American Socialist Party forms in opposition to capitalist system
Muckrakers expose corruption in business and public life
4. Fostering Efficiency in Industry and Government Scientific Management Progressives attempt to be "scientific"--conduct social research, gather statistical data and expert testimony to back demands for reform The attempt to make workers more productive and efficient
Pioneered Assembly Line Production Model T Production 1910: 12 hours 1913: 2 Hours Henry Ford “ I want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product!” Henry Ford & the Model T Ford dispensed with consumer choice: Buyers can have “any color so long as its black .”
The Reorganization of Work Frederick W. Taylor The Principles of Scientific Management (1911) “ Taylorism” Breaking down manufacturing into simple, repetitive tasks. The Assembly Line : Workers as Machines
Ended party boss control – direct primaries to nominate candidates
Made state taxes more fair and equitable
Closed business loopholes, and strongly regulated railroad rates.
Sought presidency in 1908 (Taft nominated)
“ The will of the people shall be the law of the land.”
Citizens Directly Create Laws Initiative - A procedure whereby ordinary citizens could propose laws for consideration by their state legislatures or by the voters directly. (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Referendum - A procedure whereby citizens could vote directly on whether to approve proposed laws. (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Recall - A procedure by which a public official could be removed from office by a direct vote of the citizens.