Cph copy (3)

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Cph copy (3)

  1. 1. HistoryIn the early 1970s, the health care approach consisted of so-called vertical programs, onwhich all efforts were concentrated on eliminating specific diseases, specially smallpox andmalaria. The only access to health care for many people living in poor areas of the countryconsisted of vaccines and spray guns loaded with DDT to kill mosquitoes as preventionagainst malaria.Change BeginsIn the 1960s, China developed a health care system which emphasized preventive, ratherthan curative, care. Chinas program consisted of rural medical services by "barefootdoctors." These "doctors" were individuals with some general education, most of them intheir 20s, who were selected to receive a three-month to six-month intensive course inmedical training. They lived in the same village in which they worked. Their proximity topatients made it easier for them to provide quicker help. In 1974, in order to obtainrecognition for the health care model, China began pressing the United Nations for aconference on primary health care.Declaration of Alma-AtaIn September 1978, an international conference was held in the city of Alma-Ata, which wasthe capital of the Soviet Republic of Kazakhsta. During this conference, the Declaration ofAlma-Ata and the primary health care model emerged. This declaration states that health isa human right and that attaining this health should be the primary goal of everygovernment. One of the main themes of this declaration was the involvement of communityhealth workers and traditional healers in the new health system. SOURCE: http://www.ehow.com/facts_7193778_history-primary-health-care.htmlRead more: The History of Primary Health Care | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/facts_7193778_history-primary-health-care.html#ixzz2CNRQIvuN

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