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Defining “Journalism”1.a : the collection and editing of news for presentation throughthe mediab : the public pressc : an academic study concerned with the collection andediting of news or the management of a news medium2.a : writing designed for publication in a newspaper ormagazineb : writing characterized by a direct presentation of facts ordescription of events without an attempt at interpretation Merriam-Webster.com
Defining “Objectivity”3• a : expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations <objective art> <an objective hi story of the war> <an objective judgment> Merriam-Webster.com
Defining “Write”1• a : to form (as characters or symbols) on a surface with an instrument (as a pen) b : to form (as words) by inscribing the characters or symbols of on a surface• a : to make significant characters or inscriptions; also : to permit or be adapted to writing b : to form or produce written letters, words, or sentences2• to compose, communicate by, or send a letter3• a : to produce a written work• b : to compose music Merriam-Webster.com
Fact v. Opinion • Facts Are: • Opinions Are: – Verifiable – Fleeting – Attributable – Moldable – Objective – SubjectiveWhy should opinions be left out of news stories? *Let the facts speak for themselves. How do opinions in news stories impact a reporter’s credibility? *Readers can recognize bias and may not trust the publication in the future. Opinions belong on what page of an newspaper? *The Op-Ed (Opinion-Editorial) page!
Fact v. OpinionNo Opinion------------------------------------------------------------------------Strong Opinion News Sports Movie Story Story Reviews News Opinion Analysis Columns Story p. 134, Harrower, Inside Reporting
Meet the Five W’s:You Typically Find Facts Here… Who Why What Where When
The Inverted Pyramid Most Important Facts Details or Background More Details More Details More Details
Be accurate.The Lead Remember what day it is. Don’t put unfamiliar names in the lead. Use strong verbs. Ask, “why should I care?” Sell the story. Don’t get hung up. Put attributions first. Checklist p. 45, Harrower
Please Delete! Five „ Passive verbs things „ Redundancy and repetitionto avoid „ Long, wordy sentences „ Jargon and “officialese” in your „ Clichésstories: Harrower p. 53
Associated Press Style – An Industry Standard Numbers Titles Capitalization Abbreviations Addresses Parentheses Possessives Prefixes