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Chapter 8 and Chapter 14 Newspapers and the Culture of journalism

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Chapter 8 and Chapter 14   Newspapers and the Culture of journalism Chapter 8 and Chapter 14 Newspapers and the Culture of journalism Presentation Transcript

  • Chapters 8 and 14 – Newspapers and the Culture of Journalism
    While these slides were created using material from the above textbook, they are not official presentations from the publisher, Bedford/St. Martin’s. In addition, many slides may contain professor’s supplemental notes on various media topics.
  • “People don’t actually read newspapers. They step into them every morning like a hot bath.”
    Marshall McLuhan
  • “Real news is bad news—bad news about somebody, or bad news for somebody.”
    Marshall McLuhan
  • In This Chapter…
    Declining Readership and Information Overload
    News Values
    Newspapers and Democracy
    New Forms of Getting the News
    Fake News
  • Terms FYI…
    Newshole: the space left over after ads are placed; 35-50% of the content of daily newspapers
    Inverted Pyramid: came out of the telegraph style; puts all major information in the first sentence: who, what, when, where, why and how.
  • “Types” of Journalism
    Yellow journalism
    Objective journalism (inverted pyramid)
    Interpretive journalism
    Advocacy journalism
    Precision journalism
    Literary journalism
    Consensus-oriented journalism
    Conflict-oriented journalism
    On the next Evaluation, you will find five
    fill-in-the-blank questions over these.
    Go over them in your textbook.
  • Current Statistics and Issues
    • All this when population has actually increased.
    • Readership decline can be blamed on emerging forms of media during any given time period--for example, radio, television and the Internet.
    • Newspapers get 17% of the advertising revenue pie.
    Declining Readership:
    1971 – 78% of adults read the paper once a day
    2007 – 51% do
    Declining Dailies:
    1950-2006 the number of daily papers in the United States dropped from 1,772 to 1,452
  • Information Overload
    WHY?
    Two Issues:
    1. We are producing too much information—much of it “unchecked data” mainly on the Internet
    Neil Postman’s quote: “information glut”, where with developments in new technology, we have transformed news and information into “a form of garbage”
    2. The amount of information the media provide has little impact on improving public and political life—leaving many people to feel cut off from major institutions, including journalism
  • News Values
    Today’s News Definition:
    News - the process of gathering information and making narrative reports—edited by individuals in for-profit news organizations—that offer selected frames of reference; within those frames, news helps the public make sense of prominent people, important events, and unusual happenings in everyday life.
  • Newsvalues and The “GateKeeping” Process
    Journalists are professionally socialized to select and develop news stories based on different combinations of these criteria.
    News Values
    Newsworthiness
    Proximity
    Timeliness
    Impact
    Prominence
    Conflict
    Human Interest
  • Newspapers and Democracy
    Of all mass media, newspapers have played the longest and strongest role in sustaining democracy.
    We need heroic reporters to go where we cannot.
    What is a “free country” without a “free press”?
    Between 1996-2003, 338 reporters have been killed trying to do their jobs—one-hundred of them were murdered.
  • Newspapers and Democracy
    Critics say:
    The formulaic design and reporting styles discourage new approaches to telling stories and reporting news.
    One-city newspapers only cover issues that impact upper-middle-class readers and don’t report enough on issues impacting the poor and working class folks.
    Chain ownership takes away the emphasis on serving a community—and instead, focuses on profits.
    Chain ownership discourages watchdog journalism—for fear of offending investors or advertisers.
  • Who are you turning to?
    Where do you get your news?
    New Forms of Getting the News
    Twitter
    Blogs
    Other Social Media
    RSS Feeds
    Jon Stewart
  • Fake News
    The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
    The Colbert Report
    Their humor is in poking fun at the typical conventions the media use to tell stories.
    Audiences, particularly younger ones, have grown tired of the same old formulaic packaging of sound bites and newscasts.
    “There’s no journalist today, real or fake, who is more significant for people 18 to 25.”
    --Seth Siegel, advertising and branding consultant, talking about Jon Stewart
    What about The Onion?