Order denying motion for preliminary injunction
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Order denying motion for preliminary injunction

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    Order denying motion for preliminary injunction Order denying motion for preliminary injunction Document Transcript

    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 1 of 22 UNITED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT SOUTHERN DISTRI OF FLORI CT DA CAbENO. 26 9 9CI COHN ROSENB 1 -0 8 - V- / AUM C I O F DANI BEACH,FLO RI TY A DA, etaI, . Pl ntfs, ai i V$. U. ARMY CORPS O F ENG I S. NEERS, Def endant , and BROW /RD COUNTY,FL DA, ORI I er nt venorDef / endant . / ORDER DENYI PLAI FFSM OTI N FO R A PRELI I RY I NG NTI O M NA NJUNCTI N O THI CAUSE i bef e t Coud upon Pl nt#sM oton f Pr i i y S s or he ai i i or el nar m Ij c i I 4)(Mo i . Th Cour ha c e ul c i e t Mot Def nun t DE ton) e on t s ar f l onsder d he i y on, endan i tj U i . S. myCor ofEn ne s Res s I 15 Ccor Res ons , Ar ps gi er pon e DE 1 ps p e ) t j Def dan /neren Br war Cou t Res ons ( 22)CBr d Cou t en tlt v or o d n ys p e DE owar ny l ! Resp s ) Pl n i s Repl t t e U. Ar Cor o En n s Res s I 1 1 on en, ait f y o h S. my ps f gieer pon e DE 8 f (co ps Rep1, ait Repl t Br war Couny Res on e ( 28 CBr d r d y Pl n i ) #s y o o d t s p s DE ) owar Cou t RepI,h ar men o c s a t e Jul 3,201 he i and i ot e- ie ny y t e gu t f oun el t h y ) 2 arng, s h s f l advi i t pr ies. uly sed n he em s L BACKGRO UND Pl n is Ci o Dani Beac Ra San er an Gr tCampb l c l t el aitf t f a f y h, e dl , d an el( ol i y ec v ait fe suta n tDef dan U. Ar Cor s ofEn n s (he p on n i i d i gais en t S. my p Pl #s ) l gieer t s Cor )
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 2 of 22 Ma 2 , 01 Co litDE 1.Th Co lit h l n e ap miteCop is e ! y 3 2 2. mpan I ) e mpan c al g s er th rs s u j e whi al ch l I er ows nt venorDef / endantBr owar Count t flappr m at y 8. acr of : d yl o il oxi el 87 es i w:tands and secondarl i pact39.17 acr ofwetands i or t expand Runway l l i m y es l n der o 9R/ (sou h Run y a t e For L der e- lwoo lt na i Aip t(he 27L t d wa t h ) t au dal Holy d n er tonal r or t r od. I : 1 Pl n i c t d t tt e Cor s isu t e p miwi ou p d. 1 . ait on en ha h Ai l #s p s ed h er t t t h consi i t i pactofi eas noi I s on t healh ofr dent i derng he m ncr ed se evel he t esi s n nei ghbor hoods i t Ciy ofDani Beach,t vi atng bot t Natonal n he t a hus ol i h he i Envr ionmenal iyAc (NEPA an te Cl nW at Ac (CW A.I 12. t Pol t c d h ea ) er t d.1 ) Pl nt s ar t t Cor aut i t per i f t Sout Runway despie ai i# gue hat he ps horzed he m t or he h t i ! ano h pr tc e al n ie, n ya n p al r wa (Nodh Run y, c : t er aciabl t at amel odh ar l un y er v el wa whih ) i ( woul h e r ul i I snoie and en ionment i cs. I 1 3. d av es t n es s ed vr almpa t d. 1 ) . i Pl ntfs seek a decl aton fom t s Cour t t per i i ai if ar i r hi t hat he m t *sued by t Cor l he ps ! vi at NEPA, t CW A, t e Admi s r ie Pr e r Ac (APA,, o vacat t l ol es he and h nitat v oc du e t j , t 4 ) e he j ( Cors r or o decsonan t p mi an t enoi t Copsan Br dCo t 9 p ec d f ii d he er t d o j n he r d owar uny , ( ol t el f dant fom anyf dh c tuci o t eSou h Run y un ii c l i y en s r ec v De ) u er onsr ton f h t wa tlt com pl wih NEPA,t CW A ,and t APA. Com pl ntat20- On M ay 24,2012, l i t es he he ai 21. Pl n isfl t e is an Mo i whc s ek t enoi f dh c tu t oft e Sou hi aitf i h n t t ton ih e s o j n u er ons r c i f ed on h t Runway w hi t Coud consi s Pl ntfsCom pl nton t m ert Bot t Cor I l he e der ai i f ai he is, h he ps an Br war Cou t Oppo e t Mo i d o d ny s he t on. i ) ! . l O n June 6,2012,Browar Count m oved t i er d y o nt vene. See DE 1 The : 2. Cour gr ed t s m oton on June 13,2012, i ng t Br t ant hi i fndi hat owar Count was ent l t d y i ed ô t i er nt vene as a m aterofrght See DE 17. t i . 2
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 3 of 22 I.DI I SCUSSI N O A.LepalSk ndar ds. To ob ai a pr i nar ij c i a pl n i mu tesabl h: 1 a s t tal t n el mi y nun t on, aitf s t i ( ) ubsan i f s I el ood o s c es ont e mer s ( a su t talhr o i epar l ij yit i i k h f uc s h i 2) bsan i t eat f r abe nur f he t, r d e ti no enoied( )t t r t ed ij y t pait# ou wei t e h m an ef ndan s t j n , 3 he h eaen nur o l n i t ghs h ar ij ci ma c s def nun ton y au e endan; ( t ijn t woul n tdis v te pu i tand 4) he nu ci on d o s ere h blc it es . See Le Stau s & Co. Sunr e ItI a n nc , F.d 9 9 ( t n er t vi r s v. i n jTr dig I . 51 3 82, 85 11h s Ci.1 ) A)pr i nar ij nc i i anex r or n an dr s i r dy n t b r 995 . el I mi y n u t son ta dial d a t eme ot o e c gr ed unl s t m ovantcl l est i ant es he eary ablshed t bur ofper he den suasi as t each of on o t f pr equi t FourSeasons Hot s & Resods.B. v.Consor o Bar.S. , he our er sies. el V. ci r A. 3 F. 1 20 3d 205,1 0 ( t Ci 2003 ( o i Mc 21 11 h r. ) qu tng Donal s Cor v.Robeds 1 d p. on, 47 F.d 1 3 301,1 06 ( 1 h Ci. 9 )(ner al i ton and qu a i o ie ) 3 1 t r1 98 it n ct i s a ot tons m t dl. t The Na i En r tonal vionment alPol yAc (NEPA, U. C. 43 - 0h,i ! i t c 42 S. jj 21437 s ) ) ess i ly ocedur s at e t r r f alagenci t i or t ental a pr al t ut hat equies eder es o nf m hemsel of1 ves 1 ! t envionm ent e#ect ofpr he r al s oposed f alac i Fl Keys Cii eder tons. a. tzens Coal.I v. . nc. . ) U S. my Cor ofEngs, 37 F. pp. 11 6,1 23 ( D. a. 5)( t Sira l Ar , ps r 4 Su 2d 1 1 S. Fl 200 cing e r l i Cl ! u v U. Ar Cor ofEn r 2 F. 1 1 4 ( 1 h Ci. 2).W h an j b . S. my ps gs, 95 3d 209, 21 1 t r 200 ) en a c pr po es an j I gen y o s y ma or leder aci )sgnic l afeci t e qualy o t e al tonl i f ant i y tng h i fh t r human envionmentNEPA mandat t pr aton ofan envionment i r , es he epar i r almpact g I saemen (EI 42U. C.j43 2)C) gen e ar n r r t dupl aetep tt t S. ) S. 32( ( , çis e ot equi o A ed it hù c wor d b an h f der a c whc alo h j iditon o a prj t, si r k one y ot er e al gen y ih s as ur ci ver oec , eraq s . j Clb, F.d a 1 u 295 3 t 215.W hen a prj th bo h a Iad a c an c oper tn oec as t e gen y d o a ig ! agenci a cooper i agency may adoptan EI si es, atng S gned by a I agency,pr ded i ead ovi j 3
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 4 of 22 conduct i s ndependentr ew oft st em ent and fnds t is ment and an evi he at i hat t com s sugges i have been satsfed. l ( o i 40 C. R. 1 06. c ) tons i i d. qu tng F. j 5 3( ). f a t e or n EI i pr ed, h ag y es s t t ch esi , qer h i al S s epar t e enc mak ubsan i ang n I gi àl t pr he oposed acton t ar r evantt envionment concer ori t e ar i hat e el o r al ns, f her e gnii si fcantnew cicum s ances ori or i r evantt envionm ent concer and r t nf maton el o r al ns bearng on t pr i he oposed acton ori i pact t agency i r r t pr e a i t m s s, he s equied o epar s pl t en ion t i ac sat up emen al vr men almp t t emen (SEI I ( o i 40 C. R, t S. d. qu tng ) F. j l t 1 02. c ( ). s an d f de er nn wh a SEI i r r d i s en i l t e j 5 9( )1 ) The t dar or t miig en S s equie s s t y h e al $ s me stesa d r fr eer nn wh a EI i rq i d.I. t1 1 -6(u t j a h tn ad o d t miig en n S s e ur d a 2 5 1 q oi a e n En t. . d v. s 651F,d 9 . 91( t Ci.UniA Juy 1 ). l he v lDef Fun Mar h, 2 83,9 5 h r t l 981)2 f t po t i n EI c ge i t I r j t wi hav a S inic t i c on t sdor al SJ han s n he p oec) l e g f an mpa t he gi l s i en r vionmen t thasno p e ousy b c er y t e ( i n )EI a s l t t ha t r vi l een ov edb h or al S, uppemen gi i ne es ar . l a 1 6 ( tn Na W i i F n v. sh, F.d 7 78 s c s y d, t 21 quo ig t l f ed Mar 721 2 67, 2 l dle ( 1h Ci. 9 ) 1 t r1 83). ! The Cl W at Ac (CWA, 3 U. C. 1 , ls g. ohi t t ean er t 3 S. j 251 g e , bi he ) pr s i j q di schar ofpol ant i udi dr ge l s,ncl ng edged spoi,i o wat soft Unied St es,excepj ut l nt er he t at l ic n ompl c wi v i s t s o t e CW A. Fl Ke s Ciz s Coal I . 37 F. i e t ar an h ous ec i f h on a. y t en i . nc , 4 1 , . ! Sup 2d a 11 4, Seci 40 a o t e a tau hor e t Sec e a y o t e Ar t ; p. t 2 ton 4( ) f h c t i s he r t r f h my o z 4 i ssue per t f t di mi or he schar ofdr s ge edged orflmat i i o wat s oft Unied il eralnt er he t g ) St t .33 U. C. 1 44( . a er o t Uni St t sicl wet ds, 33 C. R. a es S. j 3 a) t s f he t a e n ude l W ed an F. l I t 2 The deci ons oft f m erUnied St es Cour ofAppeal f t Fi h si he or t at t s or he ft Cicui deci bef e Sept ber30,1981,ar bi ng pr r t ded or em e ndi ecedenti t El n hQ eventh Ci ui Bon er Ci ofPr c d, 61 F. 1 06,1 ( 1 h Ci.1 ) r t c . n v. t y i har 6 t 2d 2 207 1 t r 981 . 4
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 5 of 22 j 3 34 , b) 28. a) ( . l Chalengest agency acton underNEPA ar gover by t o i e ned he ar tar and- i ous st bir y- caprci andar setf i t Adm i s r i Pr d odh n he nitatve ocedur Act e I , U. C, 70 2)A) W i aw v. S. e tSeN. 471 F. (APA) 5 S. j 6( ( . l ) dl U. For s , Supp. 1 21, 2d 2 i 1 ( D. a. 007)( in Mar v. .Na ur Res Coun l490 U. 3 3 - 6 j 231 M. Al 2 ct g i sh Or t al . ci, S. 60, 75 7 i ( 9 ) N. c hea Cii As v. i er 90 F.d 15 1 ( t Ci. 99 )3 j 1 89 ; Bu k d vc sn Sknn , 3 2 33, 538 11h r1 0). ; Th APA r r t ata r viwi c s l d u a u an s tasde a e equi h es e e ng oud hal hol nlwf l d e i gency ac i fndi and concl ons f ton, i ngs, usi ound t be .. ar tar caprci o bir y, i ous,an abuse of s e i oro h ie no i ac or c wi Iw. 5 U. C. 706( ( . Th dicrton, t e- s t n c dan e t a S. â h 2)A) e # I ar tar and caprci r ew st bir y i ous evi andar i a l er i one. W i aw, F.Supp. ! d s ental l def dl 471 I i 2d a 1 ( t Fun f Anmal I . Rie, F.d 5 5 ( 1 h Ci. 99 ) Th t 231 cing d or i s.nc v. c 85 3 35, 41 1 t r1 6). q i E c mayn tsu t ue i o jdgmen f i tofteag c . l ( t Moor oud o bsi t t wn u t s t orha h en y d.cing t i ! Vehil Mfs. sn v. ae Far Mu . t I .Co.463 U. 29, ( 98 ; i er l ce r As St t m t Au o. ns , S. 43 1 3) Sknn , I 9 3F.da 1 3 ).Th c u mu t lo o b y n tes o eo ted cso i efd 0 2 t 5 9) e o d s as k e o d h c p fh e iin t lt Io s : t e r ev tf t s t at he a y c si e h el an acor h t genc on der d . . . o ; t ensur t t agenc t a e hat he j y ook d I att envionm ent consequences oft pr har ook he r al he oposed acton. Si r Cl ! i era ub, ) 295 F.d at1 6 ( i i s omie . 3 21 ct on at t d) t 1 a c h meti d I equr tiih ex n d te r ev nt $ gen y as An t har ook r i s emen ft as amiel) h el a dat and adi lt d!a s t f t ye ana i f i ac i icl n a r i a cua el a i acor xpl t ort t n udig at s on s on onal c ne t bet on c i on ween t e f t f d and t ch c made. d.( ot Mo orVehi e h acs oun he oie qu i I ng t cl 3 Thi s andar al appl t chal s t d so i o es lenges undert CW A . Si r Cl v. he era ub U. Ar Cor o En 935 F. p.15 1 & n.0 ( D. a. 99 . S. mv os f gr s, Sup 56, 565 1 S. AI 1 6) 5
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 6 of 22 ! Mfs. sn, 63 U. at ( t nal t ton mars omiedl. c tm a ov r an r As 4 S, 43 i er quo a i n k t ) A our y edu n l t i ag ysdecsi asar tar a c ii un d I r iw ony i:11 t q enc i on bi y nd apr ous der ook eve l f $ ) he l r c har 4 p . de sondoesno r yont f t st tCon es it dedt eagen yt c i ( q cii t el he acor ha gr s nen h c o onsder 2) , tea h genc f l ent el t c si an i y aied i y o on der mpodant pec oft e pr em ; 3)t e r as t h obl ( h a y o f s anex ana i whi r sc nt t t e den e; ( t e d so i genc fer pl ton ch un ou er o he vi c or 4) h eciin s he esul ferng ewpoi s ort r tofagency 1 so i pl bl t i cannotbe t r tofdif i vi m ausi e hat t nt he esul ! l ex edie.1 ( in Mo or il Mfs. sn, U. a 43 .The bur en o p s Z ct g t Vehce r As 463 S. t ) i d f i i est i ng t t deci on was ar tar and caprci f l upon t pady seeki ablshi hat he si bir y i ous als he ng : t o edu nt e agen ydecson. Si r Cl 93 F. p.a 1 65; t ensf Smad j o v r h c ii era ub, 5 Sup t 5 Ciz i or Gr e h V. t S 71 F. o P6 Cr , 6 Supp. 1 5,1 1( D. a, 0) 2d 21 22 S. Fl 201 , ) j 7 B.Pl ntfs Have Faied t Dem onstat a Li i ai i l o r e kelhood ofSuccess on t Mer/ . j he i l Pl n isfrtar t a t y ar l el t s c eed on t e mers. Mo i a 9. j ait f is gue h t he e i y o u c f k h it ton t i Pl ntfs cont t t Cor vi at NEPA by f lng t di ose oranal how ai if end hat he ps ol ed ai o scl i yze hi noi I s caused by t Sout Runway expansi woul afectt healh of gh se evel he h on d f he t Dani Beach r dent despie Pl ntfs r a esi s t ai if epeat y r si t s i edl ai ng hi ssue wih t f al t he eder ag i . . a 1 - 1. Pl ntfs al st e t neihert 2008 EI 2011 W rten ences ! t 0 1 à ai i so at hat t he S, it Reeval i nort 2011 Mem or uaton, he andum f Recor Envionm ent Assessm ent or d/ r al i l addr essedt healh efecsofhi noi I son r dent and t t Cor f l # he t f t gh se evel esi s hat he psaiur t pr e aSEI r di t seh t efecsSen ld)ar tayan c ii i o epar S egar ng he eal f t dere bi r d aprcous t h r r i decson I a 11,Fial Pl nisc t dt tt Corsvolt teCW A b ii d. t n l aitf onen ha he p i aed h y, f y l . ) l appr ig t e Souh Ru waybec s a p ac iabl al n ie,i t e Norh Run ovn h t n au e r t e t at . h c er v e. t way,l ! l exi ed w hi woul avoi orm i m i wetands i pact I at1 st ch d d ni ze l m s. d. 4. Bot t Cor and Br h he ps owar Count di e t Pl ntfs wi suferir abl d y sput hat ai if l f repar e l ; 6
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 7 of 22 har . The Cor ar m ps gues t i f l com pl wih NEPA because,as a cooper i hat t uly ied t atng ag y t r r t def t t e F al a i Admiitat (FAA on enc ,iwas equi o er o h eder Aviton ed nsr i on ) anal s ofavi i i ysi aton ssues such as noi Cor Response at7.The Cor al se. ps ps so 1 y I c t dst atiwasno r r d t pr ar a SEI bec s t e 20 EI d t iel i ùn en h t t equi o ep e e S au e h 08 S ensv y ex i discusses noi i pac s usi an est i se m t ng ablshed m et hodol and t Cor r ogy he ps easonabl 2 y j r i upon i;i or aton r di healh i pact was not ;and a m ii i pl eled t nf m i egar ng t m s new tgaton anp i i pl t addr t i pact ofnoi I Fi l t Cor ar s n ace o ess he m s sea d. nal he y, ps gues t if l hat t uly com pl wih t CW A and t i coul notconsi t Nodh Runway pr ied t he hat t d der he oposal adv at byPl ntf bec s t e F h al dy r j t t i al na ie a oc ed ai i s au e h AA ad r f ea eeced hs t tv s er i actcal I at15.The Cor al poi s outt t D. Cicui Cour ofAppeal mpr i . d. ps so nt hat he C. r t t s i Ciy ofDani Beach v.FM ,628 F. 581,591 ( C. r 201 , r n t a 3d D. Ci. 0) al eadyde er n t mied t tt er was n pr t abe al n ie t t e pr s Sout Runway.1 l i ha h e o aci l t at o h opo ed c er v h Z nt s s at y fl r epar el i esponse,Br ed owar Count m i l cont d ysi l y ar ends t Pl nt#scl m s hat ai i ai pur suantt NEPA,t CW A,and t APA ar bared by t doct i ofcl m o he he e r he rne ai pr lsi as a r toft s D. Ci i Cour o App sdecson. Br war Couny I ecu on esul hi C. r tcu t f eal ii o d t ? l Resp s a 4. Br war Cou t as ar e t a t e Cor r on y c si e an on e t o d n y lo gu s h t h ps eas abl on der d t ) r j t t e Nodh Run y al na ie des t Pl n i on en i t tiwasa eeced h wa t t er v pi ait c t t ha t e #s on l pr c iabl al na ie t twoud ha e mi mied en r a t e t t ha c er v l v ni z vionmen alm p t See K a 7 ! t i acs. t j r 1.Pl nt#s Have Fai t Est i a Liel ai i l o abl ed sh k i hood ofSuccess ont Mert ofThei ) he is r NEPA Cl m. ai l l Pl nt fr ar t t Cor vi at NEPA when appr ng t per tf ai i ist gue hat he ps ol ed #s ovi he mi orr ) t SouhRu way Moi a 9- Pl ni c endtatheCorsvi aedNEPA b he t n . t t 13, ait ont h t on #s p olt 9 f l t consi t i pactofnoi I s upon t healh ofr dent ofDani aing o i der he m se evel he t esi s a 7
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 8 of 22 Beach despi bei pr ded w ih st es whi expl ned how noi I s m i te ng ovi t udi ch ai se evel ght i mpac r dent car ovascul healh,hyperensi ort cognii peror ance of t esi s di ar t t on, he tve f m chi en. I at11. Pl nt#s ar t t Cor f l e t consi t ldr d. ai i gue hat he ps aiur o der hese healh t e#ec s and t pr e a SEI r t o epar S endert Cor s deci on t i he p si o ssue t per i ar tar he m t bir y and caprci i ous. I at12. Br d Count di es t a SEI w as nec d. owar y sput hat S essar y because t Cor was entted t r y on t FAA anal s ofnoi i pact under ; he ps il o el he s ysi se m s i b h NEPA an t e Vii l - t yo Avat Reau h ia i Ac ( ii 1 ot d h son oo cen ur f i i on t or ton t N son 00 z j : Ac, Br d Couny Res s at6.The Cor s alo c t dst tiwa r ui t i t) owar t pon e p s on en ha t > eq r o ed dqf t t FM on t i er o he he ssue ofnoi i pact and t i nonet ess was notr r ; se m s hat t hel equied j ! t pr e a SEI because he 2008 EI ext vel di o epar S t S ensi y scusses noi i pact usi ah se m s ng i i esabl t ished met hodol and t Cor r ogy he ps easonabl r i upon i;i or i r di y eled t nf maton egar np i h t i t wa no ewand a migat pl i i pl e t ad es t e i acs o eal mpacs s t n ; h t i an s h ac o dr s h mp t t i on @ ni .c rsRsos a7 o e op epne t. s / ew ofNEPA cl m s i I ied t pr Revi ai s i t o ocedur m alcom pl i ance w ih NEPA r her t at t t subs anc oft deci on. a.Keys Cii han he t e he si Fl tzens Coal.l ,374 F.Supp.2d at . nc. 1144. The Coud m ay not li o queston any r nt cal i easonabl agency m et e hodol es ogi ! u ed i ariig ati c lson. I ( otn Pr t tKe W es .I c. Ch ey, F1 s n r n t oncu i d. qu ig o ec y v s t n v. en 795 ) i Sup 1 2,1 9 ( D.Fl 1 ).Appyig t i naro s an d o r e t e Courj p. 55 55 S. a. 992 ) l n hs r w t dar f eviw, h t l a re wi teDeen a t ta Plit sh v fidt d mo srt aleio do J ge s t h f d ns h t ani a e al o e n tae i l o f h # e kh snccess on t rNEPA cl m . hei ai As Brwar Couny p n s o t t e Vii 1 Ac r qur s t atthe Sec e ar o d t oit u , h son 00 t e ie h l I rt y I ftan oda i ac ig t r gh t e F sh l et m i t e r ona e al n ie o r sp t on, tn h ou h AAJ ald er ne h eas bl t at s er v t anaiporc act enhan emen prj ta ac esedaipo ora prj t o r t ap iy c t oec t ong t r d oec 8
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 9 of 22 d gn ed un s eci ( )2) An o h Feder agen y, St t ag yt at esi at der ubs ton b ( . y t er al c or a e enc h padi patng i a coor nat r ew pr essundert s secton wih r ci i n di ed evi oc hi i t espectt t o he prj c s l onsderonl t s al na ies t t ep o e tt at he Sec e ar h oe t halc i y ho e t t o h r j c h t er v r t y as d er n ar r on e, U. C. 471 () eAc fdh prviestath et mied e eas abl 49 S. j 71k.Th t u er o d h te FAA albet I ag yf r... r c pact enh emen pr j t a Yh l he ead enc o aipod a iy anc t oecs t conges ed aipods and shalbe r t r l esponsi e f defni t scope and cont oft bl or i ng he ent he envionment i r almpactst ement consit wih r atons i at , sent t egul i ssued byt Councion 2 he l l r Envionm ent Q ual y. r al i Any ot Feder agenc orSt e agency t i padi patng i t her al y at hat s ci i n 1 a coor nat envionm ent r ew pr di ed r al evi ocess undert s sec i shal gi subst i è hi ton l ve antal def ence, o t ext consit wih appl e I and pol f t avaton er t he ent s ent t icabl aw i o he i i cy, e pe s o t Feder l i in Admi stat n.49 U. C. 471 ( ( x die f he a Avato ni r io S. â 71 h) emphass i a ed) Th , h Cor a a mer c di tn ag yon t i pipod ex an on dd . us t e ps, s e oor na ig enc hs r p si prj twasrqui t deert t F r dig aImater o vitone pedie. oec, e r o f o he AA egar n I t s f a ai x s ed See owar Count Response at7. Thi necessarl i udes i pact t r dent r Br d y 4 s i ncl y m s o esi s I fo ice s da it nn ie Se Fl. e sCiz n Co l lc, 7 F. p .da l rm nrae vai os . e a K y te s a. n .3 4 Su p 2 t o i . ! 11 7(idigta te Cor c d r yupo tejdgmen o otera i wi 5 fn n h t h ps oul el n h u t f h gences t h r J ; p cuare pedie r at t man n s iv marn en ion t) Na Miga i i adi l x s el ed o agig enst e ie vr mens ; tl t toh i i i c Ite rp tBoa Cuts epnePatsse t tIhs nhielo r r onRsos,Ini asdh tal r y wd y iff ail ome t Pl n i aten i t at he Cor wasnot co pe at agenc at , ch f o ait #s t t h t on ps a o ri ng y a# whi wea en Def dan s po t ev f er Br war Coun y Repl a 3 n. ( in k s en t sion en udh . o d i t y t 1 ct g i i Aprl3,2008emaifm t FAA t t Cor Exhi tA t t Br d Count Repl l i lr he o he ps, bi o he owar y y ( 28 1 ( mp si i or nal.Th Coud dia ee W hi t semaid sa e t ej DE -) e ha s n i ) e gi s gr s. l hi e l oes t t h l t Cor s nota cooper i agencyon t EI no wher does i s at t t hat ps i atng he S, e t t e hat he ù Cor i te I dag c Fu er e, p nedou b c s f t Corsa te ) ps s h ea en y. dh mor as oit t y oun elorhe p t h Jul 3,2012 hearng,t FM Recor ofDeci on cont ns num er r er y i he d si ai ous ef ences t t o hej Cor r I as a coor natng agency. See FM Recor ofDeci on,Exhi tC t t ps o e di i d si bi o he Cor s Re ons I 1 3 a 7, 99- 00. p sp e DE 5- ) t 79, 1 9
    • pCase 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 10 of 22 I I ! Banki Ass v.U. Ar y Cor ofEngs,No.06- v- ng n S. m ps r c 2820,2007 W L 495245,at* i 22 ( D. 1 F 1 20 ( o ig t tw1 er mulpl ag i ar iv v a I N 1. eb. 4, 07) n tn ha h e t e ences e n oled, ead .1 ( i i agency pr esan EI and a cooper i agencycan adoptt EI i i epar S atng hat S f t i ndependenty r ew s t EI and i satsfed t is com m ent and suggestons ar l evi he S s i i hat t s i e s t f p. ai i ) s ed- i Mor v ,he Coud a eeswi t Cor st att e s op ofi envr eo er t gr t he p h h c e t h s i onmen al ! t 4 r i waspr l I i t t i evew opery i t o he mpactoft r m ed he unwayexpansi on t near on he by l l 1 wet ds See Cor Res s at7 9. t ou i s ecfesa br d r ge ofi acs l . an ps pon e - h gh t p i Al i oa an mp th whi mustbe consi ed, NEPA does notexpand t aut iy oft Cor t eiher l ch der he hort he ps o t j ! appr ordi ove sappr aci tesout de wat soft Uni St es. Envionment q ove tvii si er he t ed at r al i - Qualy Pr edur f I emen ig t e Na i al vi i ; oc es or mpl tn h ton En r t onmen al iyAc ( t Polc t NEPA) 5 ,t I Fed Reg. 20, 21 ( 3,19 )(o be c f at33 C. R. t 230, . Her ; 31 31 Feb. . 88 t odied i F. p . 325) e, ! r ast e Cor s p ns ou ,tde er n t a i j idit wa i t t t e wor i h p oit t i t mied h t t ur c i s s on s I ed o h mi kn q ! jrdcin l tr ea s tepoet sne tep wi oteF A. Oco el ui i o awaesbc ue h rjcwa ud rh u e fh A tb r s t w 21 2011 Memor dum f Rec d,Exhbt3 t t e Decar i o Ang a F. j n , an or or ii o h l at f el Benami on I 4- )at8.Th Cor cii t l ti eve t t e wa er i c ed byt e DE 8 e ps de son o i t iw o h t s mpa t mi sr h pfj tsh dbeac oreddeer e.Fl W i i F v U. Ar Cor of oec oul c d f enc a. l f edn . S. my ps dle E g,0 FS p .d19 , 32( D. l.0 5 (in Mask9 US,t 7-6) h r 4 1 . u p2 28 1 1 S. Fa2 0)ctg rh4 0 . a 357) s i ! Pl nt#st ef e have f l t demonstat a l i ai i her or ai o ed r e i hood t t sdeci onwilbe kel hat hi si l l ) f und ar tar and caprci s o bir y i ous. l 5 l t rr y t t Cor Response,Pl nt#s cont t egul i n hei epl o he ps ai i end hat r atons pr bit Cor fom Im ii is anal s t t diecte#ect offli wetands and ohi t he ps r i tng t ysi o he r s i ngl l i i i r tand cum ul i e#ec s,as i has done her Cor Repl at4. Thi gnorng ndiec atve t t e. ps y s ar ntmis a est e is e.W h e, h e, h p o ec wa und t c tol f gume s t t h s u er as er t e r j t s er he on r o 10
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 11 of 22 E eniteCorswa rq i dt id p n e t c n ier vainn iei a t) v fh p s e ur o n e e d nl o sd a it os mp cs e y o Pl ) ait h e f l t esabl ht a ii I el t a t e Cor ai e t pr ar a SEI n i av ai o t i h t ts i y h t h #s ed s k ps f l o ep e ur Sj ! wil f lbe ound ar tar and caprci bir y i ous. A SEI shoul onl be pr ed when new S d y epar cicum st r ances esenta sedousl di entpi ur oft envionm ent i pactoft pr y #er ct e he r alm he p opo ed pr j t r wha was pr i syenvson a.Key Ciz Coal Ic. r s oec fom t evou l ii ed.Fl s t ens i .n , . 3 F. 74 Supp. d a 11 ( i t and it n qu at marsom ie ( 2 t 45 ct ia ons ner al ot i on k t d) emph i i t ass n or n ) Th r or her esabl h t tnoie i t e c si e i t 2 i al. e ec d e t i es ha s mpacswer on der d n he 008 gi s EI See June 2008 Fi S. nalEnvionm ent I pac St em ent Exhi t1 t t r al m t at , bi o he : i Decar i o An a F.Benami ( 4- a 7- 9. DE 4- a 1 2.Addion l ast # l at f gel on j n DE 4) t 1 , ( 51 t - t al i y, h C - - i e( p 4 : : I j or poi s out back i Januar 2008,bef et EI was i ps nt , n y or he S ssued,Pl ntfs pr ai if ov ; F wi moeta t rc n su ista I k dhg a it nn ielv lwi srs - AA t r h n en e e t tde h ti e ih vai os e es t te sI h n o h i r a e h t i p t Compl1 33.The 20 EI r lc st att e F r eied a l elt d eal m acs h , .1 08 S efe t h h AA ec v com m entr di t egar ng headver healh efect ofaipod noi butdeci t appl is se t f s r se, ded o yt i exs ig avat nos met odoog Ju 200 Fi Envr itn i i ie h l y. ne 8 nal i on onmen almpac St emen j t l t at t I Exhbt1t t e Decar i o An a F.Benami ( 4- a 1 Thu Pl nt h v ii o h l at f gel on j n DE 5) t 7. s, ai i a el#s f l t demon tat t tt e Cor s f l t t e a d I att e heal efec sof 3 ai o ed s r e ha h p ai o ak ook h ed har t f t h j anot f alagency,t Cor was per it t adoptt EI oft l agency, her eder he ps m ted o he S he ead Se 40 C. R. 1 3( )(t tn t atc er tn agen y may ad I ag c e F. j 506. a sa ig h oop a ig c optead en ys EI iic cu t ati NEPA r r S f t on ldes h ts equiemen s h v b s tsi ; ee alo Nodh t a e een a ifed) s s Car i v Ci of Be h,9 F. 5 6 ( hCi.1 )( digt tF al ol . t Va. ac 51 2d 96, 05 4t r 991 hol n ha eder na y En ryRe uaoyCo sinwa n te urdt p r r NEP rve o e p rin eg g ltr mmiso s o rq i o ef m A e iw v r ot s e o o of he prj tov whih idi no h vej idit wh e NEPA equi t o ec er c t d t a urs c i on er r r ement wer s e prvi sl s if byteCors; . ou v. ha er58F. 469,9t Ci, 995 e ou y at i s ed h p CalTr t Sc ef , ) 3d ( h r1 ) (min s op ofCor s r iw t e c so flngwe l dswher an h agenc h I tg c e i i p eve o le t f ii l tan e ot er y ad t e r pon bit ofpr ec ig f er ) h es si ly i ot tn i i . sh es
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 12 of 22 avi i noi ort t 2011 W or Healh St constt es gnii aton se hat he d t udy iut fcantnew si cicum st r ances ori or aton r evantt envionment concer and bearng on t nf m i el o r al ns i he pr os ac i ori i c s s fii tt r qui a SEI See 40 C. R. op ed ton t mpa t u fcen o e r s e S. F. â 1 9 c ( ) Ci ofBr et v. 502.( )1 ; t y i on FAA,21 F.d 448, ( t Ci.2 dg 2 3 459 8 h r 000)( l n t deci g o ni ec d- es t e FAA n s I elidigs ec s th a y,n a r vi n s on gu s h s oie ev fn n b au e l e genc ot e ewig I coud,i entust wih t r s r ed t he esponsi ly ofconsi i t varous m odes ofsci ii bit i derng he i entfc ev u ton an t eor an c oo n t e one app opr t f t e gienci ms an es ala i d h y d h sig h r i e or h v a r t c .) cu ( i i s an it n quo a i mars o ie . ct on d n er al t t at on k m t dl6 t 2.Pl nt#s ar Col er l Est ai i e l al at y opned fom Ar ng t t Nodh Runway Al natve r gui hat he ter i was a Pr i e Al natve. actcabl t er i Br d Coun yc t dst atthr gh t ss t t e Ci ofDani Bea i owar t on en h l ou hi ui h t I , y a ch s col er l atacki t FAA El and RO D on t same gr l al t ng he at y S he ounds i asseded,orcoul t d have assered,i t D. Cicui I i i Br t n he C. r t igaton. owar Count Response at6. t d y Ac di t Br d Count t Ci ofDani Beach i ecl cor ng o owar y, he t y a s uded fom chal ng pr r lengi t Cor deci on t adoptt FAAS EI ROD,and aler i anal s,becaus he ps si o he S, t natves ysi e t Ci aleady chal he t r y lenged t ver basi f t deci on and I . I I t rr y he y s or hat si ost d. n hei epl t Br o owar Count s Response,Pl ntfs di e t cl m pr usi appl her d y ai i sput hat ai ecl on f ies e. Br war Coun yRepl at2 3.Th f lh v ,o addr swhet eris pr l in q o d t y - ey ai owe er t , es h s ue ecuso ) ! 6 ; Pl ntlssat t t onl menton ofhealh efect r at t avi i j ai i t e hat he y i t f s el ed o aton noi i t 2008 El i an FAA r se n he Ss esponse t Pl nt#scomment i i an appendi o ai i ed n bur xj t t 2008 El Cor Repl at2. Pl nt#s ar t t s cannotpossi y cons iut o he S. ps y ai i gue hat hi bl tt el a har l sufi entt com pl wih NEPA. I Because t Coud m ay not d ook ci o d y t d. he l r dustmiett aCourrnds dPlo s ihave e llainantteburtaofeCop j m eeappl hhe p rpf t hate)nt#s nicfved t o eet heioyh th rs tr ny,e potie mo l fi e ti ai u tm d hr r t a i t ai c f a o den est i ng a I i ablshi i hood ofsuccess on t m ert oft rNEPA cl m . See Ci of kel he is hei ai ty Brdget 21 F. at459. i on, 2 3d 12
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 13 of 22 m i appl ght y. e doc r e o cl m pr l i ( r j c a)bar t e p est an aci Th ti f ai ecuson or es udiat n s h adi o ton fom r ii i m ater t wer orcoul have been I i ed i an eari sui. r el gatng t t s hat e d igat n t ler t Shu i v.Bo n Co. 6 F.d 1 4,111 ( 1 h Ci 201 .A cl m i bare rck eig , 23 3 11 6 1 t r 0) . ai s r d l ! ! hen er( )a c tofc et t u idit ha ( )r der d a f j dgmen on t ev 1 our omp en j rs c i s 2 en e i u w on nal t h4 J mers i an t c eiv vi ( )t s i n o her as n ol ng 3 he amepari and ( t s ca e ofaci t tes 4) he ame us ton. ! l a 1 1 1 ( t g Ra dal v. bb mai Icv 1 F.d 1 d t 1 6- 7 cin . i gs e Ru er d. n , 93 3 235,1 ( t Ci. 238 11h r i p ) 1 99).Th do tie ofis e p ecu i orc lt al t 9 ) e c rn s u r lson ol er esoppel ecl est a ud he pr i ) 5 r a j dia in o t s isu wher t is wasacual li t d an decd i e- d u c to f he ame s e, e he s ue t l iga e d ied n: yt ! t e pr i s a j dia i e en iiars i t e c t to a dier tc s ofa t h evou d u c ton, v ft ies n h onex f f en au e c i l f on. C i mt St e Bankv Ston 651 F. 1 41,1 63- 4 ( t Ci. 1 .W her asher y. at . r g, 3d 2 2 6 11 h r 201 ) e e, 1 t e decsonwhi s pos dl haspr usv efec was r er b a f er c h ii ch up e y ecl ie f t end ed y ed al oud, i i f ) eder l ofi alaw ssue pr usi appl CSX Tr ecl on ies. ansp. I v.Bhd.ofMai .ofW ay . nc. nt : Emp ,3 F.d 1 s, 27 3 309,1 6 ( t Ci. 31 11 h r 2003 . Und f er Iw,orisu p ecu ont ) er ed ala f s e r lsi : a I .1 t isu atsak mus b i t t t on ivoled i t e prorIi t , ppy,1 ) he s e t e ( t e den i o he e n v n h i iga i 1 cal t on ( )t e isu mus h e be ac u l Ii t d i t e p i s t ( )t de er n i o 2 h s e t av en t al iga e n h ror ui 3 he t miat fl yt ; on l t e is e i t e prorIi to m u tha e been a c ic and n es r p o t e h s u n h i iga in s v t r ial t ec sa y ad f h ( ! r j dgmen i t ata t an ( t e pa a n twh t e eari d son i as ede ! u t n h ci on; d 4) h dy gais om h l ecii s s d er ! muSthave had a f land f roppoduniyt li et i ul ai t o igat he ssue i t eari pr t n he l oceedi : er ng. i i I a 1 ( uo ig I Dur i Ic. J #er on Na Bank 793 F. 1 41, 49 ( lh; d. t 317 q tn .A. bn, n v. e s tl , 2d 5 15 1 t : Ci. 9 ) r1 86). Her t Ci ofDani Beach pr ousl chal e, he t y a evi y lenged t FAA appr he s ovalof 13
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 14 of 22 Aler i Blb, he Sout Runw ay.Ciy ofDani Beach,628 F. at583. I t t natve t h t a 3d n hat Ii i t Ciy ofDani Beach chal igaton, he t t a lenged t appr he ovaloft Sout Runway under he h t Aipor and Ai ay I pr he r t - m ovementAc ,t DepadmentofTr t he anspodaton Actof19661 i ! l and Executve Or 11, 7 l at584. Her Pl nt#sbrng t rchal i der 990. d. e, ai i i hei lenge pur suanj l t NEPA and t CW A . Thus,because t e i notoverap bet o he her s l ween t causes of he i i q ac i t Cour di ees wih Br ton, he t sagr t owar Count t cl m pr usi appl d y hat ai ecl on ies. p i Nonet ess,t Cour fndst anal s oft D. Cicui r di t pr tcabit l hel he t i he ysi he C. r t egar ng he ac i lyi i oft Nodh Runway per he suasi and pr usie. ve ecl v The D. Cic tf ndt tev as mig f t e pur os o ar C. r ui ou ha len su n or h I p es f gumen t a th t Al n ie C1 Ih Norh Run y woud c s n i t t weta , h FAA t at er v te t wa ) l au e o mpacs o lnds t e s det m i i was notar tar and caprci er naton bir y i ous....Aler i Cl i eror y t t natve s nf i i o t Al n t Bl i i I gerdel s( c ar i poorweat er and t e s et t ai er ve b,n t on s ay padiul l n y h ) h af y dr wb k oft e r st r way c o si r erino onl i uden un j a ac s h equii un - r s ng, end t t y mpr t der e 471 c ( )B)( t e Ai a I o emen Ac of1 821 bu i adiabl under he 06()1 ( of h - y mpr v t t 9 t mpr c e t Executve O r . Ci ofDani Beach,628 F, at591.Thus,appl ng t sam e i der t y a 3d yi he ar tar and caprci r ew st bir y i ous evi andar t Coud m ustappl her Pl nt# Ciy of d he y e, ai i t Dani Beach aleady l i ed t i a r igat he ssue ofwhet t Nodh Runway pr t her he esent a s pr i e aler i f Aipod expansi Because t Ciy ofDani Beach had a actcabl t natve or r on. he t a f land f roppoduni t l i e t s i ul ai t o igat hi ssue bef e t DC Cicui,t Cour fndst y t or he r t he ti hat Exe t e Or er11 9 j 2( , Fe Re 2 9 ( 24!1 7) cu i d v , 90, a) 42 d. g. 6, 61 May 97 , condii f al st tons eder assi ance f constucton i wetands on a fndi t t e i no or r i n l i ng hat her s pr c iabl al n ie.Ac i s t en pu su tt Ex cu ie Or 1 99 ar su j t a t e t at c er v t ak on r an o e t v der 1, 0 e bec t tes san d o r i un teAPA asaci un NEPA an t CW A. o h ame t dar f evew der h tons der à he Na W i i F nv.Babbi , 88 0301, 9 W L 30 tl l f ed dle t No. - t 1 93 4008, t* 9 ( D. J y 3 a 8- D. C. ul 0, 1 ) 993 . 14
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 15 of 22 ! ; i Pl nt#s ar col er l es opped fom ar ng bef e t s Cour t t Nodh Runway ai i e l al t at y r gui or hi t hat he ; al n t e pr en sa pr t abl al n ie f t Aip sex t a i es t er v aci e t at or he r od panson pan Se Ci c er v i l s. e N 1 o D naB ah6 8F3 a 54(nigtad eae c wa nt riayo f a i e c,2 .d t 8 fdn ht gny s oabt r r i th r ) caprci i vi ng Al natve C1 as pr i ewihi t m eani oft i ous n ewi ter i i actcabl t n he m ng he Ex u ie Or er. ec tv d . ) The head ofPl nt#s ean W at Ac cl m i t t ai i Cl er t ai s hat h : e Cor vi at t CW AP ps ol ed he q i by notsel i an aler i t was nott I envionm ent l dam agi ectng t natve hat he east r aly ng pr tcabl al natve. Moton at14. Undert CW A r atons, di ac i e t er i i he egul i schar of no ge ) dr edged orfl m at i shalbe per i ed i t e i a pr tcabl aler i t t il eral l m t f her s t ac i e t natve o he ) i pr oposed di schar whi woul have I adver i ged ch d ess se mpac on t aquatcecosysem i t he i t , .i 40 C. R. 2 1 a) Th r gult s f dh pr i t atal al na ie i F. j 30. 0( . e e a i u er ovde h I n t tv s on er ( pr i e i i i avai e and capabl ofbei done aqert ng i o consi aton actcabl f t s labl e ng aki nt der i c t e it g t hn o , lgitc i l tofo er l oec pur s 40 C. R. l os xsi ec olgy and o sis n i n gh v alprj t po es. F. â , ! 23 1 a ( . Pl n if ar e t ough tt rMot t a t e Norh Run y i a 0. 0( )2) aitfs gu hr ou hei i h t hon t wa s i pr c iabl al na ie t t e Sou h Run y. Se e. . t at1 (Th r or at e t t o h c er v t wa e, g. Mo i on 4 $ e ec d i s wst at h Nodh Par l Run y ( t na ie C1 i s h a pr tc e ho h t e alel wa Al ter v ) s uc ac iabl d Pl ni c t d t tte p r on f rj tn t No Par I l ait#s onen ha h seas s or eecig he dh al Cor el al n ie.) t at . er v @ ! Runway as i pr i e ar I l i i I at15, However because t D. m actcabl e egal nval d. y d. , he C. 8 Sp ic l Pl n is c t d t at( )CW A r gul i sdo n tal w t e ecf al ait f onen h 1 i y, f e at on o l h o Cor t rj tan al na ie bec s t e appl an i u wiig t do i ( t Norh ps o e ec t t er v au e h i t s n ln o t 2) he t c l ; Runway Aler i d t natve d achi t pl ng t getofm ai ai ng aver annual woul eve he anni ar nt ni age oq a i al ely i 201 belw 6 mi t ( t e r o at o gr ndf it does er ton d a s n 0 o nuesi 3) h elc i f ou acli on ies l notr endert Norh Runway i pr i e fom a cons r t l y orcostst he t m actcabl r tuc abit i andpoi ; i nt , an ( i r as r wa c o sigsan t e ne f ad ton ai ta#i c r d 4) nc e ed un y r s n d h ed or di al r r c ontol i coor naton necessi ed by t Nodh Runway do notr di i tat he endert aler i hat t natve unsaf e. 15
    • !Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 16 of 22 ! : ! Ci iale r j t Th Ci o Dana Beac ar r t r ady eeced e t f i cu y hs gumen t a t Norh Run ywa? t h t he t wa 1 a pr i e al natve, he Cour fnds t actcabl t er i t ti hatPl ntfs ar unlk y t succeed on t ai if e iel o he m ert oft rchal is hei enge t t per i undert Cl W at Act9 l o he m t he ean er . 3.Even i Pl nt#s Ar NotCol er l Es opped Fr Ar ng t t Nodh Runwayi f ai i e l al t at y om gui hat he Al n ie wa a Pr tc bl Al n ie. y StlHa Fai t Demon ta e a I t at er v s acia e t at The i ve l o er v l ed srt Li i kelhood ofSuccess on t M ert ofThei Cl W at ActCl m he is r ean er ai r r i . i Ev it e D. Ci uis opi on i Ci o Dani Beac do no h e pr usv: en f h C. r t ni n t f a c y h es t av ecl id efect Pl ntfs have stlf l t dem onstat a I el f , ai i f i ai o l ed r e i ik hood ofsuccess on t m ert of2 he is 1 , t rCW A cl m . The FM det m i t t Norh Runway was nota r hei ai er ned hat he t easonabl e I S al natve due t del capaciy,di acem ent and I ied pot i f ur ter i o ay, t spl , i t m ental ut e i d elpmen . FAA Rec d o Decsi ExhbiC t t e Cor ev o t or f i on, i t o h p@ Resp e I 1 3 at; ons DE 5- 1 @ 53. Pur suantt t Vi on 100 Ac , he Cor was r r t gi def ence t t o he si tt ps equied o ve er o he 1 : F sex edie and de er na i t tt i al n ie di n s v t e pr j t AA p s j t mi ton ha hs t at d ot er e h oec er v j pur e.49U. C.j471 ( ,Nat Migat Ban i As , 07W L495 at pos S. 71h) t i l i on kng sn 20 245, * (Th Vi on 1 Ac mak t e Cor s c cu on un s l e. .Ast e 27 e si 00 t es h p s on lsi as ai abl ) h Norhem Di rctofll s hel i NatonalM ii i Banki Associ i v.Unied t sti linoi d n i tgaton ng aton t Moton at15- i 16. ! 9 Pl ntfs ar t her i a dif entand I ai i gue hat e s fer - t esserl st -egal andar d i g vrigpata it u d rh Ex cteOre ta teeiu d rh Cla Waer oenn rci bly n e te e ui d rh n h r s n e te e n t q i c i 6, v Act Moton at16 n. The Coud fnds t s ar entunper . i hi gum j suasi I addii t ve. n ton o fndi t Nodh Runway al natve i actcabl underExecutve Or 11, t l i ng he t i mpr i e er i der 990, he D. Ci uialocon u ta t sal n iewasmprdenwi i temeanigo j C. r t s clded h t hi t at c er v u t tn h i h n f 471 6( )1 ( o t Aip tan Ai a I o emen Ac . Ev it Cou twer t r 0 c ( )B) f he r or d - y mpr v t t en f he r e o fnd t Pl ntfs ar notcol er l est i hat ai if e l al opped fom ar ng t t Nodh Runway i a) at y r gui hat he s pr tcabl aler atve,t i ac i e t n i he ssue her i whet Pl nt#s ar I y t succ on t l es her ai i ei kel o eed he ! m ert oft rCW A cl m . The Cour fnds t D. Cicui opi on hi y per is hei ai ti he C. r ts ni ghl suasi ! ve t Pl ntfs ar unl y t succeed on t mer s oft rCW A cl m ,as di hat ai if e i kel o he it hei ai scussed i n m or det li subsec i 3 bel . e ai n ton ow 16
    • ! )Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 17 of 22 ! i l St es Ar Cor ofEngi s,a case i vi a chal at my ps neer nvol ng lenge t a per i i o m t ssued by t he i E Cor t flwel dsi c j tonwi pr os e sonofChiago O e ps o i tan n onunci t op ed xpan i l h c s Har It na i al r t requin t Cor t c siero h al nat e woul onl ner t Ai ,l r g he ps o on d t er t i s on por I i er v d y wase t e Cor tme,b au e al na ies rj t d b t FM c d n erbe t h pss i ec s t t e ece y he er v oul ev k slt.20WL925a*4sel NtMtao Bni As ,07 j ecd 07 454,t2;eao ali tn akg s 20WL ee s ii n n g I 49 45, t* 7 (Becau e t e F f und t o st an ben al na iest be 52 a 2 u s h AA o he #- i d l ded t t o e er v unreasonabl t Cor was pr bi fom c si igt e, he ps ohi t r on der hem i f t d aiandwai ed n n urher et l : notar tar orcaprci i deciig t d s ) bir y i ous n Thatcoud al not t $twas not! so ed hat i i l n o o o. . n 1 ar tar and caprci f t Cor t r y on t concl ons i t FEI r di i bir y i ous or he ps o el he usi n he S egar ng i ! whi al na ieswer r onabl un NEPAOwh t e Ditito Coumbi Ci i ch t t er v e eas e der en h s r f l a r f I c cu had pr ousl f evi y ound t t FAA ed w ih gr car i conductng is anal s f i hat he act t eat e n i t ysi or I t e EI an ROD. I a * ( t t an it nal ot i mar somie . Si l l. h S d d. t 25 ci i a ons d ner qu aton k t d) mi k t ar h e,b au ete F rj tdteNorhRun yal naie,heCor wa no er ec s h AA eece h t wa t t t er v ps s t r r t consi t s aler i wheni ng t per i.l equied o der hi t natve ssui he m tl i Because t Cour has f he t ound t Pl ntfs have f l t m eett rbur as t hat ai if ai o ed hei den p t frtf or t Coud wi denyt Moton. See Fl Cl W at Net k.I v. l he is act , he ll he i a. ean er wor nc. q Gr s r , 3: c - 20-- TEM, o skuger No. 08- v 1 J 32 2008 W L43 56, * ( D.Fl Feb.1 51 at 1 M. a. 4, 1 0 The c lt wen ont s y t atth cor wasj tf i r yig o oud a er t o a h I e ps l usii n el n n ed t a c clson i t e CW A c t t u ta iwa i t NEPA c ex dicu s h t on u i n h on ex j s s t s n he ont t s s ed above. NatlM ii i Banki Ass 2007 W L 495245,at* tgaton ng n, 27. Mor eover t Norh Runway al natve advocat by Pl ntfs was , he t ter i ed ai if prj t t i ac 15. ac esofwet s v su 1 40 f t s eced Sou h oeced o mp t 41 r l and er s 5. or he el t t Run y al n ie. FM Rec d o Decsi ExhbiC t t e Cor s Re ons I wa t at er v or f i on, i t o h p sp e DE 1 - a Tabe 3, 3 Th , he e f tont e wat soft e Unt St t wa smi 5 31 t l p. 6. us t fec h er h i ed a es s i lar underbot aler i h t natves. 17
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 18 of 22 20 (pl n is h ngf l t d 08) ait f avi ai o emons r e a s bsan i I el d o su c s a t f ed tat u t t i i al k hoo f c es s o any oft rcl m s agai he Cor t Coud need notdet m i w het t ot hei ai nstt ps, he er ne her he her Pon o t ij ci san d ar met.Ho v , enite Coudwer t fn f r gs f he nun t t dar e .) we erev f h on e o id ok t I te Pl nisast t i fcorte Courwoul non t el sden te Moi bec s a h aitf o hs a t ,h f t d e h es yh t on au e, ? ! di scussed bel ,Pl nt#s have al f l t m eett rbur as t t ot t ee ow ai i so ai o ed hei den o he her hr f or act s. C.Pl nte Hav Fa l t Demonltat a Thr atofIr abl I ul. al i e led s re e repar e n/ Pl n isc t t tt eywi suf ir ar l ij yi t abs e o an aitf on end ha h f l fer rep abe nur n he enc f l ijnci b au e i tal t st bui teSout Run ye en on h ebe an nu ton ec s ni sep o l h i d h wa xt si av gun d wil i durng t cour oft pr lcontnue i he se he oceedi ngs. Moton at17.2 Accor ng t i 1 di o I Pl ntfs,destucton oft wetands,noi and ai i pact fom contnued ai if r i he l se rm sr i ! : constuc i vi bl fom t r r ton, sual i r he unway,and he rsk i i by a vi aton ofNEPA j ght i mpl t ed ol i k l ar i ep abl ij rest atPl n i wi su f . I a 1 1 Bo h De en t e r ar e n u i h ait r #s l fer d. t 7- 8. t f dan s l 1 p c l gewh h Pl n i h demon tat at e o i ep abl ij y Th Cor s j halen et er aitf as f s r ed hr at f r ar e nur . e p r cent ends t because Pl nt wai m or t sev m ont bef e seeki an hat ai i#s ted e han en hs or ng n hei epl o owar Count s Response,Pl ntls assed t si I t rr y t Br d y ai i hat nce t sI hi awsui was fl Br t ied, owar Count i eased t r e atwhi i i fli t d y ncr has he at ch t s i ng he l wet ds Br w4r Couny Repl a 5 ( l . o d an t y t empha s i or nal To s od t s si n i ) gi . upp hi c enton,Pl nt#s r y upon t Decl aton ofChrst ont i ai i el he ar i i opherJohnst an i vi on, ndi dual who has cl m ed t have r ar vi t t constuc i sie si Aprl2012 o ai o egul l si he y ed r ton t nce i t m oniort pace ofwor Decl aton ofChrst t he k. ar i i opherJohnst Exhi tB t Br on, bi o owar d Couny Repy ( 28- 1 2.Th Coud doe no f t sevdenc c t l DE 2) 1 e s t i hi i e ompelng. Mr nd l i . Johnst s Decl aton does notes abl t wetands ar bei fl due t t on ar i t i hat l sh e ng iedl o he l awsui r hert accor ng t t exi i schedul ofwor Addii l att Jul t at han di o he stng e k. tonal y, he y 3, 2 or ar ent counsel orBr ar Count s at on t r d t t 201 al gum , f ow d y t ed he ecor hat he Yout vi ube deos r er ef enced i M r Johnst s Decl aton ar act l oft Count s n . on ar i e ual y he y cons r ton st ng ar and notwetands. tuc i agi ea l 18
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 19 of 22 ij c i oec i of he wet nun t t t on pr on t l was n pr ou y i t e f e r tofPl n is i ands ot evi sl n h or fon aitf f i c c n r a edt t e Ru waypr j t Cor Re ons a 1 Br d Cou t on er s elt o h n oec . ps sp e t 7. owar ny i i i , as erst tnei erofPl n i s al ged ir ar e ij i e e tuc i o wet dsan s t ha t h ait f l f e rep abl nur es s r ton f l an t i c tuci i t -ar repar bl orp t l l ij rou t Pl n is. Br war onsr ton mpacs e ir a e ari ar n u i s o ait f o d cu y f l i I Count Response at1 y 2. The Cour fnds t Pl ntfs have f l t dem onstat t t w i suferan ti hat ai if ai o ed r e hat hey l f l ir par bl ij y.As Br war Counyp n sou , ai i ha e al ed o padiul re a e nur o d t oit t Pl nt ls v l eg n c ar per sonalconnecton wih orbeneftfom t i pact wetands,al ng onl gener i t i r he m ed l legi y al pl iudes aboutwetands, Br att l owar Count Response at1 M or d y 2. eover Pl ntfs , ai if ) cempl nt aboutc r i noi dust andvi bl ar notted t t rcauses k ai s onstucton se, , sual i ght e i o hei i ofacton whi concer t i tofavi i noi upont r dent ofDani Beachi i ch n he mpac aton se he esi s a . ! See i Pl ntfs wi notsu#erany supposed i efect fom avi i noi w hi t d. ai if l l I f sr l aton se l he e E r wa i si u erc srci Se K Fial , t Cor poit ou,h p mit un y s tl nd on tu t l on. e n l as he ps ns tte er t i y @ fl8 87 acr off al l il . es eder wetandsand t secondarl i t39. acr ofwetands, ! o i mpac 17 es y l q was i ncl antal tgaton es. i ssued on Novem ber8,2011,and i udes subst i m ii i m easur See ! ! Cor Res ons a 1 ,Per t Exhbi1 t te Decartono An a F.Benami ( ps p e t 8* mi i t 2 o h , l ai f gel j n Dt i 41 1Ac odn l, ait h sfi dt at uaewh te n w fc ie aa l ijr i -9. c rigy Pl ni a al o rc lt y h y o a e r p rbe nuyi # e i r I l t wetands ar destoyed. he l e r D. Bal The ance ofEguli Do NotWei I Fa ofa Pr i nar I unc i tes ph n vor elml y nj ton. Pl n is alo ar e t tt e i ep abl ij re t wi s f ou wei t ait f s gu ha h r ar e n u is hey l ufer t gh he f r l har s t m i be sufer by t Cor as a r tofany del Moton at19. m hat ght f ed he ps esul ay. i Pl ntfs ar t t Cor ai if gue hat he ps d notbe a#ec ed i any si fcantway by an woul t n gnii 19
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 20 of 22 ij ci bec s iwoul onl b rqui t rc ieri per tdecsi I nun ton, au e t d y e e r o e onsd t mi i on. d. ed s Pl ntfs f t ar t ai if urher gue hatany cost ofdel sufer by t Br s ay f ed he owar Count Avi i d y aton Depadm entwoul notbe ir abl and woul be m i m alcom par t t d repar e d ni ed o he repar e har t t Pl ntfsenvionm ent i er s. I Pl ntfs al cont r abl i m o he ai i r alnt est d. ai if so end t Br hat owar Count s cl m s ofhar ar d y ai m e exagger edand t Br at hat owar Count d y l br gh an har r at t dely up i el.Br war Cou y Repl a 7. Br war i ou t y m el ed o a on t f o d nt s yt o d q i Counydi est iwoul notsuferir abl har fom a del Br d Count t sput hat t d f repar e m r ay. owar y l Res ons a 1 - . Ac or n t Br war Co t ,ihasal y e en ed p e t 2 13 c dig o o d un y t read xp d i ; appr mat y$82 m ii dol s i I acqui ton,pl ng,desi and constucton! oxi el lon l n and l ar sii anni gn, r i i f teSouhRun prjc.I a 1 (in Decar i o DavdRo c Exhbib or h t way oe t d. t 3 ct g l at f i epna k, i t i on ! t Br war Coun yRes ons ( 22- )(Roep ckDecl1 4) Br war Couny alo o o d t p e DE 3 na , 1 . o d ) t s asseds t Pl nt#scl m t t Nodh Runway al natve woul save t Coun y hat ai i ai hat he ter i d he t i $276 mii i di ngenuous bvcause Pl ntfs i e t cossofdel and r lon s si l ai if gnor he t ay edesi i gn f I ! t Pl ntfs coul som ehow r r constuc i oft s aler i I The Cor he ai if d equie r ton hi t natve. d. ps i ! ! adds t t Sout Runway aler i act l sel ed by t FAA,pr des hat he h t natve, ual ect y he ovi 1 l en mou pubi b efs.Cor s Res s a 20. or s l en i c t p pon e t E ! l i n tou wei t har an ij c i woud c s De endans.Asdic s d i Sec i o t gh he m nun ton l au e f t s us e n ton! I C ab e,Pl n i h e f ld t demon tat an i ep abl ij y. Gient e i ov ait av ai o #s e s r e r ar e nur v h mmen : r s i c s st Br d Couny an t c o t o owar t d he ommunt atIr it c s r ton i h t or i a ge f he on tuci s aled ! p ot he- i del se ayed,t bal he ance oft equii wei i f he tes gh n avorofdenyi t M oton. ng he i See Roep kDecl$ 1 ( o i t tag egae d a c t woul t t $6 1 per nac . 2 n tng ha gr t ely oss d o al 6,75 20
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 21 of 22 1 d or$1985,50 per30 daymon h) Decar i o St en Bel ay , 2 - t ; l at f eph on leme, hii E t Ex bt o 1 i Br war Couny Resp e I 22- 1! 3 ( tn t at he t t ec o d t ons DE 5 1 no ig h t o al onomi e f c of he i c fe t t i r wa ex si prj ti 11000j and$1. bii ;Decar i ofDougl un y pan on oec s , obs 4 lon) l at l on as j . ! Webser Ex bi D t Br war Coun y Re on e I 22- 1! 9 ( ot t a c s r c i t , hi t o o d t sp s DE 4 1 n i h t on tu t ng oh o t e r nwayex si prj th be tme s t tt e Ai wi onl ha e t fh u pan on o ec as en i d o ha h r pod l y v o l s ferone pe s on wi one r wa ll uf ak eas th un y . E.The Publ I er W oul NotBe Ser ed by a Pr l nal Ij l i nt est c d v plml n uncton. Fi l Pl ntfs cont t t publ i er wi be ser by i naly, ai if end hat he i nt est l c l ved ssuance ofa pr i nar ij c i b au e i i i t e pu i it es t r qur t e Cor t f lw! elmi y nun t ec s l s n h bl n er t o e ie h on It c ps o olo i t e Iw.. I )t pr en t e des r c i o ir abl we l ds an t vi al i tl h a and o ev t h tu t f repar e tan on d he su bl , gh i ! and n s an ai i c st a wi r lfom c s r c i oft e Sou h Run y. oie d r mpa t h t l esut r on tu ton h l t wa ; i : Moton at20. As di i scussed above,bot Br h owar Count and t publ woul notbe d y he ic d ser by a del oft Sout Runway constucton.As t Cor not t Sout ved ay he h r i he ps es, he h i Run yal n t e i d i edt ddr sll -er c act n ,4 ens est# wa t ai s esgn o a es )ongt m ap i eeds nd ur h er v y avai l y off ur expansi and gr h att aipod. Cor Response at20. l i abit ut e on oM he r ps i Gi t vastcost ofdel -bot m onet y and an i ease i t tm e r r t ven he s ay h ar ncr n he i equied o c e e t e Sou hRun y e pan on pr j t and Pl ntf f l e t a cult omplt h t wa x si oec- ai i s ai o di a e f ur s #ii tt r to ir abe ij y t eCour fn t at he pubi it es woul n tb! u cen h ea f repar l nur , h t ids h t l n er t d o 4 c ! 13 G ien t a per i has aleady been i v hat mt r ssued by t Cor Br ar he ps, öw d Count i pr y s oceedi wih t constucton i accor ng t he r i n dance wih t per i,and i i t hat m t ts Pl nis n tBr dCouny whos ekt ch gete sausquo,h Couddiagr : aitf, o owar f t, e o an h tt te s eek ta BrwadCo nybo g th m u o i ef ypo e dn wi c n tu t n h t o r u t ru h ar p n t lb rc e ig t o srci s h o j contac s. See Br r t owar Count Repl at7- As not i not 12,suDr t Coud d y y 8k ed n e a, he does notbel t Pl nt#s have su#i enty subs antat t rcl m s t Br i eve hat ai i ci l t i ed hei ai hat oward Count has accel at flng ofwetands i r y er ed ii l l n esponse t t fl oft s I o he ing hi awsui. i t 21
    • Case 0:12-cv-60989-JIC Document 30 Entered on FLSD Docket 07/06/2012 Page 22 of 22 s v d b an ij nci l qr e y n u ton.4 11 CO NC LUSI N 1. O Bas on t e f egoi Pl n i i f Pr i nar Ij c i I 4 i ed h or ng, ait Mot or el #s on mi y n un t DE ) s on DENI ED. The Coud wi ent a separ e or r di schedul oft s case, l er l at der egar ng ing hi DONE AND O RDERED i Cham ber atFod Lauder e,Br n s dal owar Count d y, F rati f dyoJl 21. li ,h od s a fu ,02 y # JAM E 1 CO HN . Un St es Di rctJudge at st i Copi pr ded t counselofr d vi CM/ es ovi o ecor a ECF, 1 4 Because t Coud has det m i t Pl ntfs ar noten il t a he er ned hat ai if e tted o pr i nar ij c i t e Coud d not sderBr d Count r es t at elmi y nun t h on, oes con i owar ys equ t h Pl n i sbe r qui t po tan ij c i bon See Br d Coun y Res s at ait f f e r o s ed nun ton d. owar t pon e 17. 22