Chapter 8 and Chapter 14 Newspapers and the Culture of journalismPresentation Transcript
Chapters 8 and 14 – Newspapers and the Culture of Journalism While these slides were created using material from the above textbook, they are not official presentations from the publisher, Bedford/St. Martin’s. In addition, many slides may contain professor’s supplemental notes on various media topics.
“People don’t actually read newspapers. They step into them every morning like a hot bath.” Marshall McLuhan
“Real news is bad news—bad news about somebody, or bad news for somebody.” Marshall McLuhan
In This Chapter… Declining Readership and Information Overload News Values Newspapers and Democracy New Forms of Getting the News Fake News
Terms FYI… Newshole: the space left over after ads are placed; 35-50% of the content of daily newspapers Inverted Pyramid: came out of the telegraph style; puts all major information in the first sentence: who, what, when, where, why and how.
“Types” of Journalism Yellow journalism Objective journalism (inverted pyramid) Interpretive journalism Advocacy journalism Precision journalism Literary journalism Consensus-oriented journalism Conflict-oriented journalism On the next Evaluation, you will find five fill-in-the-blank questions over these. Go over them in your textbook.
Current Statistics and Issues
All this when population has actually increased.
Readership decline can be blamed on emerging forms of media during any given time period--for example, radio, television and the Internet.
Newspapers get 17% of the advertising revenue pie.
Declining Readership: 1971 – 78% of adults read the paper once a day 2007 – 51% do Declining Dailies: 1950-2006 the number of daily papers in the United States dropped from 1,772 to 1,452
Information Overload WHY? Two Issues: 1. We are producing too much information—much of it “unchecked data” mainly on the Internet Neil Postman’s quote: “information glut”, where with developments in new technology, we have transformed news and information into “a form of garbage” 2. The amount of information the media provide has little impact on improving public and political life—leaving many people to feel cut off from major institutions, including journalism
News Values Today’s News Definition: News - the process of gathering information and making narrative reports—edited by individuals in for-profit news organizations—that offer selected frames of reference; within those frames, news helps the public make sense of prominent people, important events, and unusual happenings in everyday life.
Newsvalues and The “GateKeeping” Process Journalists are professionally socialized to select and develop news stories based on different combinations of these criteria. News Values Newsworthiness Proximity Timeliness Impact Prominence Conflict Human Interest
Newspapers and Democracy Of all mass media, newspapers have played the longest and strongest role in sustaining democracy. We need heroic reporters to go where we cannot. What is a “free country” without a “free press”? Between 1996-2003, 338 reporters have been killed trying to do their jobs—one-hundred of them were murdered.
Newspapers and Democracy Critics say: The formulaic design and reporting styles discourage new approaches to telling stories and reporting news. One-city newspapers only cover issues that impact upper-middle-class readers and don’t report enough on issues impacting the poor and working class folks. Chain ownership takes away the emphasis on serving a community—and instead, focuses on profits. Chain ownership discourages watchdog journalism—for fear of offending investors or advertisers.
Who are you turning to? Where do you get your news? New Forms of Getting the News Twitter Blogs Other Social Media RSS Feeds Jon Stewart
Fake News The Daily Show with Jon Stewart The Colbert Report Their humor is in poking fun at the typical conventions the media use to tell stories. Audiences, particularly younger ones, have grown tired of the same old formulaic packaging of sound bites and newscasts. “There’s no journalist today, real or fake, who is more significant for people 18 to 25.” --Seth Siegel, advertising and branding consultant, talking about Jon Stewart What about The Onion?