Leadership

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Leadership

  1. 1. Leadership
  2. 2. Leadership <ul><li>Getting people to do things willingly </li></ul><ul><li>Providing inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasion and compulsion – making people do things they might not otherwise have done </li></ul><ul><li>Use of authority in decision making </li></ul>
  3. 3. Effective Leadership Qualities <ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Drive </li></ul><ul><li>Decisiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Dependability </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional stability </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional stability </li></ul><ul><li>Foresight </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness </li></ul><ul><li>Human relations skill </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Judgement </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Leadership Styles <ul><li>Coercive – demands compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritative – mobilises people </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliative – creates harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic – builds consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Pacesetting – sets high standards </li></ul><ul><li>Coaching – develops people for the future </li></ul>
  5. 5. Low Task Behaviour High Situational Leadership Relationship Behaviour Low High Delegating Telling Selling Participating Provide specific instructions and closely supervise performance (High Task, Low Relationship )S1 Turn over responsibility For decisions and implementation S4 (Low Relationship, Low Task) ( High Task, High Relationship) S2 Explain decisions and provide opportunity for Clarification S3 (High Relationship, Low Task) Share ideas and facilitate decision- Making
  6. 6. Stages in Team Development <ul><li>Forming </li></ul><ul><li>Storming </li></ul><ul><li>Norming </li></ul><ul><li>Performing </li></ul><ul><li>Adjourning </li></ul>
  7. 7. Forming (testing) <ul><li>Confusion/uncertainty - why are we here? </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing situation </li></ul><ul><li>Polite, impersonal, guarded, anxious, silence </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling out others </li></ul><ul><li>Testing ground rules </li></ul><ul><li>Defining goals </li></ul><ul><li>Getting acquainted </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned for structure </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing rules </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent on leader </li></ul>
  8. 8. Storming (in-fighting) <ul><li>Disagreement over priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle for leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Tension </li></ul><ul><li>Hostility </li></ul><ul><li>Confronting people </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-grouping </li></ul><ul><li>Clique formation </li></ul><ul><li>Opting-out </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling stuck </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Noisy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Norming (getting organised) <ul><li>Consensus </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Trust established </li></ul><ul><li>New stable roles emerge </li></ul><ul><li>Confronting issues </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Standards set </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures/norms develop </li></ul><ul><li>Developing skills </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Group cohesion </li></ul>
  10. 10. Performing (mature rapport) <ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible task roles </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependence </li></ul><ul><li>Successful performance </li></ul>
  11. 11. Adjourning <ul><li>Disengagement </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety about separation and ending </li></ul><ul><li>Positive feeling towards leader </li></ul><ul><li>Sadness </li></ul><ul><li>Self evaluation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Characteristics of Effective Teamwork <ul><li>Clear objectives which members are committed to </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership is not always with the Chairman but shared as appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas are expressed openly and honestly </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict is not avoided but brought into the open and deal with constructively </li></ul><ul><li>Members participate and listen to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Members support and trust each other </li></ul><ul><li>The group examines its own progress and behaviour </li></ul>
  13. 13. Assertiveness – v - Aggression <ul><li>Assertiveness </li></ul><ul><li>insistence on the recognition of one’s claims </li></ul><ul><li>positive statement </li></ul><ul><li>Aggression </li></ul><ul><li>act of beginning quarrel or war </li></ul><ul><li>unprovoked attack </li></ul><ul><li>hostile/destructive tendency or behaviour </li></ul>
  14. 14. Assertiveness is : <ul><li>saying the:- </li></ul><ul><li>right thing, </li></ul><ul><li>in the right way, </li></ul><ul><li>at the right time </li></ul><ul><li>recognising others have rights too </li></ul>
  15. 15. Transactional Analysis <ul><li>P arent </li></ul><ul><li>A dult </li></ul><ul><li>C hild </li></ul>Three ego states:-
  16. 16. Transactional Analysis Three Ego States:- <ul><li>powerful </li></ul><ul><li>responsible </li></ul><ul><li>in charge </li></ul><ul><li>always right </li></ul><ul><li>not subject to same rules as children </li></ul><ul><li>not having to justify or explain </li></ul>PARENT
  17. 17. Adult <ul><li>negotiating </li></ul><ul><li>not bullying </li></ul><ul><li>reaching a good solution </li></ul><ul><li>Not cashing in or steamrolling </li></ul><ul><li>responding reasonably </li></ul>Reasonable, calm, thoughtful behaviour. Thinks clearly and effectively through difficult situations Adult behaviour is assertive behaviour
  18. 18. Child <ul><li>Free child </li></ul><ul><li>behaviour unbound by any limits or protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Uninhibited response </li></ul><ul><li>doing what we feel like doing </li></ul><ul><li>Adapted child </li></ul><ul><li>constrained, learned behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>responsible behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>socialised behaviour </li></ul>
  19. 19. Questions & Evaluation
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