Human Pschology - hungers


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a brief synopsis of factors important in human interactions and behaviorism. Hungers dictate how one behaves in a social setting. These form some important cues in understanding a person in the relationship context; personal or business.

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Human Pschology - hungers

  1. 1. Concept of Human Hunger psyche importance | types | outcomes Barrett C. Miller MEd, OHST
  2. 2. Abstract <ul><li>The absence of transactions with other humans produces the most desperate kind of interpersonal maladjustment. Children, deprived of human contact fail to thrive, infants die. Emotionally disabled children and adults demonstrate a desperate kind of hunger which erupts like a fire that can't be quenched. It is as if the need for human contact is so great that no amount of attention can satisfy it. In many circumstances, recovery depends on the ability to fill those needs in time. All group transactions provide these strokes. In most cases transactions are positive, but even hate groups can provide this fundamental commodity. </li></ul><ul><li>This article discusses the tangible satisfactions gained from interpersonal transactions. It gathers the notions of emotional hunger found in Berne, Steiner and others and presents them in a manner that can be understood by clients. The article discusses six basic hungers and their satisfaction. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Premise <ul><li>People go to metal doctors, group therapy, and temples to find emotional balance. Gatherings differ in purpose and organization. Some provide interpersonal encounters, self help, support, entertainment, and freedom from loneliness. </li></ul><ul><li>The motive for participation is sometimes included in the name of a group which might confront alcohol, depression, gambling, and even divorce. Although many groups have a single focus, that is not really important here. </li></ul><ul><li>Our interest lies in common psychic needs which can be met through group participation. Individuals functioning in any kind of group may benefit from understanding these concepts. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Premise <ul><li>A human model sits at the heart of all social theory. Sometimes the paradigm is defined as a natural or primitive man. Sometimes the only definition is implied in the formal speculation. </li></ul><ul><li>Here, we attempt to organize the thoughts of several transactional psychologists on the subject of strokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Strokes are the tangible interpersonal contacts that satisfy psychic needs . </li></ul><ul><li>Each satisfaction represents the allaying of a hunger which must be nourished for the proper function of the personality. These hungers are value free. They can be satisfied as surely from negative or destructive transactions as from positive. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Freud <ul><li>Understanding psychic appetites is easier in a theoretical framework. Freud's model of the Id will do. (Freud 1961) </li></ul><ul><li>For Freud, existence represents a constant struggle to find equilibrium between contradictory biological drives, the need to destroy, flee, or fight, on the one hand, and the need to love, to approach, or to be near on the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Freud organized his understanding of these drives in a theoretical structure having two outward expressions-libido and mortido. He believed that human agitation and distress are symptoms of a hormonal imbalance, an imbalance between the adrenal and gonadal systems. The hungers discussed here are libidal, not necessarily sexual drives. They represent the human need for community, the need for acceptance, and the need to approach. (Berne 1957) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Berne <ul><li>Every human exchange adds to stability or homeostasis. Each human contact creates partial equilibrium. A group participant, experiencing an emotional explosion, will inevitably leave as appeased   as one who leaves happy and full of human warmth. </li></ul><ul><li>Strokes are as necessary to human life as are other primary biological needs such as food, water, and shelter--needs which if not satisfied will lead to death. - Eric Berne 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>In many cases, an encounter may fill both the need to approach and the need to fight, reject, or flee at the same time. A recognition of primary psychic hungers may make it possible for a confederate to evaluate the effects of any given action in terms of its ability to satisfy the needs of others. We speculate that this knowledge will make it more likely that one can learn to pacify human hungers in a life affirming way. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Presence Hunger <ul><li>People need other people. This includes the experience of their presence through sight or sound. It is the need to be in the same place at the same time, the absence of solitude. </li></ul><ul><li>We know that even in the absence of physical touch or overt human interaction, infra red energy is generated and absorbed between persons. This alone may be enough to satisfy this hunger in some cases. Group members often report a high level of positive energy. T </li></ul><ul><li>his is true even for those that don't openly participate. To satisfy presence hunger, one must experience their own existence as unique presence in the presence of others, not ignored, or shunned. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stimulus Hunger <ul><li>Isolation destroys human life. We know that in the absence of stimulation, infants will die. Sensory stimulation is necessary, but not necessarily from other humans. </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations include sight, sound, touch, taste, dark and light. It includes the personal experience of beauty, art music, fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation is a basic unit of interaction that allows the formation of a unique aesthetic value system in response to surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation hunger can make us the victim of marketing campaigns which often feed on unsatisfied drives. In this sense, the purchase of a new shirt or the choice of the color for a car has additional accessory benefits. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Recognition Hunger <ul><li>Each human is unique and has an identity and a name. One experiences warmth and the appreciation of ones existence through recognition. At the visceral level, recognition maybe verbal or non verbal, positive or negative. </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition is the opposite of being shunned or neglected. Recognition hunger is the need for warmth from others. The human nervous system is complex. Its needs can be supported by positive verbal interaction, by structured ritual, or by verbal and physical combat. Each stabilizes the personality. </li></ul><ul><li>Hatred and rejection work as well as smiles and greetings. Recognition hunger is the need to be acknowledged, even if the acknowledgment happens in a destructive way. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Contact Hunger <ul><li>One simple pattern of human transaction that provides intimacy is called a ritual. Rituals make up one of four principal patterns of human interaction. Others include intimacy, pastimes, and games. Rituals are usually short structured interchanges. They often carry little actual information but provide large interpersonal benefits. Rituals vary from formal ceremonies to short structured conversations. They include the casual contacts which happen daily in predictable patterns. &quot;Hello, Mrs. Jones, do you think the weather will change?&quot; &quot;No, Mr. Brown, they say the weather will be the same for two weeks. Good day.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual transactions usually provide a risk-free way to find emotional reinforcement and strokes. Rituals meet the need of recipient for warmth, and the need of the giver to contribute. Like most hungers, contact hunger can be satisfied through pleasurable or repulsive exchange. The need can be satisfied through acquired acceptance of painful transactions and conflict as well as pleasurable contact. Humans in social groups usually learn to use rituals to provide positive results. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sexual Hunger <ul><li>The need to touch and be touched by another human being is the most primal hunger. The need for the physical warmth of another body, the need to absorb the infrared energy of another body, and to generate the same energy in return is indispensable. </li></ul><ul><li>The need can accommodate a wide range of personal preferences. Therapy groups sometimes forbid a member from having personnel, particularly sexual relationships. In its most perfect form, however, the transnational model of successful mental health includes sex. In its idealized form, sex can be thought of as two naked adults, functioning intimately and playfully as children. (Berne 1971) </li></ul><ul><li>Groups control behavior by providing or withholding permissions and protections. A group's value is found in its ability to allow strokes which produce intimacy in a safe and appropriate way. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Sexual Hunger <ul><li>Permission to succeed in sex and in work, that is, to be able to validate one's own sexuality and the sexuality of others, and to &quot;make it.&quot; Permission to find a meaningful life. (Allen 1972) </li></ul><ul><li>In the absence of touch, people try to fill sexual needs in other ways. The adoption of pets, self pleasuring, fantasy and artistic expression work are examples of transference. Transference satisfies this human need, but in a less direct way. People frequently transfer sexual needs into the compulsive work, for example. Groups that forbid sexual contact frequently produce highly productive members, but some may become human pressure cookers which explode in antisocial behaviors. In its perverse form, sexual hunger can be satisfied by pain, self castigation, self mutilation, and obsessions. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Structure Hunger <ul><li>Every human needs to be busy and part of a purposeful plan. The most depressed person is often one who can't find structure or can't find structures that provide necessary elements. </li></ul><ul><li>A person needs to have places to go, and things to do. We need direction and organization. Sometimes we use a club, a church, or a job. Marriage may provide positive structure or can represent the failure of structure. For many, a therapy group provides their only order. </li></ul><ul><li>The need for structure is as important as food. It is so important that, in it the absence of positive structures, humans will satisfy a contrived need we call  incident hunger  creating negative social events and consequence to discover meaningful boundaries and activities </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>The absence of strokes, or the intensive transactions with other humans, produces the most desperate kind of interpersonal maladjustment. Children, deprived of human contact fail to thrive, infants die. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotionally disabled children and adults demonstrate a desperate kind of hunger which erupts like a fire that can't be quenched. It is as if the need for intimacy is so great that no amount of attention can satisfy it. It is a matter of degree. In many circumstances, recovery depends on the ability to respond to depravation in time. </li></ul><ul><li>All group transactions provide strokes. In most cases transactions are positive, but even hate groups can provide this fundamental commodity. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusion (cont) <ul><li>No one can satisfy all six hungers through group participation or even through the best efforts to construct a perfect life. </li></ul><ul><li>A lack of equilibrium is inherent in our theoretical model. At best, a person may satisfy two or three needs at a time. </li></ul><ul><li>The list of satisfactions may change as the opportunity to interact with others changes. At different times, a person may rely on one satisfaction to compensate for another which is not available. </li></ul><ul><li>In a few cases, examples can be found of individuals who find stability in the satisfaction of a single need. It is universally believed that the absence of human interaction will drive a person to desperate measures. </li></ul>
  16. 16. References <ul><li>Freud, Sigmund.  Civilization and Its Discontents . WW Norton and Company, Ny Ny, 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>Berne, Eric.  A Layman's Guide to Psychiatry & Psychoanalysis . Ballantine Books, NyNy, 1957. </li></ul><ul><li>Berne, Eric.  Transactional Analysis in Psychotherapy.  New York, Grove Press, 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>Steiner, Claude.  Scripts People Live . Grove Press, new York, 1973. </li></ul><ul><li>Berne, Eric.  Sex in Human Loving . Simon and Schuster, Ny,Ny. 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>Allen, J. and Allen, B.  Scripts;the role of Permission.  Transactional Analysis Journal. Vol 2, no 2. April 1972. </li></ul>