0
1(Introduction to Computer        Graphics)
1.2.3.4.5.6.7.
(Computer Graphics)(processor)      (Peripheral)
(Computer Graphics)   (CG)
. . 1940   . . 1950      (MIT)Whirlwind             CRT (CathodeRay Tube)     SAGE (Semi - Automatic GroundEnvironment)   ...
Whirlwind   MIT
. . 1950 - 1960. . 1963            (Ivan Sutherland)
CRT  . . 1960       1963             SketchpadSketchpad         CRT,
Sketchpad
. . 1965(IBM)                100,000   . . 1968                      (Tektronix)                (Storage - Tube CRT)      ...
(Steven Coons, 1966)     (Pierre Bazier, 1972)                      310
           ENIAC    EDVAC           UNIVAC                             SAGE        GUI       (CAD)
EN
(Bit mapped)         (1               0    )       Picture Element (Pixel)
                 (Resolution)              X    Y        ( )                      ( )
(Vector)
      . . 1979                               (GSPC :    Graphic Standard Planning Committee)                          COR...
   GKS    2          GKS                                     GKS                  3      . . 1982       GKS             ...
                   PHIGS (Programmers    Hierarchical Interface Graphics Standard)                      3               ...
              PHIGS                        PHIGS+    GKS        GKS-3D                           Silicon    Graphics    ...
                      GL    OpenGL (Open Graphics Library)            (hardware-independent)                   OpenGL Ar...
   (Package)
Photoshop CS   D

(Simulation)
CAD : Computer - AidedDesign )
Graph)
Art)
CAI : ComputerAssisted Instruction)
Animation)
(Image Processing)
(Simulation)
(Games)
(Movie)
(Multimedia)
(VR : Virtual Reality)
(Devices in Graphics      System)
1.2.3.4. . .
(Input devices)(Output devices)CRT           )
:(Keyboard) :                   ECMA-23
:Dvorak       Elite
:                       (Mouse &Trackball) :                          (icon)               (Mechanical)              (Op...
: LightPens &          Touchscreens                 (LightPens &Touchscreens)                           (phosphor)
: LightPens &       Touchscreens                      (Photonic)(Electrical)
: Bit Pad /           Digitizing TabletBit Pad      Digitizing Tablet :stylus     puck    puck                  X-Ypuck
:  (Joystick)(Joystick) :
: (Scanner)(Scanner) :
API (Application Programming Interface)                         (OperatingSystems)      API
(Device Dependent)(Device Independent)
(Output Device)                  CRT (Cathode RayTube)
(Raster-Scan Architecture)                          ” (Video   Controller)   (Display Controller)
(VideoController)
(Video           Controller)                   OpenGL)xy    xmax            ymax
(Video    Controller)         xy                       CRT                       x         xy
(VideoController)
(DisplayProcessor)               (Graphic Controller)                          (DisplayCoprocessor)
scan conversion
(Raster Scan)CRT            ” (scan line)      -                        ”
(Raster Scan)                          ”(color buffer)
(Raster Scan)
(Random Scan)                            (RandomScan)        CRT                          (vector)stroke-writing   calligr...
(Random Scan)
CRT                     ” (beam-penetration)
CRT(beam acceleration
CRTShadow-maskShadow-mask       (R )     (G)   (B)              “RGB”
CRTShadow-mask          -         CRTShadow-mask                         Shadow-mask       Shadow-mask                 (in...
CRTShadow-mask   -
(Flat-Panel Display)(Flat-panel Display)             ,                       CRT                             CRT       (Fl...
(Flat-Panel Display)                                2          emissivenonemissive          emissive (     emitter)       ...
(Plasma Panel)(Plasma Panel) gas-discharge                 2
(Plasma Panel)
Thin-film      electroluminescent       Thin-film electroluminescent(electrode)
Thin-filmelectroluminescent              Thin-film electrolum
LED (Light-Emitting Diodes)  LED (Light-Emitting Diodes)emissiveCRT
LED (Light-Emitting  Diodes)         LED          LE
LCDLCD (Liquid Crystal Display)       LCD
LCD        LCD     active-matrix LCD (AMLCD)         TFT (Thin Film Transistor)     passive-matrix LCD            STN  (...
LCDLCD
3CRTCRT
Genisco SpaceGraph                  25x25x25 . .    2         (ultrasonography)          CRT
3(Stereoscopic)3             3
(   )        3
3
3
(Headset)    (optical system)3           (sensing system)
(Data grove)
3           (head-tracking device)                  (ultrasound trackingdevice)                     6
(Printer)(Printer) :
(Plotter)(Plotter) :     (A       A
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
การสอนครั้งที่ 2   intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก
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การสอนครั้งที่ 2 intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก

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Transcript of "การสอนครั้งที่ 2 intro ความรู้เบื้องต้นเกี่ยวกับคอมพิวเตอร์กราฟิก"

  1. 1. 1(Introduction to Computer Graphics)
  2. 2. 1.2.3.4.5.6.7.
  3. 3. (Computer Graphics)(processor) (Peripheral)
  4. 4. (Computer Graphics) (CG)
  5. 5. . . 1940 . . 1950 (MIT)Whirlwind CRT (CathodeRay Tube) SAGE (Semi - Automatic GroundEnvironment) SAGE
  6. 6. Whirlwind MIT
  7. 7. . . 1950 - 1960. . 1963 (Ivan Sutherland)
  8. 8. CRT . . 1960 1963 SketchpadSketchpad CRT,
  9. 9. Sketchpad
  10. 10. . . 1965(IBM) 100,000 . . 1968 (Tektronix) (Storage - Tube CRT) ( 15,000 ) 5 . . 1970
  11. 11. (Steven Coons, 1966) (Pierre Bazier, 1972) 310
  12. 12.  ENIAC EDVAC UNIVAC SAGE GUI (CAD)
  13. 13. EN
  14. 14. (Bit mapped) (1 0 ) Picture Element (Pixel)
  15. 15.  (Resolution) X Y ( ) ( )
  16. 16. (Vector)
  17. 17.  . . 1979 (GSPC : Graphic Standard Planning Committee) CORE (Core Graphic System) 3 (DIN : West German National Standard)
  18. 18.  GKS 2 GKS GKS 3 . . 1982 GKS (International Graphics Community) CORE GKS
  19. 19.  PHIGS (Programmers Hierarchical Interface Graphics Standard) 3 (Interactive Graphics Environment) CAD/CAM (Solid Model) (Simulation)
  20. 20.  PHIGS PHIGS+ GKS GKS-3D Silicon Graphics GL (Graphics Library) GL
  21. 21.  GL OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) (hardware-independent) OpenGL Architecture Review Board OpenGL
  22. 22.  (Package)
  23. 23. Photoshop CS D
  24. 24. 
  25. 25. (Simulation)
  26. 26. CAD : Computer - AidedDesign )
  27. 27. Graph)
  28. 28. Art)
  29. 29. CAI : ComputerAssisted Instruction)
  30. 30. Animation)
  31. 31. (Image Processing)
  32. 32. (Simulation)
  33. 33. (Games)
  34. 34. (Movie)
  35. 35. (Multimedia)
  36. 36. (VR : Virtual Reality)
  37. 37. (Devices in Graphics System)
  38. 38. 1.2.3.4. . .
  39. 39. (Input devices)(Output devices)CRT )
  40. 40. :(Keyboard) : ECMA-23
  41. 41. :Dvorak Elite
  42. 42. : (Mouse &Trackball) : (icon)  (Mechanical)  (Optical)
  43. 43. : LightPens & Touchscreens (LightPens &Touchscreens) (phosphor)
  44. 44. : LightPens & Touchscreens (Photonic)(Electrical)
  45. 45. : Bit Pad / Digitizing TabletBit Pad Digitizing Tablet :stylus puck puck X-Ypuck
  46. 46. : (Joystick)(Joystick) :
  47. 47. : (Scanner)(Scanner) :
  48. 48. API (Application Programming Interface) (OperatingSystems) API
  49. 49. (Device Dependent)(Device Independent)
  50. 50. (Output Device) CRT (Cathode RayTube)
  51. 51. (Raster-Scan Architecture) ” (Video Controller) (Display Controller)
  52. 52. (VideoController)
  53. 53. (Video Controller) OpenGL)xy xmax ymax
  54. 54. (Video Controller) xy CRT x xy
  55. 55. (VideoController)
  56. 56. (DisplayProcessor) (Graphic Controller) (DisplayCoprocessor)
  57. 57. scan conversion
  58. 58. (Raster Scan)CRT ” (scan line) - ”
  59. 59. (Raster Scan) ”(color buffer)
  60. 60. (Raster Scan)
  61. 61. (Random Scan) (RandomScan) CRT (vector)stroke-writing calligraphic
  62. 62. (Random Scan)
  63. 63. CRT ” (beam-penetration)
  64. 64. CRT(beam acceleration
  65. 65. CRTShadow-maskShadow-mask (R ) (G) (B) “RGB”
  66. 66. CRTShadow-mask - CRTShadow-mask Shadow-mask Shadow-mask (in-line) - -
  67. 67. CRTShadow-mask -
  68. 68. (Flat-Panel Display)(Flat-panel Display) , CRT CRT (Flat-Panel , , , Display)
  69. 69. (Flat-Panel Display) 2 emissivenonemissive emissive ( emitter) (plasma), thin-filmelectroluminescent light-emittingdiodes nonemissive ( nonemitter)
  70. 70. (Plasma Panel)(Plasma Panel) gas-discharge 2
  71. 71. (Plasma Panel)
  72. 72. Thin-film electroluminescent Thin-film electroluminescent(electrode)
  73. 73. Thin-filmelectroluminescent Thin-film electrolum
  74. 74. LED (Light-Emitting Diodes) LED (Light-Emitting Diodes)emissiveCRT
  75. 75. LED (Light-Emitting Diodes) LED LE
  76. 76. LCDLCD (Liquid Crystal Display) LCD
  77. 77. LCD LCD active-matrix LCD (AMLCD) TFT (Thin Film Transistor) passive-matrix LCD STN (Super Twisted Nematic) DSTN (Dual- Scan Twisted Nematic) LCD TFT active
  78. 78. LCDLCD
  79. 79. 3CRTCRT
  80. 80. Genisco SpaceGraph 25x25x25 . . 2 (ultrasonography) CRT
  81. 81. 3(Stereoscopic)3 3
  82. 82. ( ) 3
  83. 83. 3
  84. 84. 3
  85. 85. (Headset) (optical system)3 (sensing system)
  86. 86. (Data grove)
  87. 87. 3 (head-tracking device) (ultrasound trackingdevice) 6
  88. 88. (Printer)(Printer) :
  89. 89. (Plotter)(Plotter) : (A A
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