Meeting the Needs ofChildren and Families: Part OneStudent Name: Yunfan JiangStudent No: 300620899Date: Mar 6, 2012
Lily and Her family 4 –year-old Lily has a severe hearing impairment Her first time in a childcare centre Parents are newcomers to Toronto Parents primarily speak Cantonese, English as the 2nd language Lily has an older brother aged 6 and a baby sister aged 6 months
Needs of Lily and Her familyNeeds of Lily: Possible separation anxiety Adapt to the environment and daily routine of center Communication with teachers and peers Hearing impairment treatment Inclusive program to facilitate her development in physical, cognitive, social, emotional & language Resource available in center Professional supporting services outside center (eg. professional hearing agency)
Needs of Lily and Her familyNeeds of family: Language barrier Totally strange surrounding environment Economical strains Looking for job Heavy housework Time limited Hearing test for the 6-month daughter Financially, emotionally and psychologically social support from community services
About Hearing ImpairmentDefinition Losing some hearing in one or both ears.Degree of severity Mild, Moderate, Severe and ProfoundTypes Conductive, Sensory, Mixed and NeuralCharacteristics of severe hearing impairment Can not hear any normal conversation and only a few sounds of loud speech. Problems with inner ear or connection from the cochlea to the brain. Can not filter out the background noise.
Meeting Needs within Childcare SettingModifications to the physical environmentEnsure good lightingUse photographs, pictures or other methods to convey informationKeep visual displayers and toys at eye level.Reduce the amount of noise in the classroomModify activities and materials
Meeting Needs within Childcare SettingTeaching strategiesAllow time for separation anxiety and transitionsMore observation, positive response and emotional support Use as many visual aids as possible to communicate with her positively and warmly Collaborate with parents and offer support Always face Lily and speak naturally and clearly Establish a procedure in case of an emergency.
Meeting Needs within Childcare SettingConsiderations within the larger group:Encourage a positive acceptance of Lily by other children.Make sure Lily to attend the group activities by adapting the activities to meet her needs.Facilitate collaboration between Lily and other children and reinforce social interactionEncourage Lily to express herself by sign languageLearn about related knowledge and adopt suggestions from audiologist
Referred Agencies and ResourcesCanadian Hearing Society Not-for-profit agency, the leading provider of services, products, and information for people with hearing impairment (www.chs.ca)Toronto Children’s Services Provide a broad range of child care services, including fee subsidy, family resources, special needs resourcing, etc. (ww.toronto.ca/children)Centre for Information & Community Services Provide a wide range of settlement programs and services for immigrants. (http://www.cicscanada.com)Family Drop-in Program Children (0-6 years) and their parents participate in creative and educational activities together. (http://www.bobrumball.org/BRCD/oeyc.html)
Bibliography1. Rena Shimoni, Joanne Baxter. Working with Families. Toronto: Pearson Canada Inc., 2008.2. Turecki, S., L. Tonner. The difficult Child. New York: Bantam, 1989.3. Inclusion of Children with Special Needs: Reading Package. “Hearing Impairments”4. Class notes5. http://www.hearing.com.au/digitalAssets/8911_1241584786681_H earing-impaired-child-in-the-classroom.pdf6. http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/hearing.html#sect07. http://karenplumley.suite101.com/learning-difficulties-for-the- hearing-impaired-a841538. http://www.mydr.com.au/kids-teens-health/hearing-impairment- and-schoolchildren9. http://www.chs.ca10. http://ww.toronto.ca/children11. http://www.cicscanada.com12. http://www.bobrumball.org/BRCD/oeyc.html