Schooling Homeless Children A Working Model for America’s Public Schools
 
Maslow’s Hierarchy
Maslow’s Hierarchy  <ul><li>Physiological – basic requisite needs for existence: air, food, water, sleep, shelter  </li></...
It Takes a Village
 
Schooling the Homeless <ul><li>Author Sharon Quint </li></ul><ul><li>About the school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benjamin Frank...
School Breakdown in 1988: <ul><li>Approximately 350 students  </li></ul><ul><li>175 from single parent homes  </li></ul><u...
The Need for Change <ul><li>Three suicide attempts in 18 months. </li></ul><ul><li>The hopelessness of her students leads ...
 
In The Beginning <ul><li>Principal Carole Williams commits to change </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches teachers  </li></ul><ul>...
The Teachers <ul><li>Visit in the neighborhood  </li></ul><ul><li>Grant funds / Release time created for teacher dialogues...
Affiliation With Social Service Agency <ul><li>Atlantic Street Center </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Garcia—key figure in change pr...
Connection With UW <ul><li>C-STARS </li></ul><ul><li>Grant proposal to United Way </li></ul><ul><li>KOOL-IS </li></ul><ul>...
Funding <ul><li>United Way Donation of $48,000, including $12,000 for housing </li></ul><ul><li>School District expands pr...
Snowball Effect <ul><li>Volunteer from Boeing  </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial program for homeless students </li></ul><ul><li>...
Building Management Team <ul><li>The Site Council </li></ul><ul><li>5 year plan </li></ul><ul><li>School structure – Famil...
 
I Am Not A Case Number!  I Am A Mother With Children! <ul><li>Pro-social attitude led to the development of trusting relat...
Parents as Partners <ul><li>Parent Involvement: </li></ul><ul><li>Bus monitor </li></ul><ul><li>School library </li></ul><...
Benefits of parent involvement: <ul><li>Increased opportunity for teachers and parents to become better acquainted </li></...
 
Change Theory Challenges To Educators
 
For Homeless Children, Schools Face The Following Challenges:  <ul><li>Keeping the child in one, or a minimum number of, s...
In Certain Situations Schools May Also Need To Provide: <ul><li>Help In Obtaining Access To Laundries  </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Solutions for Educators <ul><li>Follow the guidelines of the McKinney act  </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate obstacles to studen...
Helping Homeless Children Succeed In Their Education <ul><li>Coordinating social services for homeless children </li></ul>...
Transitional Schools <ul><li>Offer homeless children &quot;intensive and individualized care for a short time,&quot; after...
Case Management Approach <ul><li>A Case Manager Works To Coordinate:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School Staff  </li></ul></ul><...
A Case Manager: <ul><li>May Help Negotiate Requirements Of Service Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>May Arrange For Needed Servi...
Seattle's B.F. Day Elementary School features: <ul><li>A Transitional School </li></ul><ul><li>First Place   </li></ul><ul...
How Do These Solutions Tie To Community? <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Morals </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership  </li></ul><u...
How Does Community Tie To The School? <ul><li>Substantial Contributions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Aid  </li></ul></u...
Recent Funding Problems In The Seattle School District <ul><li>In 2006, 42.5% free and reduced lunch </li></ul><ul><li>Fun...
“ With caring, and sharing, and lending a hand, we all form a family across the land ... Come visit and you will see!”
 
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Schooling Homeless Children

  1. 1. Schooling Homeless Children A Working Model for America’s Public Schools
  2. 3. Maslow’s Hierarchy
  3. 4. Maslow’s Hierarchy <ul><li>Physiological – basic requisite needs for existence: air, food, water, sleep, shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Safety & Security – safety of the self, property and health, security of family, employment </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging & Love – social needs such as acceptance and fitting into groups (be they interest, political, religious etc) and love needs such as family, friendships, relationships and physical intimacy </li></ul><ul><li>Esteem – the need to feel achievement and self worth; further, recognition, approval and respect from others </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive & Aesthetic – encompasses the intellectual need for knowledge, understanding, morality and justice; and the aesthetic needs of beauty and balance </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Actualization – need to reach one’s full potential and attain a state of heightened awareness of reality </li></ul>
  4. 5. It Takes a Village
  5. 7. Schooling the Homeless <ul><li>Author Sharon Quint </li></ul><ul><li>About the school </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benjamin Franklin Day School was built in 1892 in Seattle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A school divided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excerpt from page 3 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. School Breakdown in 1988: <ul><li>Approximately 350 students </li></ul><ul><li>175 from single parent homes </li></ul><ul><li>140 were considered low income </li></ul><ul><li>100 were living in housing projects transitional housing or emergency shelters </li></ul><ul><li>50 were at high risk for failure and </li></ul><ul><li>25 were being monitored by the state for abuse and neglect </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Need for Change <ul><li>Three suicide attempts in 18 months. </li></ul><ul><li>The hopelessness of her students leads Principal Williams to seek change and help for her community. </li></ul>
  8. 11. In The Beginning <ul><li>Principal Carole Williams commits to change </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Articulates a vision </li></ul>
  9. 12. The Teachers <ul><li>Visit in the neighborhood </li></ul><ul><li>Grant funds / Release time created for teacher dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>Mentor positions </li></ul><ul><li>Time added to school day </li></ul>
  10. 13. Affiliation With Social Service Agency <ul><li>Atlantic Street Center </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Garcia—key figure in change process </li></ul><ul><li>Connection with community resources </li></ul><ul><li>Mercer Island Methodist Church </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever is needed </li></ul>
  11. 14. Connection With UW <ul><li>C-STARS </li></ul><ul><li>Grant proposal to United Way </li></ul><ul><li>KOOL-IS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kids Organized On Learning In School </li></ul></ul><ul><li>External consultants and change facilitators </li></ul>
  12. 15. Funding <ul><li>United Way Donation of $48,000, including $12,000 for housing </li></ul><ul><li>School District expands program to other sites </li></ul><ul><li>$249,000 from McKinney Act funds for seven homeless sites, including B.F. Day </li></ul><ul><li>Support from Boeing and other donors </li></ul>
  13. 16. Snowball Effect <ul><li>Volunteer from Boeing </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial program for homeless students </li></ul><ul><li>Schoolyard monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Business cards for teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Food for kids in school and to take home </li></ul>
  14. 17. Building Management Team <ul><li>The Site Council </li></ul><ul><li>5 year plan </li></ul><ul><li>School structure – Family Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-social orientation </li></ul>
  15. 19. I Am Not A Case Number! I Am A Mother With Children! <ul><li>Pro-social attitude led to the development of trusting relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Trust led to greater self-esteem and the increase of responsibility </li></ul>
  16. 20. Parents as Partners <ul><li>Parent Involvement: </li></ul><ul><li>Bus monitor </li></ul><ul><li>School library </li></ul><ul><li>Lunchroom </li></ul><ul><li>Transition room </li></ul><ul><li>Playground </li></ul>
  17. 21. Benefits of parent involvement: <ul><li>Increased opportunity for teachers and parents to become better acquainted </li></ul><ul><li>Parent involvement has a positive influence on student progress and development </li></ul><ul><li>Parents connect with other families in similar situations and they support each other </li></ul>
  18. 23. Change Theory Challenges To Educators
  19. 25. For Homeless Children, Schools Face The Following Challenges: <ul><li>Keeping the child in one, or a minimum number of, school(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring that the child's health records are obtained </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping all the child's records intact </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a quiet time to allow the child to do homework </li></ul><ul><li>Providing transportation </li></ul>
  20. 26. In Certain Situations Schools May Also Need To Provide: <ul><li>Help In Obtaining Access To Laundries </li></ul><ul><li>Clean Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>Gifted Education </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul>
  21. 27. Solutions for Educators <ul><li>Follow the guidelines of the McKinney act </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate obstacles to student enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Students should receive the help they need to obtain any required immunizations </li></ul><ul><li>Arrangements can be made to provide immunizations on-site as necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Residency, guardianship, or other requirements, can be waived or altered depending on the student's situation </li></ul>
  22. 28. Helping Homeless Children Succeed In Their Education <ul><li>Coordinating social services for homeless children </li></ul><ul><li>Educating children about homelessness and encouraging empathy </li></ul><ul><li>Providing counseling for both the homeless and their classmates </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a place for children to go between the time school closes and the time the shelter opens </li></ul><ul><li>Providing housing specialists who will work with shelters in order to improve children's housing </li></ul><ul><li>Using a computerized tracking system to coordinate homeless children's records </li></ul>
  23. 29. Transitional Schools <ul><li>Offer homeless children &quot;intensive and individualized care for a short time,&quot; after which the children are mainstreamed into regular schools (Portner, 1992). </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates of this approach maintain that it gives homeless children the chance to receive individual instruction in an atmosphere that is &quot;psychologically safe&quot; (Portner, 1992). </li></ul><ul><li>Critics fear that specialized schools may actually increase the stigmatization of homeless children. </li></ul>
  24. 30. Case Management Approach <ul><li>A Case Manager Works To Coordinate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School Staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counselors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Care Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Support Services </li></ul></ul>
  25. 31. A Case Manager: <ul><li>May Help Negotiate Requirements Of Service Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>May Arrange For Needed Services To Be Provided </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Parents With Access To </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counseling Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May Be A Social Worker Hired On A Full-time Basis </li></ul>
  26. 32. Seattle's B.F. Day Elementary School features: <ul><li>A Transitional School </li></ul><ul><li>First Place </li></ul><ul><li>A Case Management Approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kids Organized On Learning In School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(KOOL-IS). </li></ul></ul>
  27. 33. How Do These Solutions Tie To Community? <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Morals </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighborhood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pride </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement </li></ul>
  28. 34. How Does Community Tie To The School? <ul><li>Substantial Contributions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Aid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business & Employee Involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adobe Systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getty Images </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fremont Arts Council </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 35. Recent Funding Problems In The Seattle School District <ul><li>In 2006, 42.5% free and reduced lunch </li></ul><ul><li>Fundraising efforts by the P.T.A. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Picnic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Village Project </li></ul></ul>
  30. 36. “ With caring, and sharing, and lending a hand, we all form a family across the land ... Come visit and you will see!”

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