Doolittle’s Bombing Raid Over Tokyo A B-25 Bomber takes off from the U.S.S. Hornet as one of 16 planes that bombed Tokyo in April 1942. Little damage was done, but it boosted U.S. morale and rattled Japanese military officials.
Battle of Midway Turning Point Battle of WWII – Pacific Theater
Battle of Stalingrad Turning Point Battle of WWII – European Theater Soviet troops defend the Red October Factory against the Germans
Western allies feared huge Soviet army occupying Eastern Europe
Uncertainty over Europe's future in Feb. '45 is beginning of Cold War
When : February 4 - 11, 1945 Who attended : “The Big Three:” Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin Where : Yalta in the Crimea (Soviet Union – along the Black Sea) Yalta Conference Each man attended for different reasons : Roosevelt: Desire to create a United Nations before WWII ended. Sought a democratic world. Churchill: Feared the growing power of the Soviet Union in a devastated Europe. A free and democratic Europe led by Britain. Stalin: Intent on protecting the Soviet Union against another German invasion. Increased Soviet power. Favored a harsh approach against Germany. Remember, between 1812 and 1945 three devastating invasions from the West.
The US got the Soviets to promise to declare war on Japan 90 days after the Germans were defeated.
As it turned out the Germans surrendered May 8. 90 days after that we had dropped bombs on August 6 and August 9.
They also agreed on the basics for the United Nations.
They could not agree on the fate of Eastern Europe or Germany.
Germany temporarily divided into four zones (This would cause 2 Germanys until 1989)
Stalin promises free elections in Poland and other Eastern European nations
Those crazy Westerners, they’ll believe anything. I told them I’d hold “free and unfettered elections” in a “friendly” Poland within a month. SHOCKER!! Stalin Lies!! No Free Elections U.S. and Britain accept Polish gov’t where 2/3 members are Commies Critics: Soviet Appeasement
Agreements negotiated during the war when unity was vital, broke down once the enemies were vanquished. The victors quarreled and fundamental differences emerged. Lesson The Cold War is Underway!