Myths & Facts about Child AbuseMYTH: Men sexually abuse children as they cannot control theirsexual urge.FACT: Sexual assaults are committed by people in a position ofpower and trust.MYTH: Sexual assaults are instinctive acts committed bystrangers.FACT: Most sexual assaults are premeditated acts of aggressioncommitted by trusted people.MYTH: Children invite abuse by the way they dress.FACT: Sexual abuse happens irrespective of the way the childrendress.
Myths & Facts about Child Abuse• MYTH: Culturally, children obey elders and dont say "No" to adults unnatural act.• FACT: Child needs to be empowered to be able to speak out irrespective of cultural background.• MYTH: Children have vivid imagination and lie often when they speak of being abused.• FACT: Children lack the language or understanding to "make up stories" of the abuse.• MYTH: It is fine to promise the child confidentiality and bury the issue when he or she confides in you.• FACT: Abuse should be immediately dealt with and medical opinion should be sought if its a serious case.
About the Emotional Abuse• This is no worldwide standard definition of emotional abuse. Emotional abuse can be described as the "willful destruction of significant impairment of a childs competence" (Pacer, 1990).• The types usually include rejecting, ignoring, isolating, terrorizing, corrupting and exploiting.• It is hard to detect, assess and substantiate since many cases of emotional abuse are unreported.
Types of Emotional abuse• Rejecting: Putting down a child or youths worth or putting down their needs.• Ignoring: Failing to give any response to or interact with a child or youth at all.• Isolating: Keeping a child away from family and friends.• Terrorizing: Causing a child or youth to be terrified by the constant use of threats and/or intimidating behavior.• Corrupting : Encouraging a child or youth to do things that are illegal or harmful to themselves.• Exploiting: Giving a child or youth responsibilities that are far greater than a child/youth that age can handle. It is also using a child for profit.
Symptoms of Emotional Abuse• name-calling• yelling at the child• not allowing child interaction with others• failure to protect child• rewarding child for inappropriate behavior• expecting youth to make money for family• verbal humiliation and constant teasing
Impact of Emotional Abuse Emotional abuse of children can result in serious emotional and/or behavioral problems, low cognitive ability level, and poor social skills. For example:• lifelong depression• estrangement• low self-esteem• difficulties in appropriate relationship• lack of empathy• emotional instability• aggression• difficult to trust
Causal Factors• family stresses: unemployment, poverty, isolation from relatives and friends, divorce, death, immature parents• diminished capacity for understanding children’s needs and feelings• health issues: illness of a family member, disability of a family member, drug and alcohol abuse• mental problems: mental disability, depression
Prevention Strategies• observing children carefully for potential signs• taking action immediately when suspecting• increasing awareness and education of emotional child abuse in the community and among parents• encouraging parents to establish strong attachment with children• encouraging family to form relationship with support systems• more researching in this field