1. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE By Lee Pollner #10 February 6, 2012
2. Definition from wordcentral.com : a figure of speech in which a word or phrase meaning one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a similarity between them.• Here is the definition from rhlschool.com/eng3n26.htm: Metaphors are comparisons that show how two things that are not alike in most ways are similar in one important way. Metaphors are a way to describe something. Authors use them to make their writing more interesting or entertaining.• Definition from dictionary.com :a figure of speech in which a term or phrase is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance, as in• My definition of a metaphor is: A metaphor is a figure of speech with compares one thing to another thing, but does not use like or as
3. SO, WHAT IS A METAPHOR?• A metaphor is a one kind of figurative language• A metaphor is like a simile, but doesn’t use like or as• A metaphor compares something to another thing
4. EXAMPLES OF METAPHORS• His castle was a mansion• Her pet is a dog• The light was a friendly smile from the window• The sun was a warm, cuddly blanket• The deer, running through the woods was a flash of color.• The fish, gliding through the water was a ballet dancer.Next 5 metaphors are from www.buzzle.com/articles/metaphor-examples-for-kids.html• He has a heart of stone.• She has a gait of a peacock.• He is the shinning star of our school.• She has a heart of a lion.• For me time is money.
5. SIMILES Definition : A simile compares 2 things and uses like or as.Definition from dictionary.com : A Definition fromfigure of speech in which two unlike wordcentral.com :A figure ofthings are explicitly compared, as in speech in which things“she is like a rose” different in kind or quality are compared by the use of the word like or as
6. WHAT IS ASIMILE?
7. EXAMPLES OF SIMILES• “The water is like the sun” is an example of simile because water and the sun have little in common and yet they’re being compared to one another.• The rose is as pretty as a princess• Water is as clear as a crystal• The sun is as bright as neon yellow• The sun is as hot as a red chili pepper• The person is like a feisty cheetah
8. HYPERBOLES My definition: A hyperbole is a figure of speech that extremely exaggerates the subject. For example, “I was so thirsty, I could have drank the whole ocean!” This is a Hyperbole because no one would ever drink the whole ocean. Definition from dicitionary.com : 1. obvious and intentionalDefinition from wordcentral.com :extravagant exaggeration.exaggeration used to emphasize a point 2. an extravagant statement or<"mile-high ice cream cones>" is an example figure of speech not intended to beof hyperbole because there can not be a mile taken literally, as “to wait anhigh of ice cream cones. It exaggerates. eternity.”
9. WHAT IS AHYPERBOLE? In this poem, William Wordsworth uses lots of hyperbole to pain a picture and make the story interesting
10. EXAMPLES OF HYPERBOLESAll of these examplesare fromhttp://www.proprofs.com/flashcards/cardshowall.php?title=figurative-language_13
11. PERSONIFICATIONDefinition from wordcentral.com :