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Imperialistic America

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Chapter 18: Imperialism

Chapter 18: Imperialism

Published in: Travel, Business
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  • And there ws me thinking Hawaii was close to the U.S.



    Still being British I don't have much room to comment on this.<br /><br/>
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  • Transcript

    • 1. The Pressure to Expand: Imperialistic America U.S. Takes Hawaii
    • 2.
      • Explain the economic and cultural factors that fueled the growth of American imperialism.
      • Describe how the United States acquired Alaska.
      • Summarize how the United States took over the Hawaiian Islands.
      Learning Objectives
    • 3. “ The Hawaiian pear is now fully ripe, and this is the golden hour for the United States to pluck it.” -- U.S. ambassador to Hawaii John L. Stevens to the State Department However, there is only one problem: Hawaii was a sovereign power. Uh, Wait a Second. I’m Queen of Hawaii, which is a constitutional monarchy. Don’t I get a say? Queen Liliuokalani President McKinley NO! We need your natural resources and Pearl Harbor! God Bless America!
    • 4. Social Darwinism & Cultural Superiority Desire for Military Strength Race with European Powers for Colonies Thirst for New Markets Technology Factor Industrial Revolution provides ability to travel the world
    • 5. Alfred T. Mahan, 1904
      • Mahan writes letter to New York Times
      • Mahan urged annexation due to their “geographical and military importance.”
      • China, as a growing power, might launch a “barbaric invasion” toward the East and take over the Hawaiian Islands.
      • To prevent such an occurrence, “a great, civilized, maritime power” needed a “firm hold” on the island group.
      • Another fear: Britain taking islands to serve as central link between Australia & New Zealand and British Columbia
      • He considered the U.S. as the “proper guardian for this most important position.”
      Following 1893 Overthrow of Hawaiian Monarchy
    • 6. Hawaiian Islands’ geographic position exert commercial and military control of the Pacific By Annexing Hawaii U.S. advances commercial trade security U.S. Navy has Central Pacific Ocean stronghold Disadvantage “ [I]f the islands were in the hands of any other power, [the loss] would constitute to us disadvantages and threats.” No field of battle on the open sea. No advantage or disadvantage However The islands, as a central location serve as a cross road to improve communication and store supplies and people
    • 7. CHINA British Columbia United States Alaska Australia This is why we need Hawaii
    • 8. Great White Fleet
      • America Begins Military Buildup
      • Admiral Alfred T. Mahan expands Navy
      • 3 rd largest Navy behind Britain and France
    • 9. U.S. Purchases Alaska from Russia 1867
      • Secretary of State William Seward urges purchase
      • $7.2 million price tag
        • 2 cents an acre
      • “ Seward’s Icebox”
      • “ Seward’s Folly”
      • 1959 – Alaska becomes state
        • Rich in natural resources
    • 10. United States Expansion
    • 11.  

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