos (United Kingdom); Fredrich Nauman Foundation (FNS) (Germany) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Annual Operating Budget under $5 Million USD – Foreign Policy Research Institute (US); North-South Institute (Canada); Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE) (Poland); Centro Brasileiro de Relacoes Internationais (CEBRI) (Brazil); Libertad y Desarrollo (Chile); Centro de Estudios Publicos (CEP) (Chile) • Best Advocacy Campaign – Amnesty International (United Kingdom); Human Rights Watch (United Kingdom); Transparency International (TI) (Germany); International Crisis Group (ICG) (Belgium); Batory Foundation (Poland) • Best Policy Study/Report Produced in 2011-2012 – Brookings Institution (United States); Bruegel (Belgium); Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • Rankings - Special Categories • Best Policy Study/Report Produced in 2011-2012 – Brookings Institution (United States); Bruegel (Belgium); Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States); Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) (United States); Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (United States) International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • SNAPSHOT OF WHO PARTICIPATES 793 nominated expert panelists 150 journalists and scholars 55 current and former directors of think tank programs and networks 40 public and private donors 100s of think tanks 25-30 intergovernmental organizations 120 academic institutions International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program
  • 55 Think Tanks & Civil Societies Program ©2013, University of Pennsylvania All rights reserved. Except for short quotes, no part of this presentation may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the University of Pennsylvania. All requests, questions and comments should be sent to: James G. McGann, Ph.D. Director Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program University of Pennsylvania 635 Williams Hall 255 S. 36th Street Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305 Phone: 001 (215) 898 0452 jmcgann@sas.upenn.edu 55 International Relations Program Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program