Newswriting Basics #1 - Slideshare

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COM 13500 Introduction to Journalism, Lindenwood University

COM 13500 Introduction to Journalism, Lindenwood University

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  • 1. Newswriting BasicsChapter 4 – Inside Reporting by Tim Harrower
  • 2. Today’s Concepts
  • 3. Defining “Journalism”1.a : the collection and editing of news for presentation throughthe mediab : the public pressc : an academic study concerned with the collection andediting of news or the management of a news medium2.a : writing designed for publication in a newspaper ormagazineb : writing characterized by a direct presentation of facts ordescription of events without an attempt at interpretation Merriam-Webster.com
  • 4. Defining “Objectivity”3• a : expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations <objective art> <an objective hi story of the war> <an objective judgment> Merriam-Webster.com
  • 5. Defining “Write”1• a : to form (as characters or symbols) on a surface with an instrument (as a pen) b : to form (as words) by inscribing the characters or symbols of on a surface• a : to make significant characters or inscriptions; also : to permit or be adapted to writing b : to form or produce written letters, words, or sentences2• to compose, communicate by, or send a letter3• a : to produce a written work• b : to compose music Merriam-Webster.com
  • 6. Fact v. Opinion • Facts Are: • Opinions Are: – Verifiable – Fleeting – Attributable – Moldable – Objective – SubjectiveWhy should opinions be left out of news stories? *Let the facts speak for themselves. How do opinions in news stories impact a reporter’s credibility? *Readers can recognize bias and may not trust the publication in the future. Opinions belong on what page of an newspaper? *The Op-Ed (Opinion-Editorial) page!
  • 7. Fact v. OpinionNo Opinion------------------------------------------------------------------------Strong Opinion News Sports Movie Story Story Reviews News Opinion Analysis Columns Story p. 134, Harrower, Inside Reporting
  • 8. Meet the Five W’s:You Typically Find Facts Here… Who Why What Where When
  • 9. The Inverted Pyramid Most Important Facts Details or Background More Details More Details More Details
  • 10.  Be accurate.The Lead  Remember what day it is.  Don’t put unfamiliar names in the lead.  Use strong verbs.  Ask, “why should I care?”  Sell the story.  Don’t get hung up.  Put attributions first.  Checklist p. 45, Harrower
  • 11. Please Delete! Five „ Passive verbs things „ Redundancy and repetitionto avoid „ Long, wordy sentences „ Jargon and “officialese” in your „ Clichésstories: Harrower p. 53
  • 12. Associated Press Style – An Industry Standard Numbers Titles Capitalization Abbreviations Addresses Parentheses Possessives Prefixes