America Enters World War Ii

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Transcript

  • 1. America Enters World War II
  • 2. World War II brought to you by Wiamea Falls and the Hyers
  • 3. Dec. 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor Attacked by the Japanese Navy
  • 4. Dec. 8, 1941 President Franklin Roosevelt signs declaration of war against Japan
  • 5.
    • Summarize the Allies’ plan for winning the war.
    • Identify events in the war in Europe.
    • Identify key turning points in the war in the Pacific.
    • Describe the Allied offensive against the Japanese.
    Learning Objectives
  • 6. WWII Major Theaters of War
    • Western Europe
    • Eastern Europe / U.S.S.R.
    • North Africa
    • Italy
    • Japan / Pacific Ocean
  • 7. WWII - Theaters of War
  • 8. Pacific Theater
  • 9. Battle of the Atlantic
    • Hitler Orders U-Boat attacks on America’s East Coast
    • Britain and USSR depended on U.S. goods
    • Merchant Shipping Suffered Tremendous Losses
    • Mid-1943: Sonar and Destroyer-escorted convoys turn tide
    • U-boats destroyed faster than Germans can build them
  • 10. “ We are unable to judge between the loyal and the disloyal Japanese-Americans”
  • 11.  
  • 12. Doolittle’s Bombing Raid Over Tokyo A B-25 Bomber takes off from the U.S.S. Hornet as one of 16 planes that bombed Tokyo in April 1942. Little damage was done, but it boosted U.S. morale and rattled Japanese military officials.
  • 13. Battle of Midway Turning Point Battle of WWII – Pacific Theater
  • 14. Battle of Stalingrad Turning Point Battle of WWII – European Theater Soviet troops defend the Red October Factory against the Germans
  • 15. Battle of Stalingrad
    • Summer 1942
    • Germans Sought to Defeat USSR at Stalin’s Namesake City
    • By Early Winter Germans Have most of City Under Control
    • Winter Sets In: Soviets Reinforce – Counterattack
    • Germans Cut Off From Supply Line
    • January 1943: Surrender
    • Soviet Losses Tremendous: 1.1 Million
    • Germans Can Do Nothing but Retreat Toward Berlin
  • 16. 80% 20% Nazi Combat Forces U.S. / British Soviet Union Soviets Battle the Best 80% of Hitler’s Troops Deaths: U.S.: 330,000 Soviets: 30,000,000
  • 17. Casablanca Conference
    • F.D.R. & Winston Churchill meet in Casablanca, Morocco
    • Agree that only Unconditional Surrender will be accepted from Axis Powers
    • Decide to Assemble Invasion Fleet in English Channel. Land in Northern France and head Eastward Toward Germany
  • 18. Operation Torch
    • Nov. 1942: U.S. Forces land in North Africa
    • Battle Germans Eastward Across N. Africa.
    • Germans Surrender in May 1943
    • U.S. Forces Move into Italy
  • 19. Turning Point Battle of WWII – N. Africa Theater
  • 20. D-Day June 6, 1944
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. Operation Overlord: Key to Success The Allies ability to deliver so many men to the invasion point at the same time
    • 1,200 Fighting Ships
    • 4,126 Landing Craft
    • 804 Transport Ships
    • 100s Special Purpose Ships
    • 132,500 Soldiers from Five Ports
    • 10,000 planes
    • 23,000 Airborne Paratroopers
  • 24.  
  • 25. General Dwight D. “Ike” Eisenhower
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. Battle of the Bulge
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. Yalta Conference The Brought to you by Mr. Hyer Underwater
  • 36. Yalta Conference Origin of the Cold War
  • 37.
    • Soviet Union in Shambles
    • Eastern Europe in Shambles
    • Soviets in no mood for another war
    • Western allies feared huge Soviet army occupying Eastern Europe
    • Uncertainty over Europe's future in Feb. '45 is beginning of Cold War
    Early 1945
  • 38. When : February 4 - 11, 1945 Who attended : “The Big Three:” Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin Where : Yalta in the Crimea (Soviet Union – along the Black Sea) Yalta Conference Each man attended for different reasons : Roosevelt: Desire to create a United Nations before WWII ended. Sought a democratic world. Churchill: Feared the growing power of the Soviet Union in a devastated Europe. A free and democratic Europe led by Britain. Stalin: Intent on protecting the Soviet Union against another German invasion. Increased Soviet power. Favored a harsh approach against Germany. Remember, between 1812 and 1945 three devastating invasions from the West.
  • 39.
    • Poland
    • Germany
    • Soviet entry into the war against Japan
    • United Nations
    Major problems
  • 40. I’ll Wait While You Re-read About Yalta and List Four Major Accomplishments. Intermission “ Smoke ‘em if you got ‘em.”
  • 41.
    • The US got the Soviets to promise to declare war on Japan 90 days after the Germans were defeated.
    • As it turned out the Germans surrendered May 8. 90 days after that we had dropped bombs on August 6 and August 9.
    • They also agreed on the basics for the United Nations.
    • They could not agree on the fate of Eastern Europe or Germany.
    • Germany temporarily divided into four zones (This would cause 2 Germanys until 1989)
    • Stalin promises free elections in Poland and other Eastern European nations
    Accomplishments
  • 42. Those crazy Westerners, they’ll believe anything. I told them I’d hold “free and unfettered elections” in a “friendly” Poland within a month. SHOCKER!! Stalin Lies!! No Free Elections U.S. and Britain accept Polish gov’t where 2/3 members are Commies Critics: Soviet Appeasement
  • 43. Agreements negotiated during the war when unity was vital, broke down once the enemies were vanquished. The victors quarreled and fundamental differences emerged. Lesson The Cold War is Underway!