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Progressive Era

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  • 1. Progressive Era Brought to you by One Crazy Lady with a Hatchet Damn the Demon’s Rum “ Men are nicotine soaked, beer besmirched, whiskey greased, red-eyed devils."
  • 2.
    • Big business excesses strain environment, economy & people
    • Huge trusts created by industrial capitalism
    • Many immigrants forced to work in sweatshops
    • Immigrants living in squalid conditions in crowded cities
    • Threats to the natural resources and wildlife by the industrialists
    • Women’s suffrage
    • Protecting right of the black vote (eliminate Jim Crow laws)
    • End child labor
    • Regulate factory working hours and conditions
    • Prohibition of Alcohol (Demon’s Nectar)
    What Needs Reforming
  • 3. Goals of Progressivism
    • Protecting social welfare
    • Promoting moral improvement
    • Creating economic reform
    • Fostering industrial & gov’t efficiency
    However, Its Not a Unified Movement
    • Some progressives concentrate on business regulation
    • No single objective or set of objectives
    • Some focus on laws to protect labor and the poor
    • Other seek municipal-government reform and social control
  • 4. I’m the Government and I’m Here to Help!
    • Liberalism
    • Government should be more active
    • Social problems are susceptible to government legislation and action
    • Throw money at the problem
  • 5. 1. Protecting Social Welfare
    • Social Gospel and settlement house movements sought to help the poor
    • YMCA offered activities to city dwellers
    • The Salvation Army fed the poor and cared for children
    • Illinois Factory Act prohibited child labor and limited women’s working hours
  • 6. Protecting Working Children Cigar Makers
  • 7.  
  • 8. 2. Promoting Moral Improvement Women’s Christian Temperance Union led crusade for prohibition
    • Women supported
    • Households where women didn’t work could be put in economic jeopardy by males abusing alcohol
  • 9. 3. Creating Economic Reform
    • American Socialist Party forms in opposition to capitalist system
    • Muckrakers expose corruption in business and public life
  • 10. 4. Fostering Efficiency in Industry and Government Scientific Management Progressives attempt to be "scientific"--conduct social research, gather statistical data and expert testimony to back demands for reform The attempt to make workers more productive and efficient
  • 11. Pioneered Assembly Line Production Model T Production 1910: 12 hours 1913: 2 Hours Henry Ford “ I want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product!” Henry Ford & the Model T Ford dispensed with consumer choice: Buyers can have “any color so long as its black .”
  • 12. “ Model T” Prices & Sales
  • 13. The Reorganization of Work Frederick W. Taylor The Principles of Scientific Management (1911) “ Taylorism” Breaking down manufacturing into simple, repetitive tasks. The Assembly Line : Workers as Machines
  • 14.  
  • 15. • City government becomes more efficient • State & Federal governments become more democratic
  • 16. Reform Governor Robert M. La Follette
    • Governor of Wisconsin
    • Ended party boss control – direct primaries to nominate candidates
    • Made state taxes more fair and equitable
    • Closed business loopholes, and strongly regulated railroad rates.
    • Sought presidency in 1908 (Taft nominated)
    “ The will of the people shall be the law of the land.”
  • 17. Citizens Directly Create Laws Initiative - A procedure whereby ordinary citizens could propose laws for consideration by their state legislatures or by the voters directly. (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Referendum - A procedure whereby citizens could vote directly on whether to approve proposed laws. (Think Question 1: Wine Sales in Grocery Stores) Recall - A procedure by which a public official could be removed from office by a direct vote of the citizens.
  • 18. Secret Ballot
    • A procedure by which citizens could keep their votes secret
    • Previously, voting was a public act witnessed by others. The voting records of individual citizens were recorded and made public
  • 19. Seventeenth Amendment
    • A procedure to allow the citizens in each state to directly elect their Senators
    • Previously, Senators were chosen by the state legislatures
  • 20. Progressive Presidents Theodore Roosevelt William H. Taft Woodrow Wilson 1901 - 1909 1909 - 1913 1913 - 1921