France and British officials meet with Hitler in Munich
Agree to give Hitler Sudetenland if he promises to stop taking countries
Sept. 1938: Munich Agreement
Neville Chamberlain , British Prime Minister SUCKERS! “ My friends, there has come back from Germany peace with honor. I believe it is peace in our time.”
Winston Churchill Disagrees with Chamberlain Appeasement “ Britain and France had to choose between war and dishonor. They chose dishonor. They will have war.”
Winston Churchill on Appeasement “ [W]e have passed an awful milestone in our history. . . . And do not suppose that this is the end. . . . This is only the first sip, the first foretaste of a bitter cup which will be proffered to us year by year unless, by a supreme recovery of moral health and martial vigor, we arise again and take our stand for freedom as in the olden time.” What was appeasement, and why did Churchill oppose it so strongly?
Czechoslovakia March 1939: Hitler Seizes the rest of Czechoslovakia “ Czechoslovakia has ceased to exist.”
Every night for two solid months, 2,600 German bombers pounded London.
Brits had new technology: Radar: One night RAF shot down 185 planes
After two months, Hitler calls off attack indefinitely
Churchill on the RAF: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”
Hitler knew his navy was no match for Britain's. Objective : destroy Brits from the sky
“ [W]e shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.” -- Winston Churchill, May 1940
Hitler’s deceptions included: charging the Czechs with abusing Sudeten Germans; claiming that Sudetenland was his last territorial demand; accusing Poles of brutalizing Germans; signing a secret pact with the Soviet Union dividing Poland; justifying the invasion of Denmark and Norway as necessary to safeguard his plans. To what extent do you think lies and deception played a role in Hitler’s tactics?
Blitzkrieg The first stage featured the use of Stuka; a tactic designed to create shock and to immobilize the enemy. Tactical dive-bombers pounded enemy positions, disrupted communications, and compromised troops’ mobility. Flanking infantry and motorized tank attacks followed. Skilled in ground combat and the use of tanks, the Germans could quickly outmaneuver and overpower the resistance.