Jerusalem – Conflicts, Issues
JIIS
            and Policy Making
           40 years of reunification




                ...
JIIS
                     Jerusalem –
        A National and International Core Issue
                                    ...
Jerusalem Institute
                for Israel Studies (JIIS)
JIIS




   Non-profit organization
   Unique on the Israe...
JIIS’ Main study clusters
JIIS




      Jerusalem
      Israeli – Palestinian conflict -
         alternative & solutio...
Israeli – Palestinian conflict and the
JIIS
                        Peace Negotiation



       ‫חזקות על קרקע‬
JIIS         Selected Recent Projects - Planning
          Comprehensive Master Plan for the Jerusalem
           region
...
Selected Recent Projects –
JIIS
                       Environmental Policy
          Policy plan for the Dead Sea and it...
JIIS

       Selected Recent Projects – Policy Papers
          A think-tank on possible peace alternatives for
         ...
JIIS


   Selected Recent Projects – Evaluation
          Community Believes in Education (Arab, Ultra-
           Orthod...
JIIS
                   Ways of Exerting Influence
          Projects that are initiated by the municipality, government,...
JIIS

        Jerusalem – Main Issues              Haifa



   Borders                           Tel-Aviv - Yafo


   Po...
Natural Setting - Topography
JIIS




      Natural
       Borders
      Watershed
      Between the
       desert & th...
JIIS


      Growth
  of the Built-up
       Area
          Modern
           Jerusalem is
           only 150 years
    ...
JIIS

       Changes in the Municipal Borders
JIIS
       Population Growth in Jerusalem
               1967-2006 (000)

                                          Growt...
JIIS
              Population projectionsZ



                 2006      2020         2035

       Jews      66%       60%...
JIIS

            The Main Economic Problems
      Poor city – large families (Arabs & U.Orthodox Jews)
      Low partic...
Employed Persons
         by Economic Branch-2006
JIIS




                  Jerusalem Tel-Aviv   Israel


  Public sector...
JIIS
             Income per capita - 2004




                    Tel                 Be’er-
       Jerusalem            ...
JIIS

        Changes in The Metropolitan Area
        From dead end to central location
      Since 1967 Jerusalem
     ...
Jerusalem Metropolitan Area
JIIS

                                 Ramallah


                       Givat
               ...
Terror attacks - data
JIIS




          30% of the terror attacks on Israel between
           2000 - 2003 took place in...
JIIS             Typical section of the fence




 Source: Ministry of Defence
The Route of the Security Fence
JIIS




                                  Currently
                                  Exe...
Impact on the city:
JIIS




          Demography
          Economy
          Public services
          Transportation...
JIIS
                     The Historic Basin
       95% of the holy places in Jerusalem are within the historic basin


  ...
JIIS




Municipal Boroughs

Functional Autonomy

De-centralization of authority to
municipal boroughs

Possible division ...
Separation from
Arab
Neighborhoods


                            Legend
        Municipal Border

          Security Fence...
JIIS
       Alternative Border

                Population balance
                in Jerusalem




                      ...
JIIS




Thank You
 See you soon
  in Jerusalem
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Jerusalem Issues

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  • Identities: capital or living city, diverse-cosmopolitan or fundamentalConflicts: religious, national, planning, socialFears: strong population leaving, haredization, poor city, arab identity
  • Conflicts today weather to build the added areas
  • Jerusalem Issues

    1. 1. Jerusalem – Conflicts, Issues JIIS and Policy Making 40 years of reunification Israel Kimhi
    2. 2. JIIS Jerusalem – A National and International Core Issue 2008  Global interest in the city  Three monotheistic religions  Symbolic and cultural values  The main conflict in the Middle East – potential worldwide Implications  Acute internal social, economic, religious and cultural conflicts  A microcosm of Israeli society  Currently – at a crucial crossroads  Good decision Har Homa making is essential
    3. 3. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) JIIS  Non-profit organization  Unique on the Israeli scene  Established 30 years ago by Teddy Kollek and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, supported mainly by the Charles H. Revson foundation.  Provides a constant flow of relevant, and accurate data, policy papers and background material, for use by local & national decision makers and the general public.  These studies are accompanied by applicable recommendations and solutions, brought forward by leading academics and practitioners.
    4. 4. JIIS’ Main study clusters JIIS  Jerusalem  Israeli – Palestinian conflict - alternative & solutions  Environmental policy  Social-Economic policy
    5. 5. Israeli – Palestinian conflict and the JIIS Peace Negotiation ‫חזקות על קרקע‬
    6. 6. JIIS Selected Recent Projects - Planning  Comprehensive Master Plan for the Jerusalem region  Master Plan for educational institutions in the Arab sector of East Jerusalem  Master plan for cultural institutions for the Jewish Ultra-Orthodox community  Master plan for the city's libraries  Proposed new functional division to boroughs  Overall strategic plan for the visual basin of the Old City
    7. 7. Selected Recent Projects – JIIS Environmental Policy  Policy plan for the Dead Sea and its environs  Policy plan for the Israel’s coastal cliffs  Policies for reducing carbon emissions  Policies for water management  Environmental legislation in Israel  Water needs of Israelis and Palestinians  Open spaces  Contaminated lands policies  Use patterns of the built environment  Innovative approaches to environmental quality and the quality of urban life
    8. 8. JIIS Selected Recent Projects – Policy Papers  A think-tank on possible peace alternatives for Jerusalem  The Annual Jerusalem Statistical Yearbook  Indicators for the measurement of Jerusalem as a component in Israel's national security  The security fence  Study of implications on the city  Residents’ attitudes towards the fence  Advising the National Security Council  Neighborhood profiles for Jerusalem
    9. 9. JIIS Selected Recent Projects – Evaluation  Community Believes in Education (Arab, Ultra- Orthodox, and others)  Empowerment of Ultra-Orthodox single mothers  Advancement of the health of elderly women in the Katamonim  Community gardens  Arab and Jewish youths coexistence
    10. 10. JIIS Ways of Exerting Influence  Projects that are initiated by the municipality, government, public institutions, and more  Planning  Accompanying and assessing Evaluation  Participation in municipal and public committees as experts and advisers  Holding of conferences open to the public and seminars for professionals and decision-makers  Distribution of policy papers  Reports to the media  A regular weekly column in a local newspaper  Distribution of information via the Institute's web site
    11. 11. JIIS Jerusalem – Main Issues Haifa  Borders Tel-Aviv - Yafo  Population Jerusalem  Economy  Metropolitan area Beer Sheva  Israeli-Palestinian conflict  The Security Fence
    12. 12. Natural Setting - Topography JIIS  Natural Borders  Watershed  Between the desert & the green land
    13. 13. JIIS Growth of the Built-up Area  Modern Jerusalem is only 150 years old Source: Martin Gilbert
    14. 14. JIIS Changes in the Municipal Borders
    15. 15. JIIS Population Growth in Jerusalem 1967-2006 (000) Growth Year 1967 2006 (%) Jews 198 (74%) 481 (66%) 143 Arabs 69 (26%) 252 (34%) 268 Total 266 (100%) 733 (100%) 175
    16. 16. JIIS Population projectionsZ 2006 2020 2035 Jews 66% 60% 50% Arabs 34% 40% 50%
    17. 17. JIIS The Main Economic Problems  Poor city – large families (Arabs & U.Orthodox Jews)  Low participation in the labor force  Out-migration of young & educated people, middle class  Unbalanced occupational structure  Low governmental aid to the city  Impact of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict  The security fence – losing the hinterland  Shortage of housing & jobs for young people
    18. 18. Employed Persons by Economic Branch-2006 JIIS Jerusalem Tel-Aviv Israel Public sector 48% 26% 32% Financial 13% 33% 17% services Industry 7% 8% 16%
    19. 19. JIIS Income per capita - 2004 Tel Be’er- Jerusalem Haifa Aviv sheva 1,962 4,458 3,485 3,101
    20. 20. JIIS Changes in The Metropolitan Area From dead end to central location  Since 1967 Jerusalem has resumed its metropolitan status  During the last 40 years the metropolitan area grew rapidly to 1.6 million people, 78% are Palestinians
    21. 21. Jerusalem Metropolitan Area JIIS Ramallah Givat A-Ram Zeev Mevaseret Zion Abu Gosh Maale Adumim Abu Dis Bet Shemesh Bethlehem Gush Etzion The metropolitan area Efrat quot;The green linequot; Jerusalem – Municipal area
    22. 22. Terror attacks - data JIIS  30% of the terror attacks on Israel between 2000 - 2003 took place in the Jerusalem area  Since 1967 - close to 500 terrorist attacks in Jerusalem & its environs  Close to 3,000 casualties in Jerusalem, of which 520 were fatalities, approximately half of them during the last three years of the Intifada
    23. 23. JIIS Typical section of the fence Source: Ministry of Defence
    24. 24. The Route of the Security Fence JIIS Currently Executed Route Fence separating Palestinians from Palestinians, creating conflicts
    25. 25. Impact on the city: JIIS  Demography  Economy  Public services  Transportation & infrastructure  Metropolitan connections
    26. 26. JIIS The Historic Basin 95% of the holy places in Jerusalem are within the historic basin Total area: 618 Acres
    27. 27. JIIS Municipal Boroughs Functional Autonomy De-centralization of authority to municipal boroughs Possible division into self- governing boroughs The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2007
    28. 28. Separation from Arab Neighborhoods Legend Municipal Border Security Fence Armistice Line 1948 Arab Population Jewish Population Zones Unchanged South-East East Outside the Fence North Core
    29. 29. JIIS Alternative Border Population balance in Jerusalem Palestinian population Jewish population Barrier route Fortified road Proposed new road 179,000 Palestinian Jerusalemites east of the barrier (Palestinian side) 43,000 Palestinian Jerusalemites west of the barrier (Israeli side)
    30. 30. JIIS Thank You See you soon in Jerusalem
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