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Geog Chap 4 & 5
 

Geog Chap 4 & 5

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    Geog Chap 4 & 5 Geog Chap 4 & 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 4 Rural and Urban Settlements
      • Rural settlements :
      • It is a sparsely populated place, like a village, with few built-up areas where the inhabitants are engaged in primary activities such as farming, fishing and mining.
      • Urban settlements :
      • Its is a densely populated area, like a town or city, where the inhabitants are engaged in secondary industry such as manufacturing and tertiary industry such as tourism.
    • Characteristics of rural settlements
      • Dominant Functions :
      • - mainly primary activities
      • ( eg farming, mining and lumbering)
      • Amenities:
      • - few amenities, poor accessibility
      • - gets water from rivers and wells
      • - may not have schools and clinics
      • - travel long hours to get to nearest amenities in town or city
      • - footpaths, unpaved and narrow roads used to move around
    • Characteristics of rural settlements
      • Way of life:
      • In LDCs:
      • - simple way of life, slower pace of life
      • - less traffic, less pollution
      • - open interaction between people in the same community
      • ( eg, children play in an open space in a rural settlement in china)
      • - family unit tend to be closely knit and community activities throughout the year draw people together
      • In DCs:
      • - higher standards of living - greater access to amenities and services
      • ( eg, healthcare, education)
    • Characteristics of urban settlements
      • Dominant functions:
      • - residential, towns & cities, commercial and industrial
      • - some towns may concentrate on industries, tourism or administration
      • Amenities( in Singapore):
      • - safe drinking water form taps
      • - ready supply of electricity and gas
      • - many towns served by trains ( eg, MRT & LRT)
      • - community centres, town halls, schools and hospitals provided
      • Way of life:
      • - people lead a fast pace of life
      • - homes well-furnished with basic necessities
      • - amenities such as restaurants and recreational centres established to cater to growing demands of people in urban areas
    • Unit 5 Settlement patterns
    • Settlement patterns Dispersed settlements Linear settlements Nucleated settlements
    • Dispersed settlements Isolated houses or cluster of houses scattered over large area In form of Occur in Rural areas like hilly places and extensive flatlands
    • Linear settlements In form of Occur in Grouping of houses along a line Mostly along roads, railway tracks, coast or river banks.
    • Nucleated settlements In form of Occur in Grouping of many houses together around a centre area. Favourable sites at road junctions, focal points of an area or confluences of rivers.