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Chapter 18-2: Imperialism

Chapter 18-2: Imperialism

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Spanish American War Spanish American War Presentation Transcript

  • The Pressure to Expand: Imperialistic America Spanish-American War
    • Contrast American opinions regarding the Cuban revolt against Spain.
    • Identify events that escalated the conflict between the United States and Spain.
    • Trace the course of the Spanish-American War and its results.
    Learning Objectives
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  • The U.S. Atlantic and Pacific Fleet hold combined operations at Guantanamo Bay, circa 1910.
  • American Interest in Cuba
    • Attempted to Purchase in 1854. (Spain: We’ll see it sink 1 st )
    • Sugar Plantations (Stop me if you’ve heard this one before)
    Cuba is a colony of Spain
  • First Cuban Revolt
    • 1868-1878: Cubans Revolt Against Spain
    • Spain puts down revolt, but abolishes slavery.
    • American businessmen begin investing in sugar plantations
  • Second Cuban Revolt
    • 1895: Cubans revolt again. Begin destroying American property.
    • Sought assistance of America
    • Americans split on support:
      • Businessmen support Spain; protect sugar interest
      • Citizens support Cubans because of revolt
  • War Fever Escalates
    • Newspaper Wars – Yellow journalism – Sensationalism
    • American public wants to intervene
    • Spain eases up on Cubans
    • President insulted by Spanish minister
    • U.S.S. Maine explodes in Havana, Cuba
    Spain 1896: Spain sends brutal general to crush second rebellion Spanish atrocities: Concentration Camps. Thousands Die.
  • Yellow Journalism The Yellow Kid Both Papers Exaggerate Spanish Treatment of Cubans
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  • de Lome Letter de Lome: Spanish Minister to the U.S Letter stolen from Havana Post Office Leaked to American Newspaper in February 1898 Critical of President McKinley Public Insulted Spain Embarrassed
  • Feb. 1898: U.S.S. Maine Explodes in Havana Harbor, Cuba
    • The U.S.S. Maine explosion was used as a pretext to get involved in war with Spain.
    • The U.S. really had been drooling over Cuba.
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    • April 20, 1898 – America declares War on Spain
    • America invades the Philippine Islands – Filipinos support Americans
    • Naval Blockade of Cuba
    • Ill-prepared volunteer force
    • Rough Riders and Teddy Roosevelt
    • Battle of San Juan Hill
    • Cease Fire on Aug. 12 – 15 weeks of fighting.
    • Treaty of Paris: Dec. 10 ends “Splendid little war.”
    “ Remember the Maine” War with Spain Erupts
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  • The Rough Riders
    • Spain freed Cuba
    • Gave U.S. Guam in the Pacific
    • Gave U.S. Puerto Rico in the West Indies
    • Sold the Philippines to U.S. for $20 million.
    What did U.S. Get? I’ve prayed to Jesus for guidance and concluded that: “ There was nothing left for us to do but to take them all [Philippines], and to educate the Filipinos, and uplift and Christianize them.”
  • United States Expansion