Htm 3230 week 4 class notes


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Htm 3230 week 4 class notes

  1. 1. Hospitality Facilities Design and Planning<br />Week 4 – Building Structure, Finishes and Site Planning<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Building functions:<br />Provide usable space:<br />Suitable to the functions of the business<br />Fits with company image and style intended<br />Provide shelter:<br />People<br />Equipment and fixtures/furnishings<br />
  3. 3. Exterior Building Structure <br />Foundation: carry live and dead load. Drainage and water proofing very important<br />Structural Frame<br />Exterior Walls (protection against weather and providing structural strength to building)<br />Windows and Doors (sealants, casement vs vertically hung, multiple glazing for insulation)<br />
  4. 4. Building Exterior<br />Roof – costly. Built up versus single-ply roof systems. Give example of single ply roofing and advantages<br />Thermal imaging: used at TFL when we wanted to discover where cold air was infiltrating building. Next is a sample of thermal imaging, the red parts being where most heat escapes from building. So, where do we see most heat loss?<br />
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  6. 6. Building Interiors<br />Ceilings and wall coverings – acoustics, looks, insulation. Explain advantages of paint versus vinyl versus wallpaper. <br />Mildew! Especially in humid climates. Example of hotel I worked at in Bermuda where wrong glue was used for vinyl wall covering and mildew grew behind it -> similar issues with “sick building” syndrome. <br />
  7. 7. Mildew<br />From Tripadvisor, guest comments:<br />“My room smelled of mold and mildew when I arrived. The room actually felt wet, even with the A/C running. There was mold and mildew all over the bathroom--tiled walls, shower stall, and dirt everywhere. Even my quilt had a grayish cast to it. I literally got sick staying there from the mold and left after one night, vowing to never return”<br />
  8. 8. Building Interiors, continued<br />Carpets:<br />Advantages: reduce noise, keeps rooms warmer, less slipping accidents than hard surface floor<br />Disadvantages: maintenance, collects dirt, needs to be replaced every 5-7 years, not very good in humid climates – holds mildew<br />Understanding the differences: <br />Tufted: staple or BCF -> what are advantages/disadvantages of each?<br />
  9. 9. Building Interiors<br />Carpets, continued:<br />Mostly used commercial carpets: level loops/level cut<br />Woven carpets: different methods, often see Axminsters in hotels in varying patterns<br />Why so important: very expensive part of decorating. One hotel room will cost $1,200. At TFL we spent $75,000 just for the restaurant<br />
  10. 10. Synthetic versus Wool carpets<br />Synthetic (nylon)<br />Durable<br />Sanitary<br />Less expensive than wool <br />Stain resistant<br />Better in humidity<br />Holds color<br />Wool<br />Good looking<br />Durable<br />Easy cleaning<br />Expensive<br />Can fade <br />Yet many hotels use wool, Why? <br />
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  12. 12. Elevators<br />Purposes: transport people and products<br />ADA requirements (think about this every time you design a facility using more than one level)<br />Elevator: cost $50,000 to $100,000 for simple elevator, not counting construction costs<br />Maintenance issues: they always break down when you want it least!<br />
  13. 13. Exterior and Site<br />Parking<br />Service and delivery entrance!<br />Storm Water drainage<br />Water, electric, sewer, gas, oil (deliveries)<br />Landscaping<br />For the project we will study these in detail. Mistakes are costly and not easily changed<br />
  14. 14. “Curb Appeal”<br />
  15. 15. “Curb Appeal” ??<br />
  16. 16. For Vermont consider:<br />Heated driveway: <br /> advantages and disadvantages<br />Parking: maximize, access, maintenance and costs. Free to guests or charge? Optional: valet parking (think of our project what may work best)<br />Next a picture of heated driveway at Trapp Family Lodge in midst of a snowstorm<br />
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  18. 18. The importance of landscaping<br />Landscaping requires work (labor cost) and particularly in 4 season resorts<br />But it is critical for creating an appealing atmosphere, even in city hotels where we see more gardens or terrace gardens being created<br />Some area with milder climates get luckier…<br />
  19. 19. Landscaping (Bermuda)<br />
  20. 20. Summary <br />Building structure, finishes and site are the basics for a hotel so that it is attractive, functional and can be maintained for the future<br />The costliest mistakes are made in this stage of development; developer and design team need to be clear about the needs program and the long term use and implications on maintaining the hotel<br />
  21. 21. Next class<br />Lodging Planning and Design – Chapter 12 from book<br />Site visit to Sugarbush Resort to meet with the project manager and see their resort expansion and learn about lodging planning<br />Hotel Planning and Design project – review of site visit and initial planning (vision and statement of needs)<br />
  22. 22. Have a great week!<br />