Jerusalem as a Key to National Security  Indicators for Jerusalem Israel Kimhi Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Jeru...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) <ul><li>An independent, non-profit organization and a unique phenomenon on t...
Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) <ul><li>The Institute’s proven record and achievements on questions related ...
Strong Jerusalem National Security Basic Assumption: JIIS
Findings from our recent survey: 95% of Israeli Jewish Population believes that  A large Jewish majority in Jerusalem is m...
Indicators for Jerusalem <ul><li>Demography </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Personal...
<ul><li>The National Security is influenced by the strength of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli population is well ...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography The demographic balance in Jerusalem The Jewish majority is Diminishing The Jerusalem...
Population Distribution The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Jews Palestinians
Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography   Population projection - trends The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JII...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography Migration balance –   population leaving The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, ...
Indicators for Jerusalem: economy & society    Low participation in labor force* (2003) *  Rate of the employees and work ...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society   The employment structure (2004): The rate of employees in business & finance...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society   income per capita - low The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JII...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society     Poverty rate* (2003) – The poorest large city in Israel * Persons under th...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society   Poverty rate* (2003) –  The Arab population is the poorest * Persons under t...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society   The socio-economic status - Decline <ul><li>From 1995 to 2001: </li></ul><ul...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Security Terror casualties – Terror stricken city Frightened to live in Jerusalem: 9% of Jerusal...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society   Tourist overnight stays – The beginning of a recovery The Jerusalem Institut...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society   Hotel revenues in Jerusalem   East Jerusalem – small share The Jerusalem Ins...
Indicators for Jerusalem: Image <ul><li>A center for the Jewish people (92%) </li></ul><ul><li>City with many cultural act...
74% of Israeli population  visited west Jerusalem in the last 2 years 68% visited the wailing wall ( not including Jerusal...
63% of Israeli population   willing to hand over   the hold on the Arab neighborhoods in east Jerusalem for real peace   9...
Willingness for concessions  in Jerusalem   The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 63% Willing to   concede...
The city borderline is anachronistic and needs to be redefined JIIS
Changing the municipal structure of Jerusalem Decentralization  JIIS
The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Decentralization of authority to municipal boroughs Possible layout JIIS
Jerusalem metropolitan Area The metropolitan area &quot; The green line &quot; Jerusalem – Municipal area Ramalla A-Ram Be...
The Security Fence, Crossing Points JIIS
Demographic Alternative JIIS Palestinian population Jewish population Checkpoint Fortified road Proposed road Alternative ...
The Old City <ul><li>Area: 0.88 km 2  (217 acres) </li></ul>JIIS
The Old city % aged 15+ with primary or lesser education % of households lacking shower or bath JIIS
The Old city % of households living in a density of over 2.5 persons per room Combined faults index JIIS
A Strategic master plan  is essential A new Vision for the City JIIS
Utilizing the relative advantages No to competition with the financial center , but rather concentration on the existing a...
List of priorities <ul><li>The city center & inner city   </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabili...
Jerusalem as a Key to National Strength  Indicators for Jerusalem Israel Kimhi Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies JIIS...
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Jerusalem As A Key To National Security

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Jerusalem As A Key To National Security

  1. 1. Jerusalem as a Key to National Security Indicators for Jerusalem Israel Kimhi Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies
  2. 2. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) <ul><li>An independent, non-profit organization and a unique phenomenon on the Israeli scene </li></ul><ul><li>Established 28 years ago by the Jerusalem Foundation and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, it provides a constant flow of relevant, essential and accurate data, in-depth background material, policy papers and professional analysis on Jerusalem for use by decision makers and the general public on subjects of great importance. </li></ul><ul><li>These studies are accompanied by applicable suggestions for options and solutions, brought forward by leading academics and practitioners. </li></ul>JIIS
  3. 3. Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) <ul><li>The Institute’s proven record and achievements on questions related to Jerusalem, widely recognized in Israel and abroad, contributed significantly to decision makers throughout the 1999-2000 peace negotiations and left an indelible imprint on public discourse in Israel. Most recently, JIIS inputs are increasingly sought after on the issue of a separation barrier around Jerusalem and management of the Israeli Palestinian conflict. </li></ul>JIIS
  4. 4. Strong Jerusalem National Security Basic Assumption: JIIS
  5. 5. Findings from our recent survey: 95% of Israeli Jewish Population believes that A large Jewish majority in Jerusalem is most important 77% of Israel population believes that An economically strong Jerusalem with a Jewish majority contributes to the national strength of Israel The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  6. 6. Indicators for Jerusalem <ul><li>Demography </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Security </li></ul><ul><li>Image and Perception </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  7. 7. <ul><li>The National Security is influenced by the strength of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli population is well aware of the importance of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>The Israeli population is ready to except significant concessions in return for a durable& lasting peace </li></ul><ul><li>The strength of Jerusalem is in decline, and deteriorates rapidly in the last decade </li></ul><ul><li>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS) has been following the city indicators for the last 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>The JIIS calls for the Israeli government to put its capital at the top national priority and to provide the necessary means0 </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  8. 8. Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography The demographic balance in Jerusalem The Jewish majority is Diminishing The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 2004 1967 34% 26% Arabs 66% 74% Jews
  9. 9. Population Distribution The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Jews Palestinians
  10. 10. Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography Population projection - trends The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Arabs Jews 31% 69% 2000 2035 2020 50% 39% 50% 61%
  11. 11. Indicators for Jerusalem: Demography Migration balance – population leaving The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  12. 12. Indicators for Jerusalem: economy & society Low participation in labor force* (2003) * Rate of the employees and work seekers aged 15 and over The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Israel Jerusalem Jerusalem - Jews Tel aviv
  13. 13. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society The employment structure (2004): The rate of employees in business & finances is low; high in public service The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Rate of employees in public service Rate of employees in business & finances
  14. 14. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society income per capita - low The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 3,101 Be’er-sheva 3,485 Haifa 4,458 Tel aviv 1,962 Jerusalem
  15. 15. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Poverty rate* (2003) – The poorest large city in Israel * Persons under the poverty line The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Tel aviv Jerusalem - Jews Jerusalem Israel
  16. 16. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Poverty rate* (2003) – The Arab population is the poorest * Persons under the poverty line The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS Jerusalem - Arabs Jerusalem - Jews
  17. 17. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society The socio-economic status - Decline <ul><li>From 1995 to 2001: </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of 40 ranks in the socio-economic hierarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays Jerusalem is placed among small, poor, rural towns </li></ul>Cluster 6 Cluster 4 The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  18. 18. Indicators for Jerusalem: Security Terror casualties – Terror stricken city Frightened to live in Jerusalem: 9% of Jerusalem citizens 27% of the rest of Israel The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 767 837 Tel aviv (15%) (17%) 1,524 1,390 Jerusalem (30%) (29%) 5,081 4,847 Israel Total 2000-2003 1967-1999 Area 239 (5%) 89 (2%) Haifa
  19. 19. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Tourist overnight stays – The beginning of a recovery The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Overnight stays (thousands) JIIS 1,341 2004 639 2002 Overnight stays (thousands) Year 2,923 2000
  20. 20. Indicators for Jerusalem: Economy & Society Hotel revenues in Jerusalem East Jerusalem – small share The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 East Jerusalem West Jerusalem Thousands NIS per quarter year JIIS
  21. 21. Indicators for Jerusalem: Image <ul><li>A center for the Jewish people (92%) </li></ul><ul><li>City with many cultural activities (94%) </li></ul><ul><li>It is not dangerous to visit Jerusalem (86% of non Jerusalem population) </li></ul><ul><li>It is not true that life quality in Jerusalem is low (82%) </li></ul><ul><li>The most beautiful city in Israel (72%) </li></ul><ul><li>A city that is becoming more Ultra-Orthodox (64%) </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  22. 22. 74% of Israeli population visited west Jerusalem in the last 2 years 68% visited the wailing wall ( not including Jerusalem citizens ) The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  23. 23. 63% of Israeli population willing to hand over the hold on the Arab neighborhoods in east Jerusalem for real peace 92% are not willing to hand over the hold on the Jewish Quarter in the old city The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  24. 24. Willingness for concessions in Jerusalem The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS 63% Willing to concede for real peace: 100% Total 37% Not willing for any concession 55% The Arab neighborhoods 5% The Jewish quarter 3% The Jewish quarter & the wailing wall
  25. 25. The city borderline is anachronistic and needs to be redefined JIIS
  26. 26. Changing the municipal structure of Jerusalem Decentralization JIIS
  27. 27. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Decentralization of authority to municipal boroughs Possible layout JIIS
  28. 28. Jerusalem metropolitan Area The metropolitan area &quot; The green line &quot; Jerusalem – Municipal area Ramalla A-Ram Bet Shemesh Abu Dis Mevaseret Zion Abu Gosh The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 Maale Adumim JIIS
  29. 29. The Security Fence, Crossing Points JIIS
  30. 30. Demographic Alternative JIIS Palestinian population Jewish population Checkpoint Fortified road Proposed road Alternative route Jerusalem jurisdiction
  31. 31. The Old City <ul><li>Area: 0.88 km 2 (217 acres) </li></ul>JIIS
  32. 32. The Old city % aged 15+ with primary or lesser education % of households lacking shower or bath JIIS
  33. 33. The Old city % of households living in a density of over 2.5 persons per room Combined faults index JIIS
  34. 34. A Strategic master plan is essential A new Vision for the City JIIS
  35. 35. Utilizing the relative advantages No to competition with the financial center , but rather concentration on the existing advantages: <ul><li>Capital city </li></ul><ul><li>Center for the Jewish people </li></ul><ul><li>Culture center </li></ul><ul><li>Tourist center </li></ul><ul><li>Medical & scientific center </li></ul><ul><li>Research and higher education center </li></ul><ul><li>Religious center for the three monotheistic religions </li></ul><ul><li>Center for future peace industries </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  36. 36. List of priorities <ul><li>The city center & inner city </li></ul><ul><li>Environment Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation of the built urban fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation of the built Environment and of Historical Sites & Monuments </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of the metropolitan area </li></ul>The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2006 JIIS
  37. 37. Jerusalem as a Key to National Strength Indicators for Jerusalem Israel Kimhi Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies JIIS Thank you

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