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Imperialism hoggard2automatic
 

Imperialism hoggard2automatic

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Imperialism. This was adapted from "Imperialism, 1870-1900" from "Events that Changed the World." Includes a good essay by T.K. Welliver.

Imperialism. This was adapted from "Imperialism, 1870-1900" from "Events that Changed the World." Includes a good essay by T.K. Welliver.

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    Imperialism hoggard2automatic Imperialism hoggard2automatic Presentation Transcript

    • Imperialism The World at a Glance
    • Objectives for the lecture • At the end of this lecture students will understand 19th and early 20th century imperialism by analyzing the following: • The historical background. • How can it be explained? • Where did it occur?
    • WHAT WAS THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
    • Imperialism Defined • Before explaining the historical background, we need a working definition
    • Imperialism Defined • The policy of extending a nation’s authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations. • (hegemony=authority, power, dominion)
    • Background • Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: • Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery that gave us heroes such as
    • Background • Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: • Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery • Imperialism of the end of the late 19th century that gave us
    • OR
    • Background • Expansionism has occurred in at least 3 waves: • Colonial empires in the Age of Discovery • Imperialism of the end of the late 19th century • And our current state of affairs today
    • Background • 1st phase- explorers, merchants, & priests traversed the globe • Spain, Portugal, England, & France leading colonial powers • European empires gone from America • Only GB retained American empire in name
    • Background • However, Europeans not determined to build empires • Concern was commerce • Trade with natives
    • Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on:
    • Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on: • Nation-building
    • Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on: • Nation-building • The Industrial Revolution
    • Background • 19th Century – Europe focused energies on: • Nation-building • The Industrial Revolution • Conflict between liberalism and conservatism • Colonialism was an afterthought
    • Background • After 1870, the Western world expanded again • Swooping down upon the globe and figuratively devouring it • The West had to possess- trade agreements not enough • Invested in colonies • Built RRs • Imposed European values
    • WHAT EXPLAINS THIS SUDDEN AND UNEXPECTED DEVELOPMENT?
    • An explanation • Economics figured prominently • Colonies promised: • Inexpensive raw materials • Cheap labor • Guaranteed markets • Political considerations • Christianity • Western perception of perceived superiority
    • The Technological Imperative • Regardless of the why, success rested on: • Technology and organizational predominance • Efficient military formations • Modern rifles • Maxim (machine guns) • Battle of Obderman, Sudan 1898 British slaughtered 11,000 tribesman
    • Global phenomenon • Late 19th century imperialism was indeed global • The Middle East • Black Africa (different from say South Africa) • But Asia was the prize, certainly for America
    • Three most important Asian countries were:
    • Three most important Asian countries were:
    • Three most important Asian countries were:
    • Japan • Until 1853, Japan lived in isolation • Commodore Matthew Perry changed that – Gunboat Diplomacy • Japan had a revolution in 1867 • Adopted western technology an practices yet attempted to maintain their tradition