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CONCEPTual meaning changeOF ENGLISH WORDS 2007130711 강지헌, 2007130716 신은주
CONTENTS 1. Conceptualism and Semantics 1) Conceptualism 2) Semantics 2. Change of Meaning Types of Meaning Change 3. Conceptual Change of Meaning 1) Generalization 2) Specialization 4. Conclusion
1. Conceptualism and Semantics Conceptualism - The philosophical theory that application of general words to a variety of objects reflects the existence of some mental entity
1. Conceptualism and Semantics Semantics - The branch of linguistics that deals with the meanings of words and sentences.
2. Change of Meaning Darmesteter(1886:30) Psychological Association Variety of words signs Characteristic of humanbeing
2. Change of Meaning Types of Meaning Change 1) Young-soon Park Generalization Specialization Transfer
2. Change of Meaning Types of Meaning Change 2) Stern (1931:192)
3. Conceptual Change of Meaning 1. Generalization Pen Feather Writing brush writer Horn Butt, trumpet, car horn, morning glory A. Goats have horns. B. the knife has a horn handle. C. the hunting horn blows at noon. D. He sounded his horn as he approached the bend in the road. E. The French horn has a beautiful sound.
3. Conceptual Change of Meaning 2. Specialization Family tree, Tree diagram
3. Conceptual Change of Meaning 2. Specialization Wear Old English Verb. Put on the clothes Middle English Noun. Action of putting on the clothes + Verb. Fray Modern English Verb. Put on the clothes, shoes, socks, rings, gloves, hats, glasses, belt…… + Verb. Make the road + Verb. Dim + Verb. Exhaust + Verb. Lose the impact + Verb. Lose the color or shining
3. Conceptual Change of Meaning Wear a. He's wearing a new coat. b. I like this shirt, but the collar has worn. c. You've worn a hole in your sock. d. Heels of shoes wear down. e. Does your brother wear glasses? f. She's wearing a pearl necklace. g. It's compulsory to wear seat belts when you are driving in England. h. She wore her hair tied in a ribbon. I. This coat will wear well if you look after it properly. j. My father wore a smile when we arrived. k. The villagers had worn a path through the fields. l. He wore out his family with his complaining. m. After hearing him tell the same joke five times, hearing it again wears thin. n. The pain medication wore off after surgery. o. Her lipstick wore off by noon.
4. Conclusion Coexistence Continual Process Generalization Pen, Horn …… Specialization Tree diagram, Wear ……
Reference Hong, Seungwook and Lee, Joohee. “A conceptological Change of Word Meaning in English.” Studies in Language 16-2, 185-207.