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Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
Jerusalem As A Key To National Security
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Jerusalem As A Key To National Security

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  • 1. Jerusalem as a Key to National Security Indicators for Jerusalem Israel Kimhi Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies
  • 2. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) <ul><li>An independent, non-profit organization and a unique phenomenon on the Israeli scene </li></ul><ul><li>Established 28 years ago by the Jerusalem Foundation and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, it provides a constant flow of relevant, essential and accurate data, in-depth background material, policy papers and professional analysis on Jerusalem for use by decision makers and the general public on subjects of great importance. </li></ul><ul><li>These studies are accompanied by applicable suggestions for options and solutions, brought forward by leading academics and practitioners. </li></ul>JIIS
  • 3. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) <ul><li>The Institute’s proven record and achievements on questions related to Jerusalem, widely recognized in Israel and abroad, contributed significantly to decision makers throughout the 1999-2000 peace negotiations and left an indelible imprint on public discourse in Israel. Most recently, JIIS inputs are increasingly sought after on the issue of a separation barrier around Jerusalem and management of the Israeli Palestinian conflict. </li></ul>JIIS
  • 4. Strong Jerusalem National Security Basic Assumption: JIIS
  • 5. Findings from our recent survey: 95% of Israeli Jewish Population believes that A large Jewish majority in Jerusalem is most important 77% of Israel population believes that An economically strong Jerusalem with a Jewish majority contributes to the national strength of Israel The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 6. Indicators for Jerusalem <ul><li>Demography </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Security </li></ul><ul><li>Image and Perception </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 7. <ul><li>The National Security is influenced by the strength of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli population is well aware of the importance of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli population is ready to except significant concessions in return for a durable& lasting peace </li></ul><ul><li>The strength of Jerusalem is in decline, and deteriorates rapidly in the last decade </li></ul><ul><li>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) has been following the city indicators for the last 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>The JIIS calls for the Israeli government to put its capital at the top national priority and to provide the necessary means0 </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 8. Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography The demographic balance in Jerusalem The Jewish majority is Diminishing The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 2004 1967 34% 26% Arabs 66% 74% Jews
  • 9. Population Distribution The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Jews Palestinians
  • 10. Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography Population projection - trends The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Arabs Jews 31% 69% 2000 2035 2020 50% 39% 50% 61%
  • 11. Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography Migration balance – population leaving The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 12. Indicators for Jerusalem: economy & society Low participation in labor force* (2003) * Rate of the employees and work seekers aged 15 and over The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Israel Jerusalem Jerusalem - Jews Tel aviv
  • 13. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society The employment structure (2004): The rate of employees in business & finances is low; high in public service The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Rate of employees in public service Rate of employees in business & finances
  • 14. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society income per capita - low The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 3,101 Be’er-sheva 3,485 Haifa 4,458 Tel aviv 1,962 Jerusalem
  • 15. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Poverty rate* (2003) – The poorest large city in Israel * Persons under the poverty line The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Tel aviv Jerusalem - Jews Jerusalem Israel
  • 16. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Poverty rate* (2003) – The Arab population is the poorest * Persons under the poverty line The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Jerusalem - Arabs Jerusalem - Jews
  • 17. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society The socio-economic status - Decline <ul><li>From 1995 to 2001: </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of 40 ranks in the socio-economic hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays Jerusalem is placed among small, poor, rural towns </li></ul>Cluster 6 Cluster 4 The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 18. Indicators for Jerusalem: Security Terror casualties – Terror stricken city Frightened to live in Jerusalem: 9% of Jerusalem citizens 27% of the rest of Israel The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 767 837 Tel aviv (15%) (17%) 1,524 1,390 Jerusalem (30%) (29%) 5,081 4,847 Israel Total 2000-2003 1967-1999 Area 239 (5%) 89 (2%) Haifa
  • 19. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Tourist overnight stays – The beginning of a recovery The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Overnight stays (thousands) JIIS 1,341 2004 639 2002 Overnight stays (thousands) Year 2,923 2000
  • 20. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Hotel revenues in Jerusalem East Jerusalem – small share The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 East Jerusalem West Jerusalem Thousands NIS per quarter year JIIS
  • 21. Indicators for Jerusalem: Image <ul><li>A center for the Jewish people (92%) </li></ul><ul><li>City with many cultural activities (94%) </li></ul><ul><li>It is not dangerous to visit Jerusalem (86% of non Jerusalem population) </li></ul><ul><li>It is not true that life quality in Jerusalem is low (82%) </li></ul><ul><li>The most beautiful city in Israel (72%) </li></ul><ul><li>A city that is becoming more Ultra-Orthodox (64%) </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 22. 74% of Israeli population visited west Jerusalem in the last 2 years 68% visited the wailing wall ( not including Jerusalem citizens ) The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 23. 63% of Israeli population willing to hand over the hold on the Arab neighborhoods in east Jerusalem for real peace 92% are not willing to hand over the hold on the Jewish Quarter in the old city The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 24. Willingness for concessions in Jerusalem The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 63% Willing to concede for real peace: 100% Total 37% Not willing for any concession 55% The Arab neighborhoods 5% The Jewish quarter 3% The Jewish quarter & the wailing wall
  • 25. The city borderline is anachronistic and needs to be redefined JIIS
  • 26. Changing the municipal structure of Jerusalem Decentralization JIIS
  • 27. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Decentralization of authority to municipal boroughs Possible layout JIIS
  • 28. Jerusalem metropolitan Area The metropolitan area &quot; The green line &quot; Jerusalem – Municipal area Ramalla A-Ram Bet Shemesh Abu Dis Mevaseret Zion Abu Gosh The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Maale Adumim JIIS
  • 29. The Security Fence, Crossing Points JIIS
  • 30. Demographic Alternative JIIS Palestinian population Jewish population Checkpoint Fortified road Proposed road Alternative route Jerusalem jurisdiction
  • 31. The Old City <ul><li>Area: 0.88 km 2 (217 acres) </li></ul>JIIS
  • 32. The Old city % aged 15+ with primary or lesser education % of households lacking shower or bath JIIS
  • 33. The Old city % of households living in a density of over 2.5 persons per room Combined faults index JIIS
  • 34. A Strategic master plan is essential A new Vision for the City JIIS
  • 35. Utilizing the relative advantages No to competition with the financial center , but rather concentration on the existing advantages: <ul><li>Capital city </li></ul><ul><li>Center for the Jewish people </li></ul><ul><li>Culture center </li></ul><ul><li>Tourist center </li></ul><ul><li>Medical & scientific center </li></ul><ul><li>Research and higher education center </li></ul><ul><li>Religious center for the three monotheistic religions </li></ul><ul><li>Center for future peace industries </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 36. List of priorities <ul><li>The city center & inner city </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation of the built urban fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation of the built Environment and of Historical Sites & Monuments </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of the metropolitan area </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  • 37. Jerusalem as a Key to National Strength Indicators for Jerusalem Israel Kimhi Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies JIIS Thank you

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