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Dev psych.ch3.studyguide

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  • 1. Chapter 3 – Study Guide – Developmental Psych Learning Goals1. Discuss major changes in the body through the life span. • What are cephalocaudal and proximodistal patterns? • How do height and weight change in infancy and childhood? • What changes characterize puberty? • What physical changes occur in early adulthood? • How do people develop physically during middle adulthood? • What is the nature of physical changes in late adulthood?2. Describe how the brain changes through the life span. • What are the major areas of the brain, and how does it process information? • How does the brain change in infancy? • What characterizes the development of the brain in childhood? • How can the changes in the brain during adolescence be summarized? • What is the aging brain like?3. Summarize how sleep patterns change as people develop. • How can sleep be characterized in infancy? • What changes occur in sleep during childhood? • How does adolescence affect sleep? • What changes in sleep take place during adulthood and aging?4. Explain longevity and the biological aspects of aging. • What is the difference between life span and life expectancy? What sex differences exist in longevity? • What characterizes centenarians? • What are the four main biological theories of aging? Key Terms Amygdala Gonads Mitochondrial theory Cellular clock theory Growth hormone deficiency Myelination Cephalocaudal pattern Hormonal stress theory Neurogenesis Climacteric Hormones Pituitary gland Corpus callosum Hypothalamus Prefrontal cortex Estradiol Lateralization Proximodistal pattern Free-radical theory Life span Puberty Gonadotropins Menarche Sudden infant death syndrome Menopause Testosterone Key People
  • 2. Leonard Hayflick Stanley RapaportCharles Nelson Laurence Steinberg

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