Special Education Overview


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Special Education Overview

  1. 1. Definitions <ul><li>Section 504 (1973)- “A physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities.” </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA - Individuals with Disabilities Education Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(In 2004, IDEIA Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revisions were made/alignment with NCLB 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IEP - Individual Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>LRE - Least Restrictive Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students with disabilities should have the opportunity to be educated with non-disabled peers, to the greatest extent appropriate. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LEA - Local Education Agency </li></ul>
  2. 2. Section 504 <ul><li>Section 504 is a function of regular education </li></ul><ul><li>The (SST) School Study Team handles referrals for 504 Plans. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 504 requires an Accommodation Plan (does not consider modifications). </li></ul><ul><li>The federal and state governments do not provide any for Section 504. </li></ul><ul><li>Once a 504 Plan is written it has to be implemented. It is a serious federal contract. The courts can ask for punitive damages for no compliance to a 504 Plan. </li></ul>
  3. 3. IDEA <ul><li>IDEA is a function of Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA is designed to provide educational benefits. Outcome is the key word. </li></ul><ul><li>The Special Education Team is responsible for referrals for special education assessments. </li></ul><ul><li>IDEA requires an IEP </li></ul><ul><li>The federal and state governments allocate funds for IDEA </li></ul><ul><li>Unlike Section 504, the courts can only ask for compensatory services. </li></ul><ul><li>Under IDEA parental consent is necessary to implement the IEP. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Section 504 and IDEA <ul><li>If the child has a disability that adversely affects educational performance, the child is eligible for special education services under IDEA / Children who are eligible for special education services under IDEA are protected under Section 504 ( but the converse is not true ). </li></ul><ul><li>If the child has a disability that does not adversely affect educational performance , then the child will not be eligible for special education services under IDEA but will usually be entitled to protections under Section 504. </li></ul>
  5. 5. IEP Team <ul><li>Student </li></ul><ul><li>Parent (Legal Guardian/Educational Rights) </li></ul><ul><li>General Education Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education Teacher (Case Carrier) </li></ul><ul><li>Administrator/Designee (Administrator, Principal, Assistant Principal, Counselor) </li></ul><ul><li>Related Service Personnel (Transition Specialist, Speech) </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreter (if necessary) </li></ul>
  6. 6. IEP AGENDA <ul><li>Introductions </li></ul><ul><li>Parent’s Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting Purpose/Rationale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial, Annual, Triennial, Exit… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eligibility Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autism, Deafness, Deaf and Blindness, OHI, SLD, ED, Hearing Impairment, Mental Retardation, OI, Multiple Disabilities, Visual Impairment, TBI, and Speech and Language Impairment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present Levels of Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Educational Evaluation/Other Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Goals: Progress and Review </li></ul><ul><li>Placement, Program and Services ( Accommodations/Modifications ) </li></ul><ul><li>ITP (Individual Transition Plan) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone on the Team should stay ON topic and make decisions that will benefit the STUDENT . </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Collaboration of Gen Ed and Sped Ed <ul><li>IDEIA states that every IEP must include a “description of how the child’s progress toward meeting the annual goals…will be measured” and the timeframe “when periodic reports on the progress the child is making toward meeting the annual goals…will be provided to parents/guardians” </li></ul>